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A v British Broadcasting Corporation (Scotland): SC 8 May 2014

Anonymised Party to Proceedings The BBC challenged an order made by the Court of Session in judicial review proceedings, permitting the applicant review to delete his name and address and substituting letters of the alphabet, in the exercise (or, as the BBC argues, purported exercise) of a common law power. The court also gave directions … Continue reading A v British Broadcasting Corporation (Scotland): SC 8 May 2014

Director of Public Prosecutions v Garnett: Admn 30 Oct 1997

Appeal against acquittal of offence of driving a motor vehicle whilst over the prescribed alcohol limit. The defendant had challenged the calibration of the Camic breath testing machine which showed the incorrect date. Citations: [1997] EWHC Admin 946 Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 5(1)(a), Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 69 Jurisdiction: England and Wales … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Garnett: Admn 30 Oct 1997

Walden, Regina (on the Application of) v Highbury Corner Magistrates’ Court: Admn 19 Mar 2003

The defendant appealed a decision of the magistrates to adjourn his trial for a breathaliser offence when the Crown Prosecution Service had not warned officers to attend to give evidence. On this application, the CPS filed an acknowledgment, did not attend the hearing or seek to justify its failure to warn the police officers. No … Continue reading Walden, Regina (on the Application of) v Highbury Corner Magistrates’ Court: Admn 19 Mar 2003

Lumba (WL) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 23 Mar 2011

The claimants had been detained under the 1971 Act, after completing sentences of imprisonment pending their return to their home countries under deportations recommended by the judges at trial, or chosen by the respondent. They challenged as unlawful the respondent’s, at first unpublished, policy introduced in 2006, that by default, those awaiting deportation should be … Continue reading Lumba (WL) v Secretary of State for The Home Department: SC 23 Mar 2011

Regina v Haringey Magistrates’ Court ex parte Amvrosiou: Admn 13 Jun 1996

When the appellant appeared at the Magistrates’ Court to answer a charge of driving whilst uninsured, a preliminary point was taken on her behalf that the prosecution had not been commenced within 6 months of the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the prosecutor to warrant proceedings had become available. In response … Continue reading Regina v Haringey Magistrates’ Court ex parte Amvrosiou: Admn 13 Jun 1996

Traves, Regina (on the Application Of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jun 2005

The defendant appealed conviction involving allegations that he was driving. He was sat at the wheel of a vehicle being towed by means of a rigid steel bar. He denied that he was driving, but had both steered and braked. Held: The magistrates had been entitled to find that he had been driving, having had … Continue reading Traves, Regina (on the Application Of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jun 2005

Jones v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jan 2004

The defendant was the registered keeper of a vehicle recorded as having exceeded the speed limit. He was required to identify the driver. He responded saying that it was one of six fleet vehicles and could not say who was driving it at the time. He appealed his conviction. Held: The defendant’s appeal succeeded. The … Continue reading Jones v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jan 2004

Exel Logistics Ltd v Curran and others: CA 30 Sep 2004

The claimants sought damages for personal injuries after a crash in a Land Rover maintained by the defendants. The defendants appealed findings of negligence in failing properly to inflate the rear tyres, in continuing despite the danger, and poor overtaking. A further fault was identified in that dirt in the front wheel had led to … Continue reading Exel Logistics Ltd v Curran and others: CA 30 Sep 2004

Francis v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 23 Mar 2004

The defendant appealed against his conviction for having failed to identify the driver of a car caught speeding by a camera. He was the registered keeper. He completed and returned the form, but did not sign it. The statute imposed no explicit obligation to sign it. He also said that since he was already suspected … Continue reading Francis v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 23 Mar 2004

Director of Public Prosecutions v Alderton: Admn 25 Nov 2003

The defendant had been found sat in his car. He had been spinning its wheels, but not moving. The prosecutor appealed against dismissal of a charge of attempting to drive whilst under the influence of alcohol. Held: The appeal succeeded. The defendant was driving. Although the car had not moved, his behaviour required him to … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Alderton: Admn 25 Nov 2003

Mawdesley and Yorke v Chief Constable of Cheshire Constabulary and Another: Admn 31 Jul 2003

The two appellant drivers had been sent forms requiring them to identify the drivers of vehicles identified by speed cameras. They had replied providing the requested information, but the forms were unsigned. They resisted use of the forms as evidence against them. Held: The forms could not be used as evidence against the defendants on … Continue reading Mawdesley and Yorke v Chief Constable of Cheshire Constabulary and Another: Admn 31 Jul 2003

