Click the case name for better results:

Regina v Knuller (Publishing, Printing and Promotions) Ltd; Knuller etc v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 1972

The defendants were charged after pasting up in telephone booths advertisements for homosexual services. They published a magazine with similar advertisements. The House was asked to confirm the existence of an offence of outraging public decency. Held: There now exists no power in the courts to create new criminal offences. A new criminal offence could … Continue reading Regina v Knuller (Publishing, Printing and Promotions) Ltd; Knuller etc v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 1972

Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

Exemplary Damages Award in Defamation The plaintiff had been awarded damages for defamation. The defendants pleaded justification. Before the trial the plaintiff gave notice that he wanted additional, exemplary, damages. The trial judge said that such a claim had to have been pleaded. The Court of Appeal had considered Rookes -v- Barnard to have been … Continue reading Cassell and Co Ltd v Broome and Another: HL 23 Feb 1972

In Re Z (Local Authority: Duty): FD 3 Dec 2004

Mrs Z suffered a terminal disease, and sought to travel to Switzerland supported and assisted by her husband, so that she could terminate her life. She appealed an injunction obtained by the authority to prevent her leaving. Held: The authority had been supporting her. When circumstances came to their attention suggesting she had made a … Continue reading In Re Z (Local Authority: Duty): FD 3 Dec 2004

X v United Kingdom: ECHR 1972

The defendant had been convicted of knowingly living on the earnings of prostitution contrary to section 30(1) of the Sexual Offences Act 1956. Held: The Commission rejected as manifestly ill-founded the applicant’s challenge to this provision as incompatible with article 6(2). It created a rebuttable presumption which the defendant could disprove, and was not a … Continue reading X v United Kingdom: ECHR 1972

Mucelli v Government of Albania (Criminal Appeal From Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice): HL 21 Jan 2009

The House was asked whether someone who wished to appeal against an extradition order had an obligation also to serve his appellant’s notice on the respondent within the seven days limit, and whether the period was capable of extension by the court. Held: The appeal failed (Lord Rodger dissenting). Giving notice, for the purposes of … Continue reading Mucelli v Government of Albania (Criminal Appeal From Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice): HL 21 Jan 2009

Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

The House gave guidance how it would treat an invitation to depart from a previous decision of the House. Such a course was possible, but the direction was not an ‘open sesame’ for a differently constituted committee to prefer their views to those of the committee which determined the decision unanimously or by a majority. … Continue reading Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

Local Government Byelaws (Wales) Bill 2012 – Reference By The Attorney General for England and Wales: SC 21 Nov 2012

Under the 1998 and 2006 Acts, the Welsh Assembly was empowered to pass legislation subject to confirmation by the English Parliament Secretary of State. The Local Government Byelaws (Wales) Bill 2012 was passed by the Assembly and purported to remove the requirement for confirmation and to add to the list of legislation which might be … Continue reading Local Government Byelaws (Wales) Bill 2012 – Reference By The Attorney General for England and Wales: SC 21 Nov 2012

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Regina v Flintshire County Council ex parte Armstrong-Braun: Admn 27 Jul 1999

Citations: [1999] EWHC Admin 743 Links: Bailii Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 Citing: See Also – Director of Public Prosecutions v Armstrong-Braun Admn 5-Oct-1998 A building site was subject to a requirement to move great crested newts before work could proceed. The defendant, a local councillor interfered to prevent a digger destroying the land until … Continue reading Regina v Flintshire County Council ex parte Armstrong-Braun: Admn 27 Jul 1999

Regina v Flintshire County Council, Ex Parte Armstrong-Braun: CA 20 Feb 2001

A local council introduced a standing order to the effect that an item could not be placed on an agenda without being seconded. In doing so it had failed entirely to consider the fundamental effect this would have on democracy. Independent members and others seeking to be critical could find themselves unable to put unpopular … Continue reading Regina v Flintshire County Council, Ex Parte Armstrong-Braun: CA 20 Feb 2001

Regina v Richmond Upon Thames London Borough Council, ex parte McCarthy and Stone (Developments) Ltd: HL 14 Nov 1991

