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Stec and Others v United Kingdom: ECHR 12 Apr 2006

(Grand Chamber) The claimants said that differences between the sexes in the payment of reduced earning allowances and retirement allowances were sex discrimination. Held: The differences were not infringing sex discrimination. The differences arose from the differences in pensionable ages for men and women introduced in 1940 in order to help remedy severe social inequalities … Continue reading Stec and Others v United Kingdom: ECHR 12 Apr 2006

Heffernan, Regina (on the Application of) v the Rent Service: Admn 10 Oct 2006

The claimant sought judicial review of the redetermination of housing benefits payable in respect of two flats rented out by him. The rent office said that the regulations were merely intended to put in statute form the previous practice used when identifying the ‘locality’ fro comparable lettings. Judges: Gilbart QC J Citations: [2006] EWHC 2478 … Continue reading Heffernan, Regina (on the Application of) v the Rent Service: Admn 10 Oct 2006

Powerhouse Retail Ltd and others v Burroughs and others; Preston and others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS Trust and others (No 3): HL 8 Mar 2006

The appellants said they had been had been discriminated against on the grounds of their sex by the TUPE Regulations. Their discrimination cases had been dismissed as out of time. Held: The employees’ appeals were dismissed: ‘A statute cannot speak with two different voices at one and the same time. The rule that section 2(4) … Continue reading Powerhouse Retail Ltd and others v Burroughs and others; Preston and others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS Trust and others (No 3): HL 8 Mar 2006

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: HL 8 Mar 2006

The respondent’s child lived with the estranged father for most of each week. She was obliged to contribute child support. She now lived with a woman, and complained that because her relationship was homosexual, she had been asked to pay more than someone in a heterosexual relationship. Held: The claim failed. The regulations had now … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: HL 8 Mar 2006

Fitzpatrick v Sterling Housing Association Ltd: HL 28 Oct 1999

Same Sex Paartner to Inherit as Family Member The claimant had lived with the original tenant in a stable and long standing homosexual relationship at the deceased’s flat. After the tenant’s death he sought a statutory tenancy as a spouse of the deceased. The Act had been extended to include as a spouse someone living … Continue reading Fitzpatrick v Sterling Housing Association Ltd: HL 28 Oct 1999

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Selby District Council and Another: CA 13 Feb 2006

The claimant had been in receipt of housing benefit. He had gone into a care home on a temporary trial basis. The council ceased to pay his benefit immediately. Held: The benefit continued during the thirteen week trial period. The claimant had to maintain his home for so long as the residence remained a trial … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Selby District Council and Another: CA 13 Feb 2006

NSP v Stoke-On-Trent City Council and GP (HB): UTAA 17 Mar 2022

The ‘material fact’ referred to in regulation 101(2)(b) of the Housing Benefit Regulations 2006 is a fact that actually did make a difference to the outcome decision and not one that might have done so. In other words, it is a material fact that either formed, or could have formed, a ground for the revising … Continue reading NSP v Stoke-On-Trent City Council and GP (HB): UTAA 17 Mar 2022

MA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 9 Nov 2016

The appellants claimed housing benefit. They appealed against rejection of their claims that the imposition of limits to the maximum sums payable, ‘the bedroom tax’, was unlawful on equality grounds. The claimants either had disabilities, or lived with dependent family with disabilities, or live in what are known as ‘sanctuary scheme’ homes (accommodation specially adapted … Continue reading MA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 9 Nov 2016

Rutherford and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: CA 27 Jan 2016

Challenge to lawfulness of regulations applying a discount to payments of housing benefits when there was deemed to be a spare bedroom. Held: The appeal succeeded in part. Judges: Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd, CJ, Tomlinson LJ, Vos LJ Citations: [2016] EWCA Civ 29, [2016] WLR(D) 36 Links: Bailii, WLRD Statutes: Housing Benefit Regulations 2006 Jurisdiction: … Continue reading Rutherford and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: CA 27 Jan 2016

ZD v London Borough of Hillingdon (HB): UTAA 25 Nov 2021

Claimant moved into boyfriend’s local authority flat and claimed housing benefit (HB) after he had stopped paying rent and had been sentenced to immediate term of imprisonment of more than 2 years – Whether claimant was ‘a person who has to make payments if [she] is to continue to live in the home’ within meaning … Continue reading ZD v London Borough of Hillingdon (HB): UTAA 25 Nov 2021

