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The Blackpool Fylde and Wyre Society for the Blind v Begg: EAT 31 Mar 2005

EAT Practice and Procedure -and- Disability DiscriminationAppellant’s application to raise a new point on appeal (that the Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1945 applies to Disability Discrimination Act 1995 section 8(3) damages) was refused as the Employment Tribunal had already decided, at its liability hearing, to deduct 40% from unfair dismissal compensation and had not … Continue reading The Blackpool Fylde and Wyre Society for the Blind v Begg: EAT 31 Mar 2005

Ocean Leisure Ltd v Westminster City Council: LT 31 Dec 2003

LT COMPENSATION – injurious affection – hoardings erected in street during construction works outside shop premises – preliminary issue – whether claim under Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 s 10 valid – held claimant entitled to compensation for any diminution in rental value. Citations: [2003] EWLands LCA – 30 – 2003, [2004] R and VR 145 … Continue reading Ocean Leisure Ltd v Westminster City Council: LT 31 Dec 2003

Able (UK) Ltd v Revenue and Customs: ChD 19 Oct 2006

Appeal by way of case stated against a decision of the General Commissioners as to whether a certain compensation payment received by the appellant under section 31(3) of the Land Compensation Act 1961 was income or capital. The General Commissioners decided that the payment was income. Judges: Briggs J Citations: [2006] EWHC 3046 (Ch) Links: … Continue reading Able (UK) Ltd v Revenue and Customs: ChD 19 Oct 2006

Barras v Aberdeen Steam Trawling and Fishing Co: HL 17 Mar 1933

The court looked at the inference that a statute’s draughtsman could be assumed when using a phrase to rely on a known interpretation of that phrase.Viscount Buckmaster said: ‘It has long been a well established principle to be applied in the consideration of Acts of Parliament that where a word of doubtful meaning has received … Continue reading Barras v Aberdeen Steam Trawling and Fishing Co: HL 17 Mar 1933

Moreno v The Motor Insurers’ Bureau: SC 3 Aug 2016

The claimant had been severely injured when hit by a car in Greece. The car’s driver was uninsured. The Court was now asked whether the scope of her claim to damages was to be determined in accordance with English or Greek law. The implementation of the European Regulations with UK law predated the Sixth Directive. … Continue reading Moreno v The Motor Insurers’ Bureau: SC 3 Aug 2016

Inntrepreneur Pub Company (CPC) and others v Crehan: HL 19 Jul 2006

The tenant had taken on pub leases with ties requiring him to buy beer from companies associated with the landlords. The European Commission had issued a decision and the House was asked whether this was binding on the parties. Held: Intrepreneur’s appeal was allowed. The Commission’s decision was not binding. Lord Bingham: ‘Community law prohibits … Continue reading Inntrepreneur Pub Company (CPC) and others v Crehan: HL 19 Jul 2006

V v Addey and Stanhope School: CA 30 Jul 2004

The respondent resisted a claim of unfair dismissal and race discrimination on the basis that the employment contract was illegal since the claimant was an immigrant and unable to work without a work permit. Held: The Court of Appeal upheld a defence of illegality to a teacher’s complaint against a school of unlawful discrimination by … Continue reading V v Addey and Stanhope School: CA 30 Jul 2004

Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Frid: HL 13 May 2004

The company went into insolvent liquidation. The secretary of state was to make payments to employees and there were other state preferential creditors. At the same time a refund of VAT was due from the Commissioners of customs and Excise. Held: The sums paid out and preferential debts could be set off against the VAT … Continue reading Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Frid: HL 13 May 2004

Heil v Rankin: CA 13 Jun 2000

Where supervening events might contribute to the personal injury suffered, the proper approach in apportioning compensation in respect of one occasion was in general terms to provide just and sufficient compensation for the injury caused without being excessive. There is no general or universal logical basis for rules in these situations. The possibility of hypothetical … Continue reading Heil v Rankin: CA 13 Jun 2000

Niru Battery Manufacturing Company, Bank Sepah Iran v Milestone Trading Limited: CA 28 Apr 2004

Niru contracted to buy lead from Milestone, to be paid for in a letter of credit, against certifying documents produced for the purpose. Mr Mahdavi, the individual behind Milestone, procured CAI to finance the acquisition of warrants to be retained by them as security for repayment of their loan by, ultimately, the purchase price payable … Continue reading Niru Battery Manufacturing Company, Bank Sepah Iran v Milestone Trading Limited: CA 28 Apr 2004

