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Bloggs 61, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 18 Jun 2003

The applicant sought review of a decision to remove him from a witness protection scheme within the prison. He claimed that having been promised protection, he had a legitimate expectation of protection, having been told he would receive protection while he was in prison. He had not eventually been relied upon as a witness. Held: … Continue reading Bloggs 61, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 18 Jun 2003

Regina v Gloucestershire County Council ex parte Radar: Admn 1998

It is not sufficient for an authority to discharge its duty under the Act by writing letters to those affected or potentially affected and offering them reassessment. Carnwath J said: ‘In some areas of the law that might be an adequate response, where those affected can be assumed to be capable of looking after their … Continue reading Regina v Gloucestershire County Council ex parte Radar: Admn 1998

Gilham v Ministry of Justice: SC 16 Oct 2019

The Court was asked whether a district judge qualifies as a ‘worker’ for the purpose of the protection given to whistle-blowers under Part IVA of the 1996 Act, and if not then was the absence of protection an infringement of her human rights. Held: As an office holder, she was neither employee nor worker, and … Continue reading Gilham v Ministry of Justice: SC 16 Oct 2019

Cameron and others v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd: QBD 18 May 2006

The claimant sought damages from the defendant after the death of her father in the Potters Bar rail crash. The defendant applied for summary judgment saying that English law did not recognise a claim by a family member of a deceased save through the claim of the estate itself. The claimant said that this would … Continue reading Cameron and others v Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd: QBD 18 May 2006

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Launder: QBD 18 Mar 1998

Speciality protection requirement satisfied by undertaking for re-surrender given by Hong Kong Chief Executive, despite excess time on bail. For the purposes of a challenge to extradition under domestic law, an applicant for habeas corpus is to be treated as effectively in custody. Judges: Simon Brown LJ, Mance J Citations: Gazette 18-Mar-1998, [1998] EWHC Admin … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Launder: QBD 18 Mar 1998

Mersey Care NHS Trust v Ackroyd: QBD 7 Feb 2006

The trust, operators of Ashworth Secure Hospital sought from the defendant journalist disclosure of the name of their employee who had revealed to the defendant matters about the holding of Ian Brady, the Moors Murderer, and in particular medical records. Held: The need for involvement by the third party in the source’s wrongdoing is a … Continue reading Mersey Care NHS Trust v Ackroyd: QBD 7 Feb 2006

Salgueiro da Silva Mouta v Portugal: ECHR 1 Dec 1998

A homosexual claimed that an award of custody of his daughter to her mother was an unjustified interference with his right to respect for family life, and also with his right to respect for his private life since he was required in respect of his right of access to his daughter to conceal from her … Continue reading Salgueiro da Silva Mouta v Portugal: ECHR 1 Dec 1998

Prosecutor v Furundzija: ICT 10 Dec 1998

The status of the prohibition on State torture as a rule of jus cogens has the consequence that at the inter-State level, any legislative, administrative or judicial act authorising torture is illegitimate. Furthermore, the prohibition on State torture imposes obligations owed by States erga omnes, to all other States which have a corresponding right and … Continue reading Prosecutor v Furundzija: ICT 10 Dec 1998

Sheffield and Horsham v The United Kingdom: ECHR 30 Jul 1998

It is within a nation’s margin of appreciation to refuse to re-register birth details of people who had undergone sex-changes. Similarly it was not a human rights infringement not to allow post operative trans-sexuals to marry. However the court was critical of the United Kingdom’s apparent failure to take any steps to keep this area … Continue reading Sheffield and Horsham v The United Kingdom: ECHR 30 Jul 1998

Regina v Secretary of State for Home Department ex parte Turgut: CA 27 Oct 1998

The claimant appealed refusal of special leave to remain here after refusal of his application for asylum. Held: In view of the new material before the court it was not unarguable that the Secretary of State had not properly considered the material before him. Leave was given on that point only, and the case adjourned … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for Home Department ex parte Turgut: CA 27 Oct 1998

Regina v Radak; Regina v Adjei; Regina v Butler-Rees; Regina v Meghjee: CACD 7 Oct 1998

The court has a discretion to refuse to accept written evidence from a witness abroad who had refused to come here for fear of reprisals, and particularly so where the prosecution had failed to take advantage of procedures which would have allowed the defence to cross examine the witness. Citations: Times 07-Oct-1998 Statutes: European Convention … Continue reading Regina v Radak; Regina v Adjei; Regina v Butler-Rees; Regina v Meghjee: CACD 7 Oct 1998

