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Oliver v Nautilus Steam Shipping Co Ltd: 1903

Where an employee was injured at work, but by an outside person, section 6 of the 1897 Act provides that the worker could ‘at his option, proceed, either at law against that person to recover damages, or against his employer for compensation under this Act, but not against both’. If compensation under the Act was … Continue reading Oliver v Nautilus Steam Shipping Co Ltd: 1903

Westminster City Council v Great Portland Estates plc: HL 31 Oct 1984

The House was asked whether the 1971 Act permitted the relevant authorities, by resort to their development plans, to support the retention of traditional industries or was the ambit of the Act such as to permit only ‘land use’ aims to be pursued? The court considered also the relevance of personal considerations in planning matters. … Continue reading Westminster City Council v Great Portland Estates plc: HL 31 Oct 1984

Dudarec v Andrews and others: CA 22 Mar 2006

In a claim for negligence against his former solicitors, the claimant sought damages for the loss of a chance of success in a personal injuries action struck out for want of prosecution seven years earlier. Held: If the evidence were the same in the negligence action as it would have been at the trial there … Continue reading Dudarec v Andrews and others: CA 22 Mar 2006

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

D, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Inquest Intervening): CA 28 Feb 2006

The respondent appealed from orders made as to the conduct of an investigation into an attempted suicide in prison. The judge had severely criticised the appellant’s treatment of the case. Held: The appeal failed. The court recited the requirements for an independent inquiry into such an incident in custody. The judge was correct to require … Continue reading D, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Inquest Intervening): CA 28 Feb 2006

Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd: CA 31 Mar 2006

The deceased had suffered a head injury whilst working for the defendant. In addition to severe physical consequences he suffered post-traumatic stress, became more and more depressed, and then committed suicide six years later. The claimant appealed against refusal of an award under the 1976 Act. The judge had decided that it was not part … Continue reading Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd: CA 31 Mar 2006

Biogen Plc v Medeva Plc: HL 31 Oct 1996

The claim patented sought to protect a genetic molecule rather than a whole mouse namely that the molecule would, if inserted into a suitable host cell, cause the cell to make antigens of the Hepatitis B virus. A recombinant method of making the antigens of a hepatitis virus was patented with a priority date of … Continue reading Biogen Plc v Medeva Plc: HL 31 Oct 1996

Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

Exemplary Damages Award in Defamation The plaintiff had been awarded damages for defamation. The defendants pleaded justification. Before the trial the plaintiff gave notice that he wanted additional, exemplary, damages. The trial judge said that such a claim had to have been pleaded. The Court of Appeal had considered Rookes -v- Barnard to have been … Continue reading Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

Pirelli General Cable Works v Oscar Faber and Partners: HL 2 Jan 1983

The plaintiff asked the defendant consulting engineer to design an extension to their factory in 1969. Not later than in April 1970, cracks developed in the chimney. In 1977 the cause of the damage was discovered. It arose from design faults in the selection of materials. The defect could not have been discovered before 1972. … Continue reading Pirelli General Cable Works v Oscar Faber and Partners: HL 2 Jan 1983

Allan Janes Llp v Johal: ChD 23 Feb 2006

The claimant sought to enforce a restrictive covenant against the defendant a former assistant solicitor as to non-competition within a certain distance of the practice for a period of three years. After leaving she had sought to set up partnership with others to practice in competition. During the period of her notice she worked also … Continue reading Allan Janes Llp v Johal: ChD 23 Feb 2006

HIH Casualty and General Insurance Limited and others v Chase Manhattan Bank and others: HL 20 Feb 2003

The insurance company had paid claims on policies used to underwrite the production of TV films. The re-insurers resisted the claims against them by the insurers on the grounds of non-disclosure by the insured, or in the alternative damages for misrepresentation. The policies were novel and sophisticated contracts and included clauses modifying the duties of … Continue reading HIH Casualty and General Insurance Limited and others v Chase Manhattan Bank and others: HL 20 Feb 2003

Swissport Ltd v Exley and Others (Transfer of Undertakings): EAT 13 Jun 2017

EAT TRANSFER OF UNDERTAKINGS – Economic technical or organisational reason PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – Costs UNFAIR DISMISSAL – Polkey deduction The Respondent resisted claims for unfair dismissal following the loss of a ground handling contract at an airport. Grounds of resistance to ‘ordinary’ unfair dismissal claims were struck out. Economic technical or organisational (‘ETO’) and … Continue reading Swissport Ltd v Exley and Others (Transfer of Undertakings): EAT 13 Jun 2017