Eagle v Chambers: CA 24 Jul 2003

The claimant was severely injured when run down by the defendant driving his car. She was in Blackpool, and drunk and wandering in the highway. The defendant was himself at or near the drink driving limit. She appealed against a finding that she was 60% to blame. Held: Courts have consistently required drivers to recognise … Continue reading Eagle v Chambers: CA 24 Jul 2003

Cooksley, Stride, Cook, Crump v Regina; Attorney General’s Reference No 152 of 2002: CACD 3 Apr 2003

JUDGMENT SUMMARY (Not part of the judgment of the Court) The judgment which is being handed down today relates to an Attorney General’s Reference and three appeals against sentence. The cases have been listed together to enable the Court to decide whether to give sentencing guidelines for the offences of causing death by dangerous driving … Continue reading Cooksley, Stride, Cook, Crump v Regina; Attorney General’s Reference No 152 of 2002: CACD 3 Apr 2003

Nawaz and Another v Crowe Insurance Group: CA 24 Feb 2003

The claimant had claimed aganst the driver, but gave notice of the intention to make a claim on his insurance by telephone only. The insurers repudiated liability. Held: Whilst solicitors would be strongly advised to give such notice in writing, an oral notice given to a proper officer of the insurer could be sufficient. In … Continue reading Nawaz and Another v Crowe Insurance Group: CA 24 Feb 2003

Sheldrake v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Feb 2003

The defendant challenged the application of the section, under which he was deemed to have intended to drive a vehicle whilst under the influence of alcohol, unless he could prove it was not his intent to drive, saying this infringed his right to a fair trial. Held: The section must be read down to comply … Continue reading Sheldrake v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 24 Feb 2003

Ali, Regina v: CACD 3 Oct 2018

Appeal from sentence for causing death by dangerous driving Citations: [2018] EWCA Crim 2359 Links: Bailii Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 1 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Criminal Sentencing Updated: 05 June 2022; Ref: scu.628201

Barbera, Messegua, and Jabardo v Spain: ECHR 6 Dec 1988

ECHR The presumption of innocence would be violated if, without the accused having previously been proved guilty according to law, a judicial decision concerning him reflected an opinion that he was guilty. The burden of proof is on the prosecution and any doubt should benefit the accused. Citations: 10590/83, (1988) 11 EHRR 360, [1988] ECHR … Continue reading Barbera, Messegua, and Jabardo v Spain: ECHR 6 Dec 1988

Regina v Roberts and George: CACD 31 Jul 1996

The defendants, a lorry driver and his employer, appealed against convictions for causing death by dangerous driving, and procuring the same. A wheel came loose from the wagon on the motorway, and collided with another vehicle, killing the driver. It was not suggested that the driver’s actual driving fell below a proper standard. Held: Causing … Continue reading Regina v Roberts and George: CACD 31 Jul 1996

Director of Public Prosecutions v Winstanley: QBD 1 Mar 1993

A constable going through the procedure of breathalysing a motorist has the right to require a urine specimen if subsequently no doctor is available, even where he has already heard from the detainee as to his wish to provide a blood sample, and has agreed to that. Citations: Ind Summary 01-Mar-1993 Statutes: Road Traffic Act … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Winstanley: QBD 1 Mar 1993

Director of Public Prosecutions v Furby: QBD 23 Mar 2000

A motorist had deliberately failed to complete the breath test procedure twice. In later court proceedings he was able to bring medical evidence that he would have been unable to do so in any event. He was held to have been properly convicted. There could be no reasonable excuse where inability was later shown. He … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Furby: QBD 23 Mar 2000

Director of Public Prosecutions v Humphries: QBD 3 Dec 1999

Following a conviction for driving with excess alcohol, the defendant argued that the short (nil) distance driven constituted a special reason for not disqualifying him. The court said that the magistrates were entitled to take into account the defendant’s intention, over and above what had actually been achieved by him in driving away. Citations: Times … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Humphries: QBD 3 Dec 1999

Cawthhorn v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 31 Aug 1999

The duty falling upon a driver to stop and report an accident immediately and in any event with 24 hours, was not dependent upon him actually driving at the time. A driver parked the vehicle on a hill and left it to post a letter. It rolled away and caused damage. The driver ran away, … Continue reading Cawthhorn v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 31 Aug 1999

