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Steadman v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 15 Apr 2002

The motorist was to be asked to take a breath test at the police station. The defendant was asked if he was on medication, and he produced a pill. The officer went ahead wit the test. At court the defendant said that he should first have sought medical advice to see whether he was fit … Continue reading Steadman v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 15 Apr 2002

Director of Public Prosecutions v Alderton: Admn 25 Nov 2003

The defendant had been found sat in his car. He had been spinning its wheels, but not moving. The prosecutor appealed against dismissal of a charge of attempting to drive whilst under the influence of alcohol. Held: The appeal succeeded. The defendant was driving. Although the car had not moved, his behaviour required him to … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Alderton: Admn 25 Nov 2003

Cooksley, Stride, Cook, Crump v Regina; Attorney General’s Reference No 152 of 2002: CACD 3 Apr 2003

JUDGMENT SUMMARY (Not part of the judgment of the Court) The judgment which is being handed down today relates to an Attorney General’s Reference and three appeals against sentence. The cases have been listed together to enable the Court to decide whether to give sentencing guidelines for the offences of causing death by dangerous driving … Continue reading Cooksley, Stride, Cook, Crump v Regina; Attorney General’s Reference No 152 of 2002: CACD 3 Apr 2003

Barbera, Messegua, and Jabardo v Spain: ECHR 6 Dec 1988

ECHR The presumption of innocence would be violated if, without the accused having previously been proved guilty according to law, a judicial decision concerning him reflected an opinion that he was guilty. The burden of proof is on the prosecution and any doubt should benefit the accused. Citations: 10590/83, (1988) 11 EHRR 360, [1988] ECHR … Continue reading Barbera, Messegua, and Jabardo v Spain: ECHR 6 Dec 1988

Horner v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 11 Nov 2005

The defendant appealed by way of case stated from a conviction for failing to identify the driver of a vehicle as required. The defendant argued that he had not been shown to be the registered keeper. Held: It was difficult to establish from the stated case just what evidence had been presented. The case was … Continue reading Horner v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 11 Nov 2005

Director of Public Prosecutions v Mukandiwa: QBD 21 Oct 2005

The defendant was asked to give a sample of blood. He declined, saying that the sight of blood drove him into a trance in which state he was liable to be violent. The Director appealed the finding that this was a proper excuse as a health concern. Held: The district judge had failed to distinguish … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Mukandiwa: QBD 21 Oct 2005

Vehicle and Operator Services Agency, Regina (on the Application of) v Henderson: Admn 15 Dec 2004

The prosecutor appealed a decision of the magistrates not to convict a lorry driver. He had stopped after feeling vibration. At the service station he had taken off and replaced the wheel nuts by hand, and was awaiting service. The vehicle inspector then found him and reported him. Held: The magistrates could not have decided … Continue reading Vehicle and Operator Services Agency, Regina (on the Application of) v Henderson: Admn 15 Dec 2004

Director of Public Prosecutions v Coyle: QBD 17 Jul 1995

There was no need for a police officer to warn the defendant of the three minute cycle for the Intoximeter after a test. A failure to warn a motorist of the machine time limit was not good reason for a driver to refuse to give a specimen. Citations: Ind Summary 17-Jul-1995, Times 20-Jul-1995 Statutes: Road … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Coyle: QBD 17 Jul 1995

Baldwin v West Yorkshire Police, orse Baldwin v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Jul 1995

The choice given to a person detained on suspicion of driving with excess alcohol, of giving either a blood or a urine sample was given satisfactorily, if it was done properly and fairly. Curtis J: ‘I would observe that the words of Lord Bridge in Director of Public Prosecutions v. Warren [1993] R.T.R. 58 are … Continue reading Baldwin v West Yorkshire Police, orse Baldwin v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Jul 1995

Ridehalgh, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 May 2005

The appellant a police officer had arrived at work having been drinking. A senior officer asked if he had driven to work. He replied yes, and on that basis had been convicted of driving with excess alcohol. He appealed saying that the question should have been put to him under caution. The magistrates said: ‘we … Continue reading Ridehalgh, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 May 2005

Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick: 1 Apr 1995

The issue was whether a presumed dedication of a road as a public highway could result from twenty years or more of uninterrupted public use in breach of section 34(1) of the 1988 Act. The court was considering whether a footpath, alleged to have become a public highway for vehicles by presumed dedication, had been … Continue reading Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick: 1 Apr 1995

Director of Public Prosecutions v Potts: QBD 4 Dec 1988

Whether or not the condition of a vehicle is such that it is a danger to any person is a question of fact. Judges: Otton LJ and Astill LJ Citations: Unreported, 4 December 1988 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Vehicle and Operator Services Agency, Regina (on the Application of) v Henderson Admn … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Potts: QBD 4 Dec 1988

Bendt v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 25 Jan 2022

Further consideration of the circumstances in which the use of a hand-held mobile telephone when driving contravened s.41D of the Road Traffic Act 1988 and Regulation 110 of the Road Vehicles (Construction and Use) Regulations 1986. The appellant appeals by way of case stated from a decision of the Bexley Magistrates’ Court on 14 June … Continue reading Bendt v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 25 Jan 2022

Miller v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Feb 2018

Appeal by way of case stated from a pre-trial ruling of the Black Country Magistrates’ Court in respect of an information preferred against the Appellant for failing to provide a specimen of blood in breach of section 7 of the 1988 Act, and not to exercise its discretion under section 78 of the 1984 Act … Continue reading Miller v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Feb 2018

Director of Public Prosecutions v Hay: QBD 13 Jun 2005

The driver was unconscious following an accident. The police attended the accident. He was acquitted of later failing to report the accident to the police. The prosecutor appealed. The car had crashed as the police pursued it. No notice had been served on him to produce his documents, and he had argued also that he … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Hay: QBD 13 Jun 2005

Director of Public Prosecutions v Camp: Admn 15 Dec 2017

The court was asked whether, at least in the particular circumstances of the case, self-induced intoxication could properly amount to a ‘reasonable excuse’ for failing to provide a specimen of breath for analysis, for the purposes of an alleged offence under section 7(6) of the 1988 Act. Held: In these particular xircumstances, no. Judges: Lindblom … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Camp: Admn 15 Dec 2017

D (A Minor), Regina (on the Application of) v Camberwell Green Youth Court: HL 27 Jan 2005

The defendant challenged the obligatory requirement that evidence given by a person under 17 in sex or violent offence cases must normally be given by video link. Held: The purpose of the section was to improve the quality of the evidence presented to a court. There was no absolute right for a defendant to be … Continue reading D (A Minor), Regina (on the Application of) v Camberwell Green Youth Court: HL 27 Jan 2005

Cummings v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 15 Dec 2016

Appeal by way of case stated from a convicting the Appellant of three road traffic offences, including failure to provide a specimen of breath for analysis contrary to section 7(6) of the 1988 Act. The ground of appeal is that the justices wrongly acceded to the prosecution application to allow a police officer to refresh … Continue reading Cummings v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 15 Dec 2016

RoadPeace v Secretary of State for Transport: Admn 7 Nov 2017

RoadPeace challenged certain legislation, as to compulsory insurance for motor vehicles, and for payment of compensation for personal injury and damages caused by uninsured driver, saying that it failed properly to implement European law. Held: Ouseley J recorded and accepted the view of the Secretary of State for Transport and the Motor Insurers’ Bureau that … Continue reading RoadPeace v Secretary of State for Transport: Admn 7 Nov 2017

Clarke v Kato and Others; Cutter v Eagle Star Insurance Co Ltd: HL 25 Nov 1998

Save exceptionally, a car park is not a road for the purposes of road traffic legislation on obligatory insurance. It is an unjustified strain on the language. A distinction made between the road ways and the parking bays was artificial and unhelpful. Whether any particular area was a road is a question of fact in … Continue reading Clarke v Kato and Others; Cutter v Eagle Star Insurance Co Ltd: HL 25 Nov 1998

Parry v Cleaver: HL 5 Feb 1969

PI Damages not Reduced for Own Pension The plaintiff policeman was disabled by the negligence of the defendant and received a disablement pension. Part had been contributed by himself and part by his employer. Held: The plaintiff’s appeal succeeded. Damages for personal injury were not to be reduced by deducting the full net value of … Continue reading Parry v Cleaver: HL 5 Feb 1969