Simms v Conlon and Another: CA 20 Dec 2006

Solicitors within a practice sued each other, and one wished to plead the fact of a finding of professional misconduct. Held: The defendant’s appeal succeeded. It was not an abuse for the appellant to continue to assert his innocence, and the findings were not admissible as a whole. Prospective partners were under a duty to … Continue reading Simms v Conlon and Another: CA 20 Dec 2006

Target Holdings Ltd v Redferns and Another: CA 24 Nov 1993

Solicitors were liable to mortgagees for mortgage monies which had been out by them paid in advance of the completion of the purchase which would allow the mortgagee’s loan to be charged. The basic liability of a trustee in breach of trust was not to pay damages, but to restore to the trust fund that … Continue reading Target Holdings Ltd v Redferns and Another: CA 24 Nov 1993

Re B (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Threshold Criteria): SC 12 Jun 2013

B had been removed into care at birth. The parents now appealed against a care order made with a view to B’s adoption. The Court was asked as to the situation where the risks were necessarily only anticipated, and as to appeals against a finding of fact. Held: (Lady Hale dissenting) The appeal was dismissed. … Continue reading Re B (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Threshold Criteria): SC 12 Jun 2013

Charter Plc and Another v City Index Ltd and others: ChD 12 Oct 2006

An employee of the claimant had fraudulently spent several million pounds of the claimant’s money on personal bets through the defendant company. The claimant said that the defendants knew the origin of the funds and were liable to repay them. Having settled the claim in part the defendants now claimed contributions from directors of the … Continue reading Charter Plc and Another v City Index Ltd and others: ChD 12 Oct 2006

OT Africa Line Ltd v Magic Sportswear Corporation and others: CA 13 Jun 2005

The parties to a contract had agreed that the proper law for the contract was England. One party commenced proceedings in Canada, and the courts of Canada had accepted jurisdiction as the most appropriate and convenient forum to resolve the dispute. Proceedings were also begun in England, and the original Canadian claimant now appealed a … Continue reading OT Africa Line Ltd v Magic Sportswear Corporation and others: CA 13 Jun 2005

Bainbridge and others v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council: EAT 23 Mar 2007

EAT Practice and Procedure – CompromiseEqual Pay Act – Work rated equivalent; Damages/Compensation This case raises three issues, two of which are of particular significance in the field of equal pay.Do employees whose jobs are rated as equivalent under a job evaluation scheme have the right to seek compensation going back up to six years … Continue reading Bainbridge and others v Redcar and Cleveland Borough Council: EAT 23 Mar 2007

Andreae v Selfridge and Co Ltd: CA 1938

The plaintiff had a hotel. The rest of the island had been acquired by the defendant which was demolishing and rebuilding the other properties. The plaintiff complained, and the judge found, that by reason of the operations, which involved noise and dust, there was a substantial interference with the comfort of the plaintiff in the … Continue reading Andreae v Selfridge and Co Ltd: CA 1938

Manolete Partners Plc v Hastings Borough Council: TCC 12 Apr 2013

Application for compensation under s.106 of the Building Act 1984 for compensation as a result of the Council exercising its powers to prevent access to Hastings Pier under s.78 of the 1984 Act. Held: The court rejected the defence, holding that the reference to ‘default’ should be read as default in respect of obligations imposed … Continue reading Manolete Partners Plc v Hastings Borough Council: TCC 12 Apr 2013

Blue Air – Airline Management Solutions: ECJ 30 Apr 2020

(Judgment) Reference for a preliminary ruling – Area of ??freedom, security and justice – Border checks, asylum and immigration – Decision No 565/2014 / EU – Simplified system for checking persons at external borders – Third-country national holding a temporary residence permit issued by a Member State – Article 3 – Recognition by Bulgaria, Croatia, … Continue reading Blue Air – Airline Management Solutions: ECJ 30 Apr 2020

Kaschke v Osler: QBD 13 May 2010

The claimant sued in defamation as regards the defendant’s comments in his internet blog on her historical left wing political connections. She complained that they made a connection with terrorist activities. The defendant said that the article was based upon material from the claimant’s own web-site, which republished an old article from a German magazine … Continue reading Kaschke v Osler: QBD 13 May 2010

Leakey v The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty: CA 31 Jul 1979

Natural causes were responsible for soil collapsing onto neighbouring houses in Bridgwater. Held: An occupier of land owes a general duty of care to a neighbouring occupier in relation to a hazard occurring on his land, whether such hazard is natural or man-made (the ‘hazard’ being an unstable mound of earth which was present on … Continue reading Leakey v The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty: CA 31 Jul 1979

