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Attorney Generals Reference Under Section 36 of The Criminal Justice Act 1988, Kelly and Others v Regina: CACD 30 Jun 2016

Appeal against sentences for conspiracy to rob as too lenient. Held: The starting point for sentencing these offenders, taken from the guidelines applicable at the date of sentencing, in respect of their participation in this conspiracy to rob should be in the range of 6 to 11 years imprisonment, depending on the nature and extent … Continue reading Attorney Generals Reference Under Section 36 of The Criminal Justice Act 1988, Kelly and Others v Regina: CACD 30 Jun 2016

Murray v United States: 27 Jun 1988

USSC While surveilling petitioner Murray and others suspected of illegal drug activities, federal agents observed both petitioners driving vehicles into, and later out of, a warehouse, and, upon petitioners’ exit, saw that the warehouse contained a tractor-trailer rig bearing a long container.Petitioners later turned over their vehicles to other drivers, who were in turn followed … Continue reading Murray v United States: 27 Jun 1988

Allen (formerly Harris), Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: CA 15 Jul 2008

The claimant appealed against refusal of a review of the defendant to allow her compensation after her conviction for manslaughter of her infant son was quashed. Held: The conviction had been based on flawed expert evidence. Article 6(2) had no application to section 133. Hughes LJ [2008] EWCA Civ 808, [2009] 1 Cr App R … Continue reading Allen (formerly Harris), Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice: CA 15 Jul 2008

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Regina v Haimes, Attorney General’s Reference (No 79 of 2009): CACD 4 Feb 2010

The A-G sought leave to appeal against what she saw as an unduly lenient sentence. The defendant had been given six years for rape, unlawful wounding and causing criminal damage to property. Held: Leave was refused. Although his plea to the rape charge had followed the original indication for the others by 11 days, the … Continue reading Regina v Haimes, Attorney General’s Reference (No 79 of 2009): CACD 4 Feb 2010

Attorney General’s Reference (No 96 of 2009); Regina v F: CACD 11 Feb 2010

The A-G sought leave to refer as unduly lenient a sentence imposed on the defendant. The judge had written down his reasons but had not read them out in court. Held: The defendant was of low IQ and with other mental health problems. The judge had given reasons but then provided detailed reasons only in … Continue reading Attorney General’s Reference (No 96 of 2009); Regina v F: CACD 11 Feb 2010

Attorney General’s Reference (No 11 of 2006) Regina v Scarth: CACD 21 Mar 2006

The Attorney General referred the defendant’s sentence to the court as being unduly lenient. The judge had remarked as to the overcrowding of prisons. He had passed a suspended sentence of 12 months in a young offenders’ institution with 100 hours community service for possession with intent to supply of a class A drug. Held: … Continue reading Attorney General’s Reference (No 11 of 2006) Regina v Scarth: CACD 21 Mar 2006

Goodyear, Karl, Regina v: CACD 19 Apr 2005

The defendant complained that he had pleaded guilty to a charge of corruption on the basis of an indication from the judge that he would not receive a custodial sentence. Having pleaded guilty he had then been sentenced to a six months prison sentence suspended for two years. Held: It was time to move on … Continue reading Goodyear, Karl, Regina v: CACD 19 Apr 2005

Hall, Regina v (Arrorney General’s Reference No 38 of 2013): CACD 26 Jul 2013

The defendant, a prominent TV journalist had been found guilty of a series of historical assaults against young girls he met during his work. The AG now appealed against the sentence it being, he said, unduly lenient. The defendant had persisted in his virulent denials through until conviction. Held: Public denunciations of allegations can amount … Continue reading Hall, Regina v (Arrorney General’s Reference No 38 of 2013): CACD 26 Jul 2013

