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Regina v Warley Magistrates Court, ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions; Same v Staines Magistrates Court, ex parte Same; Etc: QBD 13 May 1998

Once a guilty plea has been accepted in the Magistrates Court to an either way case, the Magistrates may still commit for sentence after hearing all factors including the defendant’s antecedents, but he should be allowed to make representations. Magistrates are to commit a defendant for sentence to the Crown Court only when satisfied that … Continue reading Regina v Warley Magistrates Court, ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions; Same v Staines Magistrates Court, ex parte Same; Etc: QBD 13 May 1998

Grundy and Co Excavations Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Halton Division Magistrates Court: Admn 24 Feb 2003

A reverse legal burden applied to defendants accused of an offence under section 17 of the Forestry Act 1967 which, in specified circumstances, created an absolute offence of felling a tree without a felling licence. Clarke LJ said: ‘It is thus clear that, while the general principles are those set out in Edwards, each case … Continue reading Grundy and Co Excavations Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Halton Division Magistrates Court: Admn 24 Feb 2003

Regina v Liverpool City Magistrates Court ex parte Quantrell: Admn 19 Jan 1999

The defendant appealed against the refusal of the Justices to deal with his formal committal to the Crown court in his absence when he was unwell. The magistrates had distinguished between sections 6(1) and 6(2) as to whether the accused was required to be present. Held: The distinction was false: ‘when the Act deals in … Continue reading Regina v Liverpool City Magistrates Court ex parte Quantrell: Admn 19 Jan 1999

Regina v Mildenhall Magistrates’ Court, Ex Parte Forest Heath District Council; Regina v North West Suffolk (Mildenhall) Magistrates’ Court ex parte Forest Heath District Council: CA 16 Apr 1997

The Magistrates appealed against an order of mandamus requiring a case to be stated after rejecting the request by the authority as frivolous. The authority had sought to prevent the emission of noise from land used for a Motocross racing track. Held: The appeal succeeded. Magistrates refusing to state a case should give brief reasons … Continue reading Regina v Mildenhall Magistrates’ Court, Ex Parte Forest Heath District Council; Regina v North West Suffolk (Mildenhall) Magistrates’ Court ex parte Forest Heath District Council: CA 16 Apr 1997

Regina (Hart) v Bow Street Magistrates’ Court: QBD 19 Dec 2001

The defendant to extradition proceedings had breached her bail by going on holiday. She had been arrested and sent to the extraditing country which had in turn withdrawn the extradition request to the UK. Held: The surety could not be forfeited under the section merely for the breach of the bail condition by a defendant. … Continue reading Regina (Hart) v Bow Street Magistrates’ Court: QBD 19 Dec 2001

Regina v Horsham Justices, ex parte Reeves (Note): QBD 1980

The police had decided simply to re-lay charges which had already been dismissed after an extensive depositions hearing. The charges were simplified but essentially the same. Held: This was an abuse of process. A court is possessed of a discretion which extends to enable it to stay a second prosecution where that second prosecution can … Continue reading Regina v Horsham Justices, ex parte Reeves (Note): QBD 1980

Regina v Skegness Magistrates’ Court ex parte Cardy: 1985

Representations that the Intoximeter or other device used for measuring breath alcohol, should not have been approved or that the Secretary of State should have withdrawn approval in respect of the device should be addressed to the Secretary of State and not to the court. While an approval subsisted it is ‘wholly immaterial to mount … Continue reading Regina v Skegness Magistrates’ Court ex parte Cardy: 1985

Regina v Merthyr Tydfil Magistrates Court and Day ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 1989

The defendant had been in custody for a different offence on the day when the magistrates were due to try him, and he was not produced. The prosecutor only learned of the other conviction on that day, and sought an adjournment. Instead the magistrates dismissed the charge. The prosecutor appealed. Held: The magistrates’ power to … Continue reading Regina v Merthyr Tydfil Magistrates Court and Day ex parte Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 1989

Regina v Sheffield Crown Court ex parte Brownlow: CA 1980

Two police officers were being brought to trial, charged with assault occasioning bodily harm. They applied to the trial judge for an order directing the prosecution to inform the defence whether any members of the jury panel had criminal convictions, and if so, to give details. The trial judge made the order. The court considered … Continue reading Regina v Sheffield Crown Court ex parte Brownlow: CA 1980