Serco Ltd v Lawson and Foreign and Commonwealth Office: CA 23 Jan 2004

The applicant had been employed to provide services to RAF in the Ascension Islands. He alleged constructive dismissal. There was an issue as to whether somebody working in the Ascension Islands was protected by the 1996 Act. The restriction on jurisdiction in s196 had been removed. The question now was as to what test applied … Continue reading Serco Ltd v Lawson and Foreign and Commonwealth Office: CA 23 Jan 2004

Preston and others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS Trust and others: EAT 3 Nov 2003

EAT Judge McMullen QC adopted a limited view of the scope of the new principle of stable employment set out at the ECJ and HL. He thought it was intended ‘to rescue employees who do not have a permanent job’; and that it was confined to cases of the kind considered by the ECJ, that … Continue reading Preston and others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS Trust and others: EAT 3 Nov 2003

Pure Fishing (UK) Ltd v Cooper Watkins and Bartle: CA 29 Sep 2003

The claimant sought a compensation payment under the Regulations after its sales agency for fishing tackle was terminated. The defendant argued that compensation was payable only where the agency was terminated before its term. Held: The regulations provided that compensation was payable also where the agency simply expired by effluxion. ‘termination having been given a … Continue reading Pure Fishing (UK) Ltd v Cooper Watkins and Bartle: CA 29 Sep 2003

Menson v United Kingdom: ECHR 6 May 2003

There had been a racist attack. The victim was set on fire and killed in the street by assailants. His relatives sought compensation. However the assailants were not agents of the state and they were duly prosecuted, convicted and sentenced. No blame attached to state authorities for the killing and no breach of the state’s … Continue reading Menson v United Kingdom: ECHR 6 May 2003

Light and Others v Ty Europe Ltd: CA 25 Jul 2003

The claimants sought damages under the regulations. They were self employed sales agents. At first they were sub agents but upon the ceasing to trade of the main agents they had acted directly for the principal. Those agencies had been terminated. Held: In addition to the question of whether they were agents within the directive, … Continue reading Light and Others v Ty Europe Ltd: CA 25 Jul 2003

Bainbridge and others, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Williams and others: EAT 31 Jan 2007

EAT Practice and Procedure – Compromise. Judges: The Honourable Mr Justice Elias (President) Citations: UKEAT/0424/06 and UKEAT/0031/07 Links: EAT Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: See Also – Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council v Bainbridge and others EAT 16-Oct-2006 EAT Equal pay in the North East. Women whose jobs had been rated as equivalent with comparator … Continue reading Bainbridge and others, Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council, Williams and others: EAT 31 Jan 2007

Jordan Grand Prix Limited v Vodafone Group Plc: ComC 4 Aug 2003

The claimant asserted that the defendant had agreed in the course of a telephone conversation, to provide sponsorship, and sought to enforce that agreement. There were considerable conflicts of evidence. Held: Evidence given on behalf of the claimant was inconsistent and incredible. No contract was made, the person dealing for Vodaphone did not have authority … Continue reading Jordan Grand Prix Limited v Vodafone Group Plc: ComC 4 Aug 2003

Mid-Staffordshire General Hospitals NHS Trust v Cambridge: EAT 4 Mar 2003

EAT The claimant had presented claims of sex and disability discrimination and victimisation. She suffered injury to her throat when builders demolished a wall near her workstation. Held: The employer’s appeal was dismissed. ‘There must be many cases in which the disabled person has been placed at a substantial disadvantage in the workplace, but in … Continue reading Mid-Staffordshire General Hospitals NHS Trust v Cambridge: EAT 4 Mar 2003

Norton Tool Co Ltd v Tewson: NIRC 30 Oct 1972

(National Industrial Relations Court) The court was asked to calculate damages on a dismissal, and particularly as to whether the manner of the dismissal should affect the damages. Held: The common law rules and authorities on wrongful dismissal are irrelevant. That cause of action is quite unaffected by the Act which has created an entirely … Continue reading Norton Tool Co Ltd v Tewson: NIRC 30 Oct 1972

Regina (Noorkoiv) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: CA 30 May 2002

The claimant was a prisoner. He became entitled to be considered for release on parole, but was not released because the Parole Board had not made a decision. Held: The system for consideration of the release of discretionary and life prisoners infringed the human rights of such prisoners, insofar as the consideration of their release … Continue reading Regina (Noorkoiv) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: CA 30 May 2002

Granada Theatres Ltd v Freehold Investment (Leytonstone) Ltd: CA 23 Mar 1959

The tenant claimed that the landlord had failed in its obligations of repair undertaken in the lease. Held: Where the landlord was in default, a tenant may have a right to undertake the repairs itself, recovering the costs.Jenkins LJ cited propositions of law, including: ‘In the event of the landlord failing to do the requisite … Continue reading Granada Theatres Ltd v Freehold Investment (Leytonstone) Ltd: CA 23 Mar 1959

