Various applications were made in the insolvency, including for removal of the liquidators and declarations that certain payments were a fraudulent preference on the creditors.
Held: No prejudice had been shown by any procedural irregularity. Other creditors should be able to see that there is a proper investigation of relevant matters relating to inter-company transfers, and the matter should be allowed to proceed. The liquidators had acted in a surprising way in a tactical battle with the applicants, whose loss of confidence in the liquidators was understandable. Proceedings for disqualification orders had been discontinued, but the liquidators persisted in their assertion of an unlawful preference. The costs unreasonably incurred by the liquidators had swallowed all the assets. The liquidators should be removed.
Etherton, The Honourable Mr Justice Etherton
 EWHC 2443 (Ch)
England and Wales
Cited – In re Keypak Homecare Ltd ChD 1987
The court considered an application under section 108 to remove the liquidator, and reviewed the case law on the topic: ‘The section authorises the court to remove the liquidator ‘on cause shown’. That is not the same as saying ‘if the court shall . .
Cited – Buchler and another (as joint liquidators of Leyland DAF Limited) v Talbot and another (as joint administrative receivers of Leyland DAF Limited) and Stichting Ofasec and others HL 4-Mar-2004
The liquidator sought to recover his expenses from assets charged under a floating charge in priority to the chargee.
Held: Barleycorn was decided in error. The liquidators costs incurred in an insolvent winding up were not to be charged . .
Cited – Siebe Gorman and Co Ltd v Barclays Bank Ltd ChD 1979
It was possible to create a fixed charge over present and future book debts and on its true construction, the debenture granted to Barclays Bank Ltd in this case had done so. If the chargor of book debts, having collected the book debts, ‘[had] had . .
Cited – National Westminster Bank Plc v Spectrum Plus Ltd; In re Spectrum Plus CA 26-May-2004
The court was asked whether a charge given over book debts in a debenture was floating or fixed.
Held: Since the charge asserted some control over receipt of the payments, it was a fixed charge. Upon payment into the account, title to the . .
Cited – Agnew and Kevin James Bearsley v The Commissioner of Inland Revenue, and Official Assignee for the Estate In Bankruptcy of Bruce William Birtwhistle and Mark Leslie Birtwhistle PC 5-Jun-2001
(New Zealand) A charge had been given by a company over its book debts. The charge was expressed to create a fixed charge over debts uncollected when a receiver was appointed, so that on collection they became payable to the bank. Until the receiver . .
Cited – In re Brightlife Ltd ChD 1987
Parties contractual freedom to be respected
A clause in a debenture gave a charge which provided that the chargor should not: ‘deal with its book or other debts or securities for money otherwise than in the ordinary course of getting in and realising the same which expression shall not . .
Cited – In Re Keenan Bros Ltd 1986
(Supreme Court of the Republic of Ireland) A debenture conferred a fixed charge on book debts. It specifically provided that withdrawals from the account to which the proceeds of the book debts had to be credited might only be made with the prior . .
Cited – Re Ledingham-Smith ChD 1993
The bankrupt’s accountants had been paid their fees by standing order. Arrears mounted and the sum was increased. On the bankruptcy, the trustee sought to recover the increased payment. The court considered whether they had been given a preference. . .
Cited – Farah and Others v Home Office, British Airways Plc and Another CA 6-Dec-1999
The applicants claimed in negligence against the Home Office after its advisers had wrongly advised the first defendants that the claimants’ travel documents were not valid. The claim was struck out, and the claimants appealed. The strike out was . .
Cited – Re Continental Assurance Co of London plc (No.2) 1988
Directors of a company in creditors’ voluntary liquidation sought to strike out an application by the liquidators seeking relief against them for wrongful trading and breach of fiduciary duty. They asserted that the liquidators’ application was . .
Cited – Re Bullard and Taplin Ltd ChD 1996
Tne question of whether there was at any time ‘pending court proceedings’ was answered by asking if there existed a court file. The section empowered a court itself to appoint another trustee in bankruptcy. Section 41 of the 1984 Act could be used . .
Cited – Marseilles Extension Rly and Land Co 1867
The court considered the circumstances when a liquidator could be removed. The words ‘due cause’ did not require anything amounting to misconduct or personal unfitness. It was sufficient if it could be shown that it was on the whole desirable that a . .
Approved – Re Adam Eyton Ltd CA 7-Jul-1887
In considering the removal of a liquidator, the court referred to the John Moore Gold case: ‘In my opinion, although of course unfitness discovered in a particular person would be a ground for removing him, yet the power of removal is not confined . .
Cited – Re Sir John Moore Gold Mining Co CA 1879
The court considered an appeal against an order removing the liquidator: ‘I should say that, as a general rule, [the words ‘on cause shown’] point to some unfitness of the person – it may be from personal character, or from his connection with other . .
Cited – Shepheard v Lamey ChD 2001
An application was made for the removal of a liquidator: ‘After all, all that one has to find is some good cause why a person should not continue as a liquidator. You do not have to prove everything in sight; you do not have to prove, for example, . .
Cited – In Re Edennote Ltd; Tottenham Hotspur plc v Ryman CA 21-May-1996
The company was in liquidation. Terence Venables, who had owned the shares, had taken an assignment of a cause of action against the football club. The court had set aside that assignment, and removed the liquidator. Venables now appealed saying . .
Cited – AMP Enterprises Ltd v Hoffman and Another ChD 25-Jul-2002
A creditor sought an order to replace the company liquidator.
Held: Such orders were discretionary, but courts should not grant them too readily. It was for the applicant to show good reason for the order. The circumstances would vary widely, . .
These lists may be incomplete.
Updated: 29 December 2020; Ref: scu.200507