Selby v Chief Constable of Avon and Somerset: QBD 1988

The defendant lorry driver was interviewed to discover his involvement in a road traffic accident in whch damage was caused to a stationery vehicle. He said that he had been unaware of any such collision, though he had been driving at that location at the time. Having given no evidence, he now appealed against his … Continue reading Selby v Chief Constable of Avon and Somerset: QBD 1988

Marshall v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 17 Jun 2015

A car was seen speeding. Husband and wife each said that they did not know who was driving it in response to notices requiring that information. Mrs M now appealed against her conviction under section 172. Beatson LJ, Kenneth Parker J [2015] EWHC 2333 (Admin), (2016) 180 JP 33 Bailii Road Traffic Act 1988 172(2)(b) … Continue reading Marshall v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 17 Jun 2015

Office of the King’s Prosecutor, Brussels v Cando Armas and others: HL 17 Nov 2005

The defendant resisted extradition to Brussels saying that the offence had been committed in part in England. He had absconded and been convicted. Application was made for his return to serve his sentence. The offences associated with organisation of illegal immigration, fell within the European framework list, but section 65(2)(a) was not satisfied. Held: ‘the … Continue reading Office of the King’s Prosecutor, Brussels v Cando Armas and others: HL 17 Nov 2005

Director of Public Prosecutions v Kavaz: Admn 25 Nov 1997

[1997] EWHC Admin 1042 Road Traffic Act 1988 143(2) England and Wales Citing: Appealed to – Director of Public Prosecutions v Kavaz CACD 17-Mar-1999 The duty to demonstrate that a car is properly insured and has an MOT certificate remains the responsibility of the actual driver. . . Cited – Rex v Oliver 1944 When … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Kavaz: Admn 25 Nov 1997

Mahmood v Vehicle Inspectorate: Admn 5 Nov 1997

[1997] EWHC Admin 980 Road Traffic Act 1988 133 England and Wales Citing: Cited – Stilk v Myrick KBD 16-Dec-1809 No Obligation Incurred without ConsiderationThe plaintiff agreed to sail with the defendant on a voyage being paid pounds 5.00 a month. Two crew deserted and the captain asked the remainder to do their work sharing … Continue reading Mahmood v Vehicle Inspectorate: Admn 5 Nov 1997

The Director of Public Prosecutions v Whittaker: Admn 3 Jul 2015

Appeal by way of case stated from a decision dismissing a summons alleging a contravention of s. 143 Road Traffic Act 1988, namely use of a motor vehicle on a road without a policy of insurance. The defendant appeared to be using a van for commercial purposes, but had only private and domestic insurance. Beatson … Continue reading The Director of Public Prosecutions v Whittaker: Admn 3 Jul 2015

A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No 2): HL 8 Dec 2005

Evidence from 3rd Party Torture Inadmissible The applicants had been detained following the issue of certificates issued by the respondent that they posed a terrorist threat. They challenged the decisions of the Special Immigration Appeals Commission saying that evidence underlying the decisions had probably been obtained by torture committed by foreign powers, and should not … Continue reading A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No 2): HL 8 Dec 2005

May v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Apr 2005

Whether the car park where the driving took place was a ‘public place’ within the meaning of section 3. Held: The appeal failed.Laws LJ set out the following propositions as accurately summarising the relevant legal principles: a. The burden of proving that a particular location is a ‘public place’ rests on the Crown to prove … Continue reading May v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Apr 2005

Stott (Procurator Fiscal, Dunfermline) and Another v Brown: PC 5 Dec 2000

The system under which the registered keeper of a vehicle was obliged to identify herself as the driver, and such admission was to be used subsequently as evidence against her on a charge of driving with excess alcohol, was not a breach of her right to a fair trial. The right not to give evidence … Continue reading Stott (Procurator Fiscal, Dunfermline) and Another v Brown: PC 5 Dec 2000

Regina v Martin (Colin): CACD 29 Nov 1988

Defence of Necessity has a Place in Criminal Law The defendant appealed against his conviction for driving whilst disqualified. He said he had felt obliged to drive his stepson to work because his stepson had overslept. His wife (who had suicidal tendencies) had been threatening suicide unless he drove the boy to work, since she … Continue reading Regina v Martin (Colin): CACD 29 Nov 1988