Keenan v The United Kingdom: ECHR 3 Apr 2001

A young prisoner was known to be at risk of suicide, but nevertheless was not provided with adequate specialist medical supervision. He was punished for an offence, by way of segregation which further put him at risk. Held: Inhuman and degrading treatment had to achieve a certain standard of seriousness before it became an infringement, … Continue reading Keenan v The United Kingdom: ECHR 3 Apr 2001

Shittu v South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (Unfair Dismissal, Disability Discrimination): EAT 13 Jul 2021

UNFAIR DISMISSAL, DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION The Appeal Tribunal was asked to consider the Employment Tribunal’s approach to the assessment of loss of earnings compensation and remedy for constructive unfair dismissal and disability discrimination dismissal. The issues were firstly whether the Employment Tribunal (ET) had assessed loss on the balance of probabilities or on the basis of … Continue reading Shittu v South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (Unfair Dismissal, Disability Discrimination): EAT 13 Jul 2021

Able (UK) Holdings Ltd v HM Inspector of Taxes: ChD 30 Jun 2006

Judges: Lightman J Citations: [2006] EWHC 1535 (Ch) Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: See Also – Able (UK) Ltd v Revenue and Customs ChD 19-Oct-2006 Appeal by way of case stated against a decision of the General Commissioners as to whether a certain compensation payment received by the appellant under section 31(3) … Continue reading Able (UK) Holdings Ltd v HM Inspector of Taxes: ChD 30 Jun 2006

King v RCO Support Services Limited and Yorkshire Traction Company Limited: CA 8 Dec 2000

The appellant was employed by the first respondents as a steam cleaning operative. The first respondent had contracted to supply cleaning services to the second respondent at one of the second respondent’s yards, where buses were cleaned. The appellant’s place of employment was at that yard. The yard was iced and despite attempts to grit … Continue reading King v RCO Support Services Limited and Yorkshire Traction Company Limited: CA 8 Dec 2000

Spargo v North Essex District Health Authority: CA 13 Mar 1997

The test of ‘When a plaintiff became aware of the cause of an injury’ is a subjective test of what passed through plaintiff’s mind. ‘(1) the knowledge required to satisfy s14(1)(b) is a broad knowledge of the essence of the causally relevant act or omission to which the injury is attributable; (2) ‘attributable’ in this … Continue reading Spargo v North Essex District Health Authority: CA 13 Mar 1997

Cameron and others v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd: QBD 18 May 2006

The claimant sought damages from the defendant after the death of her father in the Potters Bar rail crash. The defendant applied for summary judgment saying that English law did not recognise a claim by a family member of a deceased save through the claim of the estate itself. The claimant said that this would … Continue reading Cameron and others v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd: QBD 18 May 2006

Regina v Tate: CACD 2006

The court considered an appeal against sentence based on the disparity between the treatment of the defendants: ‘The fact that the co-defendant Sheppard appears to have been extremely fortunate is not in our judgment a good reason for imposing a sentence on the appellant that would in our judgment be less than the facts of … Continue reading Regina v Tate: CACD 2006

Abu Dhabi National Tanker Co v Product Star Shipping Ltd (No 2): CA 1993

Where parties enter into a contract which confers a discretion on one of them, the discretion must be exercised honestly and in good faith, and not ‘arbitrarily, capriciously or unreasonably’. The owner had acted unreasonably in that there was no material on which a reasonable owner could reasonably have exercised the discretion in the way … Continue reading Abu Dhabi National Tanker Co v Product Star Shipping Ltd (No 2): CA 1993

Epping Forest District Council v Philcox: CA 13 Apr 2000

Where an activity had been continuing without planning permission for 10 years it was no obstacle to obtaining a certificate of lawful use that the activity had been illegal because it had been carried out without a waste management licence. A certificate once granted is conclusive answer to any enforcement notice subsequently issued and is … Continue reading Epping Forest District Council v Philcox: CA 13 Apr 2000

Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council v Bainbridge and others: EAT 16 Oct 2006

EAT Equal pay in the North East. Women whose jobs had been rated as equivalent with comparator men (and in some cases had been rated higher) were paid less because of the effect of bonuses and other extra payments known as attendance allowances and wet weather payments. Disparate impact was conceded and indeed, in the … Continue reading Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council v Bainbridge and others: EAT 16 Oct 2006

Oliver v Nautilus Steam Shipping Co Ltd: 1903

Where an employee was injured at work, but by an outside person, section 6 of the 1897 Act provides that the worker could ‘at his option, proceed, either at law against that person to recover damages, or against his employer for compensation under this Act, but not against both’. If compensation under the Act was … Continue reading Oliver v Nautilus Steam Shipping Co Ltd: 1903