A Local Authority was not able to impose charge for inquiries as to speculative developments and similar proposals, or for consultations, and pre-planning advice. There was no statutory authority for such a charge, and it was therefore unlawful and ultra vires. A power to charge did not arise by necessary implication. The words ‘necessary implication’ … Continue reading Regina v Richmond Upon Thames London Borough Council, ex parte McCarthy and Stone (Developments) Ltd: HL 14 Nov 1991

Regina v Somerset County Council Ex Parte Fewings and Others: CA 22 Mar 1995

The local authority had accepted the argument that stag hunting was cruel and had banned it from the land it owned in the Quantocks. The ban was challenged. Held: The ban was unlawful. The decision had been reached on moral, and not on administrative grounds. The purposes it sought to implement were not within the … Continue reading Regina v Somerset County Council Ex Parte Fewings and Others: CA 22 Mar 1995

Coventry City Council v Finnie and Another: QBD 2 May 1996

No undertaking for damages was to be required of a Local Authority exercising a statutory duty. The grant of an injunction in favour of a local authority performing law enforcement duties did not necessarily carry with it a cross-undertaking on damages of a type that is familiar in private litigation. Judges: Scott Baker J Citations: … Continue reading Coventry City Council v Finnie and Another: QBD 2 May 1996

London Borough of Sutton v Bolton and Another: ChD 3 Feb 1993

Land had been owned by the authority and used as a children’s home. After a boundary change taking the land outside its area, it sought to sell the land for development. The neighbours, claiming the benefit of a restrictive covenant allowing only one house on the land, objected. Using the 1972 Act, the authority purported … Continue reading London Borough of Sutton v Bolton and Another: ChD 3 Feb 1993

Walters v Babergh District Council: 1983

An action was brought for for negligence and/or breach of statutory duty under the 1936 Act. The plaintiff alleged that Melford Rural District Council (‘Melford’: the Defendant Council’s predecessor) had failed to inspect with reasonable care the foundations of the house that he was building. However, by the time the plaintiff noticed the defects, Melford … Continue reading Walters v Babergh District Council: 1983

City Leisure (Holdings) Ltd v Lord Mayor and Citizens of the City of Westminster: ComC 6 Apr 1995

Contract – ultra vires – power of local authority to grant an indemnity – power of local authority to borrow – acquiring the use of borrowed money Judges: Phillips J Citations: Unreported, 06 April 1995 Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 111, Local Government (Miscellaneous) Provisions Act 1976 19(1) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Contract, Local Government … Continue reading City Leisure (Holdings) Ltd v Lord Mayor and Citizens of the City of Westminster: ComC 6 Apr 1995

Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council v Shaw: QBD 2000

Two senior and long term employees of the Council proposed voluntary early redundancy. After discussions, their contracts were varied with enhanced pay so that they would also have enhanced pensions and redundancy payments. Such enhancing agreements were not part of any long term policy of the Council, but were negotiated ‘one-off’ at a time when … Continue reading Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council v Shaw: QBD 2000

Regina v Swansea City Council, ex parte Elitestone Ltd: QBD 1993

On 1 May a sub-committee held a meeting at which land was declared to be a conservation area. Under the Act, the agenda had been open for inspection for three clear days. They were available from April 26, and there was no suggestion that they had not been available for any part of that working … Continue reading Regina v Swansea City Council, ex parte Elitestone Ltd: QBD 1993

Allsop v North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 1991

The district auditor declared that payments made by the Council under an ‘enhanced voluntary severance scheme’, established by it in connection with its policy of not making employees compulsorily redundant, were unlawful. The payments were considerably in excess of the amounts which the council was obliged to pay under the employment legislation. Held:The Council did … Continue reading Allsop v North Tyneside Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 1991

Graham v Teesdale and Another: 1981

The case concerned the audit of local authority accounts by a district auditor. The court considered the meaning of ‘wilful misconduct’ within the section. Held: Wilful misconduct means ‘deliberately doing something which is wrong knowing it to be wrong or with reckless indifference as to whether it is wrong or not’. Judges: Webster J Citations: … Continue reading Graham v Teesdale and Another: 1981

