Fountain v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 24 Aug 2011

Income tax – s18 (Earnings and Pension) Act 2003- was an employed earner entitled to payment when the work was done or only in accordance with the terms of his contract – ie on the 6th of the month following – found the latter date applied – appeal dismissed.

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 570 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 25 May 2022; Ref: scu.449489

Community v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 2 Jan 2014

INCOME TAX – PAYE audit – check of employer records – failure to comply with information notice – penalty – appeal against notice and penalty – was information required by notice reasonably required – yes – appeal dismissed – Schedule 36, Finance Act 2008

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 41 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.521674

Dong and Another v National Crime Agency: FTTTx 27 Jan 2014

POSTPONEMENT OF TAX APPLICATIONS – whether third appellant’s application should be adjourned until further evidence obtained – no- whether tribunal had jurisdiction to entertain either application as lodged more than 30 days after letter treated as SOCA’s determination – yes – because that letter was not a determination under s 55(3)(a) but a later letter from SOCA was such a determination and applications were made within 30 days of this later letter -postponement application of second appellant refused as no reasonable grounds for belief in overcharge to tax – postponement application of third appellant allowed as reasonable grounds for belief in overcharge to tax

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 128 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes Management

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.521680

Mad Dog Casting Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 16 Feb 2012

Default Surcharge – late payment of tax – suggestion caused by illness – no real evidence- no reasonable excuse – question whether penalty for following period disproportionate – jurisdiction – not disproportionate in sense of ‘not merely harsh but plainly unfair’ – appeal dismissed

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 136 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.451975

Lifesmart Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 16 Feb 2012

Penalty for late submission of P35 – return sent in ‘test’ mode – whether the return ‘delivered’ within the meaning of the PAYE Regulations – no – taxpayer’s genuine belief that return was delivered – whether reasonable excuse – yes – appeal allowed and penalty discharged

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 137 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.451970

Boak v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 10 Feb 2012

Income Tax, Enquiry into Self Assessment Return; whether Return inaccurate; onus of proof; deductions from turnover; adequacy of Appellant’s books and records; whether records destroyed by flood; whether deductions claimed actually incurred; appeal dismissed.

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 123 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.451952

Mahmood v Director of Border Revenue: FTTTx 7 Feb 2012

EXCISE DUTY – RESTORATION OF EXCISE GOODS – the Appellant failed to declare 32,000 cigarettes imported from Pakistan – the duty free allowance was 200 – was the decision not to restore the cigarettes reasonable? – Yes – Appeal dismissed.

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 105 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Customs and Excise

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.451976

Arkeley Ltd (In Liquidation) v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 13 Feb 2012

ZERO-RATING – Exports – Pharmaceutical goods exported to Nigeria and Ghana – Evidence of export – VAT Directive 2006/112/EC Art 131, 146 – VAT Act 1994 s.30 – VAT Regs 1995 reg 129 – Notice 703 – Appeal allowed in part
INPUT TAX – Payment of invoices – Whether paid within 6 months – VAT Act 1994 s.26A – VAT Regs 1995 reg 170, 173J – Appeal allowed in part

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 126 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 22 May 2022; Ref: scu.451949

Commission v Portugal C-200/15: ECJ 16 Jun 2016

ECJ (Judgment) Failure to fulfill obligations – Article 110 TFEU – Internal taxation – Discriminatory taxation – used motor vehicles imported from other Member States – Determination of taxable value – Depreciation Rates

Citations:

ECLI: EU: C: 2016 453, C-200/15, [2016] EUECJ C-200/15

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

European

Taxes – Other

Updated: 20 May 2022; Ref: scu.565601

Pen Associates Europe Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 17 Aug 2011

Direction – application to extend time for service of notice of appeal – made against background of appellant having failed to make returns on time, to have notified Commissioners of change of address, to have failed to pursue input tax repayment claims, and to have failed to serve notice of appeal within time assuming its own claim as to what constituted decision under appeal was correct – application dismissed

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 554 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.449512

Paul Hoskins Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 8 Aug 2011

Appeal against VAT default surcharges – Appellant had only one main customer that was persistently slow in paying for work done by the Appellant – its factoring limit was much reduced without notice and its company secretary was seriously ill – appeal allowed in part as a result of reasonable excuse