Manchester City Council v Pinnock: SC 3 Nov 2010

The tenant had been secure but had his tenancy had been reduced to an insecure demoted tenancy after he was accused of anti-social behaviour. He had not himself been accused of any misbehaviour, but it was said that he should have controlled his family members. The county court had been unwilling to allow any challenge … Continue reading Manchester City Council v Pinnock: SC 3 Nov 2010

Hallam, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 30 Jan 2019

These appeals concern the statutory provisions governing the eligibility for compensation of persons convicted of a criminal offence where their conviction is subsequently quashed (or they are pardoned) because of the impact of fresh evidence. It was argued that the failure to make payment amounted to a denial of the right to the presumption of … Continue reading Hallam, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 30 Jan 2019

Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

In each case the local authority sought to recover possession of its own land. In the Lambeth case, they asserted this right as against an overstaying former tenant, and in the Leeds case as against gypsies. In each case the occupiers said that the recovery of possession interfered with their right respect for their family … Continue reading Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

The two applicants were serving life sentences for murder. Each sought damages for the unlawful withdrawal of their rights to vote in elections, and the failure of the British parliament to take steps to comply with the judgment. Held: The appeals failed.Lord Mance summarised the reasons for his conclusions: ‘(A) Human Rights Act In respect … Continue reading Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

Watkins v Home Office and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

The claimant complained of misfeasance in public office by the prisons for having opened and read protected correspondence whilst he was in prison. The respondent argued that he had suffered no loss. The judge had found that bad faith was established in three prison officers. In one case the officer opened the letter in front … Continue reading Watkins v Home Office and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Regina (Daly) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 23 May 2001

A prison policy requiring prisoners not to be present when their property was searched and their mail was examined was unlawful. The policy had been introduced after failures in search procedures where officers had been intimidated by the presence of prisoners. Particularly when examining documents subject to legal professional privilege, the rules did not allow … Continue reading Regina (Daly) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 23 May 2001

LA and Others v Secretary of State for Defence (WP) (War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement): UTAA 22 Oct 2014

UTAA War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement (1) These appeals were heard over 10 days and involved the consideration of a large amount of documents, authorities and arguments. They relate to claims made under Article 41 of the Naval Military and Air Forces etc (Disablement and Death) Service Pensions Order … Continue reading LA and Others v Secretary of State for Defence (WP) (War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation : War Pensions – Entitlement): UTAA 22 Oct 2014

Lldy Alexandria Ltd (Formerly Loch Lomond Distillery Company Ltd) v Unite The Union and Another: EAT 30 Apr 2014

EAT Transfer of Undertakings – TUPE Regulations 2006: reg 13(2). The first respondent decided to outsource part of its activities to the second respondent. The claimant is a Trade Union, representing the workers affected by the transfer. It claimed that TUPE reg 13(2) was breached in that not all of the reasons for the decision … Continue reading Lldy Alexandria Ltd (Formerly Loch Lomond Distillery Company Ltd) v Unite The Union and Another: EAT 30 Apr 2014

Three Rivers District Council and others v The Governor and Company of the Bank of England: ComC 12 Apr 2006

The claimants had pursued compensation over many years from the defendants alleging various kinds of misfeasance in regulating the bank BCCI. The action had collapsed. Held: ‘this was extraordinary litigation which came to an abrupt albeit long overdue conclusion’ when the creditors called on the liquidators to abandon the action. The parties now disputed the … Continue reading Three Rivers District Council and others v The Governor and Company of the Bank of England: ComC 12 Apr 2006

Ministry of Justice (Decision Notice) FS50269559: ICO 3 Aug 2010

ICO The complainant requested information from the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) about the issue of ‘third party capture’ by liability insurers. The authority provided some information in response to the request. However, it refused to provide a copy of the legal advice passed to the MOJ by the Financial Services Authority further to an Exemption … Continue reading Ministry of Justice (Decision Notice) FS50269559: ICO 3 Aug 2010

Bradford and Bingley Plc v Rashid: HL 12 Jul 2006

Disapplication of Without Prejudice Rules The House was asked whether a letter sent during without prejudice negotiations which acknowledged a debt was admissible to restart the limitation period. An advice centre, acting for the borrower had written, in answer to a claim by the lender for the sum still due after the sale of the … Continue reading Bradford and Bingley Plc v Rashid: HL 12 Jul 2006

Harris v Brights Asphalt Contractors Ltd: QBD 1953

The plaintiff was not to be prevented from recovering the costs of private medical treatment.It was argued and decided that (a) damages for the loss of earnings for the ‘lost years’ is nil, and (b) ‘the only relevance of earnings which would have been earned after death is that they are an element for consideration … Continue reading Harris v Brights Asphalt Contractors Ltd: QBD 1953

