The Prime Minister of Belize, The Attorney General of Belize v Vellos, Dawson and Others: PC 24 Mar 2010

(Belize) Challenge was made to an Act removing certain constititutional rights which Act was passed without a referendum. The Act amending the constitution to require further amendments to follow a referendum did not itself follow the constitutional requirements.
Held: While the obligation to hold a Part II referendum would necessarily be triggered by some stage of the amendment of the Constitution Act, it was possible, as a matter of law, to treat the two processes as independent, so that the process of amending the Constitution Act could proceed in the normal way, whether or not a referendum was held and regardless of its result . . Under the Referendum Act the incentive to comply with the obligation to hold a Part II referendum lay in the political fall-out that would follow disregard of that obligation and the effect of proceedings such as those brought by the respondents in this case. The obligation was, of course, one which in an appropriate case could be enforced by proceedings for judicial review. The obligation did not, however, impose a legal fetter on the legislative process.


Lord Phillips, Lady Hale, Lord Mance, Lord Collins, Lord Clarke


[2010] UKPC 7




CitedIndependent Jamaica Council for Human Rights (1998) Ltd and others v Marshall-Burnett and Another PC 3-Feb-2005
(Jamaica) A bill was presented to the Jamaican parliament to transfer the appellate jurisdiction from the Board of the Privy Council to the Caribbean Court of Justice.
Held: Whilst there was a duty to recognise and respect alternate courts, . .

Cited by:

CitedMarshall and Others v Deputy Governor of Bermuda and Others PC 24-May-2010
(Bermuda) The claimants challenged their recruitment by conscription to the Bermuda Regiment on several different grounds. The issues now were whether conscription was lawful only where volunters were insufficient, and whether the acceptance of . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Commonwealth, Constitutional

Updated: 16 August 2022; Ref: scu.406176