Westminster City Council v Great Portland Estates plc: HL 31 Oct 1984

The House was asked whether the 1971 Act permitted the relevant authorities, by resort to their development plans, to support the retention of traditional industries or was the ambit of the Act such as to permit only ‘land use’ aims to be pursued? The court considered also the relevance of personal considerations in planning matters. … Continue reading Westminster City Council v Great Portland Estates plc: HL 31 Oct 1984

Dudarec v Andrews and others: CA 22 Mar 2006

In a claim for negligence against his former solicitors, the claimant sought damages for the loss of a chance of success in a personal injuries action struck out for want of prosecution seven years earlier. Held: If the evidence were the same in the negligence action as it would have been at the trial there … Continue reading Dudarec v Andrews and others: CA 22 Mar 2006

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

D, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Inquest Intervening): CA 28 Feb 2006

The respondent appealed from orders made as to the conduct of an investigation into an attempted suicide in prison. The judge had severely criticised the appellant’s treatment of the case. Held: The appeal failed. The court recited the requirements for an independent inquiry into such an incident in custody. The judge was correct to require … Continue reading D, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Inquest Intervening): CA 28 Feb 2006

Amin, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Oct 2003

Prisoner’s death – need for full public enquiry The deceased had been a young Asian prisoner. He was placed in a cell overnight with a prisoner known to be racist, extremely violent and mentally unstable. He was killed. The family sought an inquiry into the death. Held: There had been a police investigation and trial … Continue reading Amin, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Oct 2003

Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd: CA 31 Mar 2006

The deceased had suffered a head injury whilst working for the defendant. In addition to severe physical consequences he suffered post-traumatic stress, became more and more depressed, and then committed suicide six years later. The claimant appealed against refusal of an award under the 1976 Act. The judge had decided that it was not part … Continue reading Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd: CA 31 Mar 2006

Biogen Plc v Medeva Plc: HL 31 Oct 1996

The claim patented sought to protect a genetic molecule rather than a whole mouse namely that the molecule would, if inserted into a suitable host cell, cause the cell to make antigens of the Hepatitis B virus. A recombinant method of making the antigens of a hepatitis virus was patented with a priority date of … Continue reading Biogen Plc v Medeva Plc: HL 31 Oct 1996

Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

Exemplary Damages Award in Defamation The plaintiff had been awarded damages for defamation. The defendants pleaded justification. Before the trial the plaintiff gave notice that he wanted additional, exemplary, damages. The trial judge said that such a claim had to have been pleaded. The Court of Appeal had considered Rookes -v- Barnard to have been … Continue reading Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

Pirelli General Cable Works v Oscar Faber and Partners: HL 2 Jan 1983

The plaintiff asked the defendant consulting engineer to design an extension to their factory in 1969. Not later than in April 1970, cracks developed in the chimney. In 1977 the cause of the damage was discovered. It arose from design faults in the selection of materials. The defect could not have been discovered before 1972. … Continue reading Pirelli General Cable Works v Oscar Faber and Partners: HL 2 Jan 1983

Allan Janes Llp v Johal: ChD 23 Feb 2006

The claimant sought to enforce a restrictive covenant against the defendant a former assistant solicitor as to non-competition within a certain distance of the practice for a period of three years. After leaving she had sought to set up partnership with others to practice in competition. During the period of her notice she worked also … Continue reading Allan Janes Llp v Johal: ChD 23 Feb 2006

HIH Casualty and General Insurance Limited and others v Chase Manhattan Bank and others: HL 20 Feb 2003

The insurance company had paid claims on policies used to underwrite the production of TV films. The re-insurers resisted the claims against them by the insurers on the grounds of non-disclosure by the insured, or in the alternative damages for misrepresentation. The policies were novel and sophisticated contracts and included clauses modifying the duties of … Continue reading HIH Casualty and General Insurance Limited and others v Chase Manhattan Bank and others: HL 20 Feb 2003

Swissport Ltd v Exley and Others (Transfer of Undertakings): EAT 13 Jun 2017

EAT TRANSFER OF UNDERTAKINGS – Economic technical or organisational reason PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – Costs UNFAIR DISMISSAL – Polkey deduction The Respondent resisted claims for unfair dismissal following the loss of a ground handling contract at an airport. Grounds of resistance to ‘ordinary’ unfair dismissal claims were struck out. Economic technical or organisational (‘ETO’) and … Continue reading Swissport Ltd v Exley and Others (Transfer of Undertakings): EAT 13 Jun 2017