ADT Fire and Security Plc v Speyer: EAT 15 Sep 2006

EAT Unfair dismissal and Race Relations Act 1976 Unfair dismissal – Exclusions including worker/jurisdiction Three cases were stayed pending the judgment of the House of Lords in Lawson v Serco [2006] ICR 250. The appeal in the British Council case was dismissed on withdrawal after the hearing and before the judgment. In ADT, the Employment … Continue reading ADT Fire and Security Plc v Speyer: EAT 15 Sep 2006

In re V (a Child) (Care: pre-birth actions): CA 12 Oct 2004

Immediately after a child was born, the social worker began proceedings for it to be taken into care. The judge severely criticised the actions of the social worker before the birth. The local authority now appealed against an order at the conclusion of care proceedings that they should pay each parent damages in the sum … Continue reading In re V (a Child) (Care: pre-birth actions): CA 12 Oct 2004

Shansal v Al-Kishtaini: CA 26 Apr 2001

The restrictions imposed on trading with residents of Iraq continued to apply even if the person involved left Iraq. A simple change of address could not be allowed to be used to circumvent important international provisions. Provisions existed for assessing such residence. Even so, surprising effects might follow. In this case, the former resident would … Continue reading Shansal v Al-Kishtaini: CA 26 Apr 2001

Re Moonlight Foods Ltd , Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Hickling: 1996

The Secretary of State, when presenting an application for the disqualification of a company director is obliged to present a balanced picture. ‘It is accepted that these are not ordinary adversarial proceedings but have an element of public interest and may entail penal consequences. It follows that there is a duty on the applicant to … Continue reading Re Moonlight Foods Ltd , Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Hickling: 1996

Jones v Ministry of Interior for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others: HL 14 Jun 2006

The claimants said that they had been tortured by Saudi police when arrested on false charges. They sought damages, and appealed against an order denying jurisdiction over the defendants. They said that the allegation of torture allowed an exception to state immunity. Held: The Kingdom’s appeal succeeded. The protection of state immunity was essentially a … Continue reading Jones v Ministry of Interior for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others: HL 14 Jun 2006

Re J (A Child), Re (Child returned abroad: Convention Rights); (Custody Rights: Jurisdiction): HL 16 Jun 2005

The parents had married under shariah law. They left the US to return to the father’s home country Saudi Arabia. They parted, and the mother brought their son to England against the father’s wishes and in breach of an agreement. The father sought his summary return to Saudi Arabia, a non-Convention country. Held: The appeal … Continue reading Re J (A Child), Re (Child returned abroad: Convention Rights); (Custody Rights: Jurisdiction): HL 16 Jun 2005

Practice Guidance (Interim Non-disclosure Orders): 1 Jul 2011

The Court gave guidance setting out recommended practice regarding any application for interim injunctive relief in civil proceedings to restrain the publication of information (referred to as an interim non-disclosure order). In particular guidance was provided as to ‘the proper approach to the general principle of open justice in respect of such applications’. Applications which … Continue reading Practice Guidance (Interim Non-disclosure Orders): 1 Jul 2011

Terence Charles Palmer v Beaulane Properties Limited (Adverse Possession): LRA 26 Jun 2008

LRA Land Registration Act 1925, s 75 – Human Rights Act 1998, ss. 2,3 – Limitation Act 1980, s 17 – Article I, First Protocol, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms – Adjudicator to HM Land Registry (Practice and Procedure Rules) 2003, r11 – stare decisis Citations: [2008] EWLandRA 2004 – … Continue reading Terence Charles Palmer v Beaulane Properties Limited (Adverse Possession): LRA 26 Jun 2008

Kariapper v Wijesinha: PC 1967

The legislation at issue imposed ‘civil disabilities’ on Members of Parliament against whom allegations of bribery had been sustained, including the loss of their seats in Parliament. The question arose whether they had been punished. Held: Sir Douglas Menzies contrasted discuplinary and criminal proceedings. In the former category no offence was specified and no declaration … Continue reading Kariapper v Wijesinha: PC 1967

Strong and Co of Romsey Ltd v Woodifield: HL 30 Jul 1906

The company sought to deduct from its trading profits a sum expended paying damages for personal injuries to a visitor to the taxpayer’s Inn. The claim had been rejected. Held: The company’s appeal failed. Lord Davey said: ‘I think that the payment of these damages was not money expended `for the purposes of the trade’. … Continue reading Strong and Co of Romsey Ltd v Woodifield: HL 30 Jul 1906

Walden v Liechtenstein: ECHR 16 Mar 2000

The Liechtenstein constitutional court had held that the unequal pension treatment afforded to married and unmarried couples was unconstitutional. The constitutional court did not set aside the existing legislation, given the practical difficulties involved and given also that a comprehensive legal reform guaranteeing gender equality in social security law was in course of preparation. New … Continue reading Walden v Liechtenstein: ECHR 16 Mar 2000