McMorris and Others, Regina v: CACD 2 Jul 2009

Three defendants were convicted of an horrendous rape. They were sentenced in accordance with the guidelines, but the Attorney-General appealed saying that the sentences were unduly lenient. Held: The judge had correctly applied the sentencing guidelines, but guidelines could not cover every circumstance. The case was horrifying, and a sentence of fourteen years (increased from … Continue reading McMorris and Others, Regina v: CACD 2 Jul 2009

Hughes v Regina: CACD 14 May 2009

The defendant sought leave to appeal against his sentence. The Attorney-General had already referred the sentence to the Court of Appeal which had increased the term applicable. He now sought to bring in fresh medical evidence suggesting that he should instead be subject to a hospital order. Held: The defendant had a right to appeal, … Continue reading Hughes v Regina: CACD 14 May 2009

Regina v Frank Adam Moran (Attorney General’s Reference No 25 of 2001): CACD 27 Jul 2001

The defendant pleaded guilty to making false statements, and cheating the public revenue by understating his profits as a market trader over a protracted period. The judge made a confiscation order equal to the amount of undeclared profit. On appeal, that element was set aside. The section referred to the pecuniary advantage obtained by the … Continue reading Regina v Frank Adam Moran (Attorney General’s Reference No 25 of 2001): CACD 27 Jul 2001

Director of Public Prosecutions v Jones and Lloyd: HL 4 Mar 1999

21 people protested peacefully on the verge of the A344, next to the perimeter fence at Stonehenge. Some carried banners saying ‘Never Again,’ ‘Stonehenge Campaign 10 years of Criminal Injustice’ and ‘Free Stonehenge.’ The officer in charge concluded that they constituted a ‘trespassory assembly’ and told them so. When asked to move off, many did, … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Jones and Lloyd: HL 4 Mar 1999

Regina v Lyon: CACD 12 May 2005

The defendant appealed his sentence of five years after conviction for causing grievous bodily harm. Held: Care should be taken only to place relience upon guideline cases. Particular care should be adopted when considering Attorney General’s References unless they expressed themselves to be of general application, since in those cases the court was considering principally … Continue reading Regina v Lyon: CACD 12 May 2005

Attorney-General’s Reference No 88 of 2000: CACD 2001

The Attorney General referred a sentence for inflicting grievous bodily harm in a ‘road rage’ situation. Held: The section 18 offence should have attracted a sentence of four years after a trial. Citations: [2001] EWCA Crim 68 Statutes: Offences Against the Persons Act 1861 818 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: Cited – Attorney General’s Reference … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference No 88 of 2000: CACD 2001

Attorney-General’s Reference (No 5 of 1989); Regina v Hill-Trevor: CACD 1990

The Court of Appeal should not intervene unless it was shown that there was some error of principle in the judge’s sentence, so that public confidence would be damaged if the sentence were not altered. Citations: (1990) 90 Cr App R 358 Statutes: Criminal Justice Act 1988 35 36 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No 5 of 1989); Regina v Hill-Trevor: CACD 1990

Attorney-General’s Reference (No 4 of 1989): CACD 1990

The court considered the approach to be taken by an appellate court asked to review a sentence said to be unduly lenient: ‘The first thing to be observed is that it is implicit in the section that this Court may only increase sentences which it concludes were unduly lenient. It cannot, we are confident, have … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No 4 of 1989): CACD 1990

Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis v Reeves (Joint Administratix of The Estate of Martin Lynch, Deceased): HL 15 Jul 1999

The deceased was a prisoner known to be at risk of committing suicide. Whilst in police custody he hanged himself in his prison cell. The Commissioner accepted that he was in breach of his duty of care to the deceased, but not that that breach was caustive of the death by suicide. Held: Police and … Continue reading Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis v Reeves (Joint Administratix of The Estate of Martin Lynch, Deceased): HL 15 Jul 1999

W and Another, Regina v: CACD 25 Jan 2018

application by the Attorney General under section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 for leave to refer to this court sentences which he considers to be unduly lenient. Judges: Simon LJ, Spencer J, Picton HHJ Citations: [2018] EWCA Crim 1004 Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 14 April 2022; Ref: scu.609724