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 538 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.449511

Moran v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 30 Aug 2011

INCOME TAX – Appeal against Regulation 80 of the Income Tax (Pay As You Earn) Regulations 2003 determinations and Section 8 Social Contributions (Transfer of Functions) Act 1999 decisions and penalties – employer not accounting under PAYE for income tax and national insurance in respect of employees – had appellant failed to pay tax and national insurance due in respect of employees – yes – appeal dismissed

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 577 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.449508

11 H 4, 34 Co Lit 105 A F N B 83 10 H 6, Pl 11 Fitz Barr, 267 Littl Lib 2, Ch 8 Littl Ss 154 Grand Serjeanty: 1220

A, tenant by grand serjeanty shall not pay a reasonable aid to make the King’s son a knight, nor to marry the King’s daughter, nor escuage If the heir of such tenant be of full age, he shall pay for relief one year’s value of his land ; if he be within age, he shall be in ward for body and land. For West. 1, ch. 35, mentions aid only for lands held by knight’s service, and in socage.
By all the judges of Englaiicl.

Citations:

[1220] EngR 77, (1220-1623) Jenk 76, (1220) 145 ER 54 (C)

Links:

Commonlii

Taxes – Other

Updated: 18 May 2022; Ref: scu.460989

Lang v Webb: 1912

(High Court of Australia) In 1908 the deceased had transferred and conveyed a piece of land to each of her three sons; on the same date as, but subsequently to, the execution of the transfers and conveyances there had been executed by the deceased and each of her sons a lease back for a term of five years of the land which had been transferred and conveyed to him; and the transfers and conveyances and leases had been executed after discussion and arrangement between the deceased and her three sons and after she had explained to them that she desired to make fixed and permanent provision for them and at the same time to take from them leases at whatever might be a reasonable rental for grazing purposes having regard to the conditions of the leases, those conditions and the amounts of the rents having been discussed and agreed before the execution of any of the documents. The rents reserved were in each case fair and reasonable and after the execution of the documents the whole of the land continued to be occupied by the deceased and was used by her for grazing purposes. On the deceased’s death in 1910, before the expiration of the leases, a claim for death duties was made in respect of the freehold.
Held: The claim was upheld. Section 102 requires people to define what they give away what they retain. If an interest is given away, they may not receive back any benefits from that interest. The policy was to avoid the ‘delay, expense and uncertainty’ of requiring the revenue to investigate whether a gift was genuine or pretended. If the donor continued to derive any benefit from the property in which an interest had been given, it would be treated as a pretended gift unless the benefit could be shown to be referable to a specific proprietary interest which he had retained. This is probably the most plausible explanation. Isaacs J: ‘But there must be no misunderstanding as to what is meant by the transaction … in the relevant sense it means that you regard the substantial effect of the ‘conveyance, assignment, gift, delivery or transfer’, by which the gift was made. If by an instrument, as in this case, you look at the instrument by which the property passes from the donor to the donee, and, disregarding mere form, ascertain its real effect. What does it give, not how does it give it? In this case the gift is made by the indenture executed by Henrietta Lang, and by that the whole of her estate in the lands was given without any exception or reservation whatever. That was the transaction of gift – complete in itself and unqualified. No other construction is possible. It had to be complete before the donee could execute to her the lease of the property. A lease is a conveyance; and it is more than form, it is substance, when the donor’s interest has to be vested in the donee before the donee can convey a smaller interest. That smaller interest was comprised in the gift itself, it was part of it, and is quite different from the case of Re Cochrane , where the trust of surplus income and the ultimate contingent trust of corpus were expressly retained by the donor for himself on the face of the instrument, and never in any shape or form included in what he gave.’