Khatun v United Kingdom: ECHR 1 Jul 1998

(Admissibility) The violation of the right to respect for their homes and family and private lives which was alleged by the applicants, arose because of the pollution of the area by dust caused by building works in the Docklands area. A distinction had been made between those applicants with a proprietary interest in the land … Continue reading Khatun v United Kingdom: ECHR 1 Jul 1998

Selauk and Asker v Turkey: ECHR 24 Apr 1998

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected; Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); Violation of Art. 3; Not necessary to examine Art. 2; Not necessary to examine Art. 5-1; Violation of Art. 8; Violation of P1-1; Not necessary to examine Art. 6-1; Violation of Art. 13; No violation of Art. 14; No violation of Art. … Continue reading Selauk and Asker v Turkey: ECHR 24 Apr 1998

Akdivar And Others v Turkey: ECHR 1 Apr 1998

Hudoc Judgment (Just satisfaction) Claim that an agreement has been reached rejected; Pecuniary damage – financial award; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedings Citations: 21893/93 Citing: See Also – Akdivar and Others v Turkey ECHR 16-Sep-1996 ECHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (abuse of process); Preliminary … Continue reading Akdivar And Others v Turkey: ECHR 1 Apr 1998

Osman v The United Kingdom: ECHR 28 Oct 1998

Police’s Complete Immunity was Too Wide (Grand Chamber) A male teacher developed an obsession with a male pupil. He changed his name by deed poll to the pupil’s surname. He was required to teach at another school. The pupil’s family’s property was subjected to numerous acts of vandalism, which the police investigated and in respect … Continue reading Osman v The United Kingdom: ECHR 28 Oct 1998

Loizidou v Turkey (Merits): ECHR 18 Dec 1996

The court was asked whether Turkey was answerable under the Convention for its acts in Northern Cyprus. Held: It was unnecessary to determine whether Turkey actually exercised detailed control over the policies and actions of the authorities of the TRNC. It was obvious from the fact that more than 30,000 Turkish military personnel were engaged … Continue reading Loizidou v Turkey (Merits): ECHR 18 Dec 1996

Sherratt v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police: QBD 16 Jul 2018

The defendant appealed from a finding that his force had owed the deceased a duty of care. She had taken her own life. Earlier her mother had made a 999 call from concern about her daughter, and said that the defendant had not responded despite promising to do so. Held: The appeal was dismissed Judges: … Continue reading Sherratt v Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police: QBD 16 Jul 2018

JL, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice; Regina (L (A Patient)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 26 Nov 2008

The prisoner was left with serious injury after attempting suicide in prison. He said that there was a human rights duty to hold an investigation into the circumstances leading up to this. Held: There existed a similar duty to hold an enhanced investigation as exists after a suicide, though: ‘The initial investigation should be prompt, … Continue reading JL, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice; Regina (L (A Patient)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 26 Nov 2008

Amin, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Oct 2003

Prisoner’s death – need for full public enquiry The deceased had been a young Asian prisoner. He was placed in a cell overnight with a prisoner known to be racist, extremely violent and mentally unstable. He was killed. The family sought an inquiry into the death. Held: There had been a police investigation and trial … Continue reading Amin, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Oct 2003

Gilham v Ministry of Justice: EAT 31 Oct 2016

Jurisdictional Points: Worker, Employee or Neither – The Employment Judge made no error of law in concluding that District Judges are office-holders and do not also work under a contract of employment or for services. Judges: Simler DBE P J Citations: [2016] UKEAT 0087 – 16 – 3110, [2017] ICR 404, [2017] IRLR 23 Links: … Continue reading Gilham v Ministry of Justice: EAT 31 Oct 2016

The Christian Institute and Others v The Lord Advocate: SC 28 Jul 2016

(Scotland) By the 2014 Act, the Scottish Parliament had provided that each child should have a named person to monitor that child’s needs, with information about him or her shared as necessary. The Institute objected that the imposed obligation to share information was outwith the powers of the Parliament. It extended the information to be … Continue reading The Christian Institute and Others v The Lord Advocate: SC 28 Jul 2016

Birmingham City Council v D: CoP 21 Jan 2016

D was a young adult with several disorders presenting challenging behaviour. The Hospital sought arrangements allowing control over him for his care and education. Judges: Keehan J Citations: [2016] EWCOP 8, [2016] PTSR 1129, [2016] WLR(D) 143 Links: Bailii, WLRD Statutes: Human Rights Act 1998, Mental Capacity Act 2005 2(5) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: … Continue reading Birmingham City Council v D: CoP 21 Jan 2016

Adesanya, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 20 May 2016

Challenge to the defendant’s decision to detain him, deport him and to certify his human rights claim under section 94B of the 2002 Act on the basis that although the appeals process for that claim has not been exhausted, removal of the claimant to Nigeria pending the outcome of the appeal would not be unlawful … Continue reading Adesanya, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 20 May 2016