Tali v Estonia: ECHR 13 Feb 2014

ECHR Article 3 – Degrading treatment – Inhuman treatment Use of pepper spray against an aggressive prisoner and his confinement to restraint bed for 3 hours and 40 minutes: violation Facts – While serving a prison sentence, the applicant refused to comply with the orders of prison officers. Pepper spray, physical force and a telescopic … Continue reading Tali v Estonia: ECHR 13 Feb 2014

London Borough of Barnet v Unison and Another: EAT 19 Dec 2013

EAT Redundancy : Collective Consultation and Information – The Appellant is a local authority which was contemplating redundancies of staff and also transfers of some employees to third parties. The Employment Tribunal found that it had breached the consultation and information requirements in section 188 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 … Continue reading London Borough of Barnet v Unison and Another: EAT 19 Dec 2013

Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd: HL 15 Dec 1931

Contract – Mutual Mistake Test Bell was director and chairman of Niger, a subsidiary of Lever Brothers Ltd who dismissed him, offering and paying pounds 30,000 compensation. Lever then discovered that Mr Bell had made secret profits at the expense of Niger for which he could have been summarily dismissed. Lever sought repayment of the … Continue reading Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd: HL 15 Dec 1931

Fassihim, Liddiardrams, International Ltd, Isograph Ltd v Item Software (UK) Ltd: CA 30 Sep 2004

The first defendant (F) had been employed by a company involved in a distribution agreement. He had sought to set up a competing arrangement whilst a director of the claimant, and diverted a contract to his new company. Held: A company director has additional, fiduciary duties over and above those of an employee. The duties … Continue reading Fassihim, Liddiardrams, International Ltd, Isograph Ltd v Item Software (UK) Ltd: CA 30 Sep 2004

Barta And Drajko v Hungary: ECHR 17 Dec 2013

Article 46-2 Execution of judgment Measures of a general character Respondent State required to provide genuine effective relief for violations of the right to trial within a reasonable time Facts – In 2006 and 2008, respectively, the applicants were interrogated as suspects on charges of tax fraud. In 2008 criminal proceedings were initiated against them … Continue reading Barta And Drajko v Hungary: ECHR 17 Dec 2013

Vlad And Others v Romania (Legal Summary): ECHR 26 Nov 2013

ECHR Article 46-2 Execution of judgment Measures of a general character Respondent State encouraged to take further measures to provide genuine effective relief for violations of the right to a fair trial within a reasonable time Facts – In their applications to the European Court, the three applicants complained of the lack of an effective … Continue reading Vlad And Others v Romania (Legal Summary): ECHR 26 Nov 2013

Ignats v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Article 35-1 Exhaustion of domestic remedies Effective domestic remedy Claim for compensation in administrative courts in respect of conditions of detention: effective remedy: inadmissible Facts – In his application to the European Court, the applicant complained, inter alia, of the conditions of his detention in prison. The Government objected that he had failed to exhaust … Continue reading Ignats v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 24 Sep 2013

De Luca v Italy: ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Article 1 para. 1 of Protocol No. 1 Peaceful enjoyment of possessions Inability to recover judgment debt from local authority in receivership: violation Facts – In December 1993 the municipality of Benevento declared itself insolvent. An extraordinary liquidation committee (the OSL) was entrusted with the management of its finances. In a judgment given in November … Continue reading De Luca v Italy: ECHR 24 Sep 2013

Soderman v Sweden: ECHR 12 Nov 2013

Grand Chamber – Article 8 Positive obligations Article 8-1 Respect for private life Lack of clear statutory provisions criminalising act of covertly filming a naked child: violation Facts – In 2002, when the applicant was fourteen years old, she discovered that her stepfather had hidden a video camera in the laundry basket in the bathroom. … Continue reading Soderman v Sweden: ECHR 12 Nov 2013

Tajul-Arfeen v Health Protection Agency: EAT 29 May 2013

EAT Age Discrimination : AGE RELATED DISMISSALThe Claimant was dismissed at age 65 consistently with the employer’s retirement policy. The Employment Tribunal found that he had been given proper notice of retirement and of the right to request that he be kept on for a further period. Such a request had been properly considered and … Continue reading Tajul-Arfeen v Health Protection Agency: EAT 29 May 2013

Churchill Group Ltd v Vignakumar (Unfair Dismissal : Compensation): EAT 26 Jun 2013

EAT UNFAIR DISMISSAL – CompensationWhen an employee has been unfairly dismissed and/or discriminated against unlawfully by being dismissed and it is alleged by the employer it has been discovered since the dismissal that s/he had been guilty of gross misconduct during the employment, the Employment Tribunal does not have to find as a fact that … Continue reading Churchill Group Ltd v Vignakumar (Unfair Dismissal : Compensation): EAT 26 Jun 2013

