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Jeffrey-Shaw v Shopshire County Premier Football League Shopshire County Football Association: EAT 17 Aug 2004

EAT Race Discrimination – Discrimination by other bodies – Race Discrimination Section 12 Race Relations Act 1976. Definition of qualifying body and profession of vocation. Did it apply to amateur footballer and local football league authorities? Judges: His Honour Judge Ansell Citations: [2004] UKEAT 0320 – 04 – 1609, UKEAT/0320/04 Links: Bailii Statutes: Race Relations … Continue reading Jeffrey-Shaw v Shopshire County Premier Football League Shopshire County Football Association: EAT 17 Aug 2004

Marshall v Law Centres Federation: EAT 30 Jan 2002

The appellant solicitor had been employed by the respondent. They wrote to dismiss her, after failing to obtain funding. She issued proceedings on the basis that she had been victimised after giving evidence for a co-worker in other proceedings against the Federation. The tribunal, having found the lack of funding proved, considered that to be … Continue reading Marshall v Law Centres Federation: EAT 30 Jan 2002

Moyo v Tower Hamlets Consortium: CA 30 Jul 2004

Citations: [2004] EWCA Civ 1246 Links: Bailii Statutes: Race Relations Act 1976 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: Appeal from – Moyo v Tower Hamlets Consortium EAT 26-Mar-2004 EAT Race Discrimination – Victimisation. . . Cited – Dr Anya v University of Oxford and Another CA 22-Mar-2001 Discrimination – History of interactions relevantWhen a tribunal considered … Continue reading Moyo v Tower Hamlets Consortium: CA 30 Jul 2004

Tower Boot Company Ltd v Jones: EAT 27 Mar 1995

The company appealed against a finding of race discrimination. Held: As a matter of law the concept of vicarious liability provided for in Section 41(1) of the Act, identical to that under Section 32(1) of the Race Relations Act 1976. Citations: [1995] UKEAT 56 – 94 – 2703, [1995] IRLR 529 Links: Bailii Statutes: Race … Continue reading Tower Boot Company Ltd v Jones: EAT 27 Mar 1995

Alexandra Healthcare NHS Trust and Another v Effa: EAT 21 Apr 1998

The Trust appealed against a finding of race discrimination. He was a doctor working as a locum. He had been summarily dismissed in breach of the respondent’s own procedures and professional standards. Held: The appeal succeeded. The tribunal had erred in that it had made the assumption, for which there was no factual basis, that … Continue reading Alexandra Healthcare NHS Trust and Another v Effa: EAT 21 Apr 1998

Rajendra Chaudhary v Royal College of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland and others: CA 8 Nov 2001

Application for leave to appeal. Judges: Mummery LJ Citations: [2001] EWCA Civ 1761 Links: Bailii Statutes: Race Relations Act 1976 68(6) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: See Also – Rajendra Chaudhary v Royal College of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland and others CA 8-Nov-2001 Application for leave to appeal. . . Cited by: See … Continue reading Rajendra Chaudhary v Royal College of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland and others: CA 8 Nov 2001

Madden v Preferred Technical Group CHA Limited, Guest: CA 27 Aug 2004

The claimant had made a complaint of race discrimination. The complaint was dismissed. Some time later the company dismissed him, and he again lodged a complaint. The tribunal found him unfairly dismissed, but again not discriminated against. Held: The Tribunal had been wrong to ignore any motive for the action taken. When it found no … Continue reading Madden v Preferred Technical Group CHA Limited, Guest: CA 27 Aug 2004

Spicer v Government of Spain: CA 29 Jul 2004

The claimant worked at a school in London operated by the respondent, and he was paid by them. Spanish teachers received relocation allowances, and he complained that this was discriminatory. The respondent had failed to comply with the order made by the EAT. Held: The failure by the respondent to comply with the order meant … Continue reading Spicer v Government of Spain: CA 29 Jul 2004

V v Addey and Stanhope School: CA 30 Jul 2004

The respondent resisted a claim of unfair dismissal and race discrimination on the basis that the employment contract was illegal since the claimant was an immigrant and unable to work without a work permit. Held: The Court of Appeal upheld a defence of illegality to a teacher’s complaint against a school of unlawful discrimination by … Continue reading V v Addey and Stanhope School: CA 30 Jul 2004

Medical Protection Society, Dr Bown, Dr Hickey v Dr Sadek: CA 12 Jul 2004

The claimant sought damages for discrimination by the respondent, who replied that as a professional he was not a ‘worker’ within the legislation. Held: The respondents were a society providing advice and representation to its members. It was an organisation of workers. To fall within the ambit of the category of ‘any other organisation’ the … Continue reading Medical Protection Society, Dr Bown, Dr Hickey v Dr Sadek: CA 12 Jul 2004

Saggar v Ministry of Defence: EAT 25 May 2004

Three Defence employees sought to bring claims of variously race and sex discrimination against the Ministry. In each case their services were provided almost entirely abroad, and the defendant argued that there was no jurisdiction to hear the case, and that jurisdiction was not created by minimal presence here. Held: The provisions as to jurisdiction … Continue reading Saggar v Ministry of Defence: EAT 25 May 2004