A v British Broadcasting Corporation (Scotland): SC 8 May 2014

Anonymised Party to Proceedings The BBC challenged an order made by the Court of Session in judicial review proceedings, permitting the applicant review to delete his name and address and substituting letters of the alphabet, in the exercise (or, as the BBC argues, purported exercise) of a common law power. The court also gave directions … Continue reading A v British Broadcasting Corporation (Scotland): SC 8 May 2014

Ladd v Marshall: CA 29 Nov 1954

Conditions for new evidence on appeal At the trial, the wife of the appellant’s opponent said she had forgotten certain events. After the trial she began divorce proceedings, and informed the appellant that she now remembered. He sought either to appeal admitting fresh evidence, or for a retrial. Held: The Court of Appeal refused to … Continue reading Ladd v Marshall: CA 29 Nov 1954

Regina v Looseley (orse Loosely); Attorney General’s Reference No 3 of 2000: HL 25 Oct 2001

Police Entrapment is no defence to Criminal Act The defendant complained of his conviction for supplying controlled drugs, saying that the undercover police officer had requested him to make the supply. Held: It was an abuse of process for the police to go so far as to incite a crime. Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead said: … Continue reading Regina v Looseley (orse Loosely); Attorney General’s Reference No 3 of 2000: HL 25 Oct 2001

McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd: OHCS 31 May 2005

The pursuer sought damages after her husband’s death from lung cancer. She said that the defenders were negligent in having continued to sell him cigarettes knowing that they would cause this. Held: The action failed. The plaintiff had not proved that the smoking of cigarettes was the cause of the lung cancer, and it was … Continue reading McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd: OHCS 31 May 2005

Mason v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Jul 2009

The defendant appealed against his conviction for attempting to drive after consuming excess alcohol. On reporting to the police that as he opened the door of his car, he had been threatened with a knife, and his car taken, it was suspected he had consumed alcohol, and he was arrested. Held: The conviction was quashed. … Continue reading Mason v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Jul 2009

Iaciofano v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Jul 2010

The defendant appealed against his conviction for speeding, saying that the device used to measure his speed was not approved. The only evidence relied on was that the officer said it had been installed in many police vehicles. Held: The magistrates had not been entitled to take judicial notice of such an opinion. Though a … Continue reading Iaciofano v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 15 Jul 2010

In re Peters: CA 1988

After the defendant was arrested for drugs offences a restraint order was made to prevent dissipation of his assets. Orders were made to vary the restraint to allow payment of his sons school fees, and in family proceedings for a payment to his wife. The Commissioners of Customs and Excise appealed the latter order. Held: … Continue reading In re Peters: CA 1988

Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick; 1 Apr 1995

References: (1995) 71 P & CR 231 Coram: Stuart-Smith LJ The issue was whether a presumed dedication of a road as a public highway could result from twenty years or more of uninterrupted public use in breach of section 34(1) of the 1988 Act. The court was considering whether a footpath, alleged to have become … Continue reading Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick; 1 Apr 1995

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Zafar v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 1 Nov 2004

The defendant appealed his conviction for failing a breath test. He said that since the meter could be affected by mouth alcohol, the prosecutor had a duty to show that the reading arose from a breath taken deep from the lung by a deep breath. Held: Though the intoximeter made a distinction between deep lung … Continue reading Zafar v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 1 Nov 2004

Lewis, Regina (on the Application Of) v the Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 10 Dec 2004

Appeal by way of case stated from a decision convicting the appellant, of driving a motor car when he had consumed alcohol in excess of the prescribed limit, contrary to the provisions of section 5 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 and Schedule 2 Road Traffic Offenders’ Act 1988. The issue was whether the car … Continue reading Lewis, Regina (on the Application Of) v the Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 10 Dec 2004

Khan, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 12 Oct 2004

Defendant pleaded guity to drink driving – claim for special reasons – appeal against finding of absence of special reasons to disqualify. Judges: David J Citations: [2004] EWHC 2505 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: Cited – Director of Public Prosecutions v Bristow QBD 28-Oct-1996 The prosecutor … Continue reading Khan, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 12 Oct 2004