Regina v Hardwick: CACD 28 Feb 2001

The judge has a discretion as to the admission of the written statement made by a witness who had died before trial. Held: The circumstances must vary, according not least to the nature of the issue on which the deceased’s evidence was required. Simple rules could not always apply, but sufficient and proper warning should … Continue reading Regina v Hardwick: CACD 28 Feb 2001

Regina on the Application of S v Waltham Forest Youth Court, The Crown Prosecution Service, The Secretary of State for the Home Department: Admn 31 Mar 2004

There was no inherent power to allow a defendant to give evidence by live link, on the ground that Parliament had sought since 1988 to provide exclusively for the circumstances in which live link might be used in a criminal trial. Judges: Lord Justice Laws Eady The Honourable Mr Justice Eady Citations: [2004] 2 Cr … Continue reading Regina on the Application of S v Waltham Forest Youth Court, The Crown Prosecution Service, The Secretary of State for the Home Department: Admn 31 Mar 2004

Cummings v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 15 Dec 2016

Appeal by way of case stated from a convicting the Appellant of three road traffic offences, including failure to provide a specimen of breath for analysis contrary to section 7(6) of the 1988 Act. The ground of appeal is that the justices wrongly acceded to the prosecution application to allow a police officer to refresh … Continue reading Cummings v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 15 Dec 2016

Roberts v Parole Board: HL 7 Jul 2005

Balancing Rights of Prisoner and Society The appellant had been convicted of the murder of three police officers in 1966. His tariff of thirty years had now long expired. He complained that material put before the Parole Board reviewing has case had not been disclosed to him. Held: The appeal failed (by a majority). The … Continue reading Roberts v Parole Board: HL 7 Jul 2005

Bhatt Murphy (a firm), Regina (on the application of) v The Independent Assessor: CA 9 Jul 2008

The appellants each challenged alterations to the scheme for compensation of the victims of miscarriages of justice. Held: Laws LJ emphasised the special nature of the promise or practice which was necessary to give rise to a substantive legitimate expectation, saying: ‘Authority shows that where a substantive expectation is to run the promise or practice … Continue reading Bhatt Murphy (a firm), Regina (on the application of) v The Independent Assessor: CA 9 Jul 2008

AN, Regina (on the Application of) v Mental Health Review Tribunal (Northern Region) and others: CA 21 Dec 2005

The appellant was detained under section 37 of the 1983 Act as a mental patient with a restriction under section 41. He sought his release. Held: The standard of proof in such applications remained the balance of probabilities, but that standard was flexible, and varied according to the seriousness of the allegation. The only misdirection … Continue reading AN, Regina (on the Application of) v Mental Health Review Tribunal (Northern Region) and others: CA 21 Dec 2005

Nolkenbockhoff v Germany: ECHR 25 Aug 1987

Hudoc Preliminary objection rejected (victim); No violation of Art. 6-2 10300/83, [1987] ECHR 21, (1991) 13 EHRR 360, (1988) 10 EHRR 163 Worldlii, Bailii Human Rights Cited by: Cited – Hallam, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice SC 30-Jan-2019 These appeals concern the statutory provisions governing the eligibility for compensation … Continue reading Nolkenbockhoff v Germany: ECHR 25 Aug 1987

Bateman and Howse, Regina (on the Application Of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 17 May 1994

The plaintiff had been convicted of several counts of receiving stolen goods and sentenced to six years’ imprisonment. He had appealed to the Court of Appeal on the ground that he had been convicted on the basis of evidence in statement form given by witnesses from New Zealand. His appeal failed. Some time later his … Continue reading Bateman and Howse, Regina (on the Application Of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 17 May 1994

Aaron v The Law Society (the Office of the Supervision of Solicitors): QBD 13 Oct 2003