Simms v Conlon and Another: CA 20 Dec 2006

Solicitors within a practice sued each other, and one wished to plead the fact of a finding of professional misconduct. Held: The defendant’s appeal succeeded. It was not an abuse for the appellant to continue to assert his innocence, and the findings were not admissible as a whole. Prospective partners were under a duty to … Continue reading Simms v Conlon and Another: CA 20 Dec 2006

Target Holdings Ltd v Redferns and Another: CA 24 Nov 1993

Solicitors were liable to mortgagees for mortgage monies which had been out by them paid in advance of the completion of the purchase which would allow the mortgagee’s loan to be charged. The basic liability of a trustee in breach of trust was not to pay damages, but to restore to the trust fund that … Continue reading Target Holdings Ltd v Redferns and Another: CA 24 Nov 1993

Re B (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Threshold Criteria): SC 12 Jun 2013

B had been removed into care at birth. The parents now appealed against a care order made with a view to B’s adoption. The Court was asked as to the situation where the risks were necessarily only anticipated, and as to appeals against a finding of fact. Held: (Lady Hale dissenting) The appeal was dismissed. … Continue reading Re B (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Threshold Criteria): SC 12 Jun 2013

Charter Plc and Another v City Index Ltd and others: ChD 12 Oct 2006

An employee of the claimant had fraudulently spent several million pounds of the claimant’s money on personal bets through the defendant company. The claimant said that the defendants knew the origin of the funds and were liable to repay them. Having settled the claim in part the defendants now claimed contributions from directors of the … Continue reading Charter Plc and Another v City Index Ltd and others: ChD 12 Oct 2006

OT Africa Line Ltd v Magic Sportswear Corporation and others: CA 13 Jun 2005

The parties to a contract had agreed that the proper law for the contract was England. One party commenced proceedings in Canada, and the courts of Canada had accepted jurisdiction as the most appropriate and convenient forum to resolve the dispute. Proceedings were also begun in England, and the original Canadian claimant now appealed a … Continue reading OT Africa Line Ltd v Magic Sportswear Corporation and others: CA 13 Jun 2005

Bainbridge and others v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council: EAT 23 Mar 2007

EAT Practice and Procedure – CompromiseEqual Pay Act – Work rated equivalent; Damages/Compensation This case raises three issues, two of which are of particular significance in the field of equal pay.Do employees whose jobs are rated as equivalent under a job evaluation scheme have the right to seek compensation going back up to six years … Continue reading Bainbridge and others v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council: EAT 23 Mar 2007

Andreae v Selfridge and Co Ltd: CA 1938

The plaintiff had a hotel. The rest of the island had been acquired by the defendant which was demolishing and rebuilding the other properties. The plaintiff complained, and the judge found, that by reason of the operations, which involved noise and dust, there was a substantial interference with the comfort of the plaintiff in the … Continue reading Andreae v Selfridge and Co Ltd: CA 1938

Manolete Partners Plc v Hastings Borough Council: TCC 12 Apr 2013

Application for compensation under s.106 of the Building Act 1984 for compensation as a result of the Council exercising its powers to prevent access to Hastings Pier under s.78 of the 1984 Act. Held: The court rejected the defence, holding that the reference to ‘default’ should be read as default in respect of obligations imposed … Continue reading Manolete Partners Plc v Hastings Borough Council: TCC 12 Apr 2013

Blue Air – Airline Management Solutions: ECJ 30 Apr 2020

(Judgment) Reference for a preliminary ruling – Area of ??freedom, security and justice – Border checks, asylum and immigration – Decision No 565/2014 / EU – Simplified system for checking persons at external borders – Third-country national holding a temporary residence permit issued by a Member State – Article 3 – Recognition by Bulgaria, Croatia, … Continue reading Blue Air – Airline Management Solutions: ECJ 30 Apr 2020

Kaschke v Osler: QBD 13 May 2010

The claimant sued in defamation as regards the defendant’s comments in his internet blog on her historical left wing political connections. She complained that they made a connection with terrorist activities. The defendant said that the article was based upon material from the claimant’s own web-site, which republished an old article from a German magazine … Continue reading Kaschke v Osler: QBD 13 May 2010

Leakey v The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty: CA 31 Jul 1979

Natural causes were responsible for soil collapsing onto neighbouring houses in Bridgwater. Held: An occupier of land owes a general duty of care to a neighbouring occupier in relation to a hazard occurring on his land, whether such hazard is natural or man-made (the ‘hazard’ being an unstable mound of earth which was present on … Continue reading Leakey v The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty: CA 31 Jul 1979

Manchester City Council v Pinnock: SC 3 Nov 2010

The tenant had been secure but had his tenancy had been reduced to an insecure demoted tenancy after he was accused of anti-social behaviour. He had not himself been accused of any misbehaviour, but it was said that he should have controlled his family members. The county court had been unwilling to allow any challenge … Continue reading Manchester City Council v Pinnock: SC 3 Nov 2010