Baldwin v West Yorkshire Police, orse Baldwin v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Jul 1995

The choice given to a person detained on suspicion of driving with excess alcohol, of giving either a blood or a urine sample was given satisfactorily, if it was done properly and fairly. Curtis J: ‘I would observe that the words of Lord Bridge in Director of Public Prosecutions v. Warren [1993] R.T.R. 58 are … Continue reading Baldwin v West Yorkshire Police, orse Baldwin v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Jul 1995

Greenway v Director of Public Prosecutions: 1993

The defendant appealed against his conviction for driving with excess alcohol. The officer had given evidence that at the time of the test all of the readings showed that the machine was working properly. That evidence was not challenged by the defence. Held: The court rejected, submissions that the print-out had not been put in … Continue reading Greenway v Director of Public Prosecutions: 1993

Murray v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 4 Feb 1993

The defendant claimed that a breathalyser procedure mistake vitiated the subsequent prosecution. Held: It was essential that the motorist who was asked to provide a sample of breath be first warned that a failure to provide a specimen would make him liable to be prosecuted. Even though the motorist had not in this case been … Continue reading Murray v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 4 Feb 1993

Norman v Ali and Another, Norman v Aziz: CA 13 Jan 2000

The claimant sought damages following a road accident against an uninsured driver through the Motor Insurer’s Bureau. The Bureau later required him to issue proceedings also against the car owner on the ground that he had permitted the driving. At first it was held the limitation period was six years for such a claim, but … Continue reading Norman v Ali and Another, Norman v Aziz: CA 13 Jan 2000

Ridehalgh, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 May 2005

The appellant a police officer had arrived at work having been drinking. A senior officer asked if he had driven to work. He replied yes, and on that basis had been convicted of driving with excess alcohol. He appealed saying that the question should have been put to him under caution. The magistrates said: ‘we … Continue reading Ridehalgh, Regina (on the Application of) v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 May 2005

Smith v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jan 2007

The defendant appealed his conviction for driving with excess alcohol, arguing that the prosecution had failed to provide the roadside breath test figures. Held: The appeal failed, and was indeed hopeless. Pill LJ said: ‘The specimens of breath which established whether or not a defendant has committed an offence under section 5(1) of the 1988 … Continue reading Smith v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 30 Jan 2007

Mayon v Director of Public Prosecutions: 1988

In the absence of evidence of calibration of an Intoximeter either before or after the second specimen was produced, there had been a failure to prove the precondition that the machine was working satisfactorily. Citations: [1988] RTR 281 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Sneyd v Director of Public Prosecutions Admn 24-Feb-2006 The … Continue reading Mayon v Director of Public Prosecutions: 1988

Edmond v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 Feb 2006

The defendant appealed his conviction for driving with excess alcohol. The readings on the Intoximeter were too wide apart and the officer requested a blood specimen. He complained that he had not been given a fresh warning before this request. Held: The requests were part of the same transaction. There was no requirement to repeat … Continue reading Edmond v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 23 Feb 2006

Sadiku v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Dec 1999

Trafalgar Square is properly a road. The question is one of fact for the justices. In this case the police officer properly stopped a vehicle with a view to carrying out a vehicle inspection. Citations: Times 03-Dec-1999 Statutes: Road Traffic Act 1988 67, 69 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Road Traffic Updated: 28 April 2022; Ref: … Continue reading Sadiku v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 3 Dec 1999

Lord-Castle v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 23 Jan 2009

The defendant appealed by case stated from his conviction for using a motor vehicle fitted with a siren. When stopped various items suggesting that driver might be providing an ambulance service were found. The siren was not used. Held: The test was: ‘is the vehicle concerned used (or primarily used) for conveying the sick, the … Continue reading Lord-Castle v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 23 Jan 2009

Joseph v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 24 Nov 2003

The defendant had given a specimen of breath over the minimum, but below 5omg, and accordingly he was to be allowed to give a specimen of blood or urine. The choice was the officers using a wide discretion. That discretion was still to be exercised reasonably. As a rastafarian, the defendant had refused to give … Continue reading Joseph v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 24 Nov 2003

