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Commissioner of Police of The Metropolis v DSD and Another: SC 21 Feb 2018

Two claimants had each been sexually assaulted by a later notorious, multiple rapist. Each had made complaints to police about their assaults but said that no effective steps had been taken to investigate the serious complaints. Held: The Commissioner’s appeal failed: To provide an effective deterrent, laws which prohibit conduct constituting a breach of article … Continue reading Commissioner of Police of The Metropolis v DSD and Another: SC 21 Feb 2018

Her Majesty’s Attorney General for Gibraltar v Shimidzu (Berllaque, Intervenor): PC 28 Jun 2005

(Gibraltar) The appellants sought to argue that the failure to allow an acquitted defendant any possible order for costs was a breach of the Constitution. Held: Section 8 of the Constitution, like its analogue article 6 of the European Convention, seeks to guarantee the procedural fairness of the criminal process. Though the Convention is not … Continue reading Her Majesty’s Attorney General for Gibraltar v Shimidzu (Berllaque, Intervenor): PC 28 Jun 2005

PK (Article 8, Return, Marriage-Refugee) Democratic Republic of Congo: IAT 13 Nov 2002

The Appellant is a citizen of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). He has been given leave to appeal the determination of an Adjudicator dismissing his appeal against the Respondent’s decision to give directions for his removal from the United Kingdom and to refuse asylum. Judges: Moulden Ch Citations: [2002] UKIAT 05220 Links: Bailii Statutes: … Continue reading PK (Article 8, Return, Marriage-Refugee) Democratic Republic of Congo: IAT 13 Nov 2002

Hammond v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 13 Jan 2004

The defendant, who had since died, had been convicted of a public order offence in that standing in a street he had displayed a range of placards opposing homosexuality. He appealed saying that the finding was an unwarranted infringement of his article 9 and article 10 rights, and that the words used were not in … Continue reading Hammond v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 13 Jan 2004

Y, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 18 Jul 2013

Challenge to refusal of indefinite leave to remain, saying that a return would infringe his articles 3 and 5 rights beause of his mental condition. Judges: Anthony Thornton QC J Citations: [2013] EWHC 2127 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights 3 8 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Immigration, Human Rights Updated: 01 July … Continue reading Y, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: Admn 18 Jul 2013

Gallagher v Gallagher (No 1) (Reporting Restrictions): FC 13 Jun 2022

Private Hearings are Not in Secret H sought an order restricting reporting of the divorce financial remedy proceedings, or an anonymity order. Held: The application was refused save as to identification of the children, and certain tax matters. The hearing was listed as in Private restricted only that certain people only were entitled to attend, … Continue reading Gallagher v Gallagher (No 1) (Reporting Restrictions): FC 13 Jun 2022

In re C (a Child) (Immunisation: Parental Rights); In re F (a Child) (Immunisation: Parental rights): FD 13 Jun 2003

In each case fathers not married to the mother of the child, but with parental responsibility sought to have the child immunised. The mothers opposed the treatment saying they believed it unsafe. Held: The children should be immunised. Article 8.2 permitted interference with family life for health reasons. Mothers and fathers had equal rights before … Continue reading In re C (a Child) (Immunisation: Parental Rights); In re F (a Child) (Immunisation: Parental rights): FD 13 Jun 2003

Fedchenko v Russia (No 4): ECHR 2 Oct 2018

ECHR Judgment : Freedom of expression : Third Section ECHR Judgment : Freedom of expression : Third Section Citations: 17229/13, [2018] ECHR 782, [2018] ECHR 783 Links: Bailii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 30 June 2022; Ref: scu.628799

Arrowsmith v United Kingdom: ECHR 12 Oct 1978

(Commission) Article 9 is apt to include a belief such as pacifism, which could be a philosophy. However, Miss Arrowsmith distributed leaflets to soldiers, urging them to decline service in Northern Ireland. This was dictated by her pacifist views. But the contents of the leaflets did not express pacifist views, nor did the act of … Continue reading Arrowsmith v United Kingdom: ECHR 12 Oct 1978

E, Regina (on the Application of) v Bristol City Council: Admn 13 Jan 2005

The patient did not wish her nearest relative, namely her sister, to be involved with her case and there was evidence that she would be so distressed by the sister being consulted that it could harm her health. The sister likewise did not wish to become involved. Held: When an adult whose mental health is … Continue reading E, Regina (on the Application of) v Bristol City Council: Admn 13 Jan 2005

