Castle v Cross: 1984

First-hand evidence, in this case, a print-out from a device, of what is displayed or recorded on a mechanical measuring device is real evidence admissible at common law.
‘In the absence of evidence to the contrary, the courts will presume that [mechanical instruments] were in order at the material time’.


[1984] 1 WLR 1372, [1985] 1 All ER 87


England and Wales


AppliedSapporo Maru (Owners) v Statue of Liberty (Owners); The Statue of Liberty HL 1968
There had been a collision between two ships. The plaintiff sought to have admitted in evidence a film of radar echoes recorded by a shore radio station. The defendants argued that evidence produced mechanically and without human intervention was . .

Cited by:

CitedDirector of Public Prosecutions v McKeown and Jones HL 20-Feb-1997
A driver was arrested for driving with excess alcohol. At the police station, he was to be tested with the Lion Intoximeter. The officer tested the machine and it calibrated correctly. This was at about a quarter after midnight; the sergeant’s watch . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.


Updated: 25 November 2022; Ref: scu.192206