Imperial Tobacco Ltd v Attorney-General: HL 1980

The applicant sought a declaration as to the lawfulness of a lottery scheme whilst criminal proceedings were pending against it for the same scheme. Held: It was not necessary to decide whether a declaration as to the criminality or otherwise of future conduct can ever properly be made by a civil court. It would be … Continue reading Imperial Tobacco Ltd v Attorney-General: HL 1980

Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors ltd and Another: QBD 18 Jan 2002

The defendant company did not accept that it had accepted special waste at its disposal plant. Instead they claimed to have the appropriate licence or exemption. Held: The burden of establishing acceptance of special waste was not on the defendant ,on a balance of probabilities, but lay on the prosecution. In effect he was claiming … Continue reading Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors ltd and Another: QBD 18 Jan 2002

Regina (Brian Turner) v Highbury Magistrates Court: QBD 11 Oct 2005

The claimant had faced an application for a closure order on his premises for their use for unlawful drugs. The matter was adjourned twice at his request. On the third occasion he sought to rely upon the need for a closure order to be confirmed with 14 days to say that the order must lapse. … Continue reading Regina (Brian Turner) v Highbury Magistrates Court: QBD 11 Oct 2005

Regina v Newport Justices Ex Parte Carey; Regina v Gwent Magistrates Court, ex parte Carey: QBD 16 Jul 1996

The defendant had written to the court to request an adjournment. The case proceeded in his absence. Held: Justices have a broad discretion on the re-opening case after a conviction had been entered in the Defendant’s absence. The defendant retained a right of appeal under s108. The absence was the defendant’s entire responsibility. The court … Continue reading Regina v Newport Justices Ex Parte Carey; Regina v Gwent Magistrates Court, ex parte Carey: QBD 16 Jul 1996

Mishra v Colchester Magistrates’ Court: Admn 14 Nov 2017

The court was asked whether magistrates’ courts have a discretion to extend the time to state a case after the expiration of the 21 days specified in section 111(2) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980 (the 1980 Act) as the time within which an application for a case to be stated for the opinion of … Continue reading Mishra v Colchester Magistrates’ Court: Admn 14 Nov 2017

Regina v Dudley Magistrates Court ex parte Hollis; Robert v Same: Admn 25 Nov 1997

An award of costs is inevitable after a finding of statutory nuisance and such costs include cost of establishing the nuisance. ‘The wide discretion as to whether to grant an adjournment conferred by section 10 and section 54 of the Magistrates’ Court Act 1980 cannot, usually, be impugned. But it is a power which must … Continue reading Regina v Dudley Magistrates Court ex parte Hollis; Robert v Same: Admn 25 Nov 1997

Regina v Thames Magistrates’ Court ex parte Horgan: Admn 25 Nov 1997

That the same rules apply to time limits for prosecution of a company as for others, for summary offences, did not apply to either way offences tried summarily. Times 09-Dec-1997, Gazette 17-Dec-1997, [1997] EWHC Admin 1045 Magistrates Courts Act 1980 127, Companies Act 1986 731(2) England and Wales Criminal Practice, Company Updated: 03 January 2022; … Continue reading Regina v Thames Magistrates’ Court ex parte Horgan: Admn 25 Nov 1997

Adams v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis: QBD 1980

The Commissioner had been wrong to conclude that he could not bring prosecutions in respect of driving on a certain road because it was not a ‘road’ within the definition of the Road Traffic Act 1972. Having observed that ‘[c]ounsel and solicitors in magistrates’ courts, in the Divisional Court and in the Crown Courts can … Continue reading Adams v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis: QBD 1980

In re Racal Communications Ltd; In Re a Company: HL 3 Jul 1980

Court of Appeal’s powers limited to those Given The jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal is wholly statutory; it is appellate only. The court has no original jurisdiction. It has no jurisdiction itself to entertain any original application for judicial review; it has appellate jurisdiction over judgments and orders of the High Court made by … Continue reading In re Racal Communications Ltd; In Re a Company: HL 3 Jul 1980

