The conduct of parties with usage consistent with rules under the convention governing consent to jurisdiction, and where they ought to know of such rules, made such rules part of their contract. Such usage is determined by the trade practice rather than national or international law. A national court must look to such trade usage to see whether such a clause is imported.
Gazette 30-Jun-1999, C-159/97
Updated: 10 April 2022; Ref: scu.89979