Click the case name for better results:

North Wales Training and Enterprise Council Ltd v Astley and others: HL 21 Jun 2006

Civil servants had been transferred to a private company. At first they worked under secondment from the civil service. They asserted that they had protection under TUPE and the Acquired Rights Directive. The respondent said that there had only been a transfer over time, so as to diminish their periods of continuous employment. The matter … Continue reading North Wales Training and Enterprise Council Ltd v Astley and others: HL 21 Jun 2006

Wilson and Others v St Helens Borough Council; Meade and Another v British Fuels Ltd: HL 29 Oct 1998

The House faced two questions regarding the protection given by the Regulations: ‘whether the dismissed employee can compel the transferee to employ him or whether he is given the right to enforce as against the transferee such remedies under national law as he could have enforced against the transferor.’ and ‘whether, if despite dismissal they … Continue reading Wilson and Others v St Helens Borough Council; Meade and Another v British Fuels Ltd: HL 29 Oct 1998

Hassard v Mc Grath and Others: CANI 1996

Before the alleged transfer, the undertaking of general building work operations, was carried on by the Northern Ireland Housing Executive through its Direct Labour Organisation then divided into four districts. The employee worked in two units then contracted out to two separate building contractors. In unfair dismissal proceedings it was asked whether there had been … Continue reading Hassard v Mc Grath and Others: CANI 1996

Liskojarvi and Another v Oy Liikenne Ab: ECJ 25 Jan 2001

There is an inherent conflict between the need to promote freedom of competition, and the need to restrict competition to promote continuity of employment. The transfer of undertakings regulations must apply to the re-allocation of public service contracts. The absence of any direct contractual connection between the transferor and transferee of a contract was important … Continue reading Liskojarvi and Another v Oy Liikenne Ab: ECJ 25 Jan 2001

Merckx and Neuhuys v Ford Motors Company Belgium (Rec 1996,p I-1253) (Judgment): ECJ 7 Mar 1996

Salesmen were transferred to a new dealership at a different workplace without any guarantee as to client base or sales figures, so that there was potential for an adverse impact on commission. Held: All these components were ‘working conditions’. The change was substantial because it was a change in remuneration. Citations: C-171/94, [1996] EUECJ C-171/94, … Continue reading Merckx and Neuhuys v Ford Motors Company Belgium (Rec 1996,p I-1253) (Judgment): ECJ 7 Mar 1996

Commission v United Kingdom (Judgment): ECJ 8 Jun 1994

ECJ Despite the limited character of the harmonization of rules in respect of collective redundancies which Directive 75/129 was intended to bring about, national rules which, by not providing for a system for the designation of workers’ representatives in an undertaking where an employer refuses to recognize such representatives, allow an employer to frustrate the … Continue reading Commission v United Kingdom (Judgment): ECJ 8 Jun 1994

ADI (UK) Limited v Firm Security Group Limited: CA 22 Jun 2001

ADI appealed against a decision that, when they took over a services contract, there had been a transfer within the Regulations. Held: Though no assets tangible or otherwise, had been transferred, this was a contract to provide services at a location and in circumstances, and the EAT found an economic entity. The state of the … Continue reading ADI (UK) Limited v Firm Security Group Limited: CA 22 Jun 2001

Allen and Others v Amalgamated Construction Co Ltd: ECJ 10 Dec 1999

The European rules protecting employees rights on the transfer of undertakings operated also when employees when employees were transferred between two separate companies which were subsidiaries of another. They were legally distinct employers, even though some management was common within the group. Citations: Times 10-Dec-1999, [2000] ICR 436, C-234/98, [2000] IRLR 119, [1999] EUECJ C-234/98 … Continue reading Allen and Others v Amalgamated Construction Co Ltd: ECJ 10 Dec 1999

Celtec Limited v Astley and others: HL 10 Nov 2003

The employments of civil servants had been transferred to the defendant company. There had been some delay between their resignations and the new arrangements. The employee claimed the protection of the directive, saying that there had been a transfer of an undertaking, with employees, premises and database. It was said that the Regulations failed properly … Continue reading Celtec Limited v Astley and others: HL 10 Nov 2003