Butt v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 26 Jul 2017

Challenge to proposed scheme for management of extremism in Universities.Ouseley J said: ‘I have referred to some only to explore, without questioning, whether they contained ‘evidence’ on a particular topic. I have read the contributions of the persons named by Mr Bowen to a debate in the House of Lords but consideration of them in … Continue reading Butt v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 26 Jul 2017

Szrabjer and Clarke v United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Jun 1998

The applicants were denied the earnings-related element of their pensions while they were in prison, pursuant to s.113(1)(d) of the 1992 Act which I have set out. They claimed violations both of Article 1P, and of Article 14 read with Article 1P. The Commission declared the complaints inadmissible. It held (referring to Gaygusuz) that the … Continue reading Szrabjer and Clarke v United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Jun 1998

Regina (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Acton Youth Court: QBD 21 Jun 2001

It was not normally necessary for magistrates to excuse themselves from further involvement in a case after making preliminary rulings on a request for public immunity certificates. The purpose of that ex parte hearing was to ensure the protection of the defendant. Indeed knowing of that original application might allow the defendant greater protection. The … Continue reading Regina (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Acton Youth Court: QBD 21 Jun 2001

In Re Swaptronics Ltd: ChD 24 Jul 1998

A party who was in contempt of court should not be debarred from continuing to take a proper part in a court action unless that contempt was serious enough seriously to interfere with the fair conduct of the trial. ‘The courts need powers of punishment with which to enforce their orders. The ones they have … Continue reading In Re Swaptronics Ltd: ChD 24 Jul 1998

Ajayi v Abu and Another (Labour Exploitation : Human Trafficking : Modern Slavery): QBD 31 Jul 2017

labour exploitation – human trafficking – modern slavery – domestic servitude – minimum wage – domestic worker – employee rights -Immigration and Nationality Directorate – terms and conditions – wage deductions – special hearing arrangements – civil procedure – National Minimum Wage Act 1998 – family worker exemption – UK Visa – ECHR Art. 6 … Continue reading Ajayi v Abu and Another (Labour Exploitation : Human Trafficking : Modern Slavery): QBD 31 Jul 2017

Mentes and Others v Turkey: ECHR 24 Jul 1998

Citations: [1998] ECHR 57 Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: Human Rights Citing: See Also – Mentes and Others v Turkey ECHR 28-Nov-1997 ECHR Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); Not necessary to examine Art. 5; Not necessary to examine Art. 6; Violation of Art. 13; No violation of Art. 14; No . . Lists … Continue reading Mentes and Others v Turkey: ECHR 24 Jul 1998

Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart: HL 26 Nov 1992

Reference to Parliamentary Papers behind Statute The inspector sought to tax the benefits in kind received by teachers at a private school in having their children educated at the school for free. Having agreed this was a taxable emolument, it was argued as to whether the taxable benefit was the cost to the employer, or … Continue reading Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart: HL 26 Nov 1992

Petrovic v Austria: ECHR 27 Mar 1998

The applicant was refused a grant of parental leave allowance in 1989. At that time parental leave allowance was available only to mothers. The applicant complained that this violated article 14 taken together with article 8. Held: The application was dismissed. the court noted that, as society moved towards a more equal sharing of responsibilities … Continue reading Petrovic v Austria: ECHR 27 Mar 1998

James and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 21 Feb 1986

The claimants challenged the 1967 Act, saying that it deprived them of their property rights when lessees were given the power to purchase the freehold reversion. Held: Article 1 (P1-1) in substance guarantees the right of property. Allowing a mechanism for the compulsory transfer of the freehold interest in the house and the land to … Continue reading James and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 21 Feb 1986

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: HL 8 Mar 2006

The respondent’s child lived with the estranged father for most of each week. She was obliged to contribute child support. She now lived with a woman, and complained that because her relationship was homosexual, she had been asked to pay more than someone in a heterosexual relationship. Held: The claim failed. The regulations had now … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: HL 8 Mar 2006

OA and Others (Human Rights; ‘New Matter’; S120 : Nigeria): UTIAC 15 Jan 2019

Human rights appeals (1) In a human rights appeal under section 82(1)(b) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002, a finding that a person (P) satisfies the requirements of a particular immigration rule, so as to be entitled to leave to remain, means that (provided Article 8 of the ECHR is engaged), the Secretary … Continue reading OA and Others (Human Rights; ‘New Matter’; S120 : Nigeria): UTIAC 15 Jan 2019

R (on The Application of Zat and Others) v Secretary of State for The Home Department (Article 8 Echr – Dublin Regulation – Interface – Proportionality) (IJR): UTIAC 22 Jan 2016