Perinpanathan, Regina (on The Application of) v City of Westminster Magistrates Court and Another: CA 4 Feb 2010

The appellant’s daughter had been stopped entering the country with andpound;150,000 in cash. The police sought an order for its forfeiture, suspecting a link with terrorism. The magistrates found no evidence of such, and declined to make the order, but equally refused to award the defendant her costs. She now appealed against the refusal to … Continue reading Perinpanathan, Regina (on The Application of) v City of Westminster Magistrates Court and Another: CA 4 Feb 2010

Regina v Derby Magistrates Court Ex Parte B: HL 19 Oct 1995

No Breach of Solicitor Client Confidence Allowed B was charged with the murder of a young girl. He made a confession to the police, but later changed his story, saying his stepfather had killed the girl. He was acquitted. The stepfather was then charged with the murder. At his committal for trial, B was called … Continue reading Regina v Derby Magistrates Court Ex Parte B: HL 19 Oct 1995

Rhodes-Presley, Regina (on the Application of) v South Worcestershire Magistrates’ Court: Admn 9 Oct 2008

In convicting the defendant, the magistrates announced that they had done so on the balance of probabilities. At a later hearing magistrates sought to set aside the decision and relist the case for a new hearing. They refused to state a case. The defendant sought judicial review. Held: Magistrates did not have power of their … Continue reading Rhodes-Presley, Regina (on the Application of) v South Worcestershire Magistrates’ Court: Admn 9 Oct 2008

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Regina v Colchester Justices Ex Parte Abbott: QBD 13 Mar 2001

When calculating the value of damage for the purpose of deciding whether an allegation of criminal damage could be referred to the Crown Court, the damage was the replacement value and not the consequential losses. An activist was accused of damaging genetically engineered crops. The replacement value was andpound;750, but the consequential losses amounted to … Continue reading Regina v Colchester Justices Ex Parte Abbott: QBD 13 Mar 2001

Atkinson v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 12 May 2004

The court considered how to apply the time limits in the section. There was a system for automatic electronic communication between the police and the court office. The six month time limit expired on the 16th December. The documents served on the defendant showed an ‘information date’ of 10th December, but the summons was dated … Continue reading Atkinson v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 12 May 2004

Regina (C and Another) v Sheffield Youth Court; Regina (N) v Sheffield Youth Court: QBD 23 Jan 2003

In each case, youths had been committed to the Crown Court for trial but complained that the Youth Court should have dealt with the cases, and sought judicial review of the Youth Court decision. Held: The test for a review of a decision of the Youth Court is whether that decision was wrong. The court … Continue reading Regina (C and Another) v Sheffield Youth Court; Regina (N) v Sheffield Youth Court: QBD 23 Jan 2003

Regina v Corby Justices ex parte Agnes Mort: Admn 9 Mar 1998

Justices clerks are permitted to question fine defaulters as to their ability to pay, but must do so under enquiry without bias, and not as a prosecutor. A warrant for arrest for non-pyment of a fine was neither civil nor criminal in character, but in a category of its own. Citations: Times 13-Mar-1998, [1998] EWHC … Continue reading Regina v Corby Justices ex parte Agnes Mort: Admn 9 Mar 1998

Regina v Scunthorpe Justices ex parte McPhee and Gallagher: Admn 24 Feb 1998

The defendant faced a charge of robbery. More than six months after the alleged offence the prosecution sought to add alternate charges including one of common assault. The magistrates declined jurisdiction on the ground that, more than six months having elapsed since the date of the offence, new proceedings for the summary offence of common … Continue reading Regina v Scunthorpe Justices ex parte McPhee and Gallagher: Admn 24 Feb 1998

Commissioners of Customs and Excise v Venn and Others: QBD 11 Dec 2001

The concept of forfeiture in the Act was dependent upon the seizure of goods. The Act also made a distinction between the initial detention of goods and formal seizure. The six months time limit under the Magistrates Courts Act was calculated from seizure not detention. The seizure was challenged by a notice of claim. Until … Continue reading Commissioners of Customs and Excise v Venn and Others: QBD 11 Dec 2001