Maksymenko and Gerasymenko v Ukraine (LS): ECHR 16 May 2013

ECHR Article 1 para. 1 of Protocol No. 1Deprivation of propertyPublic interestInvalidation ten years after the event of privatisation of hostel and all subsequent transfers of property without compensation: violationFacts – In 2004 the applicants purchased a hostel that had been privatised in 1995 from S., a private company in liquidation. However, in 2006 the … Continue reading Maksymenko and Gerasymenko v Ukraine (LS): ECHR 16 May 2013

Cartledge v E Jopling and Sons Ltd: HL 1963

The plaintiffs were steel dressers who, in the course of their employment, had inhaled quantities of noxious dust which had caused them to suffer from pneumoconiosis. They issued proceedings on 1 October 1956 but were unable to show any breach of duty by their employers which contributed to their condition after 1 October 1950. The … Continue reading Cartledge v E Jopling and Sons Ltd: HL 1963

Ashley and Another v Chief Constable of Sussex Police: HL 23 Apr 2008

The claimants sought to bring an action for damages after a family member suspected of dealing drugs, was shot by the police. At the time he was naked. The police officer had been acquitted by a criminal court of murder. The chief constable now appealed a finding that he might nevertheless be liable in a … Continue reading Ashley and Another v Chief Constable of Sussex Police: HL 23 Apr 2008

Alexander and Hatherley v Bridgen Enterprises Ltd: EAT 12 Apr 2006

The company made selections for redundancy, but failed to give the appellants information about how the scoring system had resulted in the figures allocated. The calculations left their representative unable to challenge them on appeal. The procedure adopted did not follow the statutory rules, but the tribunal had found the dismissals to be fair. The … Continue reading Alexander and Hatherley v Bridgen Enterprises Ltd: EAT 12 Apr 2006

Cumbria County Council and Another v Bates: EAT 13 Aug 2013

cumbria_batesEAT2013 EAT UNFAIR DISMISSAL – Compensation The Claimant was employed by the First Respondent as a teacher at Dowdales School. He was found to have been unfairly dismissed. Post dismissal he was convicted of common assault on a 16-year-old girl who was his former pupil and sentenced to six weeks’ imprisonment. The issue was whether … Continue reading Cumbria County Council and Another v Bates: EAT 13 Aug 2013

White, Frost and others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire and others: HL 3 Dec 1998

No damages for Psychiatric Harm Alone The House considered claims by police officers who had suffered psychiatric injury after tending the victims of the Hillsborough tragedy. Held: The general rules restricting the recovery of damages for pure psychiatric harm applied to the plaintiffs’ claims as employees. An employer has a duty to protect his employees … Continue reading White, Frost and others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire and others: HL 3 Dec 1998

English v Emery Reimbold and Strick Ltd; etc, (Practice Note): CA 30 Apr 2002

Judge’s Reasons Must Show How Reached In each case appeals were made, following Flannery, complaining of a lack of reasons given by the judge for his decision. Held: Human Rights jurisprudence required judges to put parties into a position where they could understand how the decision in their case had been arrived at. Flannery preceded … Continue reading English v Emery Reimbold and Strick Ltd; etc, (Practice Note): CA 30 Apr 2002

Di Placito v Slater and others: CA 19 Dec 2003

The parties had earlier compromised their dispute, with the claimant undertaking not to lodge any further claim unless he did so within a certain time. They now sought to commence action. Held: When considering whether to discharge such an undertaking the court should ask: ‘whether it would be just to deprive the respondent of the … Continue reading Di Placito v Slater and others: CA 19 Dec 2003

Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard and others: CA 15 Dec 2006

Whilst employed by the claimants as a salesman, the defendant came to want to develop his idea for a modular helmet suitable for fire-fighters and others. He took certain steps including showing the proposal confidentially to a competitor, and then left the company. The claimant brought proceedings alleging breach of a duty of confidentiality toward … Continue reading Helmet Integrated Systems Ltd v Tunnard and others: CA 15 Dec 2006

Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Misfeasance in Public Office – Recklessness The bank sought to strike out the claim alleging misfeasance in public office in having failed to regulate the failed bank, BCCI. Held: Misfeasance in public office might occur not only when a company officer acted to injure a party, but also where he acted with knowledge of, or … Continue reading Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

In the course of ancillary relief proceedings in a divorce, questions arose regarding company assets owned by the husband. The court was asked as to the power of the court to order the transfer of assets owned entirely in the company’s names. The judge had made such an order, finding evidence that the companies had … Continue reading Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

