Europa European Communities – Institutions – Obligations – Duty to cooperate with national authorities acting to ensure respect for Community law – Implementation – Disclosure of documents and authorization of officials to give evidence – Legitimate grounds of refusal – Review by the Court The Community institutions’ duty of sincere cooperation with the judicial authorities … Continue reading Criminal Proceedings Against Zwartveld and Others: ECJ 13 Jul 1990
Issues arose as to a new planning permission for two existing hangars. Held: The appeal succeeded. The question of the validity of conditions attached to planning permissions will sometimes be a difficult one. To be valid, a condition must be imposed for a planning purpose and not for an ulterior one; it must fairly and … Continue reading Newbury District Council v Secretary of State for the Environment: HL 1980
The defendant company did not accept that it had accepted special waste at its disposal plant. Instead they claimed to have the appropriate licence or exemption. Held: The burden of establishing acceptance of special waste was not on the defendant ,on a balance of probabilities, but lay on the prosecution. In effect he was claiming … Continue reading Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors ltd and Another: QBD 18 Jan 2002
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Although in this particular section, the agent collecting a rack rent, was not named as being a person upon whom a nuisance notice could be served, the undefined item should be construed to be consistent with the whole series of Acts of which it formed part, and where the term was so defined. Citations: Times … Continue reading London Borough of Camden v Gunby: Admn 5 Jul 1999
A watercourse for the purpose of the Act was only a limited area of water and could not include a river or an estuary. An authority serving an abatement notice in respect of sewerage discharges, was not under a duty to consult first with the water company, but should do so if it had raised … Continue reading Falmouth and Truro Health Authority v South West Water Services: Admn 23 Apr 1999
The authority appealed the dismissal of a charge against the defendant rabbi on six counts of nuisance for noise of shouting clapping and stamping emanating from the synagogue to the annoyance of a neighbour. Held: The court was not obliged to accept the evidence of a witness, and did not have to accept that of … Continue reading Hackney London Borough Council v Rottenberg: QBD 24 Jan 2007
The local authority issued a noise nuisance abatement notice. By the time the matter came to the court, the nuisance had been abated. Held: The background situation justifying the issue of a nuisance abatement notice was to be assessed at the date at which it was issued, and not at the later date of a … Continue reading Surrey Free Inns Plc v Gosport Borough Council: Admn 28 Jan 1998
An abatement notice requiring works to be carried out must state clearly what works are required or considered necessary. There was an imminent danger of the collapse onto some cottages of a rockface and wall where the notice was addressed to the respondents as owners of the rockface and wall and simply required them to … Continue reading Kirklees Metropolitan Council v Field; Thackray; Marsh and Wilson: Admn 31 Oct 1997
Nuisance abatement notice must state whether nuisance alleged is contrary to public health or common law.Appeal against enforcement notice for ‘the crowing of cockerels and the chorus of waterfowl.’ Citations: Times 18-Nov-1997,  EWHC Admin 639 Links: Bailii Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 80 Environment Updated: 26 May 2022; Ref: scu.137584
Citations:  EWHC Admin 145 Links: Bailii Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 80 Nuisance, Magistrates, Costs Updated: 25 May 2022; Ref: scu.137090
The claimant sought judicial review of the decision to serve an abatement notice in respect of premises where the normal noise incidents of living were heard in neighbouring flats, which notices were to be abated by noise insulation. Held: The contention that a lack of adequate sound insulation can cause premises to be in such … Continue reading Vella v London Borough of Lambeth: Admn 14 Nov 2005
The local authority served a noise nuisance abatement notice upon the respondents regarding their plant room. The notice required abatement and a non-repetition. The notice was not specific as to the works required to be undertaken. It was held that the notice was indeed insufficiently specific. Although it was possible to add to the notice … Continue reading Camden London Borough Council v London Underground Ltd: QBD 7 Jan 2000
The local authority served notices for noise abatement, requiring the land owners to install sound limiting devices. The owners claimed that the terms of the notice were ultra vires in requiring them to allow entrance to the authority’s officers, and were uncertain in their requirements. Held: The notices required a step to be taken within … Continue reading Lambie and Another v Thanet District Council: QBD 17 Aug 2000
Appeal by case stated by the London Borough of Hackney against the decision of the Crown Court at Southwark to allow an appeal against conviction for six offences of breach of an enforcement notice: ‘Each of the six informations charged the respondent that without reasonable excuse he failed to comply with the abatement notice which … Continue reading London Borough of Hackney, Regina (on the Application Of) v Rottenberg: Admn 24 Jan 2007
It is the responsibility of the prosecution to disprove the existence of reasonable excuse for non-compliance once a defence raised. Times 19-Nov-1997,  EWHC Admin 885 Environmental Protection Act 1990 80(4) 80(6) England and Wales Citing: See Also – Polychronakis Chief Legal and Property Officer for and on Behalf of Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council v … Continue reading Polychronakis v Richards and Jerrom Limited: Admn 16 Oct 1997
 EWHC 1184 (Admin) Bailii Environmental Protection Act 1990 80 England and Wales Criminal Practice, Environment Updated: 21 December 2021; Ref: scu.185339
A Local Authority failed in its duty by only observing rather than acting upon pollution of local beaches. . .