Ronald and John Popely and Another v D G Scott (Kent County Council): Admn 21 Dec 2000

This was an appeal by way of case stated. The appellants were alleged to have offered timeshare contracts without notification of cancellation rights. A director claimed he was unfit to attend, but the trial proceeded in his absence. He had, the day before, attended a conference with counsel. Held: Given the medical evidence before them, … Continue reading Ronald and John Popely and Another v D G Scott (Kent County Council): Admn 21 Dec 2000

Bradford City Metropolitan District Council v Booth: QBD 10 May 2000

The local authority had refused to renew a private hire vehicle licence. That refusal was successfully challenged, and the magistrates had awarded costs on the basis that they should follow the event. The authority appealed. Held: The discretion given to magistrates to award such costs as it feels are just and reasonable does not mean … Continue reading Bradford City Metropolitan District Council v Booth: QBD 10 May 2000

Coles v Camborne Justices: QBD 27 Jul 1998

Once the charges had been withdrawn by the prosecutor, the former defendant was no longer an accused, and the magistrates had no power to re-open the case to alter an order for costs they had made. Citations: Times 27-Jul-1998 Statutes: Magistrates Courts Act 1980 142(1) Cited by: Cited – Regina v Thames Magistrates’ Court ex … Continue reading Coles v Camborne Justices: QBD 27 Jul 1998

Regina v S: CACD 18 Mar 1998

The Crown Court could join charges of indecent assault and assault occasioning actual bodily harm after a youth was sent there for indecency charges. Citations: Times 18-Mar-1998 Statutes: Magistrates Courts Act 1980 24 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Practice Updated: 11 May 2022; Ref: scu.87662

City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council v Booth: Admn 10 May 2000

Lord Bingham set out guidance in respect of costs awarded by magistrates pursuant to section 64(1) of the 1980 Act, saying: ‘I would accordingly hold that the proper approach to questions of this kind can for convenience be summarised in three propositions: 1. Section 64(1) confers a discretion upon a magistrates’ court to make such … Continue reading City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council v Booth: Admn 10 May 2000

Westminster City Council v O’Reilly and others: CA 1 Jul 2003

The defendant sought to appeal against a decision of the High Court on a case stated by the Magistrates. Held: A decision by the High Court on an appeal by way of case stated from the Magistrates was final, and no further appeal lay to the Court of Appeal. The Order did not avoid the … Continue reading Westminster City Council v O’Reilly and others: CA 1 Jul 2003

Regina v Worthing Justices Ex Parte Varley: QBD 24 Jun 1997

Magistrates returning prisoner on licence to prison because of other offences did not impose further sentence by doing so. Citations: Times 21-Jul-1997, [1997] EWHC Admin 589 Statutes: Criminal Justice Act 1991 40, Magistrates Courts Act 1980 133 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 28 April 2022; Ref: scu.88350

Pugsley and Another v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2 Mar 2022

Appeal by way of case stated pursuant to section 111 of the Magistrates Courts Act 1980 against the refusal of the DJ at Oxford Magistrates Court, to stay the prosecution against them as an abuse of process. Judges: Lady Justice Whipple And Mrs Justice Collins Rice Citations: [2022] EWHC 425 (Admin) Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: England … Continue reading Pugsley and Another v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2 Mar 2022

Crown Prosecution Service v Redbridge Youth Court: QBD 8 Jun 2005

The prosecutor appealed a refusal of the magistrates to commit a youth to the Crown Court for trial. Held: Magistrates should start with a presumption against declining jurisdiction. Where there was a real prospect of a custodial sentence in excess of two years, the magistrates should accept a request to decline jurisdiction, and commit the … Continue reading Crown Prosecution Service v Redbridge Youth Court: QBD 8 Jun 2005

Regina v G (Autrefois acquit): CACD 25 May 2001

Where on a previous occasion the defendant had been acquitted with a formal verdict, after the prosecution had offered no evidence, it was not open to the prosecution later to return and allege a more serious offence based upon the same facts. The defendant was entitled to the benefit of the plea of autrefois acquit. … Continue reading Regina v G (Autrefois acquit): CACD 25 May 2001