Judges:

Griffith CJ, Barton and Isaacs JJ

Citations:

(1912) 13 CLR 503

Links:

Austlii

Jurisdiction:

Australia

Cited by:

CitedCommissioners of Inland Revenue v Eversden Eversden (As Executors of the Will of Greenstock Deceased) CA 15-May-2003
The executors challenged the assessment to Inheritance tax on the estate. The commissioners claimed that a gift of property into a trust included a sufficient reservation of benefit to disallow it as an exempt transfer.
Held: The scheme was . .
CitedIngram and Palmer-Tomkinson (Executors of the Estate of Lady Jane Lindsay Morgan Ingram Deceased) v Commissioners of Inland Revenue CA 28-Jul-1997
The deceased had first conveyed property to her solicitor. Leases back were then created in her favour, and then the freeholds were conveyed at her direction to her children and grandchildren. They were potentially exempt transfers.
Held: . .
CitedIngram and Palmer-Tomkinson (Executors of the Estate of Lady Jane Lindsay Morgan Ingram Deceased) v Commissioners of Inland Revenue CA 28-Jul-1997
The deceased had first conveyed property to her solicitor. Leases back were then created in her favour, and then the freeholds were conveyed at her direction to her children and grandchildren. They were potentially exempt transfers.
Held: . .
CitedIngram and Another v Commissioners of Inland Revenue HL 10-Dec-1998
To protect her estate from Inheritance Tax, the deceased gave land to her solicitor, but then took back a lease. The solicitor then conveyed the land on freehold on to members of her family.
Held: The lease-back by the nominee was not void as . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Taxes – Other

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.182744

Nagle and Another (T/A Simon Templar Business Center) v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 29 Jan 2014

VAT – Input tax – Whether valid claim for recovery of input tax in respect of retail vouchers (as defined by paragraph 4(1) schedule 10A Value Added Tax Act 1994) – Whether the supply of retail vouchers is a standard or zero-rated supply – jurisdiction of Tribunal in case of legitimate expectation

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 131 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.521721

Samarkand Film Partnership No3 and Others v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 20 Sep 2011

Income tax – partnerships engaging in sale and leaseback of one or two films – loss claimed by partners from film acquisition relief provisions of ss130-140 ITTOIA. Issues arising: (1) was partnership carrying on a trade-held no;(2) was business carried on on a commercial basis (ss380,381,384 ITTOIA)-held no; (3) was business carried on with expectation of profit -yes;(4 ) was the business the exploitation of films (s136(a) ITTOIA)-yes;(5 )was the relevant expense incurred on the acquisition of films (s130(3))? (6) was it incurred wholly and exclusively for the business? (7) what was the effect of the ‘relevant period’ provision in s 138? (8) what was the effect of the partnership loss rules in s 118ZE and the 2008 regulations? (9) were fees paid to an arranger of the transactions capital in nature? (10) were such fees paid wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the partnership business? (11 )to what accounting period were such fees properly attributable?

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 610 (TC), [2012] SFTD 1

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.449583

MEM Industrial Roofing Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 15 Sep 2011

Construction Industry Scheme – penalty for late delivery of return – no certificate of posting – whether return deemed to be delivered in the ordinary course of post – yes – whether return delivered late – no – appeal allowed

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 604 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes Management

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.449573

NAS and Co Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 6 Jan 2014

Excise Duty – restoration – ss 14-16 FA 1994
– deemed confirmation of decision – calculation of 45 day period
– deemed confirmation – reasons -Alzitrans considered
– contents of document relevant to decision not disclosed by HMRC –
whether decision therefore unreasonable – s3(1)HRA and s16(4)FA94
– whether same decision inevitable

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 50 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Customs and Excise

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.521722

Orme v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 7 Sep 2011

Income tax – Appellant sub postmistress receiving termination payment on closure of sub post office – was this compensation for loss of office for the purposes of Section 401 ITEPA – yes – appeal dismissed

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 618 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Income Tax

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.449576

Mosedale v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 21 Sep 2011

DIRECT TAX – enquiry opened into 05/06 tax return in 2007 – application for closure notice in March 2011 – whether HMRC had reasonable grounds for not issuing a closure notice – yes as relevant information supplied only 2 days before hearing – application refused

Citations:

[2011] UKFTT 624 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes Management

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.449575

Outkey Trading Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 30 Jan 2014

VALUE ADDED TAX – input tax – MTIC fraud – credit for input tax denied on grounds that the appellant knew or should have known that its transactions were connected with fraud – fair hearing – appellant unable to fund representation without access to funds in dispute – contra trading – whether appellant knew or should have known of connection with fraud – yes – appeal dismissed