Hallam, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 30 Jan 2019

These appeals concern the statutory provisions governing the eligibility for compensation of persons convicted of a criminal offence where their conviction is subsequently quashed (or they are pardoned) because of the impact of fresh evidence. It was argued that the failure to make payment amounted to a denial of the right to the presumption of … Continue reading Hallam, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 30 Jan 2019

Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

In each case the local authority sought to recover possession of its own land. In the Lambeth case, they asserted this right as against an overstaying former tenant, and in the Leeds case as against gypsies. In each case the occupiers said that the recovery of possession interfered with their right respect for their family … Continue reading Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

The two applicants were serving life sentences for murder. Each sought damages for the unlawful withdrawal of their rights to vote in elections, and the failure of the British parliament to take steps to comply with the judgment. Held: The appeals failed.Lord Mance summarised the reasons for his conclusions: ‘(A) Human Rights Act In respect … Continue reading Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

Watkins v Home Office and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

The claimant complained of misfeasance in public office by the prisons for having opened and read protected correspondence whilst he was in prison. The respondent argued that he had suffered no loss. The judge had found that bad faith was established in three prison officers. In one case the officer opened the letter in front … Continue reading Watkins v Home Office and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Regina (Daly) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 23 May 2001

A prison policy requiring prisoners not to be present when their property was searched and their mail was examined was unlawful. The policy had been introduced after failures in search procedures where officers had been intimidated by the presence of prisoners. Particularly when examining documents subject to legal professional privilege, the rules did not allow … Continue reading Regina (Daly) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 23 May 2001

LA and Others v Secretary of State for Defence (WP) (War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement): UTAA 22 Oct 2014

UTAA War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement (1) These appeals were heard over 10 days and involved the consideration of a large amount of documents, authorities and arguments. They relate to claims made under Article 41 of the Naval Military and Air Forces etc (Disablement and Death) Service Pensions Order … Continue reading LA and Others v Secretary of State for Defence (WP) (War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement): UTAA 22 Oct 2014

Lldy Alexandria Ltd (Formerly Loch Lomond Distillery Company Ltd) v Unite The Union and Another: EAT 30 Apr 2014

EAT Transfer of Undertakings – TUPE Regulations 2006: reg 13(2). The first respondent decided to outsource part of its activities to the second respondent. The claimant is a Trade Union, representing the workers affected by the transfer. It claimed that TUPE reg 13(2) was breached in that not all of the reasons for the decision … Continue reading Lldy Alexandria Ltd (Formerly Loch Lomond Distillery Company Ltd) v Unite The Union and Another: EAT 30 Apr 2014

Three Rivers District Council and others v The Governor and Company of the Bank of England: ComC 12 Apr 2006

The claimants had pursued compensation over many years from the defendants alleging various kinds of misfeasance in regulating the bank BCCI. The action had collapsed. Held: ‘this was extraordinary litigation which came to an abrupt albeit long overdue conclusion’ when the creditors called on the liquidators to abandon the action. The parties now disputed the … Continue reading Three Rivers District Council and others v The Governor and Company of the Bank of England: ComC 12 Apr 2006

Ministry of Justice (Decision Notice) FS50269559: ICO 3 Aug 2010

ICO The complainant requested information from the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) about the issue of ‘third party capture’ by liability insurers. The authority provided some information in response to the request. However, it refused to provide a copy of the legal advice passed to the MOJ by the Financial Services Authority further to an Exemption … Continue reading Ministry of Justice (Decision Notice) FS50269559: ICO 3 Aug 2010

Bradford and Bingley Plc v Rashid: HL 12 Jul 2006

Disapplication of Without Prejudice Rules The House was asked whether a letter sent during without prejudice negotiations which acknowledged a debt was admissible to restart the limitation period. An advice centre, acting for the borrower had written, in answer to a claim by the lender for the sum still due after the sale of the … Continue reading Bradford and Bingley Plc v Rashid: HL 12 Jul 2006

Harris v Brights Asphalt Contractors Ltd: QBD 1953

The plaintiff was not to be prevented from recovering the costs of private medical treatment.It was argued and decided that (a) damages for the loss of earnings for the ‘lost years’ is nil, and (b) ‘the only relevance of earnings which would have been earned after death is that they are an element for consideration … Continue reading Harris v Brights Asphalt Contractors Ltd: QBD 1953

Tali v Estonia: ECHR 13 Feb 2014

ECHR Article 3 – Degrading treatment – Inhuman treatment Use of pepper spray against an aggressive prisoner and his confinement to restraint bed for 3 hours and 40 minutes: violation Facts – While serving a prison sentence, the applicant refused to comply with the orders of prison officers. Pepper spray, physical force and a telescopic … Continue reading Tali v Estonia: ECHR 13 Feb 2014

