State Trading Corporation of India Ltd v M Golodetz Ltd: CA 1989

Kerr LJ said: ‘What is commonly referred to as an acceptance of a repudiation must be communicated to the party in breach or at least overtly evinced. . An unequivocal act which is inconsistent with the subsistence of the contract may be sufficient, without any concurrent manifestation of intent directed to the other party. But saying and doing nothing at all, other than a continuing failure to perform, cannot constitute an acceptance of a repudiation even if the grounds for such an acceptance then exist. Such conduct would be equivocal and equally consistent with a decision not to exercise the right to treat the contract as repudiated.’ and
‘Thus, the correct analysis of a breach of warranty in the insurance contract may be that, upon the true construction of the contract, the consequence of the breach is that the cover ceases to be applicable unless the insurer subsequently affirms the contract, rather than to treat the occurrence of a breach of the contract by the insured which the insurer subsequently accepts as a wrongful repudiation.’


Kerr, LLoyd, Butler Sloss LJJ


[1989] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 277


England and Wales

Cited by:

CitedVitol Sa v Norelf Ltd (‘the Santa Cara’) CA 26-May-1995
The parties agreed to buy and sell molasses to be delivered on the Santa Clara which was set to leave on a certain date. The market was falling, and when the buyer saw that the ship would not be ready in time, it sent a telex saying that this was a . .
Went too farVitol Sa v Norelf Ltd HL 10-Jul-1996
(The Santa Clara) The seller was to deliver propane by a ship set to leave on a certain date. The market was falling. The buyer, when it was clear that the ship would be unable to leave on the day fixed, sent a telex to say that the contract was . .
CitedBank of Nova Scotia v Hellenic Mutual War Risks Association (Bermuda) Ltd (The Good Luck) HL 1992
The effect of breach of an insurance warranty is automatic, rather than dependant on any acceptance or election.
Lord Goff of Chieveley said: ‘So it is laid down in section 33(3) that, subject to any express provision in the policy, the insurer . .
CitedGold Group Properties Ltd v BDW Trading Ltd TCC 3-Mar-2010
The parties had contracted for the construction of an estate of houses and flats to be followed by the interim purchase by the defendants. The defendants argued that the slump in land prices frustrated the contract and that they should not be called . .
CitedGisda Cyf v Barratt SC 13-Oct-2010
The parties disputed the effective date of termination of the claimant’s employment. Was it the date on which the letter notifying her was sent, or was it on the day she received it. She had been dimissed without notice, and the date was the date on . .
CitedLidl UK Gmbh v Hertford Foods Ltd and Another CA 20-Jun-2001
The respondent had contracted to supply tinned corned beef to the appellant, but had become unable to fulfil the orders because of industrial action in Brazil. The appellant had purchased supplies elsewhere and set off the cost of that against the . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.


Updated: 23 June 2022; Ref: scu.266198