(i) EU Regulation number 604/2013 (the ‘Dublin Regulation’) and the Human Rights Act 1998, while separate regimes, are not in competition with each other. (ii) Where the two regimes pull in different directions, full cohesion, or harmonisation, may not be achievable and some accommodation must be found. (iii) Where an interference with a person’s rights … Continue reading R (on The Application of Zat and Others) v Secretary of State for The Home Department (Article 8 Echr – Dublin Regulation – Interface – Proportionality) (IJR): UTIAC 22 Jan 2016

National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality and Another v Minister of Justice and Others: 9 Oct 1998

(South African Constitutional Court) Application was made to have declared constitutionally invalid laws against homosexuality. Sachs J held: ‘ There is no good reason why the concept of privacy should, as was suggested, be restricted simply to sealing off from State control what happens in the bedroom, with the doleful subtext that you may behave … Continue reading National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality and Another v Minister of Justice and Others: 9 Oct 1998

Regina (A and Others) v Lord Saville of Newdigate and Others: QBD 16 Nov 2001

When making a decision which would interfere with the human rights of an individual, and even where the risks from which protections was sought, could be seen as small, it was the duty of the decision maker to justify the interference. The individual was not to be called upon to prove the risk. Here the … Continue reading Regina (A and Others) v Lord Saville of Newdigate and Others: QBD 16 Nov 2001

D v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 22 Dec 2016

FTTTx (Procedure : Hearings In Private) PROCEDURE – application for hearing in private – rule 32 of Tribunal Rules – celebrity status of the appellant – deductibility of expenses against income – principle of open justice – whether the test of necessity for derogation met – whether anonymity strictly necessary – whether confidentiality of information … Continue reading D v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 22 Dec 2016

Land v Land; In re Land, deceased: ChD 13 Jul 2006

The claimant had cared for his elderly mother who ‘shunned any type of ‘officialdom’ including doctors and home helps.’ However, the claimant so neglected her that she suffered severe bed sores which had become infected in consequence of her lying in her own excrement. The claimant had pleaded guilty to manslaughter. The court was asked … Continue reading Land v Land; In re Land, deceased: ChD 13 Jul 2006

Watts v Stewart and Others: CA 8 Dec 2016

The court considered the status of residents of almshouses, and in particular whether they were licensees or tenants with associated security. Held: The occupier’s appeal failed: ‘We do not accept the proposition that, if and insofar as Mrs Watts was a beneficiary of the Charity, her occupation was that of tenant at will of the … Continue reading Watts v Stewart and Others: CA 8 Dec 2016

The Portman Estate Nominees (One) Ltd and Another v Starlight Headlease Ltd: UTLC 1 Nov 2016

UTLC LEASEHOLD ENFRANCHISEMENT – intermediate leasehold interest – flat and parking space held on separate leases and intermediate leases – division of landlord’s share of marriage value – para. 10(2), Sch 13, Leasehold Reform, Housing and Urban Development Act 1993 – s. 3, Human Rights Act 1998 – Art. 1 of the First Protocol to … Continue reading The Portman Estate Nominees (One) Ltd and Another v Starlight Headlease Ltd: UTLC 1 Nov 2016

Smith v Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust and Another: QBD 8 Sep 2016

The claimant had cohabited with the deceased: ‘The claimant seeks a declaration in one of two alternative forms: i) Pursuant to s.3 of the Human Rights Act 1998 . . that s.1A(2)(a) of the Fatal Accidents Act 1976 . . is to be read as including cohabitees who were living with the deceased in the … Continue reading Smith v Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust and Another: QBD 8 Sep 2016

Tyrrell v HM Senior Coroner County Durham and Darlington and Another: Admn 26 Jul 2016

The court was aked what article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights requires of a coroner when a serving prisoner dies of natural causes. Held: The reuest for judicial review failed. Mr Tyrrell’s death was, from the outset, one which was clearly from natural causes. The cause of death was established and then … Continue reading Tyrrell v HM Senior Coroner County Durham and Darlington and Another: Admn 26 Jul 2016

Ismail, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 6 Jul 2016

The claimant ha been involved in the management of a company operating a ferry in Egypt. The claimant had been acquitted in Egypt of criminal liability, but then convicted in his absence on appeal, after submissions made on his behalf were discounted because of his absence. After sentence to imprisonment, the Egyptian court requested the … Continue reading Ismail, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 6 Jul 2016

Hamat (Article 9 – freedom of religion): UTIAC 6 Jun 2016

Article 9 – Freedom of Religion : Afghanistan (i) Article 9 – the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion – is a distinctive feature of the Human Rights Act to be considered separately from Article 8 when it applies. (ii) Article 9 permits the same structured approach to the assessment of an Article … Continue reading Hamat (Article 9 – freedom of religion): UTIAC 6 Jun 2016