Director of Public Prosecutions v Spicer: Admn 13 Mar 1997

The defendant had successfully argued no case to answer, on a charge of driving without due care. The prosecutor appealed by way of case stated. From the detailed notes available to the court, it was clear that there was evidence before them to put the defendant to an answer. Case remitted. Citations: [1997] EWHC Admin … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Spicer: Admn 13 Mar 1997

Director of Public Prosecutions v Hay: QBD 13 Jun 2005

The driver was unconscious following an accident. The police attended the accident. He was acquitted of later failing to report the accident to the police. The prosecutor appealed. The car had crashed as the police pursued it. No notice had been served on him to produce his documents, and he had argued also that he … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Hay: QBD 13 Jun 2005

Regina v Marchant and Another: CACD 21 Jul 2003

The second defendant, a farmer, employed the first defendant, inter alia, to drive his tractor. The tractor, when fitted up was necessarily dangerous, but was licensed to be driven on the roads. There was a fatal accident on the highway. The defendants appealed from convictions for causing death by dangerous driving. Held: The Court concluded … Continue reading Regina v Marchant and Another: CACD 21 Jul 2003

RoadPeace v Secretary of State for Transport: Admn 7 Nov 2017

RoadPeace challenged certain legislation, as to compulsory insurance for motor vehicles, and for payment of compensation for personal injury and damages caused by uninsured driver, saying that it failed properly to implement European law. Held: Ouseley J recorded and accepted the view of the Secretary of State for Transport and the Motor Insurers’ Bureau that … Continue reading RoadPeace v Secretary of State for Transport: Admn 7 Nov 2017

Cameron v Hussain and Another: CA 23 May 2017

The court was asked: ‘i) whether it is possible to obtain a judgment in respect of a claim for damages against a defendant identified only by description (‘an unnamed defendant’), in the context of a motor claim against an unidentified hit-and-run driver, where the vehicle was identified and an insurance policy had been effected in … Continue reading Cameron v Hussain and Another: CA 23 May 2017

Leetham v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 13 Oct 1997

The Appellant appeals by way of Case Stated against a decision of the Faversham and Sittingbourne Justices in Kent whereby, on 13th October 1997, they convicted him of an offence of driving while unfit through drugs, contrary to section 4(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1988 and Schedule 2 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act … Continue reading Leetham v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 13 Oct 1997

The Director of Public Prosecutions v Whittaker: Admn 3 Jul 2015

Appeal by way of case stated from a decision dismissing a summons alleging a contravention of s. 143 Road Traffic Act 1988, namely use of a motor vehicle on a road without a policy of insurance. The defendant appeared to be using a van for commercial purposes, but had only private and domestic insurance. Beatson … Continue reading The Director of Public Prosecutions v Whittaker: Admn 3 Jul 2015

Webster v Regina: CACD 3 Mar 2006

The appellant challenged his conviction for aiding an abetting the causing of death by dangerous driving as a passenger. The driver had been drunk. Held: The mere intoxication of the driver was not of itself and alone sufficient to establish dangerous driving. Woodward decided only that evidence of drinking was admissible, not that it was … Continue reading Webster v Regina: CACD 3 Mar 2006

Regina v Government of Holloway Prison, Ex parte Jennings: HL 1983

J sought habeas corpus to avoid her extradition to California on a charge of manslaughter arising from a motor accident. Her counsel argued that the unlawful killing of another by the reckless driving of a motor vehicle on a road was no longer manslaughter by the law of England, since the enactment of the Road … Continue reading Regina v Government of Holloway Prison, Ex parte Jennings: HL 1983

Director of Public Prosecutions v King: Admn 13 Feb 2008

The defendant was charged after driving a ‘City Mantis Electric Scooter’. He was disqualified from driving. The prosecutor appealed against dismissal of the charges on the basis that the scooter was not of such a description as to require a licence or insurance. Held: If the case was remitted, and the magistrates properly directed they … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v King: Admn 13 Feb 2008

Nemeti and Others v Sabre Insurance Co Ltd: CA 3 Dec 2013

The court considered the power of courts to allow substitution of a new party after the expiration of the limitation period. Sir Terence Etherton Ch, Hallett VP, Sharp LJJ [2013] EWCA Civ 1555 Bailii European Communities (Rights against Insurers) Regulations 2002, Road Traffic Act 1988 151 England and Wales Citing: Cited – Regina v Liverpool … Continue reading Nemeti and Others v Sabre Insurance Co Ltd: CA 3 Dec 2013