Mahmoudi, Regina (on The Application of) v London Borough of Lewisham and Another: CA 6 Feb 2014

This case is concerned with the circumstances in which a disabled person may be entitled to housing benefit in relation to a short period of time before moving into a dwelling. Maurice Kay, Elias, Tomlinson LJJ [2014] EWCA Civ 284 Bailii Housing Benefit Regulations 2006 7(8) England and Wales Benefits Updated: 01 December 2021; Ref: … Continue reading Mahmoudi, Regina (on The Application of) v London Borough of Lewisham and Another: CA 6 Feb 2014

TD v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and London Borough of Richmond-Upon-Thames (HB): UTAA 20 Dec 2013

Human rights law – article 10 (freedom of expression) – ‘ This appeal is concerned with the rule in the housing benefit that, in effect, allows a child in what I will term ‘an exactly equal shared care’ situation to count only as the child of one of his parents for housing benefit (and council … Continue reading TD v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and London Borough of Richmond-Upon-Thames (HB): UTAA 20 Dec 2013

MA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Others: QBD 30 Jul 2013

Ten disabled claimants challenged the changes to the 2006 Regulations introduced by the 2012 Regulations. The changes restricted the ability to claim Housing Benefit for bedrooms deemed extra. The claimants said that in their different ways each had needs for additional bedrooms not allowed for by the Regulations. Held: The request for judicial review failed. … Continue reading MA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Others: QBD 30 Jul 2013

Gargett, Regina (on the Application of) v London Borough of Lambeth: CA 18 Dec 2008

The applicant was an assured tenant receiving housing benefits. Her rent was increased to a level above what would normally be covered by benefits. She failed to notify the local authority. The court was asked whether local authorities may exercise their power to make Discretionary Housing Payments (DHPs) by paying arrears of rent, if the … Continue reading Gargett, Regina (on the Application of) v London Borough of Lambeth: CA 18 Dec 2008

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: CA 15 Oct 2004

M had challenged the Child Support Regulations saying that they discriminated against her. She was the liable parent, and in a monogomoud lesbian relationship. As such she said that she was treated worse than she would have been since the Regulations did not that her relationship as constituting a family. The Secretary of State appealed … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v M: CA 15 Oct 2004

Regina (Catherine Dinsdale, Caloline Wilson, Barbara Shaw, and Safina Saadat) v The Rent Service: Admn 2 Feb 2001

Judges: Maurice Kay J Citations: [2001] EWHC Admin 65 Links: Bailii Cited by: Appeal from – Regina (Saadat) v The Rent Service CA 26-Oct-2001 When choosing an area over which comparisons of rents are to be made, the Service had to look at a locality which was no larger than was necessary to establish such … Continue reading Regina (Catherine Dinsdale, Caloline Wilson, Barbara Shaw, and Safina Saadat) v The Rent Service: Admn 2 Feb 2001

Chief Adjudication Officer v Wolke; Remelien v Secretary of State for Social Security: HL 13 Nov 1997

The claimant was an EC national who had become resident here but was not seeking work, since she cared for her children. The Secretary of State said that since she was not seeking work, she was not entitled to remain and should make arrangements to leave the UK. Held: The letter asking a claimant to … Continue reading Chief Adjudication Officer v Wolke; Remelien v Secretary of State for Social Security: HL 13 Nov 1997

Patel v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 16 Dec 2019

Zambrano states that a non-member state national (‘TCN’) parent of an EU citizen child resident within the EU is entitled to reside in the EU. This is solely to avoid the EU citizen child being deprived of the substance of their Union citizenship rights on removal of the TCN parent from the EU. P an … Continue reading Patel v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 16 Dec 2019

HC, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 Nov 2017

This appeal concerns the rights of so-called ‘Zambrano carers’ and their children to financial support from the state. The appellant, an Algerian national married and had children here, but was refused housing after the break up the marriage. HC challenged the legality of the Regulations, contending that the denial of mainstream welfare and housing provision … Continue reading HC, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 Nov 2017

Attorney-General’s Reference (No 2 of 2001): HL 11 Dec 2003

The house was asked whether it might be correct to stay criminal proceedings as an abuse where for delay. The defendants were prisoners in a prison riot in 1998. The case only came on for trial in 2001, when they submitted that the delay was an abuse. Held: The defendants had a right to a … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No 2 of 2001): HL 11 Dec 2003