Mole Valley District Council v Smith: 1992

The local authority sought to use its powers under the Act to enforce planning control over gypsies. Citations: [1992] 90 LGR 557 Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 222 Cited by: Cited – Wrexham County Borough Council v Berry; South Buckinghamshire District Council v Porter and another; Chichester District Council v Searle and others HL 22-May-2003 … Continue reading Mole Valley District Council v Smith: 1992

Monks v East Northamptonshire District Council: QBD 8 Mar 2002

The appellant claimed that a prosecution under the 1990 Act could not be made by the Local Authority in its own name, but should rather have been in the name of a nominated official. Held: The 1972 Act gave the authority. It had not been intended to make a distinction between a local authority’s powers … Continue reading Monks v East Northamptonshire District Council: QBD 8 Mar 2002

Credit Suisse and Another v Waltham Forest London Borough Council: CA 20 May 1996

Parliament had made detailed provision in a number of Acts for the discharge of the housing duties by local authorities. These detailed provisions did not contain a power to give a guarantee in connection with a bank loan to a company which the local authority had formed to assist in the acquisition and development of … Continue reading Credit Suisse and Another v Waltham Forest London Borough Council: CA 20 May 1996

London Borough of Enfield v Persons Unknown and Others: QBD 2 Oct 2020

The council had obtained interim and final injunctions in 2017 against anticipated trespassers on its land and the order was due to expire. It now ought its extension and to amend the terms of the order. Held: The court noted that no person had yet been served with any documents, and that the legal landscape … Continue reading London Borough of Enfield v Persons Unknown and Others: QBD 2 Oct 2020

Harvey, Regina (on The Application of) v Ledbury Town Council and Another: Admn 15 May 2018

The claimant local councillor sought judicial review of a decision to restrict her conduct at the Council. She had been accused of bullying in her dealing with officials and other councillors. Held: The claim succeeded. The Council had failed to conduct the investigation in the manner required. The court identified several elements of the necessary … Continue reading Harvey, Regina (on The Application of) v Ledbury Town Council and Another: Admn 15 May 2018

Stoke-On-Trent City Council v B and Q (Retail) Ltd: HL 1984

The defendants had been trading on Sundays in breach of s.47 of the Shops Act 1950, which, by s.71(1) imposed on every local authority the duty to enforce within their district the provisions of that Act. Parliament has given local authorities a special status to bring proceedings in their own name, thereby overcoming the difficulties … Continue reading Stoke-On-Trent City Council v B and Q (Retail) Ltd: HL 1984

Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd v Sutton London Borough Council: QBD 23 Mar 1995

A guarantee of loan to a non-registered housing association was ultra vires. Citations: Times 23-Mar-1995 Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – London Borough of Sutton v Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd v Mayor and Burgesses of London Borough of Sutton London Borough … Continue reading Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd v Sutton London Borough Council: QBD 23 Mar 1995

Hazell v Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council: HL 1991

Swap deals outwith Council powers The authority entered into interest rate swap deals to protect itself against adverse money market movements. They began to lose substantial amounts when interest rates rose, and the district auditor sought a declaration that the contracts were void, there being no express power in the relevant legislation. Held: The arrangements … Continue reading Hazell v Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council: HL 1991

Regina v Somerset County Council ex parte Fewings and Others: QBD 10 Feb 1994

A Local Authority could include ethical considerations in making a decision to ban hunting over land which it owned if the power which it sought to use was in the Act. Citations: Times 10-Feb-1994, Independent 16-Feb-1994 Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 120(1)(b) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – Regina v Somerset County … Continue reading Regina v Somerset County Council ex parte Fewings and Others: QBD 10 Feb 1994

Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Ex Parte Sutton London Borough Council: QBD 14 Dec 1995

The Secretary of State may appoint an arbitrator to decide between local authorities on a land transfer dispute on a re-organisation of local government. Citations: Times 14-Dec-1995 Statutes: Local Government Act 1972 68 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Ex Parte Sutton London Borough … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Ex Parte Sutton London Borough Council: QBD 14 Dec 1995

Vale of Glamorgan Council (Decision Notice): ICO 30 Jul 2007

The complainant requested a copy of an internal audit report prepared by the public authority. The request was initially refused by the public authority, citing the exemptions at sections 40, 41 and 42 of the Act. In its response to a request for internal review, the public authority released some information but stated that, in … Continue reading Vale of Glamorgan Council (Decision Notice): ICO 30 Jul 2007