Zys-Kowalski and Others v Poland: ECHR 28 Sep 2004

ECHR Judgment (Merits and Just Satisfaction) – Violation of Art. 6-1; Inadmissible under P1-1; Pecuniary damage – claim rejected; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award. Citations: , 70213/01, [2004] ECHR 457 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 28 June 2022; Ref: scu.277205

Radaj v Poland: ECHR 28 Nov 2002

Citations: 29537/95, [2002] ECHR 783, 35453/97, [2002] ECHR 789 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 28 June 2022; Ref: scu.213273

Jelavic-Mitrovic v Croatia: ECHR 13 Jan 2005

Citations: 9591/02, [2005] ECHR 16, [2005] ECHR 16 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 28 June 2022; Ref: scu.277210

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Hindawi and Headley: CA 13 Oct 2004

The applicant was a foreign national serving a long-term prison sentence. He complained that UK nationals would have had their case referred to the parole board before his. Held: The right to be referred to the parole board was a statutory right, which was not the same as an article 3 right to liberty and … Continue reading Secretary of State for the Home Department v Hindawi and Headley: CA 13 Oct 2004

Oneryildiz v Turkey: ECHR 18 Jun 2002

(Grand Chamber) The applicant had lived with his family in a slum bordering on a municipal house-hold refuse tip. A methane explosion at the tip resulted in a landslide which engulfed the applicant’s house, killing his close relatives. The applicant claimed that the local authorities were responsible for the accident at the tip and for … Continue reading Oneryildiz v Turkey: ECHR 18 Jun 2002

Metropolitan Church Of Bessarabia And Others v Moldova: ECHR 13 Dec 2001

‘in principle, the right to freedom of religion as understood in the Convention rules out any appreciation by the state of the legitimacy of religious beliefs or of the manner in which these are expressed’ Citations: 45701/99, (2002) 35 EHRR 306, [2001] ECHR 860 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights 9 Jurisdiction: … Continue reading Metropolitan Church Of Bessarabia And Others v Moldova: ECHR 13 Dec 2001

Masson And Van Zon v The Netherlands: ECHR 28 Sep 1995

ECHR Judgment (Merits) – Lack of jurisdiction (complaint inadmissible); No violation of Art. 6-1; Not necessary to examine Art. 13.The court discussed whether article 6 requires a discretion to be given to a judge to make an award of costs in favour of a successful defendant: As to whether a ‘dispute’ over a ‘right’ existed … Continue reading Masson And Van Zon v The Netherlands: ECHR 28 Sep 1995

Anguelova v Bulgaria: ECHR 13 Jun 2002

A youth had died in police custody a few hours after being arrested for attempted theft. Held: The court considered the investigation required: ‘There must be a sufficient element of public scrutiny of the investigation or its results to secure accountability in practice as well as in theory, maintain public confidence in the authorities’ adherence … Continue reading Anguelova v Bulgaria: ECHR 13 Jun 2002

Richart-Luna v France: ECHR 8 Apr 2003

Citations: 48566/99, [2003] ECHR 156 Links: Worldlii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 16 June 2022; Ref: scu.213371

Wirtschafts-Trend Zeitschriften-Verlagsgesellschaft MBH (No 3) v Austria: ECHR 13 Dec 2005

ECHR Judgment (Merits and Just Satisfaction) – Violation of Art. 10; Pecuniary damage – financial award; Non-pecuniary damage – finding of violation sufficient; Costs and expenses partial award (domestic proceedings); Costs and expenses award (Convention proceedings). Citations: 66298/01, [2005] ECHR 862, 15653/02 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human … Continue reading Wirtschafts-Trend Zeitschriften-Verlagsgesellschaft MBH (No 3) v Austria: ECHR 13 Dec 2005

Gascoyne v Customs and Excise and Another: CA 28 Jul 2004

The Commissioners had found what they considered to be an excess of dutiable goods brought into the country by the tax payer, and had forfeited the car. The court considered the effect of the Gora case. Held: The difficult statements in Gora were obiter. In a case where the deeming provisions under paragraph 5 are … Continue reading Gascoyne v Customs and Excise and Another: CA 28 Jul 2004

Pla and Puncernau v Andorra: ECHR 13 Jul 2004

A will made by a widow in 1939, left certain property to her son Francesc-Xavier, as tenant for life, with a stipulation that he was to leave this inheritance to a son or grandson of a lawful and canonical marriage, failing which the estate was to pass to the children and grandchildren of the testatrix’s … Continue reading Pla and Puncernau v Andorra: ECHR 13 Jul 2004