London Borough of Barnet v Unison and Another: EAT 19 Dec 2013

EAT Redundancy : Collective Consultation and Information – The Appellant is a local authority which was contemplating redundancies of staff and also transfers of some employees to third parties. The Employment Tribunal found that it had breached the consultation and information requirements in section 188 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 … Continue reading London Borough of Barnet v Unison and Another: EAT 19 Dec 2013

Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd: HL 15 Dec 1931

Contract – Mutual Mistake Test Bell was director and chairman of Niger, a subsidiary of Lever Brothers Ltd who dismissed him, offering and paying pounds 30,000 compensation. Lever then discovered that Mr Bell had made secret profits at the expense of Niger for which he could have been summarily dismissed. Lever sought repayment of the … Continue reading Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd: HL 15 Dec 1931

Fassihim, Liddiardrams, International Ltd, Isograph Ltd v Item Software (UK) Ltd: CA 30 Sep 2004

The first defendant (F) had been employed by a company involved in a distribution agreement. He had sought to set up a competing arrangement whilst a director of the claimant, and diverted a contract to his new company. Held: A company director has additional, fiduciary duties over and above those of an employee. The duties … Continue reading Fassihim, Liddiardrams, International Ltd, Isograph Ltd v Item Software (UK) Ltd: CA 30 Sep 2004

Barta And Drajko v Hungary: ECHR 17 Dec 2013

Article 46-2 Execution of judgment Measures of a general character Respondent State required to provide genuine effective relief for violations of the right to trial within a reasonable time Facts – In 2006 and 2008, respectively, the applicants were interrogated as suspects on charges of tax fraud. In 2008 criminal proceedings were initiated against them … Continue reading Barta And Drajko v Hungary: ECHR 17 Dec 2013

Vlad And Others v Romania (Legal Summary): ECHR 26 Nov 2013

ECHR Article 46-2 Execution of judgment Measures of a general character Respondent State encouraged to take further measures to provide genuine effective relief for violations of the right to a fair trial within a reasonable time Facts – In their applications to the European Court, the three applicants complained of the lack of an effective … Continue reading Vlad And Others v Romania (Legal Summary): ECHR 26 Nov 2013

Ignats v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Article 35-1 Exhaustion of domestic remedies Effective domestic remedy Claim for compensation in administrative courts in respect of conditions of detention: effective remedy: inadmissible Facts – In his application to the European Court, the applicant complained, inter alia, of the conditions of his detention in prison. The Government objected that he had failed to exhaust … Continue reading Ignats v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 24 Sep 2013

De Luca v Italy: ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Article 1 para. 1 of Protocol No. 1 Peaceful enjoyment of possessions Inability to recover judgment debt from local authority in receivership: violation Facts – In December 1993 the municipality of Benevento declared itself insolvent. An extraordinary liquidation committee (the OSL) was entrusted with the management of its finances. In a judgment given in November … Continue reading De Luca v Italy: ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Soderman v Sweden: ECHR 12 Nov 2013

Grand Chamber – Article 8 Positive obligations Article 8-1 Respect for private life Lack of clear statutory provisions criminalising act of covertly filming a naked child: violation Facts – In 2002, when the applicant was fourteen years old, she discovered that her stepfather had hidden a video camera in the laundry basket in the bathroom. … Continue reading Soderman v Sweden: ECHR 12 Nov 2013

Tajul-Arfeen v Health Protection Agency: EAT 29 May 2013

EAT Age Discrimination : AGE RELATED DISMISSALThe Claimant was dismissed at age 65 consistently with the employer’s retirement policy. The Employment Tribunal found that he had been given proper notice of retirement and of the right to request that he be kept on for a further period. Such a request had been properly considered and … Continue reading Tajul-Arfeen v Health Protection Agency: EAT 29 May 2013

Churchill Group Ltd v Vignakumar (Unfair Dismissal : Compensation): EAT 26 Jun 2013

EAT UNFAIR DISMISSAL – CompensationWhen an employee has been unfairly dismissed and/or discriminated against unlawfully by being dismissed and it is alleged by the employer it has been discovered since the dismissal that s/he had been guilty of gross misconduct during the employment, the Employment Tribunal does not have to find as a fact that … Continue reading Churchill Group Ltd v Vignakumar (Unfair Dismissal : Compensation): EAT 26 Jun 2013