AB and Others, Regina v: CACD 28 Apr 2017

The defendants challenged the power of the local authority to maintain a private prosecution of them on counts of alleged fraud. It was purpotrting to act in effect as a profit making branch of the local authority offering such legal services to CPS. Held: The Council had no such power, though the prosecution had now … Continue reading AB and Others, Regina v: CACD 28 Apr 2017

Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council v Tanna: CA 10 Feb 2017

The council appealed against a finding that it had not validly served a notice on the respondent under section 215 of the 1990 Act. Judges: Arden, Lewison LJJ Citations: [2017] EWCA Civ 50, [2017] WLR(D) 91 Links: Bailii, WLRD Statutes: Town and Country Planning Act 1990 215 329, Local Government Act 1972 233 Jurisdiction: England … Continue reading Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council v Tanna: CA 10 Feb 2017

Hazell v Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council: QBD 1990

The issue before the courts was whether, in the absence of any express power authorising the Council to do so, the Council was within its power under s 111(1) of the Local Government Act 1972 to enter into certain swap transactions;‘The fact that subsection (1) is expressly made subject to ‘the provisions of this Act’ … Continue reading Hazell v Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough Council: QBD 1990

London Borough of Wandsworth v Mills and Allen Ltd and Another: Admn 5 Sep 1997

The Council sought orders to restrain the defendants from using certain land for the display of advertisements. Moriarty QC [1997] EWHC Admin 800 Town and Country Planning Act 1990 187B, Local Government Act 1972 222, Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) Regulations 1992 England and Wales Planning Updated: 03 January 2022; Ref: scu.137745

Credit Suisse v Allerdale Borough Council: CA 20 May 1996

Builder’s Guarantee Ultra Vires LA The council set out to provide a swimming pool using powers under s.19 of the 1976 Act. Purporting to use powers under s.111 of the 1972 Act, it set up a company to develop a site by building a leisure pool and time-share units, with a view to selling the … Continue reading Credit Suisse v Allerdale Borough Council: CA 20 May 1996

The Friends of Hethel Ltd, Regina (on the application of) v Ecotricity: Admn 12 Nov 2009

Planning Committee arrangements were lawful The claimants objected to the grant of planning permission for three wind turbines, saying that the council’s constitution was unlawful, in that the powers delegate to area planning committees required a two thirds majority for their exercise, where the Act required only a majority. Held: The arrangement was not unconstitutional. … Continue reading The Friends of Hethel Ltd, Regina (on the application of) v Ecotricity: Admn 12 Nov 2009

Snelling and Another v Burstow Parish Council: ChD 24 Jan 2013

The parties disputed the application and interpretation of ancient statues relating to allotments. The land had been appropriated to allotments under the 1945 Act. The Council had argued that it had a power of sale under the 1908 Act subject to consent under the 1925 Act. Held: The Council was correct in seeking the consent … Continue reading Snelling and Another v Burstow Parish Council: ChD 24 Jan 2013

National Secular Society and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Bideford Town Council: Admn 10 Feb 2012

The claimant challenged the placing of a prayer on the agenda of the respondent’s meetings. Held: The claim succeeded. The placing of such elements on the Agenda was outside the powers given to the Council, and the action was ultra vires: ‘S111 is the statutory expression of the powers implied by common law for corporations. … Continue reading National Secular Society and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Bideford Town Council: Admn 10 Feb 2012

Regina v Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council ex parte Braim: 1986

The court considered whether the lease of part of Doncaster Common (not registered as such) fell within section 123(2A) of the 1972 Act. Held: For over a century the public had, as of right, used Doncaster Common for what could be conveniently termed recreation. Even if the public’s use depended upon a bare licence, the … Continue reading Regina v Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council ex parte Braim: 1986

Dillner, Regina (on The Application of) v Sheffield City Council: Admn 27 Apr 2016

The claimant challenged the policy of the respondent council to replace many established trees along streets in the City. Held: Permission to apply for review was refused: ‘Some concern has been expressed by objectors to the scheme that, in some cases, a street has lost all of its trees. Some realism is required. Trees are … Continue reading Dillner, Regina (on The Application of) v Sheffield City Council: Admn 27 Apr 2016