Kmetty v Hungary: ECHR 13 Dec 2011

Citations: [2011] ECHR 2401, 57967/00 Links: Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Citing: SeeAlso – Kmetty v Hungary ECHR 16-Dec-2003 Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Violation of Art. 3 ; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award ; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedings . . Lists of cited by and … Continue reading Kmetty v Hungary: ECHR 13 Dec 2011

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another ex parte IH: HL 13 Nov 2003

The appellant had been found unfit to plead after assaulting his son, and he had been detained under the 1964 Act. He alleged his detention was in breach of his right to a fair trial. His release had been authorised subject to the appointment of a supervising psychiatrist. He complained that his detention was unlawful … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another ex parte IH: HL 13 Nov 2003

Konig v Federal Republic of Germany: ECHR 28 Jun 1978

The reasonableness of the duration of proceedings must be assessed according to the circumstances of each case, including its complexity, the applicant’s conduct and the manner in which the administrative and judicial authorities dealt with the matters. ‘Both the Commission and the government agree that the concept of ‘civil rights and obligations’ cannot be interpreted … Continue reading Konig v Federal Republic of Germany: ECHR 28 Jun 1978

Verrascina And Others v Italy: ECHR 28 Apr 2022

ECHR Judgment : Preliminary objection dismissed : First Section Citations: 15566/13, [2022] ECHR 322 Links: Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Jurisdiction: Human Rights Human Rights Updated: 08 June 2022; Ref: scu.676978

Di Palma v United Kingdom: ECHR 1 Dec 1986

(Commission/admissibility) The applicant’s lease was forfeited on her non-payment of a service charge and possession was ordered. Her primary claim was made (unsuccessfully) under article 1 of the First Protocol to the Convention. But she also complained that her eviction from her home constituted an unjustified interference with the right to respect for her home … Continue reading Di Palma v United Kingdom: ECHR 1 Dec 1986

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Bugdaycay: HL 19 Feb 1986

Three applicants had lied on entry to secure admission, stayed for a considerable time, and had been treated as illegal immigrants under section 33(1). The fourth’s claim that upon being returned he would been killed, had been rejected without investigation. Held: A claim to refugee status was not an exception to the ban on appeals … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Bugdaycay: HL 19 Feb 1986

Regina (on the Application of Q and others) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 18 Mar 2003

The Home Secretary appealed a ruling that his implementation of section 55 was unlawful, having been said to be incompatible with human rights law. Held: The way in which the section had been operated, by denying consideration and all benefits to any asylum applicant who did not claim asylum immediately upon entry, was unfair. There … Continue reading Regina (on the Application of Q and others) v Secretary of State for the Home Department: CA 18 Mar 2003

McShane v The United Kingdom: ECHR 28 May 2002

HER Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Violation of Art. 2; No violation of Art. 6-1; No violation of Art. 14; No violation of Art. 13; Failure to comply with obligations under Article 34The deceased died during a riot in Northern Ireland. He was under a hoarding run over by an armoured vehicle. Six years later … Continue reading McShane v The United Kingdom: ECHR 28 May 2002

Roerig v Valiant Trawlers Ltd: CA 28 Jan 2002

The claimant who was Dutch, was a widow of a fisherman who had died at sea. The question on appeal was ‘in assessing damages for loss of dependency should benefits resulting from the loss be deducted from the damages?’ The claimant’s position under Dutch law was different, with all benefits deducted from any compensation awarded. … Continue reading Roerig v Valiant Trawlers Ltd: CA 28 Jan 2002

Mason, Wood, McClelland, Tierney v Regina: CACD 13 Feb 2002

The appellants appealed their convictions on two grounds. First the judge who had heard the case was an acquaintance of the chief constable of the investigating force, and second evidence had been admitted of tape recordings of non-privileged conversations between defendants whilst in the police station. The Chief Constable had authorised the covert operation, and … Continue reading Mason, Wood, McClelland, Tierney v Regina: CACD 13 Feb 2002

Zagidulina v Russia: ECHR 2 May 2013

The Court limited itself to article 5(1)(e), when it stated that: ‘the notion of ‘lawfulness’ in the context of article 5(1)(e) of the Convention might have a broader meaning than in national legislation. Lawfulness of detention necessarily presumes a ‘fair and proper procedure’, including the requirement ‘that any measure depriving a person of his liberty … Continue reading Zagidulina v Russia: ECHR 2 May 2013

