Mangold v Helm: ECJ 22 Nov 2005

ECJ Grand Chamber – Directive 1999/70/EC – Clauses 2, 5 and 8 of the Framework Agreement on fixed-term work – Directive 2000/78/EC – Article 6 – Equal treatment as regards employment and occupation – Age discrimination.
A provision of German labour law excluding protection for short term contracts for those who were over 52 when they were entered into was an unjustified breach of the principle of proportionality. ‘Observation of the principle of proportionality requires every derogation from an individual right to reconcile so far as is possible the requirements of the principle of equal treatment with those of the aim pursued (see to that effect Lommers paragraph 39).’


ECLI:EU:C:2005:709, [2005] EUECJ C-144/04, [2006] IRLR 143, [2005] ECR I-9981, [2006] 1 CMLR 43, [2006] All ER (EC) 383




Directive 2000/78/EC 6, Directive 1999/70/EC 2 5 8



Cited by:

CitedAzmi v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council EAT 30-Mar-2007
The claimant alleged discrimination. As a teaching assistant, she had been refused permission to wear a veil when assisting a male teacher.
Held: Direct discrimination had not been shown. The respondent had shown that any comparator would have . .
CitedPaterson v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis EAT 23-Jul-2007
A police officer was found by the Tribunal to be significantly disadvantaged compared with his peers when carrying out examinations for promotion. Nonetheless, the Tribunal held that he . .
CitedAge UK, Regina (On the Application of) v Attorney General Admn 25-Sep-2009
Age UK challenged the implementation by the UK of the Directive insofar as it established a default retirement age (DRA) at 65.
Held: The claim failed. The decision to adopt a DRA was not a disproportionate way of giving effect to the social . .
CitedX v Mid Sussex Citizens Advice Bureau and Another SC 12-Dec-2012
The appellant was disabled, had legal qualifications, and worked with the respondent as a volunteer. She had sought assistance under the Disability Discrimination Act, now the 2012 Act, saying that she counted as a worker. The tribunal and CA had . .
CitedChester, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Justice SC 16-Oct-2013
The two applicants were serving life sentences for murder. Each sought damages for the unlawful withdrawal of their rights to vote in elections, and the failure of the British parliament to take steps to comply with the judgment.
Held: The . .
CitedThe United States of America v Nolan SC 21-Oct-2015
Mrs Nolan had been employed at a US airbase. When it closed, and she was made redundant, she complained that the appellant had not consulted properly on the redundancies. The US denied that it had responsibility to consult, and now appealed.
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.


Updated: 04 July 2022; Ref: scu.235248