The appellant challenged an order suspending him from practice as a solicitor for two years. He had previous findings of professional misconduct in failing to pay counsels’ fees. In the course of later disciplinary proceedings he was found to have misled the court as to the circumstances of a tribunal hearing when obtaining a stay. … Continue reading Aaron v The Law Society (the Office of the Supervision of Solicitors): QBD 13 Oct 2003

National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

Former HL decision in Siebe Gorman overruled The company had become insolvent. The bank had a debenture and claimed that its charge over the book debts had become a fixed charge. The preferential creditors said that the charge was a floating charge and that they took priority. Held: The appeal was allowed. The debenture, although … Continue reading National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

Redding, Regina v: CACD 29 Sep 2021

Application by Her Majesty’s Attorney General pursuant to s.36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 for leave to refer a sentence to this court upon the ground that she regards it as unduly lenient. [2021] EWCA Crim 1502 Bailii England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 07 December 2021; Ref: scu.669228

Regina v Thompson: CACD 28 Sep 2021

Application by Her Majesty’s Attorney General pursuant to s.36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 for leave to refer the sentences imposed upon the offender for review by this court as she regards the same as unduly lenient. [2021] EWCA Crim 1513 Bailii England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 30 November 2021; Ref: scu.669229

Mckeown and Others, Regina v: CANI 12 Nov 2013

Three references by the Director of Public Prosecutions under section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 in which it is submitted that unduly lenient sentences were imposed on the respondents following convictions for riotous assembly contrary to common law. Morgan LCJ, Coghlin LJ and Horner J [2013] NICA 63 Bailii Northern Ireland Criminal Sentencing … Continue reading Mckeown and Others, Regina v: CANI 12 Nov 2013

Regina v Jones (Margaret), Regina v Milling and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Domestic Offence requires Domestic Defence Each defendant sought to raise by way of defence of their otherwise criminal actions, the fact that they were attempting to prevent the commission by the government of the crime of waging an aggressive war in Iraq, and that their acts were accordingly justified in law. Held: The law on … Continue reading Regina v Jones (Margaret), Regina v Milling and others: HL 29 Mar 2006

Regina v Coutts: HL 19 Jul 2006

The defendant was convicted of murder. Evidence during the trial suggested a possibility of manslaughter, but neither the defence nor prosecution proposed the alternate verdict. The defendant now appealed saying that the judge had an independent duty to leave that option to the jury. Held: The appeal succeeded. The judge should have left a manslaughter … Continue reading Regina v Coutts: HL 19 Jul 2006

O’Neill v Her Majesty’s Advocate No 2: SC 13 Jun 2013

The appellants had been convicted of murder, it being said that they had disposed of her body at sea. They now said that the delay between being first questioned and being charged infringed their rights to a trial within a reasonable time, and questioned whether they had has an impartial judge, he having also conducted … Continue reading O’Neill v Her Majesty’s Advocate No 2: SC 13 Jun 2013

Regina v Kansal (2): HL 29 Nov 2001

The prosecutor had lead and relied at trial on evidence obtained by compulsory questioning under the 1986 Act. Held: In doing so the prosecutor was acting to give effect to section 433. The decision in Lambert to disallow retrospective effect of Human Rights decisions in appeal cases may have been incorrect, but will be followed. … Continue reading Regina v Kansal (2): HL 29 Nov 2001

Eken and Another, Regina v: CACD 16 Jul 2021

Application on behalf of the Attorney General for permission to make a Reference to this Court, under section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 (‘the 1988 Act’), on the ground that the sentences imposed on the two respondent offenders were unduly lenient. [2021] EWCA Crim 1160 Bailii England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 11 … Continue reading Eken and Another, Regina v: CACD 16 Jul 2021

Squires, Regina v: CACD 14 Jun 2019

Application by Her Majesty’s Solicitor General, under section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988, for leave to refer to this court sentences which he considers to be unduly lenient. [2019] EWCA Crim 1167 Bailii England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 11 November 2021; Ref: scu.639508