X v United Kingdom: ECHR 5 Nov 1981

(Commission) The application was made a patient, restricted under the 1959 Act. A mental health review tribunal which concluded that the continued detention of a restricted patient was no longer justified had power to recommend but not to order the discharge of the patient. Held: This advisory power did not meet the Convention requirement: ‘Nonetheless, … Continue reading X v United Kingdom: ECHR 5 Nov 1981

Regina (L and Others) v Manchester City Council, Regina (R and Another) v Same: QBD 28 Sep 2001

The council had a policy under which the financial assistance it gave to short term foster carers who were relatives of the children involved was rather less than would be given to non-family carers. The policy was challenged as unreasonable. Held: The policy which imposed arbitrary financial limits was unreasonable, and would inevitably conflict with … Continue reading Regina (L and Others) v Manchester City Council, Regina (R and Another) v Same: QBD 28 Sep 2001

Kilic v Turkey: ECHR 28 Mar 2000

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Violation of Art. 2 in respect of failure to protect life; Violation of Art. 2 in respect of ineffective investigation; Not necessary to examine Art. 10; Violation of Art. 13; Not necessary to examine Art. 14; Pecuniary damage – claim rejected; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses … Continue reading Kilic v Turkey: ECHR 28 Mar 2000

Selmouni v France: ECHR 28 Jul 1999

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); Violation of Art. 3; Violation of Art. 6-1; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedingsThe claimant said that he had been severely beaten whilst detained in police custody for interview. Held: ‘Article 3 enshrines one of the most fundamental values … Continue reading Selmouni v France: ECHR 28 Jul 1999

Matthews v The United Kingdom: ECHR 18 Feb 1999

Member states have obligations to ensure that citizens of each state were given opportunity to vote in European elections. Britain failed to give the vote to its citizens in Gibraltar in breach of the convention right to participate in free elections. The European Parliament is for these purposes a legislature within the meaning of A3P1 … Continue reading Matthews v The United Kingdom: ECHR 18 Feb 1999

LCB v The United Kingdom: ECHR 9 Jun 1998

The court had no jurisdiction to consider allegations not raised before the commission or predating a country’s accession to the convention. There was no breach in a failure to record an exposure to radiation in a test. Article 2 imposes substantive obligations not to take life without justification and to establish a framework of laws, … Continue reading LCB v The United Kingdom: ECHR 9 Jun 1998

Yasa v Turkey: ECHR 2 Sep 1998

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (victim); Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); No violation of Art. 2; Violation of Art. 2 (effective investigation); Violation of Art. 13; Not necessary to examine Art. 10; Not necessary to examine Art. 14; Not necessary to examine Art. 18; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses … Continue reading Yasa v Turkey: ECHR 2 Sep 1998

Valsamis v Greece: ECHR 18 Dec 1996

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) No violation of Art. 3; No violation of Art. 9; No violation of P1-2; Violation of Art. 13+P1-2; Violation of Art. 13+9; Non-pecuniary damage – finding of violation sufficient; Costs and expenses partial award – Convention proceedingsA child was punished by her school for refusing to attend a National … Continue reading Valsamis v Greece: ECHR 18 Dec 1996

Murray v The United Kingdom: ECHR 8 Feb 1996

The applicant had been denied legal advice for 48 hours after he had been taken into custody. Held: There had been a violation of article 6(1) read with article 6(3)(c). However, it was not a breach of human rights to draw inferences from the silence of a defendant. The privilege against self-incrimination is not an … Continue reading Murray v The United Kingdom: ECHR 8 Feb 1996

Spadea And Scalabrino v Italy: ECHR 28 Sep 1995

Hudoc Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); No violation of P1-1; No violation of Art. 14+P1-1 Citations: [1995] ECHR 35, 12868/87, (1996) 21 EHRR 482 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights Cited by: Cited – Salvesen v Riddell and Another; The Lord Advocate intervening (Scotland) SC 24-Apr-2013 The appellant owned farmland tenanted by a … Continue reading Spadea And Scalabrino v Italy: ECHR 28 Sep 1995

Karlheinz Schmidt v Germany: ECHR 18 Jul 1994

Article 14 of the Convention operates not by way of the conferral of a freestanding right not to be discriminated against, but rather by way of complementing the other substantive provisions of the Convention and the Protocols. It has no independent existence, since it has effect solely in relation to the enjoyment of the rights … Continue reading Karlheinz Schmidt v Germany: ECHR 18 Jul 1994

Norris v Ireland: ECHR 26 Oct 1988

A homosexual man complained that the criminalisation of homosexual conduct in Ireland violated his article 8 right to respect for his private life, although he accepted that the risk of being prosecuted was remote. Held: The court accepted that he was a victim. Even an administrative policy of not prosecuting for the offence in question … Continue reading Norris v Ireland: ECHR 26 Oct 1988

