(External relations) Article 234 EC (ex-Article 177) – EEA Agreement – Jurisdiction of the Court of Justice – Accession to the European Union – Directive 80/987/EEC – Liability of a State
Advocate General Jacobs said: ‘Retroactive effect consists in the application of the rule to situations which were permanently fixed before that rule came into force. Immediate effect, which, in principle, works likewise according to the principle tempus regit actum, consists in applying the rule to situations which are continuing.’
Advocate General Jacobs
 ECR I-3551, C-321/97,  EUECJ C-321/97,  2 CMLR 191
Cited – Walker v Innospec Ltd and Others SC 12-Jul-2017
The claimant appealed against refusal of his employer’s pension scheme trustees to include as a recipient of any death benefit his male civil partner.
Held: The appeal succeeded. The salary paid to Mr Walker throughout his working life was . .
These lists may be incomplete.
Updated: 24 February 2021; Ref: scu.162226