Barnaby v The Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 6 Feb 2015

Admission of hearsay evidence The defendant appealed by case stated against his conviction for assault. He said that certain evidence, a statement from the complainaint, and a recording of the 999 call, should not have been admitted as hearsay. Held: Fulford LJ said: ‘Although the court has a cardinal responsibility to ensure that a defendant … Continue reading Barnaby v The Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 6 Feb 2015

Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Taxpayer companies challenged the way that the revenue restricted claims for group Corporation Tax relief for subsidiary companies in Europe. The issue was awaiting a decision of the European Court. The Revenue said that the claims now being made by other companies should proceed through the Commissioners who could implement European law directly. The taxpayers … Continue reading Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Her Majesty’s Advocate v P: SC 6 Oct 2011

(Scotland) The appellant had been interviewed by police without being offered access to a solicitor. He complained that the interview and information obtained only through it had been used to found the prosecution. Held: The admission of the evidence may not infringe the defendant’s human rights. However, there is no absolute rule that the fruits … Continue reading Her Majesty’s Advocate v P: SC 6 Oct 2011

Ridehalgh v Horsefield; Allen v Unigate Dairies Ltd: CA 26 Jan 1994

Guidance for Wasted Costs Orders Guidance was given on the circumstances required for the making of wasted costs orders against legal advisers. A judge invited to make an order arising out of an advocate’s conduct of court proceedings must make full allowance for the fact that an advocate has to make decisions quickly and under … Continue reading Ridehalgh v Horsefield; Allen v Unigate Dairies Ltd: CA 26 Jan 1994

Scopelight Ltd and Others v Chief of Police for Northumbria: CA 5 Nov 2009

The claimant sought return of items removed by the defendants under the 1984 Act. A decision had been made against a prosecution by the police. The police wished to hold onto the items to allow a decision from the second defendant. Held: The defendant’s appeal succeeded. The offence allowed an officer to seize material found … Continue reading Scopelight Ltd and Others v Chief of Police for Northumbria: CA 5 Nov 2009

Brown v The Parole Board for Scotland, The Scottish Ministers and Another: SC 1 Nov 2017

The court was asked whether the duty under article 5 to provide prisoners with a real opportunity for rehabilitation applied to prisoners serving extended sentences. The prisoner was subject to an extended sentence, but had been released on licence and, after a breach, recalled. Having served the full original sentence, he now complained that the … Continue reading Brown v The Parole Board for Scotland, The Scottish Ministers and Another: SC 1 Nov 2017

Laporte, Regina (on the application of ) v Chief Constable of Gloucestershire: HL 13 Dec 2006

The claimants had been in coaches being driven to take part in a demonstration at an air base. The defendant police officers stopped the coaches en route, and, without allowing any number of the claimants to get off, returned the coaches to London. The officer acted saying that he feared a breach of the peace … Continue reading Laporte, Regina (on the application of ) v Chief Constable of Gloucestershire: HL 13 Dec 2006

RM v The Scottish Ministers: SC 28 Nov 2012

The pursuer was held in a secure mental hospital. When moved to a highersecurity section, he challenged the move. He lost but then was unable to make an apeal as allowed iunder the 2003 Act because the Scottish Parliament had not created the appropriate Regulations. Held: The appeal succeeded: ‘the Ministers’ failure to exercise their … Continue reading RM v The Scottish Ministers: SC 28 Nov 2012

Regina v Sectretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Razgar etc: HL 17 Jun 2004

The claimant resisted removal after failure of his claim for asylum, saying that this would have serious adverse consequences to his mental health, infringing his rights under article 8. He appealed the respondent’s certificate that his claim was manifestly unfounded. Held: Mental health was part of the respect for private life protected by article 8. … Continue reading Regina v Sectretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Razgar etc: HL 17 Jun 2004

AB and others v Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust: QBD 26 Mar 2004

Representative claims were made against the respondents, hospitals, pathologists etc with regard to the removal of organs from deceased children without the informed consent of the parents. They claimed under the tort of wrongful interference.