Adamson, Regina (on The Application of) v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 18 Feb 2020

Appropriation was not in sufficient form The claimants had challenged an order supporting the decision of the Council to use their allotments for a new primary school, saying that the land had be appropriated as allotment land, and that therefore the consent of the minister was needed. Held: The appeal failed. The use of the … Continue reading Adamson, Regina (on The Application of) v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 18 Feb 2020

Birmingham City Council v Shafi and Another: CA 30 Oct 2008

The Council appealed a finding that the court did not have jurisdiction to obtain without notice injunctions to control the behaviour of youths said to be creating a disturbance, including restricting their rights to enter certain parts of the city with named others. The council was using the orders to attempt to control gang activities. … Continue reading Birmingham City Council v Shafi and Another: CA 30 Oct 2008

Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

Right of Recovery of Money Paid under Mistake Kleinwort Benson had made payments to a local authority under swap agreements which were thought to be legally enforceable when made. Subsequently, a decision of the House of Lords, (Hazell v. Hammersmith and Fulham) established that such swap agreements were unlawful. Kleinwort Benson then sought restitution of … Continue reading Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

London Borough of Sutton v Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd v Mayor and Burgesses of London Borough of Sutton London Borough of Sutton v Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd Wellesley Housing Association Ltd: CA 24 Oct 1996

The Housing Associations Act 1985 empowered a local authority to give guarantees in relation to registered housing associations. A local authority guaranteed a bank loan for an unregistered housing association.
Held: A Local Authority had no . .

Lion Laboratories Ltd v Evans: CA 1985

Lion Laboratories manufactured and marketed the Lion Intoximeter which was used by the police for measuring blood alcohol levels of motorists. Two ex-employees approached the Press with four documents taken from Lion. The documents indicated that the Lion Intoximeter had faults which could have resulted in a significant number of motorists being wrongly convicted. Lion … Continue reading Lion Laboratories Ltd v Evans: CA 1985

Hutton v Esher Urban District Council: CA 1973

(reversed) The local authority sought to acquire the plaintiff’s bungalow by compulsory powers which allowed it to purchase land required to construct a new sewer. Held: By the 1978 Act, the word land was to be read to include buildings upon the land, and this was a correct purchase. Citations: [1973] 2 All ER 1123 … Continue reading Hutton v Esher Urban District Council: CA 1973

Treacy v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 1970

Blackmail was alleged under section 21 of the 1968 Act, the letter making the unwarranted demand with menaces having been posted from England to an intended victim in Germany. Held: The appeal was dismissed. To allow an English court to have jurisdiction where elements of the offence occurred abroad, the last act constituting the actus … Continue reading Treacy v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 1970

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

Hampstead Heath Winter Swimming Club and Another v Corporation of London and Another: Admn 26 Apr 2005

Swimmers sought to be able to swim unsupervised in an open pond. The authority which owned the pond on Hampstead Heath wished to refuse permission fearing liability for any injury. Held: It has always been a principle of the interpretation of statutes that the courts should seek to construe them so as to produce a … Continue reading Hampstead Heath Winter Swimming Club and Another v Corporation of London and Another: Admn 26 Apr 2005

Chartbrook Ltd v Persimmon Homes Ltd and Others: HL 1 Jul 2009

Mutual Knowledge admissible to construe contract The parties had entered into a development contract in respect of a site in Wandsworth, under which balancing compensation was to be paid. They disagreed as to its calculation. Persimmon sought rectification to reflect the negotiations. Held: The appeal succeeded. There were difficulties in construing the contract. The contract … Continue reading Chartbrook Ltd v Persimmon Homes Ltd and Others: HL 1 Jul 2009

Anns and Others v Merton London Borough Council: HL 12 May 1977

The plaintiff bought her apartment, but discovered later that the foundations were defective. The local authority had supervised the compliance with Building Regulations whilst it was being built, but had failed to spot the fault. The authority appealed a finding that it was liable, arguing that the claims were time barred and that it had … Continue reading Anns and Others v Merton London Borough Council: HL 12 May 1977