Application to vary a freezing order made on a without notice application.
Held: Lewison J set out the proper approach at para. 6 by setting out the four questions which should be addressed: ‘(1) does the claimant have an arguable proprietary claim to the funds in issue?
(2) if yes, does the defendant have arguable grounds for denying that claim?
(3) if yes, has the defendant demonstrated that without the release of the funds in issue he cannot effectively defend the proceedings (or, it may be added, meet his legitimate living expenses)?
(4) if yes, where does the balance of justice lie as between, on the one hand, permitting the defendant to expend funds which might belong to the claimant and, on the other hand, refusing to allow the defendant to expend funds which might belong to it?’
 EWHC 161 (Ch)
England and Wales
See Also – Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd and Others ChD 14-Dec-2010
An application was made under Part 3.1(7) to vary an earlier final order made by the judge after a trial, on the application of the wife of one of the defendants whose potential interest in funds subject to the judge’s order had been overlooked by . .
See Also – Independent Trustee Services Ltd v GP Noble Trustees Ltd and Others CA 28-Feb-2012
Lloyd LJ said: ‘a transferee of the legal title to property under a disposition made in breach of trust, or a successor in title to such a person, does not have the beneficial title to the property, which remains held on the original trusts, unless . .
Cited – XX and Others v YY and Others ChD 2-Jul-2021
The first defendant applies for an order that the claimants are not entitled to pursue legal action against his lawyers in respect of funds over which the claimants claim a proprietary interest and paid to the first defendant’s lawyers as legal fees . .
Cited – Marino v FM Capital Partners Ltd CA 2016
The test for proprietary injunctions the courts impose a stricter test on defendants wishing to use assets falling within the scope of the injunction to pay legal fees. . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.
Updated: 30 October 2021; Ref: scu.347016