Regina v Suffolk County Council Ex Parte Steed and Steed: Admn 1995

Judicial review was sought of the Council’s decision to refuse to register a park as a Town or Village Green. Held: Carnwath J looked at the procedure to be followed by a council receiving an application for registration of commons right: ‘it is accepted that if the matter has to be reconsidered by the Council … Continue reading Regina v Suffolk County Council Ex Parte Steed and Steed: Admn 1995

Francis v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: CA 10 Nov 2005

The applicant had sought payment of a ‘Sure Start’ maternity grant. She had obtained a residence order in respect of her sister’s baby daughter who had been taken into care. She said that a payment would have been made to the partner of a mother or an adopter, and that she should be similarly entitled. … Continue reading Francis v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: CA 10 Nov 2005

In re P and Others, (Adoption: Unmarried couple) (Northern Ireland); In re G: HL 18 Jun 2008

The applicants complained that as an unmarried couple they had been excluded from consideration as adopters. Held: Northern Ireland legislation had not moved in the same way as it had for other jurisdictions within the UK. The greater commitment to traditional family structures did not however justify the difference. The rules were unlawful discrimination.Lord Hoffmann … Continue reading In re P and Others, (Adoption: Unmarried couple) (Northern Ireland); In re G: HL 18 Jun 2008

Mathieson v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 8 Jul 2015

The claimant a boy of three in receipt of disability living allowance (‘DLA’) challenged (through his parents) the withdrawal of that benefit whilst he was in hospital for a period of more than 12 weeks. He had since died. Held: The appeal succeeded. The Regulations infringed the claimant’s rights because the evidence was that in … Continue reading Mathieson v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 8 Jul 2015

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Gubeladze: SC 19 Jun 2019

The claimant had come from Latvia to the UK in 2008, but not registered under the Worker Registration Scheme until 2010. She now sought state pension credit. The SS appealed from a judgment that it was to calculate her entitlement to include her work before registration. It was additionally argued that a national measure adopted … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Gubeladze: SC 19 Jun 2019

Mirga v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Samin v Westminster City Council: SC 27 Jan 2016

The claimants, a Polish national and an Austrian national, appealed against decisions of the Court of Appeal upholding decisions that they were not entitled to certain benefits, namely income support and housing assistance respectively, pursuant to the provisions of United Kingdom domestic law. Held: The claimants’ appeals failed. When she applied, Ms Mirga was not … Continue reading Mirga v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Samin v Westminster City Council: SC 27 Jan 2016

Adam, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; Limbuela v Same; Tesema v Same: HL 3 Nov 2005

The applicants had each entered the UK with a view to seeking asylum, but having failed to seek asylum immediately, they had been refused any assistance, were not allowed to work and so had been left destitute. Each had claimed asylum on the day following their arrival. Held: The appeal by the Secretary of State … Continue reading Adam, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; Limbuela v Same; Tesema v Same: HL 3 Nov 2005

SG and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 18 Mar 2015

The court was asked whether it was lawful for the Secretary of State to make subordinate legislation imposing a cap on the amount of welfare benefits which can be received by claimants in non-working households, equivalent to the net median earnings of working households. The challenge was under the 1998 Act on the basis that … Continue reading SG and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 18 Mar 2015

RJM, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: HL 22 Oct 2008

The 1987 Regulations provided additional benefits for disabled persons, but excluded from benefit those who had nowhere to sleep. The claimant said this was irrational. He had been receiving the disability premium to his benefits, but this was cancelled when he lost his home. Held: The appeal was dismissed. The disabilty premium, as part of … Continue reading RJM, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: HL 22 Oct 2008

Thlimmenos v Greece: ECHR 6 Apr 2000

(Grand Chamber) The applicant was a Jehovah’s Witness who had been convicted of insubordination under the Military Criminal Code for refusing to wear a military uniform at a time of general mobilisation. He was subsequently refused appointment as a Chartered Accountant under rules which excluded those convicted of serious crimes. He argued that the lack … Continue reading Thlimmenos v Greece: ECHR 6 Apr 2000