Maksymenko and Gerasymenko v Ukraine (LS): ECHR 16 May 2013

ECHR Article 1 para. 1 of Protocol No. 1Deprivation of propertyPublic interestInvalidation ten years after the event of privatisation of hostel and all subsequent transfers of property without compensation: violationFacts – In 2004 the applicants purchased a hostel that had been privatised in 1995 from S., a private company in liquidation. However, in 2006 the … Continue reading Maksymenko and Gerasymenko v Ukraine (LS): ECHR 16 May 2013

Cartledge v E Jopling and Sons Ltd: HL 1963

The plaintiffs were steel dressers who, in the course of their employment, had inhaled quantities of noxious dust which had caused them to suffer from pneumoconiosis. They issued proceedings on 1 October 1956 but were unable to show any breach of duty by their employers which contributed to their condition after 1 October 1950. The … Continue reading Cartledge v E Jopling and Sons Ltd: HL 1963

Ashley and Another v Chief Constable of Sussex Police: HL 23 Apr 2008

The claimants sought to bring an action for damages after a family member suspected of dealing drugs, was shot by the police. At the time he was naked. The police officer had been acquitted by a criminal court of murder. The chief constable now appealed a finding that he might nevertheless be liable in a … Continue reading Ashley and Another v Chief Constable of Sussex Police: HL 23 Apr 2008

Alexander and Hatherley v Bridgen Enterprises Ltd: EAT 12 Apr 2006

The company made selections for redundancy, but failed to give the appellants information about how the scoring system had resulted in the figures allocated. The calculations left their representative unable to challenge them on appeal. The procedure adopted did not follow the statutory rules, but the tribunal had found the dismissals to be fair. The … Continue reading Alexander and Hatherley v Bridgen Enterprises Ltd: EAT 12 Apr 2006

Cumbria County Council and Another v Bates: EAT 13 Aug 2013

cumbria_batesEAT2013 EAT UNFAIR DISMISSAL – Compensation The Claimant was employed by the First Respondent as a teacher at Dowdales School. He was found to have been unfairly dismissed. Post dismissal he was convicted of common assault on a 16-year-old girl who was his former pupil and sentenced to six weeks’ imprisonment. The issue was whether … Continue reading Cumbria County Council and Another v Bates: EAT 13 Aug 2013

White, Frost and others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire and others: HL 3 Dec 1998

No damages for Psychiatric Harm Alone The House considered claims by police officers who had suffered psychiatric injury after tending the victims of the Hillsborough tragedy. Held: The general rules restricting the recovery of damages for pure psychiatric harm applied to the plaintiffs’ claims as employees. An employer has a duty to protect his employees … Continue reading White, Frost and others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire and others: HL 3 Dec 1998

English v Emery Reimbold and Strick Ltd; etc, (Practice Note): CA 30 Apr 2002

Judge’s Reasons Must Show How Reached In each case appeals were made, following Flannery, complaining of a lack of reasons given by the judge for his decision. Held: Human Rights jurisprudence required judges to put parties into a position where they could understand how the decision in their case had been arrived at. Flannery preceded … Continue reading English v Emery Reimbold and Strick Ltd; etc, (Practice Note): CA 30 Apr 2002

Di Placito v Slater and others: CA 19 Dec 2003

The parties had earlier compromised their dispute, with the claimant undertaking not to lodge any further claim unless he did so within a certain time. They now sought to commence action. Held: When considering whether to discharge such an undertaking the court should ask: ‘whether it would be just to deprive the respondent of the … Continue reading Di Placito v Slater and others: CA 19 Dec 2003

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard and others: CA 15 Dec 2006

Whilst employed by the claimants as a salesman, the defendant came to want to develop his idea for a modular helmet suitable for fire-fighters and others. He took certain steps including showing the proposal confidentially to a competitor, and then left the company. The claimant brought proceedings alleging breach of a duty of confidentiality toward … Continue reading Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard and others: CA 15 Dec 2006

Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Misfeasance in Public Office – Recklessness The bank sought to strike out the claim alleging misfeasance in public office in having failed to regulate the failed bank, BCCI. Held: Misfeasance in public office might occur not only when a company officer acted to injure a party, but also where he acted with knowledge of, or … Continue reading Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

In the course of ancillary relief proceedings in a divorce, questions arose regarding company assets owned by the husband. The court was asked as to the power of the court to order the transfer of assets owned entirely in the company’s names. The judge had made such an order, finding evidence that the companies had … Continue reading Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

Livingstone v Rawyards Coal Co: HL 13 Feb 1880

Damages or removal of coal under land User damages were awarded for the unauthorised removal of coal from beneath the appellant’s land, even though the site was too small for the appellant to have mined the coal himself. The appellant was also awarded damages for the damage done to the houses on the surface. If … Continue reading Livingstone v Rawyards Coal Co: HL 13 Feb 1880