MK and IKR, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: UTIAC 24 May 2016

UTIAC Calais; Dublin Regulation – Investigative Duty – (IJR) (i) In making a decision whether to accept a ‘take charge’ request under the Dublin Regulation, the Secretary of State is obliged to take all material considerations into account and to comply with the ‘Tameside’ duty of enquiry. (ii) The Dublin Regulation and its sister instrument, … Continue reading MK and IKR, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: UTIAC 24 May 2016

Fessal v Revenue and Customs (Income Tax/Corporation Tax : Human Rights): FTTTx 26 Apr 2016

FTTTx INCOME TAX – self-assessment – barrister – move from cash to true and fair basis – overpayment tax year between two underpayment tax years – tax paid twice on same profits – application of European Convention on Human Rights and Human Rights Act 1998 – held Section 29 of the Taxes Management Act 1970 … Continue reading Fessal v Revenue and Customs (Income Tax/Corporation Tax : Human Rights): FTTTx 26 Apr 2016

Cakabay v Secretary of State for Home Department: CA 30 Jun 1998

[1998] EWCA Civ 1116, [1999] Imm AR 176 Bailii England and Wales Cited by: Cited – BA (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for The Home Department and Others SC 26-Nov-2009 The court was asked whether the expression ‘an asylum claim, or a human rights claim’ in section 92(4)(a) of the 2002 Act includes any second … Continue reading Cakabay v Secretary of State for Home Department: CA 30 Jun 1998

BA (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for The Home Department and Others: SC 26 Nov 2009

The court was asked whether the expression ‘an asylum claim, or a human rights claim’ in section 92(4)(a) of the 2002 Act includes any second or subsequent claim that the asylum seeker may make, or only a second or subsequent claim which has been accepted as a ‘fresh claim’ by the Secretary of State under … Continue reading BA (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for The Home Department and Others: SC 26 Nov 2009

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Onibiyo: CA 28 Mar 1996

More than one asylum claim may be made, but they must be sufficiently different to justify a second claim. The court considered when an application could be treated as having been finally determined and when it was necessary for the Secretary of State to consider afresh further representations that the applicant was entitled to refugee … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Onibiyo: CA 28 Mar 1996

McCann and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 6 Oct 1995

Wrong assumptions made by police officers in the killing of terrorists amounted to a human rights breach, despite the existence of danger to the public of an imminent attack. Article 2(1) is ‘one of the most fundamental provisions in the Convention’. It would have been incumbent on the state to conduct a ‘thorough, impartial and … Continue reading McCann and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 6 Oct 1995

C Plc and W v P and Secretary of State for the Home Office and the Attorney General: ChD 26 May 2006

The claimant sought damages from the first defendant for breach of copyright. An ex parte search order had been executed, with the defendant asserting his privilege against self-incrimination. As computer disks were examined, potentially unlawful images of children were found. The searching officer asked the court for directions as to what to do. Held: The … Continue reading C Plc and W v P and Secretary of State for the Home Office and the Attorney General: ChD 26 May 2006

Wilkinson v Kitzinger and others: FD 31 Jul 2006

The parties had gone through a ceremony of marriage in Columbia, being both women. After the relationship failed, the claimant sought a declaration that the witholding of the recognition of same-sex marriages recoginised in a foreign jurisdiction was an infringement of her human rights. Held: Such a relationship is recognised in England as a civil … Continue reading Wilkinson v Kitzinger and others: FD 31 Jul 2006

CTB v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Another (1): QBD 16 May 2011

A leading footballer had obtained an injunction restraining the defendants from publishing his identity and allegations of sexual misconduct. The claimant said that she had demanded money not to go public. Held: It had not been suggested that there was any proper public interest in the proposed publication, and balancing the article 10 and 8 … Continue reading CTB v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Another (1): QBD 16 May 2011

Clift v Slough Borough Council and Another: QBD 6 Jul 2009

The claimant sought damages for defamation. The council had decided that she had threatened a member of staff and notified various people, and entered her name on a violent persons register. She alleged malice, the council pleaded justification and qualified privilege. She also complained of the breach of her data protection rights. She had been … Continue reading Clift v Slough Borough Council and Another: QBD 6 Jul 2009

Kopp v Switzerland: ECHR 25 Mar 1998

WCHR Switzerland – monitoring of a law firm’s telephone lines on orders of the Federal Public Prosecutor (sections 66(1 bis) and 77 of the Federal Criminal Procedure Act – ‘the FCPA’)A lawyer’s home telephone was tapped in an investigation of whether his wife was disclosing confidential information from the Department of Justice where she worked … Continue reading Kopp v Switzerland: ECHR 25 Mar 1998

Miranda, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department and Others: CA 19 Jan 2016