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 156 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.521727

Mclocklin v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 6 Jan 2014

CAPITAL LOSS – relief – shares becoming of negligible value – shares subscribed by another on terms that they would be transferred to the taxpayer on the other being reimbursed the subscription money – whether relief against income available – whether shares issued to the taxpayer – appeal allowed

Citations:

[2014] UKFTT 42 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Capital Gains Tax

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.521713

Forth Wines Ltd (Formerly Dollar Trade Ltd) v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 23 Jan 2012

Simplified Import VAT Accounting Scheme (SIVA); Excise Payment Security System Scheme (EPSS); Refusal to waive need to provide security to defer import VAT and excise duty; statutory discretion; whether refusal unreasonable having regard to HMRC published criteria; Value Added Tax Act 1994 s16(1)(4)and(8); Customs Excise and Management Act 1979 ss45 and127A, The Customs Duties (Deferred Payment) Regulations 1976 SI 1976/1223, regulation 4 Value Added Tax Regulations 1995, regulations 121A, 121B, SI 1995/2518, Value Added Tax (Amendment) (No 5) Regulation 2003, SI 2003/2318 Council Regulation 2913/92/EEC (Community Customs Code), Article 225, The Excise Duty (Deferred Payment) Regulations 1992 SI no 1092/3152 regulations 8 and 9; Notice 101 (Deferring Duty, VAT and other charges), Notice SIVA 1 (Simplified VAT Accounting); appeal allowed.

Citations:

[2012] UKFTT 74 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

VAT

Updated: 16 May 2022; Ref: scu.450798

Knight v Halsey: 1800

Hops are, by law, titheable after they are picked from the bind. And no usage can vary this rule. No evidence is sufficient to support a real composition, unless it have some reference to a deed of composition.

Citations:

[1800] EngR 5, (1800) 2 Bos and Pul 172, (1800) 126 ER 1221

Links:

Commonlii

Land, Taxes – Other

Updated: 15 May 2022; Ref: scu.345781

Commissioners of Customs and Excise v Darfish Ltd: QBD 28 Mar 2000

The question of whether waste had been ‘disposed’ of for landfill tax, was wider than simply discarding or depositing. It could include any waste disposal or removal process, and was not limited to the moment at which the waste was deposited. A subsidiary company had bought waste and then deposited it at a landfill site owned by the defendants. The subsidiary claimed it had not intended at the time of the deposit to be disposing of it as waste. The transfer of title and price did not settle the issue of the intentions of the person disposing of the material.

Citations:

Times 28-Mar-2000, Gazette 14-Apr-2000

Statutes:

Finance Act 1996 64(1)

Customs and Excise, Taxes – Other

Updated: 15 May 2022; Ref: scu.79378

In re Cochrane: 1905

(Ireland) ‘as in these questions of revenue, matters of mere conveyancing form are immaterial; as we are to view the substance only of the transaction, and as ‘gift’ in the context means ‘beneficial gift,’ so, too, in the actual case before us, should it be held that the reservation of the ultimate trust to Sir Henry Cochrane cannot, per se . . render the entire capital subject to duty.’

Judges:

Palles CB

Citations:

[1905] 2 IR 626

Cited by:

CitedIngram and Another v Commissioners of Inland Revenue HL 10-Dec-1998
To protect her estate from Inheritance Tax, the deceased gave land to her solicitor, but then took back a lease. The solicitor then conveyed the land on freehold on to members of her family.
Held: The lease-back by the nominee was not void as . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Ireland, Taxes – Other

Updated: 13 May 2022; Ref: scu.223776

Re Cochrane: 1905

(High Court of Ireland) The court considered the effectivenmess of a gift with a reservation to the donor, distinguishing Earl Grey: ‘The limitation of this annuity, although prior to the gift, was, as well as being charged on the land, secured by the personal covenant of the grantee, and this covenant, according to The Attorney-General v Worrall [1895] 1 QB 99, made its subject-matter a reservation of the gift within the meaning of [the statute]; and therefore, even if Lord Halsbury’s words, ‘The settlement itself has reserved andpound;4,000 a year’ mean, as they probably do, ‘reserved out of the gift’ they are in no sense contrary to our present decision. The law made it a reservation out of the gift by reason of the personal covenant.’ Without a covenant to pay it the reservation of a rentcharge is not in itself a benefit reserved out of the property given but is merely property not given. The trust of surplus income and the ultimate contingent trust of corpus were expressly retained by the donor for himself on the face of the instrument, and never in any shape or form included in what he gave.