Livingstone v Rawyards Coal Co: HL 13 Feb 1880

Damages or removal of coal under land User damages were awarded for the unauthorised removal of coal from beneath the appellant’s land, even though the site was too small for the appellant to have mined the coal himself. The appellant was also awarded damages for the damage done to the houses on the surface. If … Continue reading Livingstone v Rawyards Coal Co: HL 13 Feb 1880

Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Limited: HL 4 Dec 2003

The claimant’s house was regularly flooded by waters including also foul sewage from the respondent’s neighbouring premises. He sought damages and an injunction. The defendants sought to restrict the claimant to his statutory rights. Held: The damages were restricted to the statutory ones. The defendant was regulated under the 1991 Act by the Director-General, who … Continue reading Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Limited: HL 4 Dec 2003

The Child Poverty Action Group v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 8 Dec 2010

The Action Group had obtained a declaration that, where an overpayment of benefits had arisen due to a miscalculation by the officers of the Department, any process of recovering the overpayment must be by the Act, and that the Department could not use the law of unjust enrichment. The Department Appealed. Held: The appeal failed. … Continue reading The Child Poverty Action Group v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 8 Dec 2010

Barrett v Universal-Island Records Ltd and others: ChD 15 May 2006

The claimant was entitled to share in the copyright royalties of Bob Marley and the Wailers, and claimed payment from the defendants. The defendants said that the matters had already been settled and that the claim was an abuse of process, and also that there was an action estoppel. Held: An English court should not … Continue reading Barrett v Universal-Island Records Ltd and others: ChD 15 May 2006

Islington v Uckac and Another: CA 30 Mar 2006

The council’s tenant had unlawfully secured assignment of a secure tenancy to the defendant. The council sought possession. Held: A secure tenancy granted by an authority pursuant to a misrepresentation by the tenant is nonetheless valid. The statutory list of grounds for recovering possession was explicit and exhaustive. The present basis of claim was not … Continue reading Islington v Uckac and Another: CA 30 Mar 2006

D Pride and Partners (A Firm) and Others v Institute for Animal Health and Others: QBD 31 Mar 2009

The claimants sought damages after the loss of business when the defendants’ premises were the source of an outbreak of foot and mouth disease. The organism had escaped from their premises via a broken drain. Held: Much of the damage claimed was for economic loss. The number of people who would be brought within the … Continue reading D Pride and Partners (A Firm) and Others v Institute for Animal Health and Others: QBD 31 Mar 2009

Pickstone v Freemans Plc: HL 30 Jun 1988

The claimant sought equal pay with other, male, warehouse operatives who were doing work of equal value but for more money. The Court of Appeal had held that since other men were also employed on the same terms both as to pay and work, her claim failed. Held: The claim was not disbarred in this … Continue reading Pickstone v Freemans Plc: HL 30 Jun 1988

Anisminic Ltd v Foreign Compensation Commission: HL 17 Dec 1968

There are no degrees of nullity The plaintiffs had owned mining property in Egypt. Their interests were damaged and or sequestrated and they sought compensation from the Respondent Commission. The plaintiffs brought an action for the declaration rejecting their claims was a nullity. The Commission replied that the courts were precluded from considering the question … Continue reading Anisminic Ltd v Foreign Compensation Commission: HL 17 Dec 1968

Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others (No 3): CA 18 May 2005

The principal claimants sold the rights to take photographs of their wedding to a co-claimant magazine (OK). Persons acting on behalf of the defendants took unauthorised photographs which the defendants published. The claimants had retained joint copyright over the photographs and reserved a right to control publication of any particular photographs. In return they made … Continue reading Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others (No 3): CA 18 May 2005

Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

Fairness on Division of Family Capital The House faced the question of how to achieve fairness in the division of property following a divorce. In the one case there were substantial assets but a short marriage, and in the other a high income, but low capital. Held: The 1973 Act gives only limited guidance on … Continue reading Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd and Others: SC 13 Apr 2011

The court was asked as to the liability of employers in the knitting industry for hearing losses suffered by employees before the 1989 Regulations came into effect. The claimant had worked in a factory between 1971 and 2001, sustaining noise induced hearing losses before 1989. The defendant companies now appealed against a finding of liability. … Continue reading Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd and Others: SC 13 Apr 2011

Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Account taken of circumstances wihout ambiguity The respondent gave advice on home income plans. The individual claimants had assigned their initial claims to the scheme, but later sought also to have their mortgages in favour of the respondent set aside. Held: Investors having once assigned their causes of action to the ICS, could not later … Continue reading Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Takoushis, Regina (on the Application of) v HM Coroner for Inner North London and others: CA 30 Nov 2005