Suzen v Zehnacker Gebaudereinigung Krankenhausservice (Judgment): ECJ 11 Mar 1997

A transfer of a contract to provide business services, without the transfer of significant assets was not a transfer of an undertaking within the Directive. Nevertheless the transfer of tangible assets was only one factor among several. Times 26-Mar-1997, C-13/95, [1997] IRLR 255, [1997] EUECJ C-13/95, [1997] ICR 662 Bailii Council Directive 77/187/EEC European Cited … Continue reading Suzen v Zehnacker Gebaudereinigung Krankenhausservice (Judgment): ECJ 11 Mar 1997

Parkwood Leisure Ltd v Alemo-Herron and 23 Others: CA 29 Jan 2010

The employees asserted unauthorised deductions from their wages. The company appealed against an order re-instating their claims. When employed by the council, the claimants had the right to pay increases in accordance with rates set by national negotiations, and claimed the benefit of increases negotiated after they had been transferred to the appellant. The employer … Continue reading Parkwood Leisure Ltd v Alemo-Herron and 23 Others: CA 29 Jan 2010

Berg And Busschers v Besselsen: ECJ 5 May 1988

Europa Social Policy – Article 3(1) of Directive 77/187/EEC which concerns the safeguarding of employees’ rights in the event of transfers of undertakings must be interpreted as meaning that after the date of transfer, and by virtue of the transfer alone, the transferor is discharged from all obligations arising under the contract or the employment … Continue reading Berg And Busschers v Besselsen: ECJ 5 May 1988

The United States of America v Nolan: SC 21 Oct 2015

Mrs Nolan had been employed at a US airbase. When it closed, and she was made redundant, she complained that the appellant had not consulted properly on the redundancies. The US denied that it had responsibility to consult, and now appealed. Held: The appeal failed (Lord Carnworth dissenting). That the exact situation might not have … Continue reading The United States of America v Nolan: SC 21 Oct 2015

J Astley and others v Celtec Ltd: CA 19 Jul 2002

Civil servants had been transferred to Training and Enterprise Councils in 1990, and resigned from the Civil Service in 1993. They appealed a decision that there had not been a transfer of an undertaking, and that they had continuity of employment. Held: The tribunal had focused on the date of transfer. Looking at the Directive … Continue reading J Astley and others v Celtec Ltd: CA 19 Jul 2002

Rotsart de Hertaing v Benoidt and IGC Housing Service (In Liquidation) and Another: ECJ 14 Nov 1996

ECJ Safeguarding of employees’ rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, businesses or parts of businesses – Transfer to the transferee of the rights and obligations arising from a contract of employment – Date of transfer. Citations: Times 25-Nov-1996, [1997] IRLR 127, C-305/94, [1996] EUECJ C-305/94 Links: Bailii Statutes: EC Directive 77/187/EEC Cited by: … Continue reading Rotsart de Hertaing v Benoidt and IGC Housing Service (In Liquidation) and Another: ECJ 14 Nov 1996

Comitu Central d’Entreprise de la SA Vittel and Comitu d’Etablissement de Pierval v Commission of the European Communities: ECFI 6 Jul 1993

ECFI Where the effect of suspending the operation of a Commission decision authorizing, at the request of employees’ representative bodies in some of the undertakings concerned, a concentration between undertakings pursuant to Regulation No 4064/89 would be to suspend the authorization granted throughout the course of the proceedings before the Court, and where the effect … Continue reading Comitu Central d’Entreprise de la SA Vittel and Comitu d’Etablissement de Pierval v Commission of the European Communities: ECFI 6 Jul 1993

Celtec Limited v John Astley Julie Owens, Deborah Lynn Hawkes: EAT 5 Oct 2001

The employer appealed a finding that there had been continuity of employment between itself and a previous employer. The employees had sought a statement as to their terms of employment. The employer was a training and enterprise council, to whom the employees had first been seconded from the Department of Employment. There was an unresolved … Continue reading Celtec Limited v John Astley Julie Owens, Deborah Lynn Hawkes: EAT 5 Oct 2001