Kemsley v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 4 Feb 2004

The defendant appealed a conviction for driving with excess alcohol. She said she had not first been cautioned when interviewed after an accident and that her admission that she had been driving should not have been allowed in evidence. Held: That admission had properly been admitted. An expert for the defence had said that the … Continue reading Kemsley v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 4 Feb 2004

Crown Prosecution Service v Bate: Admn 22 Nov 2004

Prosecutor’s appeal by way of case stated from a decision of the Birmingham Justices when they dismissed an information laid against the respondent under section 5(1)(b) Road Traffic Act 1988. Citations: [2004] EWHC 2811 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5(1)(b) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Road Traffic Updated: 10 June 2022; Ref: scu.220281

Director of Public Prosecutions v Janman: Admn 22 Jan 2004

The Director appealed dismissal of a charge. The defendant had accompanied a learner driver. He had too much alcohol in his blood. He denied that he was driving. Held: There was no need to prove that the defendant was statutorily supervising. The precise skills of the learner driver were not relevant. The supervisor was clearly … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Janman: Admn 22 Jan 2004

Khatibi v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 28 Jan 2004

Judges: May LJ, Nelson J Citations: [2004] EWHC 83 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5(1) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: Cited – Paterson v Director of Public Prosecutions 1990 . . Cited – Regina v Jackson CACD 21-May-1996 Time should be saved by explicit admissions of all elements of expert case. . … Continue reading Khatibi v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 28 Jan 2004

Brown v Procurator Fiscal, Falkirk: HCJ 24 Sep 2002

The defendant appealed against his conviction for driving with excess alcohol. He said that the machine used to measure the alcohol in his breath did not have type approval. The schedule to Approval 1998 for the purposes of section 7(1)(a) of the Road Traffic Act referred to ‘the device known as the Intoximeter EC/IR manufactured … Continue reading Brown v Procurator Fiscal, Falkirk: HCJ 24 Sep 2002

Sheldrake v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Feb 2003

The defendant challenged the application of the section, under which he was deemed to have intended to drive a vehicle whilst under the influence of alcohol, unless he could prove it was not his intent to drive, saying this infringed his right to a fair trial. Held: The section must be read down to comply … Continue reading Sheldrake v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Feb 2003

Brown v Procurator Fiscal, Falkirk: HCJ 8 Mar 2002

The defendant appealed against his conviction for driving with excess alcohol. He complained that the machine used to take his sample of breath did not conform to the necessary type. It had been manufactured by an independent company. Though not approved it was identical to the approved machine. He was convicted on the basis that … Continue reading Brown v Procurator Fiscal, Falkirk: HCJ 8 Mar 2002

Huntley, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2 Apr 2004

The appellant appealed by case stated against his conviction by the Haringey Justices or an offence of driving a motor vehicle, having consumed excess alcohol contrary to section 5(1)(a) of the 1988 Act. He said that no direct evidence had been given that he had been driving. Held: The appeal succeeded: ‘The question is, therefore, … Continue reading Huntley, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2 Apr 2004

Parker v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 7 Dec 2000

The irrebuttable presumption contained in the Act that the level of alcohol contained in the accused’s blood at the time when he was stopped was no less than the level measured later that the police station, was not incompatible with the defendant’s right to a fair trial. It lay ill in the mouth of a … Continue reading Parker v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 7 Dec 2000

Regina v St Albans Crown Court ex parte O’Donovan: Admn 9 Jul 1999

Citations: [1999] EWHC Admin 664 Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5 Citing: Cited – Taylor v Rajan 2-Jan-1974 The defendant had consumed alcohol so that the alcohol level was 102 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood. An appeal was heard as to whether there existed special reasons for not disqualifying him. … Continue reading Regina v St Albans Crown Court ex parte O’Donovan: Admn 9 Jul 1999

Crown Prosecution Service v Paul O’Shea: Admn 11 May 1998

Prosecutor’s appeal against dismissal of charge of driving with excess alcohol. Citations: [1998] EWHC Admin 517 Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5(1)(a) Citing: Cited – Regina v Absolam CACD 1990 A was arrested. He was already on bail for possession of cannabis, and in the hope finding further evidence he was asked to … Continue reading Crown Prosecution Service v Paul O’Shea: Admn 11 May 1998