Relatives sought judicial review of the coroner’s decision not to allow a jury, and against allowance of an expert witness. The deceased had been a mental patient but had been arrested with a view to being hospitalised. He was taken first to the AandE department. From there he escaped and jumped into and drowned in … Continue reading Takoushis, Regina (on the Application of) v HM Coroner for Inner North London and others: CA 30 Nov 2005

Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

The House gave guidance how it would treat an invitation to depart from a previous decision of the House. Such a course was possible, but the direction was not an ‘open sesame’ for a differently constituted committee to prefer their views to those of the committee which determined the decision unanimously or by a majority. … Continue reading Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

Parkwood Leisure Ltd v Alemo-Herron and 23 Others: CA 29 Jan 2010

The employees asserted unauthorised deductions from their wages. The company appealed against an order re-instating their claims. When employed by the council, the claimants had the right to pay increases in accordance with rates set by national negotiations, and claimed the benefit of increases negotiated after they had been transferred to the appellant. The employer … Continue reading Parkwood Leisure Ltd v Alemo-Herron and 23 Others: CA 29 Jan 2010

Smith, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Defence and Oxfordshire Assistant Deputy Coroner (Equality and Human Rights Commission intervening): SC 30 Jun 2010

The deceased soldier died of heat exhaustion whilst on active service in Iraq. It was said that he was owed a duty under human rights laws, and that any coroner’s inquest should be a fuller one to satisfy the state’s duty under Article 2. Held: The SSD’s appeal succeeded. ‘jurisdiction’ within the meaning of Article … Continue reading Smith, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Defence and Oxfordshire Assistant Deputy Coroner (Equality and Human Rights Commission intervening): SC 30 Jun 2010

AJ Building and Plastering Ltd v Turner and Others: QBD 11 Mar 2013

An insurance company had engaged a main contractor to handle repairs to houses insured under its policies. The contractor had engaged the claimant subcontractor to carry out the works at the defendants’ homes, but then went into insolvent liquidation before the works were paid for. The claimant now sought payment direct from the insured. The … Continue reading AJ Building and Plastering Ltd v Turner and Others: QBD 11 Mar 2013

Farley v Child Support Agency and Another; Farley v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (No. 2): HL 28 Jun 2006

Magistrates were wrong to think they had a discretion to look at the validity of a liability assessment under child support legislation. The Act gave the payer alternative avenues of appeal, and therefore the Act should be read as it stated and the magistrates had no such jurisdiction. ‘section 33(4) precludes the justices from investigating … Continue reading Farley v Child Support Agency and Another; Farley v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (No. 2): HL 28 Jun 2006

Law Society v Sephton and Co (a Firm) and Others: HL 10 May 2006

A firm of solicitors had a member involved in a substantial fraud. The defendant firm of accountants certified the firm’s accounts. There were later many calls upon the compensation fund operated by the claimants, who sought recovery in turn from the accountants. The accountants pleaded limitation. Held: The Law Society faced a contingent liability on … Continue reading Law Society v Sephton and Co (a Firm) and Others: HL 10 May 2006

Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust v Roldan: CA 13 May 2010

The employee appealed against the reversal by the EAT of her successful claim for unfair dismissal. She had been dismissed for alleged gross misconduct in disrespectful treatment of a patient. She said that investigation had been procedurally unfair. The EAT had discounted each of three reasons the tribunal had found for finding the procedures unfair. … Continue reading Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust v Roldan: CA 13 May 2010

Johnson v The Medical Defence Union Ltd: ChD 3 Mar 2006

The claimant sought disclosure under the 1998 Act by the defendant of records held by them. The respondent said that the information they held did not amount to data under the Act. Held: The information was contained in different formats, on paper, electronically and on CD, but was then brought together in a risk assessment. … Continue reading Johnson v The Medical Defence Union Ltd: ChD 3 Mar 2006

Khatri v Cooperatieve Centrale Raiffeisen-Boerenleenbank Ba: CA 23 Apr 2010

The claimant appealed against refusal of summary judgment on his claim for payment of a discretionary employment bonus by the defendant. Held: The appeal succeeded and summary judgment was given. The contract properly construed did give rise to a bonus calculated according to the formula. Appying Elias J’s ‘only referable’ test, it would be quite … Continue reading Khatri v Cooperatieve Centrale Raiffeisen-Boerenleenbank Ba: CA 23 Apr 2010

Stuart Peters Ltd v Bell: CA 30 Jul 2009

The claimant had a contract entitling her to six month’s notice. She left claiming constructive dismissed, but found work shortly after. She still sought the full six months’ pay. The EAT found in her favour. The employer appealed. Held: The appeal succeeded. The key question is what good industrial relations practice requires. Though the rule … Continue reading Stuart Peters Ltd v Bell: CA 30 Jul 2009