When considering the facts of a notice served under the Act, the court must look to the situation at the time when the notice is served, and not at the time when the case or appeal came to be heard. The previous Act used different wordings. . .
A nuisance notice, requiring a householder to remove a nuisance caused by barking dogs, need not specify the manner in which the nuisance was to be abated, or the degree of reduction which would be acceptable. There was no necessary implication that . .
A young man was injured in a motor-cycle accident and was taken to the defendant’s hospital. His father attended to him at his bedside for fourteen days, watching him deteriorate in health, fall into a coma and die. The father alleged that the staff . .
The company appealed a notice requiring them to abate noise. They failed, but the effect was to extend the time for compliance by six months. The authority sought their costs since they had upheld the notice. . .
Parliament’s Approval if statute rights affected In a referendum, the people had voted to leave the European Union. That would require a notice to the Union under Article 50 TEU. The Secretary of State appealed against an order requiring Parliamentary approval before issuing the notice, he saying that the notice could be given under the … Continue reading Miller and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting The European Union: SC 24 Jan 2017
When considering if premises fell within the section, and were ‘in such a state as to be prejudicial to health’, the court must consider some feature of the premises which was in itself prejudicial. An arrangement of rooms which was unsatisfactory and might be considered insanitary did not fall within the provision. The risk of … Continue reading Birmingham City Council v Oakley: HL 29 Nov 2000
The respondent appealed by way of case stated a finding that a house was in the condition of being a statutory nuisance. They said that no evidence had been brought with regard to the health of the occupants or of any potential threat to health. Held: The evidence of the officers was capable of supporting … Continue reading Lisa O’Toole v Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council: Admn 18 May 1999
It was not necessary for environmental health officers to possess medical qualifications to express opinion as to whether or not premises were prejudicial to health as defined by section 79(1)(a) of the Act. The council appealed a finding that premises constituted a statutory nuisance. Held: The parties had exchanged reports from environmental health officers. Their … Continue reading London Borough of Southwark v Venette Simpson: Admn 3 Nov 1998
Citations:  EWCA Crim 147 Links: Bailii Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 59 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Crime Updated: 26 May 2022; Ref: scu.634180
The Magistrates appealed against an order of mandamus requiring a case to be stated after rejecting the request by the authority as frivolous. The authority had sought to prevent the emission of noise from land used for a Motocross racing track. Held: The appeal succeeded. Magistrates refusing to state a case should give brief reasons … Continue reading Regina v Mildenhall Magistrates’ Court, Ex Parte Forest Heath District Council; Regina v North West Suffolk (Mildenhall) Magistrates’ Court ex parte Forest Heath District Council: CA 16 Apr 1997
A telephone booth with a door was an enclosed space even though had permanently open area by feet and not therefore a public space for purposes of litter control laws. Expectation that would pay after entry. Citations: Times 05-May-1998 Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 87(4) Crime Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.80301
Waste products could become ‘controlled waste’ and subject to licensing procedures without there being a recovery or disposal operation being involved. A rendering process produced a condensate which the company wished to spread on farm land without a licence. The company had argued that no recovery process was involved, and therefore it was not waste … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No 5 of 2000): CACD 6 Jun 2001
The applicant sought to bring an action to challenge new rules on approval of export credit guarantees. The company was non-profit and founded to support investigation of bribery. It had applied for a protected costs order to support the application, and now appealed its refusal. Held: The court restated the practice on the making of … Continue reading Corner House Research, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry: CA 1 Mar 2005
