Goods contracted to be sold and delivered ‘free on board,’ to be paid for by cash or bills, at the option of the purchasers, were delivered on board, and receipts taken from the mate by the lighterman, employed by the sellers, who handed the same over to them. The sellers apprized the purchasers of the delivery, who elected to pay for the goods by a bill, which the sellers having drawn, was duly accepted by the purchasers. The sellers retained the mate’s receipts for the goods, but the master signed the bill of lading in the purchasers’ names, who, while the bill they accepted was running, became insolvent. In such circumstances, held by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (reversing the verdict and judgment of the Supreme Court at Bombay), that trover would not lie for the goods, for that on their delivery on board the vessel, they were no longer in transitu, so as to be stopped by the sellers; and that the retention of the receipts by the sellers was immaterial, as after their election to be paid by a bill, the receipts of the mate were not essential to the transaction between the seller and purchaser.
 EngR 1007, (1845) 3 Moo Ind App 422, (1845) 18 ER 560
England and Wales
Updated: 24 August 2021; Ref: scu.304149