Judges:

Palles CB

Citations:

[1905] 2 IR 626

Citing:

Appealed toRe Cochrane CA 1906
(Court of Appeal of Ireland) The court considered the effectivenmess of a gift with a reservation to the donor. As to the Earl Grey case, if ever there was a case to which the statute applied it was The Attorney-General v Grey. The court referred to . .
DistinguishedGrey (Earl) v Attorney General HL 1900
The donor conveyed land to his son by way of gift but reserved an annual rentcharge during his life which was charged on the land conveyed and which his son covenanted to pay (together with the other liabilities of the donor), and retained the right . .

Cited by:

Appeal fromRe Cochrane CA 1906
(Court of Appeal of Ireland) The court considered the effectivenmess of a gift with a reservation to the donor. As to the Earl Grey case, if ever there was a case to which the statute applied it was The Attorney-General v Grey. The court referred to . .
CitedIngram and Palmer-Tomkinson (Executors of the Estate of Lady Jane Lindsay Morgan Ingram Deceased) v Commissioners of Inland Revenue CA 28-Jul-1997
The deceased had first conveyed property to her solicitor. Leases back were then created in her favour, and then the freeholds were conveyed at her direction to her children and grandchildren. They were potentially exempt transfers.
Held: . .
CitedIn re Nichols, deceased CA 2-Jan-1975
The father, Lord Nichols, gave property to his sons who then leased it back to him. On the father’s death the revenue claimed duty.
Held: Goff LJ: ‘Having thus reviewed the authorities, we return to the question what was given, and we think . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Taxes – Other, Ireland

Updated: 13 May 2022; Ref: scu.223760

British Airports Authority v Customs and Excise Commissioners: 1977

The court adopted the test when interpreting the contract at issue of whether the substance and reality of the agreement was the grant of a license to occupy land.

Judges:

Scarman LJ

Citations:

[1977] STC 36

Cited by:

CitedCommissioners of Customs and Excise v Sinclair Collis Limited HL 7-Jun-2001
The appellants operated a system of placing their vending machines in clubs for the sale of cigarettes. They took as consideration a share of the profits of the cigarettes sold, and, in return, maintained the machines. They claimed that the machines . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Taxes – Other, Contract

Updated: 12 May 2022; Ref: scu.182963

Seabrook Warehousing Ltd and Others, Regina (On the Application of) v Revenue and Customs: Admn 16 Jul 2009

Challenge to the decision of the Defendant, the Commissioners for HM Revenue and Customs to abolish entitlement to ‘drawback’ for alcoholic liquors under warehousing for export arrangements

Judges:

Kenneth Parker QC, sitting as a deputy High Court judge

Citations:

[2009] EWHC 1742 (Admin)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes – Other

Updated: 07 May 2022; Ref: scu.347787

Holsworthy Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 12 Dec 2018

Excise Duty Hydrocarbon Oil – (See Also Excise Restoration of Vehicle) : Civil Penalty – Return under regulation 9 of SI 2002/2057 – whether submitted after due date – whether penalty validly imposed – whether failure to submit return on time – whether s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 applies -whether reasonable excuse – appeal upheld.

Citations:

[2018] UKFTT 728 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes – Other, Customs and Excise

Updated: 04 May 2022; Ref: scu.632451

The Governor and Company of the New River, Brought from Chadwell and Amwell to London v The Commissioners of Land Tax For The Division of Hertford in the County of Hertford: 8 May 1857

The court was asked whether shares in land granted by royal decree in perpetuity were real estate and subject to Land Tax.