Regina v Reading Justices ex parte Berkshire County Council: QBD 5 May 1995

Disclosure by third parties in criminal proceedings was not affected by other new rule. Simon Brown LJ summarised the tests for materiality for requiring production of dicuments from third parties by magistrates: ‘The central principles . . . are as follows: (i) to be material evidence documents must be not only relevant to the issues … Continue reading Regina v Reading Justices ex parte Berkshire County Council: QBD 5 May 1995

Regina v Horseferry Road Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate Ex Parte K: QBD 22 Feb 1996

It is the entry of a not guilty plea which actually begins the trial process, not the trial itself. A magistrate may commit for trial even after a not guilty plea has been entered but before the trial begins. Citations: Times 22-Feb-1996, Gazette 20-Mar-1996 Statutes: Magistrates Courts Act 1980 25(2) Criminal Practice, Magistrates Updated: 09 … Continue reading Regina v Horseferry Road Metropolitan Stipendiary Magistrate Ex Parte K: QBD 22 Feb 1996

Regina v Sheffield City Justices, Ex Parte Foster: QBD 2 Nov 1999

The power of a magistrate to make a subsequent order correcting an earlier one was wide. The section gave wide powers, including the power to revoke an order for an overnight detention. Magistrates should not forget that the purpose of the system for collection of fines, was to collect the fine, and not further to … Continue reading Regina v Sheffield City Justices, Ex Parte Foster: QBD 2 Nov 1999

Percy v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 13 Dec 1994

A woman protester repeatedly climbed over the perimeter fencing into a military base. Held: The defendant had a choice between agreeing to be bound over and going to prison. Her refusal to agree to be bound over had an immediate and obvious penal consequence without any intervening stage. The threat of imprisonment was no doubt … Continue reading Percy v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 13 Dec 1994

Nicol and Another v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 22 Nov 1995

The defendant’s behaviour complained of must be at least unreasonable if not unlawful to found a binding over for breach of the peace. Simon Brown LJ said: ‘the court would surely not find a s.115 complaint proved if any violence likely to have been provoked on the part of others would be not merely unlawful … Continue reading Nicol and Another v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 22 Nov 1995

Regina v Chelmsford Justices, Ex Parte Lloyd: QBD 5 Dec 2000

It was proper for magistrates to commit a defendant to the Crown Court for sentence where they believed that the appropriate sentence was a fine, but the level of fine they thought appropriate would be outside their powers, and only the Crown Court would have that power. The section did not limit the power to … Continue reading Regina v Chelmsford Justices, Ex Parte Lloyd: QBD 5 Dec 2000

Williams v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Jul 2009

Thomas LJ said: ‘When the magistrates were faced with the application for an amendment, the law was clear and remains clear. The principles are set out in Section 123 and 127 of the Magistrates’ Court Act [1980] and in the single decision of this court to which it is necessary to refer, R v Scunthorpe … Continue reading Williams v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Jul 2009

Dodsworth v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 8 Nov 2010

The defendant effectively sought to appeal against his conviction on his own guilty plea to possession of wild bird eggs. They had been collected before possession itself was made an offence, and he had received them before the 2004 Act, after which only the person originally collecting an egg could lawfully possess it. He said … Continue reading Dodsworth v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 8 Nov 2010

Regina (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Camberwell Green Youth Court ex parte C W K and A: QBD 5 Dec 2003

Magistrates have no Power to redo Mode of Trial The prosecutor appealed against a refusal of the magistrates to revisit their decision on mode of trial. Held: The court had no inherent jurisdiction to revisit their decision, and nor did the sections referred to grant any. Craske would have to be revisited by the House … Continue reading Regina (Director of Public Prosecutions) v Camberwell Green Youth Court ex parte C W K and A: QBD 5 Dec 2003

Regina v Manchester Stipendiary Magistrate, ex parte Hill; Hill v Anderton: HL 1982

The House was asked whether section 127 was satisfied where the information was laid within 6 months from the date of the alleged offence but was not considered by a magistrate, and no summons was issued, until after the expiration of the time limit. The House also considered the power of delegation where a justice … Continue reading Regina v Manchester Stipendiary Magistrate, ex parte Hill; Hill v Anderton: HL 1982