The claimant had been stopped at Heathrow by the defendant’s officers, and an encrypted data device had been taken from him using powers derived from the 2000 Act. The device was thought to contain material taken from the US NSA security service. He said that the use of such powers was excessive. Lord Dyson MR, … Continue reading Miranda, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department and Others: CA 19 Jan 2016

Harvey, Regina v: SC 16 Dec 2015

Police had discovered quantities of stolen goods at the appellant’s business premises. He was convicted of receiving stolen goods, and confiscation order made. He now appealed from the inclusion in that order of sums of VAT which had already been accounted for to HMRC. Held: (Hughes and Toulson JJSC dissenting) The defendant’s appeal succeeded. Including … Continue reading Harvey, Regina v: SC 16 Dec 2015

Gaygusuz v Austria: ECHR 16 Sep 1996

The applicant was a Turkish national resident in Austria. While working there he had paid unemployment insurance contributions. At a stage when he was unemployed he applied for an advance on his pension in the form of emergency assistance. That was available under the material Austrian legislation, but one of the conditions was that the … Continue reading Gaygusuz v Austria: ECHR 16 Sep 1996

Regina v Bedwellty Justices Ex Parte Williams: HL 18 Sep 1996

A decision at committal to return an accused for trial is susceptible to judicial review where committal was based solely on inadmissible evidence or was based on evidence not reasonably capable of supporting it. The committal was quashed.The ‘Queen’s Bench Division of the High Court has normally in judicial review proceedings jurisdiction to quash a … Continue reading Regina v Bedwellty Justices Ex Parte Williams: HL 18 Sep 1996

Gillan, Regina (on the Application of) v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis and Another: HL 8 Mar 2006

The defendants said that the stop and search powers granted under the 2000 Act were too wide, and infringed their human rights. Each had been stopped when innocently attending demonstrations in London, and had been effectively detained for about twenty minutes or more before being allowed to continue. An authorisation had been granted by an … Continue reading Gillan, Regina (on the Application of) v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis and Another: HL 8 Mar 2006

Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

In each case the local authority sought to recover possession of its own land. In the Lambeth case, they asserted this right as against an overstaying former tenant, and in the Leeds case as against gypsies. In each case the occupiers said that the recovery of possession interfered with their right respect for their family … Continue reading Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

The two applicants were serving life sentences for murder. Each sought damages for the unlawful withdrawal of their rights to vote in elections, and the failure of the British parliament to take steps to comply with the judgment. Held: The appeals failed.Lord Mance summarised the reasons for his conclusions: ‘(A) Human Rights Act In respect … Continue reading Chester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 16 Oct 2013

Reclaiming Motion In Petition of Scott Davidson for Judicial Review of A Decision To Continue To Detain the Prisoner In Inhuman and Degrading Prison C: SCS 18 Dec 2001

A prisoner sought an order for his removal from a prison found to have a regime which breached his human rights. The Crown replied that an order could not be made under s21 of the 1947 Act. Held: The prisoner had followed through his rights to petition the governor. Had he done so and failed, … Continue reading Reclaiming Motion In Petition of Scott Davidson for Judicial Review of A Decision To Continue To Detain the Prisoner In Inhuman and Degrading Prison C: SCS 18 Dec 2001

Mr Karatzalidis Struck Out Of The List; Violation Of Art 6-1 ; Non-Pecuniary Damage – Financial Award; Costs And Expenses Award – Domestic Proceedings ; Costs And Expenses Award – Convention Proceedings: ECHR 19 Mar 1997

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Case of Mr. Karatzalidis struck out of the list; Violation of Art. 6-1; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – domestic proceedings; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedings 20417/92, 20416/92, 20418/92, 20419/92, 20420/92, 20421/92, 20422/92, 20423/92, 20424/92, 20425/92, 20426/92, 20427/92, 20428/92, 20673/92, 20674/92, 20675/92, 20718/92, … Continue reading Mr Karatzalidis Struck Out Of The List; Violation Of Art 6-1 ; Non-Pecuniary Damage – Financial Award; Costs And Expenses Award – Domestic Proceedings ; Costs And Expenses Award – Convention Proceedings: ECHR 19 Mar 1997

Contrada v Italy: ECHR 24 Aug 1998

Judgment – Article 5-1(c): alleged unlawfulness of detention – ground declared inadmissible by Commission. Article 3: conditions of detention (solitary confinement in military prisons): although applicant had complained from outset that he had been detained for an unreasonable period (Article 5-3), complaint under Article 3 concerned actual conditions of detention, not its length. Court had … Continue reading Contrada v Italy: ECHR 24 Aug 1998

Regina v Chief Constable of North Wales Police and Others Ex Parte Thorpe and Another; Regina v Chief Constable for North Wales Police Area and others ex parte AB and CB: CA 18 Mar 1998

