The Western Bank of Scotland v Addie: HL 1867

Rescission of a share purchase agreement was sought on the grounds of fraudulent misrepresentation.
Held: Lord Cranworth said: ‘Relief under the first head, which is what in Scotland is designated restitutio in integrum, can only be had where the party seeking it is able to put those against whom it is asked in the same situation in which they stood when the contract was entered into. Indeed, this is necessarily to be inferred from the very expression, restitutio in integrum; and the same doctrine is well understood and constantly acted on in England.’
Lord Blackburn said: ‘a Court of Equity could not give damages, and, unless it can rescind the contract, can give no relief. And, on the other hand, it can take accounts of profits, and make allowance for deterioration. And I think the practice has always been for a Court of Equity to give this relief whenever, by the exercise of its powers, it can do what is practically just, though it cannot restore the parties precisely to the state they were in before the contract.’


Lord Cranworth, Lord Blackburn


(1867) 1 LR Scotch Appeals 145



Cited by:

CitedHalpern and Another v Halpern and others ComC 4-Jul-2006
The court considered whether a party can avoid a contract procured by duress in circumstances where he cannot offer the other party substantial restitutio in integrum.
Held: Unless the claimant could offer counter-restitution, the remedy of . .
CitedHalpern and others v Halpern and Another (No 2) CA 3-Apr-2007
The parties had settled by compromise a dispute about the implementation of a will before the Beth Din. It was now said that the compromise agreement had been entered into under duress and was unenforceable. The defendant said that rescission could . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Contract, Equity

Updated: 12 April 2022; Ref: scu.244660