Regina v Martin (Colin): CACD 29 Nov 1988

Defence of Necessity has a Place in Criminal Law The defendant appealed against his conviction for driving whilst disqualified. He said he had felt obliged to drive his stepson to work because his stepson had overslept. His wife (who had suicidal tendencies) had been threatening suicide unless he drove the boy to work, since she … Continue reading Regina v Martin (Colin): CACD 29 Nov 1988

Pryor v Greater Manchester Police: CA 30 Jun 2011

The claimant had purchased a car, but not yet received confirmation of its registration in his name. After verifying his friend’s insurance he lent the car to him. The friend was stopped by officers, the non-registrations noted and the car was impounded and destroyed. He appealed against rejection of his claim. Held: The appeal was … Continue reading Pryor v Greater Manchester Police: CA 30 Jun 2011

Regina v Johnstone: HL 22 May 2003

The defendant was convicted under the 1994 Act of producing counterfeit CDs. He argued that the affixing of the name of the artist to the CD was not a trade mark use, and that the prosecution had first to establish a civil offence before his act could become criminal. The prosecutor appealed the decision of … Continue reading Regina v Johnstone: HL 22 May 2003

Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission v Gibbons; Same v Karoonian: CA 30 Oct 2012

Non-resident parents in each case appealed against suspended orders of imprisonment for non-payment of child support. They argued that the procedures used were indistinguishable from those held to be human rights non-compliant in Mubarak. Held: The Commission had not taken all alternative enforcement steps first as required by the Act, and accordingly it was ot … Continue reading Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission v Gibbons; Same v Karoonian: CA 30 Oct 2012

Brotherston and Others v The Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 3 Feb 2012

Four drivers said that the use of approved speed cameras for evidential purposes was unlawful. They argued that the cameras used were not ‘of a description specified’ under an Order. Held: The appeals failed. The different speed trap mechanisms were lawful and specified wihin the regulations. The court discussed the stages involved in the designation … Continue reading Brotherston and Others v The Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 3 Feb 2012

Lac and others v Clayton: CA 3 Feb 2009

Highway Code applied by analogy The defendant contended that the three claimants had negligently contributed to the losses they suffered in a road traffic accident of which he admitted primary liability. There had been a spillage of oil, it was dark, the weather was poor, and the claimant passed the scene of an accident over … Continue reading Lac and others v Clayton: CA 3 Feb 2009

Regina v Looseley (orse Loosely); Attorney General’s Reference No 3 of 2000: HL 25 Oct 2001

Police Entrapment is no defence to Criminal Act The defendant complained of his conviction for supplying controlled drugs, saying that the undercover police officer had requested him to make the supply. Held: It was an abuse of process for the police to go so far as to incite a crime. Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead said: … Continue reading Regina v Looseley (orse Loosely); Attorney General’s Reference No 3 of 2000: HL 25 Oct 2001

Bancoult, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs: Admn 11 Jun 2013

The claimant, displaced from the Chagos Archipelago, challenged a decision by the respondent to create a no-take Marine Protected Area arround the island which would make life there impossible if he and others returned. The respondent renewed his objection to the use of leaked materials, saying that this would be a breach of the Official … Continue reading Bancoult, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs: Admn 11 Jun 2013

McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd: OHCS 31 May 2005

The pursuer sought damages after her husband’s death from lung cancer. She said that the defenders were negligent in having continued to sell him cigarettes knowing that they would cause this. Held: The action failed. The plaintiff had not proved that the smoking of cigarettes was the cause of the lung cancer, and it was … Continue reading McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd: OHCS 31 May 2005

Director of Public Prosecutions v Barreto: Admn 31 Jul 2019

Non-communications use of phone not caught The DPP appealed from a decision overturning the conviction of the respondent for the use while driving of a mobile phone to take pictures. Held: The phrasing of the statute limited the offence to one of using the phone for communication purposes. Other uses were not caught by the … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Barreto: Admn 31 Jul 2019

In re Peters: CA 1988

After the defendant was arrested for drugs offences a restraint order was made to prevent dissipation of his assets. Orders were made to vary the restraint to allow payment of his sons school fees, and in family proceedings for a payment to his wife. The Commissioners of Customs and Excise appealed the latter order. Held: … Continue reading In re Peters: CA 1988