F v Switzerland: ECHR 18 Dec 1987

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Violation of Art. 12; Non-pecuniary damage – finding of violation sufficient; Costs and expenses award – domestic proceedings; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedingsA Swiss law placed limitations on the remarriage of someone who had been the guilty party in previous divorce proceedings. Held: The Court explained that … Continue reading F v Switzerland: ECHR 18 Dec 1987

Gaskin v The United Kingdom: ECHR 7 Jul 1989

The applicant complained of ill-treatment while he was in the care of a local authority and living with foster parents. He sought access to his case records held by the local authority but his request was denied. Held: The refusal to allow him access to his records involved a breach of his rights under Article … Continue reading Gaskin v The United Kingdom: ECHR 7 Jul 1989

Zimmermann And Steiner v Switzerland: ECHR 13 Jul 1983

When considering cases of delay in court proceedings, the court must look to a further relevant circumstance, that is ‘what is at stake for the applicant’. Citations: 8737/79, [1983] 6 EHRR 17, [1983] ECHR 9 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention on Human Rights 6 Cited by: Cited – Aaron v The Law Society (the … Continue reading Zimmermann And Steiner v Switzerland: ECHR 13 Jul 1983

Olsson v Sweden (No 1): ECHR 24 Mar 1988

Hudoc Judgment (Merits and just satisfaction) Preliminary objection rejected (non-exhaustion); Violation of Art. 8; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – domestic proceedings; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedingsThe requirements identified as flowing from the phrase ‘in accordance with the law’ include this: ‘A norm cannot be regarded as a ‘law’ … Continue reading Olsson v Sweden (No 1): ECHR 24 Mar 1988

Van Droogenbroeck v Belgium: ECHR 25 Apr 1983

Hudoc Judgment (Just satisfaction) Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Pecuniary damage – claim rejected; Costs and expenses – claim rejectedFor an imprisonment to be lawful, the ‘detention’ must result from, ‘follow and depend upon’ or occur ‘by virtue of’ the ‘conviction. Judges: G Wiarda P Citations: 7906/77, (1991) 13 EHRR 546, [1983] ECHR 7 Links: … Continue reading Van Droogenbroeck v Belgium: ECHR 25 Apr 1983

Van Der Mussele v Belgium: ECHR 23 Nov 1983

There is discrimination only if the cases under comparison are not sufficiently different to justify the difference in treatment. This expressed by saying that the two cases must be in an ‘analogous situation’. The social security system is a ‘system characterised by a corpus of rights and obligations of which it would be artificial to … Continue reading Van Der Mussele v Belgium: ECHR 23 Nov 1983

Young, James And Webster v The United Kingdom: ECHR 18 Oct 1982

Hudoc Judgment (Just satisfaction) Pecuniary damage – financial award; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedings ECHR Judgment (Just Satisfaction) – Pecuniary damage – financial award; Non-pecuniary damage – financial award; Costs and expenses award – Convention proceedings. Citations: [1982] ECHR 9, 7806/77, 7601/76 Links: Worldlii, Bailii Statutes: European Convention … Continue reading Young, James And Webster v The United Kingdom: ECHR 18 Oct 1982

Lingens v Austria: ECHR 8 Jul 1986

Freedom of expression, as secured in paragraph 1 of Article 10, constitutes one of the essential foundations of a democratic society and one of the basic conditions for its progress and for each individual’s self-fulfilment. Subject to paragraph 2, it is applicable not only to ‘information’ or ‘ideas’ that are favourably received or regarded as … Continue reading Lingens v Austria: ECHR 8 Jul 1986

Tyrer v The United Kingdom: ECHR 25 Apr 1978

Three strokes with a birch constituted degrading punishment for a 15-year-old boy, which violated article 3 having regard to the particular circumstances in which it was administered. Preliminary objection rejected (disappearance of object of proceedings); Violation of Art. 3; Just satisfaction not applied.The Convention is a living instrument which must be interpreted in the light … Continue reading Tyrer v The United Kingdom: ECHR 25 Apr 1978

Regina v Secretary of State for Home Department ex parte Turgut: CA 28 Jan 2000

When the Court of Appeal was asked to look at the decision of the Home Secretary on an appeal to him for asylum, the court should investigate the factual circumstances which lay behind the decision. The court must follow the practice of the European Court of Human Rights in such matters. Where the Home Secretary … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for Home Department ex parte Turgut: CA 28 Jan 2000