Stott, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 28 Nov 2018

Extended Determinate Sentence created Other Status The prisoner was subject to an extended determinate sentence (21 years plus 4) for 10 offences of rape. He complained that as such he would only be eligible for parole after serving two thirds of his sentence rather than one third, and said that this was discriminatory. Held: The … Continue reading Stott, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: SC 28 Nov 2018

DA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 May 2019

Several lone parents challenged the benefits cap, saying that it was discriminatory. Held: (Hale, Kerr LL dissenting) The parents’ appeals failed. The legislation had a clear impact on lone parents and their children. The intention was to encourage claimants back into work. It was said that thus contradicted the other policy of providing no free … Continue reading DA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 May 2019

Regina (Holding and Barnes plc) v Secretary of State for Environment Transport and the Regions; Regina (Alconbury Developments Ltd and Others) v Same and Others: HL 9 May 2001

Power to call in is administrative in nature The powers of the Secretary of State to call in a planning application for his decision, and certain other planning powers, were essentially an administrative power, and not a judicial one, and therefore it was not a breach of the applicants’ rights to a fair hearing before … Continue reading Regina (Holding and Barnes plc) v Secretary of State for Environment Transport and the Regions; Regina (Alconbury Developments Ltd and Others) v Same and Others: HL 9 May 2001

Clark v TDG Limited (Trading As Novacold): CA 25 Mar 1999

The applicant had soft tissue injuries around the spine as a consequence of a back injury at work. He was absent from work for a long time as a result of his injuries, and he was eventually dismissed when his medical advisers could provide no clear idea of when it would be possible for him … Continue reading Clark v TDG Limited (Trading As Novacold): CA 25 Mar 1999

Oxfordshire County Council v Oxford City Council, Catherine Mary Robinson: ChD 22 Jan 2004

Land had been registered in part as a common. The council appealed. Held: The rights pre-existing the Act had not been lost. The presumption against retrospectively disapplying vested rights applied, and the application had properly been made. The claimant was entitled to register part only of the area of land original included. An application was … Continue reading Oxfordshire County Council v Oxford City Council, Catherine Mary Robinson: ChD 22 Jan 2004

Heffernan, Regina (on the Application of) v The Rent Service: HL 30 Jul 2008

The appellant challenged the decision of the respondent to redetermine the rents for two properties, saying that the officer had wrongly interpreted the meaning of locality when looking for comparable properties. Held: The determinations were quashed. Lord Hope of Craighead said: ‘para 4(6)(b) imposes a geographical control on the extent of the area within which … Continue reading Heffernan, Regina (on the Application of) v The Rent Service: HL 30 Jul 2008

Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza: HL 21 Jun 2004

Same Sex Partner Entitled to tenancy Succession The protected tenant had died. His same-sex partner sought a statutory inheritance of the tenancy. Held: His appeal succeeded. The Fitzpatrick case referred to the position before the 1998 Act: ‘Discriminatory law undermines the rule of law because it is the antithesis of fairness. It brings the law … Continue reading Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza: HL 21 Jun 2004

Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Misfeasance in Public Office – Recklessness The bank sought to strike out the claim alleging misfeasance in public office in having failed to regulate the failed bank, BCCI. Held: Misfeasance in public office might occur not only when a company officer acted to injure a party, but also where he acted with knowledge of, or … Continue reading Three Rivers District Council and Others v Governor and Company of The Bank of England (No 3): HL 22 Mar 2001

Tomlinson and Others v Birmingham City Council: SC 17 Feb 2010

The appellant asked whether the statutory review of a housing authority’s decision on whether he was intentionally homeless was a determination of a civil right, and if so whether the review was of the appropriate standard. The claimant said that she had not received a letter informing her of the consequences of not accepting an … Continue reading Tomlinson and Others v Birmingham City Council: SC 17 Feb 2010

Michalak v London Borough of Wandsworth: CA 6 Mar 2002

The appellant had occupied for a long time a room in a house let by the authority. After the death of the tenant, the appellant sought, but was refused, a statutory tenancy. He claimed to be a member of the tenant’s family, and that the list of family relationships in section 113 was not exhaustive. … Continue reading Michalak v London Borough of Wandsworth: CA 6 Mar 2002

Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Account taken of circumstances wihout ambiguity The respondent gave advice on home income plans. The individual claimants had assigned their initial claims to the scheme, but later sought also to have their mortgages in favour of the respondent set aside. Held: Investors having once assigned their causes of action to the ICS, could not later … Continue reading Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Litster and Others v Forth Dry Dock and Engineering Co Ltd: HL 16 Mar 1989

The twelve applicants had been unfairly dismissed by the transferor immediately before the transfer, and for a reason connected with the transfer under section 8(1). The question was whether the liability for unfair dismissal compensation transferred to the transferee. Held: It is the duty of a UK court to construe a statute, so far as … Continue reading Litster and Others v Forth Dry Dock and Engineering Co Ltd: HL 16 Mar 1989

Lumba (WL) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 23 Mar 2011

The claimants had been detained under the 1971 Act, after completing sentences of imprisonment pending their return to their home countries under deportations recommended by the judges at trial, or chosen by the respondent. They challenged as unlawful the respondent’s, at first unpublished, policy introduced in 2006, that by default, those awaiting deportation should be … Continue reading Lumba (WL) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 23 Mar 2011

Novitskaya v London Borough of Brent and Another: CA 1 Dec 2009

The claimant appealed refusal of her claim for arrears of housing benefit. Held: The appeal was allowed. The claim had been defective in having been made informally, but ‘the distribution of benefits is different from many other areas of civil law. It is concerned not simply with recognising rights or enforcing liabilities but also with … Continue reading Novitskaya v London Borough of Brent and Another: CA 1 Dec 2009

A v Secretary of State for the Home Department, and X v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Dec 2004

The applicants had been imprisoned and held without trial, being suspected of international terrorism. No criminal charges were intended to be brought. They were foreigners and free to return home if they wished, but feared for their lives if they did. A British subject, who was suspected in the exact same way, and there were … Continue reading A v Secretary of State for the Home Department, and X v Secretary of State for the Home Department: HL 16 Dec 2004

M, Regina (on the Application of) v Slough Borough Council: HL 30 Jul 2008

The House was asked ‘whether a local social services authority is obliged, under section 21(1)(a) of the 1948 Act, to arrange (and pay for) residential accommodation for a person subject to immigration control who is HIV positive but whose only needs, other than for a home and subsistence, are for medication prescribed by his doctor … Continue reading M, Regina (on the Application of) v Slough Borough Council: HL 30 Jul 2008

Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Sympathetic construction of national legislation LMA OVIEDO sought a declaration that the contracts setting up Commercial International were void (a nullity) since they had been drawn up in order to defraud creditors. Commercial International relied on an EC Directive designed to protect companies and third parties from the adverse effects of the doctrine of nullity. … Continue reading Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Transport and the Regions and another, ex parte Spath Holme Limited: HL 7 Dec 2000

The section in the 1985 Act created a power to prevent rent increases for tenancies of dwelling-houses for purposes including the alleviation of perceived hardship. Accordingly the Secretary of State could issue regulations whose effect was to limit the maximum amount of rent in the proper exercise of that discretionary power. The Act as a … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Transport and the Regions and another, ex parte Spath Holme Limited: HL 7 Dec 2000

Wright and Others, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Health and Another: HL 21 Jan 2009

The claimants had been provisionally listed as ‘people considered unsuitable to work with vulnerable adults’ which meant that they could no longer work, but they said they were given no effective and speedy opportunity to object to the listing. Typically the process took many months. Held: The procedure asked only if the employer reasonably considered … Continue reading Wright and Others, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Health and Another: HL 21 Jan 2009

Carson, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions; Reynolds v Same: HL 26 May 2005

One claimant said that as a foreign resident pensioner, she had been excluded from the annual uprating of state retirement pension, and that this was an infringement of her human rights. Another complained at the lower levels of job-seeker’s allowance payable to those under 25. Held: (Lord Carswell dissented in part.) The claims failed. The … Continue reading Carson, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions; Reynolds v Same: HL 26 May 2005

G, Regina (on The Application of) v X School and Others: CA 20 Jan 2010

The claimant was a teaching assistant. A complaint had been made that he had kissed a boy having work experience at the school, but it had been decided that no criminal prosecution would follow. He sought judicial review of the school’s decision to take disciplinary proceedings without allowing him legal representation. The school now appealed … Continue reading G, Regina (on The Application of) v X School and Others: CA 20 Jan 2010

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