Citations:

[1857] EngR 517 (B), (1857) 2 H and N 129

Links:

Commonlii

Land, Taxes – Other

Updated: 02 May 2022; Ref: scu.290263

Foneshops Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 22 Nov 2013

FTTTx PROCEDURE – application for reinstatement of appeal struck out for failure to comply with a direction to serve evidence accompanied by an ‘unless order’ – approach to be adopted by the tribunal – personal issues of appellant’s director – whether appellant’s failure to comply was caused by the appellant or by the appellant’s representatives – application refused

Citations:

[2013] UKFTT 675 (TC)

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Taxes Management

Updated: 02 May 2022; Ref: scu.518609

Steele v EVC International NV: 1996

Control of a company within the section means shareholder control.

Citations:

[1996] STC 785

Statutes:

Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 416

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Cited by:

CitedFoulser and Another v HM Inspector of Taxes ChD 20-Dec-2005
The taxpayer company entered into an arrangement in which shares were purchased by a company based in Ireland and resold. A claim was made for holdover relief.
Held: The scheme failed. The restriction imposed did not infringe the right of . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Taxes – Other, Company

Updated: 01 May 2022; Ref: scu.237703

Inland Revenue Commissioners v Crossman: HL 1937

For a valuation for estate taxes, the value is what a purchaser in the open market would have paid to enjoy whatever rights attached to the property at the relevant date.
Lord Russell of Killowen said that a share is the interest of a shareholder in the company measured by a sum of money for the purpose of liability in the first place and of interest in the second, but also consisting of a series of mutual covenants entered into by all the shareholders inter se in accordance with . . the Companies Act . . a share is an interest measured by a sum of money and made up of various rights contained in the contract, including the right to a sum of money of a more or less amount.

Judges:

Lord Russell of Killowen

Citations:

[1937] AC 26

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Citing:

ApprovedBorland’s Trustee v Steel Brothers and Co Ltd 1901
Mr Borland was a shareholder. The company’s articles contained pre-emption rights, such that on a shareholder’s bankruptcy, he had, on receiving a transfer notice from the directors, to transfer his shares to a manager or assistant at a fair value . .

Cited by:

CitedGray v Inland Revenue Commissioners CA 24-Feb-1994
Partnership interests in a tenanted freehold estate can be valued together. The court considered the ‘statutory hypothetical sale’ when valuing property for Inheritance Tax purposes: ‘The property must be assumed to have been capable of sale in the . .
CitedLonsdale (T/A Lonsdale Agencies) v Howard and Hallam Ltd HL 4-Jul-2007
The claimant sought compensation after his commercial agency was terminated. The court had found that the agency was declining in turnover, and reduced the compensation accordingly. There had been no written agreement for the agency, and six months’ . .
CitedGrays Timber Products Ltd v Revenue and Customs SC 3-Feb-2010
An assessment to income tax had been raised after the employee resold shares in the company issued through the employees’ share scheme at a price which the Revenue said was above the share value. The company appealed against a finding that tax was . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Company, Taxes – Other

Updated: 29 April 2022; Ref: scu.186960

Regina v Barnet Justices ex parte Ribbans: Admn 18 Jun 1997

The applicant was an elderly illiterate lady. The magistrates had found that she had culpably neglected to pay her community charge. A suspended sentence of imprisonment was first imposed, and then effected in her absence. Held the Magistrates were under an obligation to enquire as to the adequacy of the service by recorded delivery. Costs were ordered against the magistrates despite their having only filed affidavit evidence.

Judges:

Mr Justice Laws

Citations:

[1997] EWHC Admin 566

Jurisdiction:

England and Wales

Citing:

CitedRegina v Erewash Borough Council and Ilkestone Justices ex parte Smedberg and Smedberg 1994
. .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Local Government, Taxes – Other, Magistrates, Costs

Updated: 28 April 2022; Ref: scu.137511

Finanzamt B v A-Brauerei: ECJ 19 Sep 2018

(Opinion) Reference for a preliminary ruling – State aid – Material selectivity – Absence – General availability criterion – General measure – Terms of reference – Comparability – Justification based on the nature or general scheme of the reference framework – Tax advantage – Tax on real estate acquisitions – Exemption for conversion transactions within a group of companies – Condition of participation of at least 95% in the share capital of participating companies – Periods of holding of five years before and after transformation operation

Citations:

C-374/17, [2018] EUECJ C-374/17 – O

Links:

Bailii

Jurisdiction:

European

Taxes – Other

Updated: 27 April 2022; Ref: scu.622609