Loss of Confidentiality Protection – public domain A retired secret service employee sought to publish his memoirs from Australia. The British government sought to restrain publication there, and the defendants sought to report those proceedings, which would involve publication of the allegations made. The AG sought to restrain those publications. Held: A duty of confidence … Continue reading Attorney-General v Guardian Newspapers Ltd (No 2) (‘Spycatcher’): HL 13 Oct 1988
The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003
The Council appealed by case stated against dismissal of its allegation of statutory nuisance by the defendant busker. Judges: Kennedy LJ, Royce J Citations:  EWHC 2698 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 79 80(4) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Nuisance Updated: 09 April 2022; Ref: scu.188500
Power to call in is administrative in nature The powers of the Secretary of State to call in a planning application for his decision, and certain other planning powers, were essentially an administrative power, and not a judicial one, and therefore it was not a breach of the applicants’ rights to a fair hearing before … Continue reading Regina (Holding and Barnes plc) v Secretary of State for Environment Transport and the Regions; Regina (Alconbury Developments Ltd and Others) v Same and Others: HL 9 May 2001
An award of costs is inevitable after a finding of statutory nuisance and such costs include cost of establishing the nuisance. ‘The wide discretion as to whether to grant an adjournment conferred by section 10 and section 54 of the Magistrates’ Court Act 1980 cannot, usually, be impugned. But it is a power which must … Continue reading Regina v Dudley Magistrates Court ex parte Hollis; Robert v Same: Admn 25 Nov 1997
Questions on Entry must be answered B was questioned at an airport under Schedule 7 to the 2000 Act, and required to answer questions asked by appropriate officers for the purpose set out. She refused to answer and was convicted of that refusal , contrary to paragraph 18 of that Schedule. She appealed, saying that … Continue reading Beghal v Director of Public Prosecutions: SC 22 Jul 2015
Judicial Review must be timely The appellant challenged the grant of permission for a wind farm on neighbouring land. His application for judicial review had been rejected for delay and on the merits. Held: The court repeated the requirement that an application must be both timely and in any event made within three months. Both … Continue reading Finn-Kelcey v Milton Keynes Council and MK Windfarm Ltd: CA 10 Oct 2008
The case involved an allegation of noise, a nuisance at an all night rave. No works were required to abate the nuisance and whether the 1990 Act had created any fundamental change in the law, as the Council claims, was not raised. . .
The applicants sought to challenge the grant of a permit by the defendant to a company to operate a cement works, saying that the environmental impact assessment was inadequate.
Held: The Agency had been justified in allowing the application . .
Sewage had escaped from the company’s facilities. They now sought judicial review of their conviction under the 1990 Act, saying there had been no ‘deposit’ of sewage.
Held: The request for review failed: ‘the answer to the question whether . .
The applicant sought leave to appeal against a decision confirming a noise abatement notice under the Act. He kept dogs, and neighbours had complained of the noise. He complained that the notice neither specified the nuisance complained of, nor . .
An abatement notice was served on the respondent in respect of the stink emanating from their sewage works. The magistrates decided that the workls did not constitute premises within the section, following Parlby.
Held: Parlby was not binding, . .
The defendant appealed against an order for costs made against her after service and enforcement of an abatement notice with respect to an audible intruder alarm at her premises. She had first lodged an appeal to the Crown Court, but argued that . .
The defendants appealed by way of case stated against their convictions for noise nuisance for their husky kennels – ‘Howling Dog Kennels’. They said that it was impractical, both for animal welfare and cost reasons further to limit the noise.
The company sought judicial review of the deceision by the respondent to issue an abatement notice. It said that under section 79 of the 1990 Act, such a notice fell within the term ‘summary proceedings’ and that therefore the consent of the . .
The claimants appealed against the upholding of noise abatement notices. It ran motor sport related events on a former airfield. . .
The council appealed by case stated against rejection of its claim of an asserted noise nuisance at the defendant’s paint factory. The magistrates had found that the notice had been served on the wrong (though related) company, and refused . .
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