Secic v Croatia: ECHR 31 May 2007

The applicant had been attacked and beaten by skinheads shouting racial abuse. He complained that as a Roma, the police had failed through race discrimination properly to investigate his complaint.
Held: The court repeated the statement that article 3 may give rise to a positive obligation to conduct an official investigation. The obligation on the state to conduct an official investigation is one of means, not result
This was not, in principle, limited to cases of ill-treatment by state agents. The court said: ‘ . . the court reiterates that the scope of the . . obligation by the state is one of means, not of result; the authorities must have taken all reasonable steps available to them to secure the evidence concerning the incident. A requirement of promptness and reasonable expedition of the investigation is implicit in this context.’


40116/02, [2007] ECHR 1159, (2007) 23 BHRC 24, (2009) 49 EHRR 18




European Convention on Human Rights


Human Rights


CitedYasa v Turkey ECHR 2-Sep-1998
Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (victim); Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); No violation of Art. 2; Violation of Art. 2 (effective investigation); . .
CitedMenson v United Kingdom ECHR 6-May-2003
There had been a racist attack. The victim was set on fire and killed in the street by assailants. His relatives sought compensation. However the assailants were not agents of the state and they were duly prosecuted, convicted and sentenced. No . .

Cited by:

CitedRe E (A Child); E v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary and Another (Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission and others intervening) HL 12-Nov-2008
(Northern Ireland) Children had been taken to school in the face of vehement protests from Loyalists. The parents complained that the police had failed to protect them properly, since the behaviour was so bad as to amount to inhuman or degrading . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Human Rights

Updated: 19 July 2022; Ref: scu.277876