Public Identification of Pedophiles by Police AB and CB had been released from prison after serving sentences for sexual assaults on children. They were thought still to be dangerous. They moved about the country to escape identification, and came to be staying on a campsite. The police sought to co-operate in the resettlement of the … Continue reading Regina v Chief Constable of North Wales Police and Others Ex Parte Thorpe and Another; Regina v Chief Constable for North Wales Police Area and others ex parte AB and CB: CA 18 Mar 1998

Grant v The Queen: PC 16 Jan 2006

(Jamaica) The defendant appealed his conviction for murder saying that the admission of an unsworn statement by one witness and the non-admission of another similar statement who did not either attend court was unconstitutional. He shot the victim 13 times with hollow point bullets. He claimed self defence, and drove straight to the police station … Continue reading Grant v The Queen: PC 16 Jan 2006

Tinnelly and Sons Ltd and Others and McElduff and Others v United Kingdom: ECHR 10 Jul 1998

Legislation which disallowed claimants who asserted that they had been discriminated against, on the grounds of their religious background, from appealing through the courts system, was a clear breach of their human rights. A limitation will not be compatible with Article 6(1) if it does not pursue a legitimate aim and if there is not … Continue reading Tinnelly and Sons Ltd and Others and McElduff and Others v United Kingdom: ECHR 10 Jul 1998

Loizidou v Turkey: ECHR 28 Jul 1998

Grand Chamber – Turkey – claims for just satisfaction in respect of Court’s finding, in principal judgment, of violation of Article 1 of Protocol No.1 to the Convention I. Entitlement to just satisfaction Court’s finding in principal judgment that denial of access to property in northern Cyprus was imputable to Turkey is res judicata – … Continue reading Loizidou v Turkey: ECHR 28 Jul 1998

Axon, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Health and Another: Admn 23 Jan 2006

A mother sought to challenge guidelines issued by the respondent which would allow doctors to protect the confidentiality of women under 16 who came to them for assistance even though the sexual activities they might engage in would be unlawful. Held: A person under 16 who was otherwise competent was entitled to seek medical assistance, … Continue reading Axon, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Health and Another: Admn 23 Jan 2006

Regina v Jones (Margaret), Regina v Milling and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Domestic Offence requires Domestic Defence Each defendant sought to raise by way of defence of their otherwise criminal actions, the fact that they were attempting to prevent the commission by the government of the crime of waging an aggressive war in Iraq, and that their acts were accordingly justified in law. Held: The law on … Continue reading Regina v Jones (Margaret), Regina v Milling and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Radu v Germany (Legal Summary): ECHR 16 May 2013

ECHR Article 5-1-aAfter convictionApplicant’s continued placement in psychiatric hospital after expiry of his prison term: no violationFacts – In 1995 the applicant was convicted of homicide and sentenced to eight and a half years’ imprisonment and placement in a psychiatric hospital on grounds of diminished responsibility. In making the order for the applicant’s placement, the … Continue reading Radu v Germany (Legal Summary): ECHR 16 May 2013

London Borough of Lewisham v Malcolm and Disability Rights Commission: CA 25 Jul 2007

The court was asked, whether asked to grant possession against a disabled tenant where the grounds for possession were mandatory. The defendant was a secure tenant with a history of psychiatric disability. He had set out to buy his flat, but the council sought possession when it discovered that he had sublet. Held: Section 23(3)(c) … Continue reading London Borough of Lewisham v Malcolm and Disability Rights Commission: CA 25 Jul 2007

Saunders v The United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Dec 1996

(Grand Chamber) The subsequent use against a defendant in a prosecution, of evidence which had been obtained under compulsion in company insolvency procedures was a convention breach of Art 6. Although not specifically mentioned in Article 6 of the Convention the right to silence and the right not to incriminate oneself are generally recognised international … Continue reading Saunders v The United Kingdom: ECHR 17 Dec 1996

Norfolk County Council v Webster and others: FD 1 Nov 2006

The claimants wished to claim that they were victims of a miscarriage of justice in the way the Council had dealt with care proceedings. They sought that the proceedings should be reported without the children being identified. Held: A judge must adopt the same ‘parallel analysis’ leading to the same ‘ultimate balancing test’, as described … Continue reading Norfolk County Council v Webster and others: FD 1 Nov 2006

Campbell v Mirror Group Newspapers Ltd (MGN) (No 1): HL 6 May 2004

The claimant appealed against the denial of her claim that the defendant had infringed her right to respect for her private life. She was a model who had proclaimed publicly that she did not take drugs, but the defendant had published a story showing a picture of her leaving a drug addiction clinic, along with … Continue reading Campbell v Mirror Group Newspapers Ltd (MGN) (No 1): HL 6 May 2004