Judge v Crown Leisure Ltd: CA 21 Apr 2005

The claimant appealed against dismissal at the ET and EAT of his claim for constructive dismissal. The court considered whether the employer had made a promise to the employee.
Held: Smith LJ said: ‘In my view, with respect, [the claimant’s counsel] has misunderstood the ET’s decision. The Tribunal did not hold that there was no intention to create legal relations. Indeed, in my view, that question never arose. These two men were employer and employee; in effect, legal relations already existed between them. If words had been uttered that were capable of amounting to a contractual promise, it could not sensibly have been suggested that there was no intention to create legal relations.’


Smith LJ, Sir Martin Nourse and Mummery LJ


[2005] EWCA Civ 571, [2005] IRLR 823




England and Wales


Appeal fromJudge v Crown Leisure Limited EAT 28-Sep-2004
EAT The ET correctly found that a conversation between the Applicant and his manager at the office Christmas dance did not amount to an enforceable promise to increase pay, but were words of comfort. The claimant . .
CitedEdwards v Skyways Ltd QBD 1964
There had been a negotiation between representatives of the British Airline Pilots Association and the airline company regarding pension rights of pilots who were made redundant. The company contended that the representation made by it in the course . .

Cited by:

CitedParties Named In Schedule A v Dresdner Kleinwort Ltd and Another QBD 28-May-2010
The defendant merchant banks resisted two group claims for annual bonuses for 2008 made by the employee claimants. They now sought summary judgment against the claims. The employer had declared a guaranteed minimum bonus pool available to make the . .
CitedDresdner Kleinwort Ltd and Another v Attrill and Others CA 26-Apr-2013
The bank appealed against judgment against it on claims by former senior employees for contractual discretionary bonuses.
Held: The appeal failed. The bank’s unilateral promise made within the context of an existing employment relationship to . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Employment, Contract

Updated: 30 June 2022; Ref: scu.226052