North Western Salt Co Ltd v Electrolytic Alkali Co Ltd: CA 1913

A restrictive agreement was challenged. Held (majority): the agreement was in restraint of trade, and so unenforceable, despite the defendants’ failure to plead this defence. Farwell LJ said: ‘In the present case, no circumstances in my opinion could justify such a contract made for the mere purpose of raising prices, with the inseparable incident of depriving the members of the public of the choice of manufacturers, while hoodwinking them into the belief that such choice is open to them.’


[1913] 3 KB 422


England and Wales

Cited by:

Appeal fromNorth Western Salt Co Ltd v Electrolytic Alkali Co Ltd HL 1914
Appeal allowed. The onus of demonstrating that a restraint is reasonable as between the interested parties is on the party alleging it to be so. The Court should be slow to strike down clauses freely negotiated between parties of equal bargaining . .
CitedNorris v United States of America and others HL 12-Mar-2008
The detainee appealed an order for extradition to the USA, saying that the offence (price-fixing) was not one known to English common law. The USA sought his extradition under the provisions of the Sherman Act.
Held: It was not, and it would . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.


Updated: 12 April 2022; Ref: scu.270734