FSHC Group Holdings Ltd v Glas Trust Corporation Ltd: CA 31 Jul 2019

Rectification – Chartbrook not followed Opportunity for an appellate court to clarify the correct test to apply in deciding whether the written terms of a contract may be rectified because of a common mistake. Held: The appeal failed. The judge was right to conclude that an objective observer would have understood – just as Barclays … Continue reading FSHC Group Holdings Ltd v Glas Trust Corporation Ltd: CA 31 Jul 2019

Lesotho Highlands Development Authority v Impregilo Spa and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

The House had to consider whether the arbitrator had acted in excess of his powers under s38, saying the arbitrator had misconstrued the contract. The arbitrator had made his award in different currencies. Held: The question remained whether the arbitrator had exceeded its powers, not whether they had been wrongly exercised. An error of law … Continue reading Lesotho Highlands Development Authority v Impregilo Spa and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

Watts and Co v Morrow: CA 30 Jul 1991

The plaintiff had bought a house on the faith of the defendant’s report that there were only limited defects requiring repair. In fact the defects were much more extensive. The defendant surveyor appealed against an award of damages after his negligent survey of a property. The plaintiff sought damages for distress, and the cost of … Continue reading Watts and Co v Morrow: CA 30 Jul 1991

Hayes v Willoughby: SC 20 Mar 2013

The claimant and appellant had been employer and employee who had fallen out, with a settlement in 2005. The appellant then began an unpleasant and obsessive personal vendetta against Mr Hayes, complaining to public bodies with allegations of tax evasion, fraud and similar. Several investigations all concluded against the appellant, and indeed disproved in 2007. … Continue reading Hayes v Willoughby: SC 20 Mar 2013

BAPIO Action Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: HL 30 Apr 2008

The House considered whether the Secretary of State for Health acted lawfully in issuing guidance as to the employment of foreign doctors to employing bodies within the National Health Service in April 2006. Held: The secretary of state’s appeal failed. The fact that the guidance differentiated between NHS service and private medical care indicated that … Continue reading BAPIO Action Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: HL 30 Apr 2008

Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Sympathetic construction of national legislation LMA OVIEDO sought a declaration that the contracts setting up Commercial International were void (a nullity) since they had been drawn up in order to defraud creditors. Commercial International relied on an EC Directive designed to protect companies and third parties from the adverse effects of the doctrine of nullity. … Continue reading Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Yeboah v Crofton: CA 31 May 2002

The industrial tribunal had made a finding of direct race discrimination. The Employment Appeal Tribunal found the decision perverse, and ordered a rehearing. The applicant appealed that order. Held: The EAT must be careful not to take disagreements as to findings on facts as faults in law. No appeal on a question of law should … Continue reading Yeboah v Crofton: CA 31 May 2002

Rowland v The Environment Agency: CA 19 Dec 2003

The claimant owned a house by the river Thames at Hedsor Water. Public rights of navigation existed over the Thames from time immemorial, and its management lay with the respondent. Landowners at Hedsor had sought to assert that that stretch was now private. She appealed an order declaring the continued public rights. Held: The applicant … Continue reading Rowland v The Environment Agency: CA 19 Dec 2003

Yeoman’s Row Management Ltd and Another v Cobbe: HL 30 Jul 2008

The parties agreed in principle for the sale of land with potential development value. Considerable sums were spent, and permission achieved, but the owner then sought to renegotiate the deal. Held: The appeal succeeded in part. The finding that Mrs Lisle-Mainwaring’s behaviour in repudiating, and seeking an improvement on, the core financial terms of the … Continue reading Yeoman’s Row Management Ltd and Another v Cobbe: HL 30 Jul 2008

James v Greenwich Council: EAT 18 Dec 2006

james_greenwichEAT06 EAT Contract of Employment – Definition of employeeThe Appellant was supplied by an agency to carry out work for Greenwich Council. She had no express contract with the Council but she contended that there was an implied contract, given in particular that she had worked for the Council for a period of some five … Continue reading James v Greenwich Council: EAT 18 Dec 2006

Runa Begum v London Borough of Tower Hamlets (First Secretary of State intervening): HL 13 Feb 2003

The appellant challenged the procedure for reviewing a decision made as to the suitability of accomodation offered to her after the respondent had accepted her as being homeless. The procedure involved a review by an officer of the council, with an appeal to the County Court on a point of law. Held: The decision was … Continue reading Runa Begum v London Borough of Tower Hamlets (First Secretary of State intervening): HL 13 Feb 2003