Peck -v- The United Kingdom; ECHR 28-Jan-2003

The claimant had been filmed by CCTV. He had, after attempting suicide, left home with a knife, been arrested by the police and disarmed, but then sent home without charge. The CCTV film was used on several occasions to advertise the effectiveness of the CCTV system, of the police and otherwise. Only in later versions was his identity protected.
Held: The disclosure infringed his rights of privacy: ‘Private life is a broad term not susceptible to exhaustive definition. The court has already held that elements such as gender identification, name, sexual orientation and sexual life are important elements of the personal sphere protected by Art. 8. The Article also protects a right to identity and personal development, and the right to establish and develop relationships with other human beings and the outside world and it may include activities of a professional or business nature. There is, therefore, a zone of interaction of a person with others, even in a public context, which may fall within the scope of ‘private life’.’ The distribution of the footage without appropriate conditions to protect his privacy, infringed article 8. The distribution generated far more publicity than would have arisen otherwise, and was a serious breach. There were no relevant or sufficient reasons for the publicity. The English legal system had not afforded him a remedy, infringing also his article 13 rights.

Court: ECHR
Date: 28-Jan-2003
Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights 8 13
Links: Bailii, Bailii, Bailii,
References: Times, 03-Feb-2003, 44647/98, (2003) 36 EHRR 41, [2003] ECHR 44, [2003] 36 EHRR 719, [2011] ECHR 1661
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