Meade v Pugh and Another: QBD 5 Mar 2004

The claimant was a social work student. He attended a work experience placement, and challenged the report given by the defendants on that placement, saying it was discriminatory and defamatory. He appealed a strike out of his claim. Held: The occasion was one of qualified privilege. The claimant had to establish malice to defeat that … Continue reading Meade v Pugh and Another: QBD 5 Mar 2004

Laing Limited v Yassin Essa: CA 21 Jan 2004

The claimant had been awarded damages for race discrimination. The employer appealed. Held: In a claim for damages under the 1976 Act, it was not necessary to show that the damage suffered was reasonably forseeable.Pill LJ said: ‘I see no need to superimpose the requirement or prerequisite of reasonable foreseeability upon the statutory tort in … Continue reading Laing Limited v Yassin Essa: CA 21 Jan 2004

Nagarajan v Agnew: EAT 21 Jul 1993

Mr Nagarajan, of Indian birth, had brought several complaints to the Tribunal based on race. A settlement was reached on or about 1st November 1989 in full and final settlement of all his claims arising out of his employment with London Underground Ltd. His employment by LUL had ceased by then. Mr Nagarajan, after a … Continue reading Nagarajan v Agnew: EAT 21 Jul 1993

Dunnachie v Kingston Upon Hull City Council; Williams v Southampton Institute; Dawson v Stonham Housing Association: EAT 8 Apr 2003

EAT Unfair Dismissal – CompensationIn each case, The employee sought additional damages for non-economic loss after an unfair dismissal. Held: The Act could be compared with the Discrimination Acts which explicitly awarded damages for hurt feelings. Clear authority lay against such awards in unfair dismissal cases. An Employment Tribunal considering a claim for damages for … Continue reading Dunnachie v Kingston Upon Hull City Council; Williams v Southampton Institute; Dawson v Stonham Housing Association: EAT 8 Apr 2003

British Medical Association v Chaudhary: CA 15 May 2003

The claimant had sought registration as a specialist medical practitioner by the respondent. His complaint that the crtiria used to reject his claim were discriminatory had been rejected by the employment tribunal and EAT on the basis that they had no jurisdiction. Held: The section and rules establishing the Training authority clearly reserved to that … Continue reading British Medical Association v Chaudhary: CA 15 May 2003

Yashin Essa v Laing Ltd: EAT 17 Feb 2003

The claimant appealed against the level of damages awarded on his claim for race discrimination on the basis that he had not shown that his hurt feelings were not shown to have been reasonably forseeable. Held: The tribunal had erred. It was natural and invitable that humiliation and hurt would follow discrimination. The claimant had … Continue reading Yashin Essa v Laing Ltd: EAT 17 Feb 2003

Ahmed v Governing Body of the University of Oxford and Another: CA 20 Dec 2002

The claimant sought damages for race discrimination. He appealed a dismissal of his claim, suggesting that the assessor’s role had been misunderstood. Held: The structure of the Act recognised the particular difficulties in assessing evidence in race discrimination cases, by requiring experienced lay persons to sit with the chair. There was no direct useful comparison … Continue reading Ahmed v Governing Body of the University of Oxford and Another: CA 20 Dec 2002

Vento v The Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police (No 2): CA 20 Dec 2002

The claimant had been awarded damages for sex discrimination, including a sum of andpound;25,000 for injury to feelings. The respondent appealed. Held: The Court of Appeal looked to see whether there had been an error of law in the employment tribunal decision. It did not look to see whether the Employment Appeal Tribunal had erred … Continue reading Vento v The Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police (No 2): CA 20 Dec 2002

Derby Specialist Fabrication Ltd v J N Burton: EAT 27 Sep 2000

Race Discrimination – Direct. After dealing with the arguments based on the history of the various statutes: ‘Whether the employer deliberately dismisses the employee on racial grounds or he so acts as to repudiate the contract by racially discriminatory conduct, which repudiation the employee accepts, the end result is the same, namely the loss of … Continue reading Derby Specialist Fabrication Ltd v J N Burton: EAT 27 Sep 2000

Mcdonagh (Sued on Her Own Behalf and on Behalf of All Other Members of the Labour Party) v Z Ali H S Sohal: EAT 10 Apr 2000

The applicants were suspended from membership of the Labour party. As a result they were unable to stand for election as councillors. They alleged racial discrimination. Held: The position as councillor fell within the Act, and the claim for discrimination had been properly allowed. The Act should be interpreted sufficiently widely to provide a remedy … Continue reading Mcdonagh (Sued on Her Own Behalf and on Behalf of All Other Members of the Labour Party) v Z Ali H S Sohal: EAT 10 Apr 2000

BBC Scotland v Souster: SCS 7 Dec 2000

English and Scottish are Separate Racial Groups The English and Scottish peoples are recognised as separate racial groups. Discrimination on the basis that someone was English or Scottish was therefore discrimination for the purposes of the 1976 Act. Since Parliament had not amended or defined the concept of national origins when passing the 1976 Act, … Continue reading BBC Scotland v Souster: SCS 7 Dec 2000

Chief Constable of Bedfordshire Police v Liversidge: EAT 21 Sep 2001

The Chief Constable appealed against a refusal to strike out a claim by the respondent that he had racially discriminated against her. Force members had used code words for racially abusive terms about her. The claim was that he was vicariously liable for the acts of his Force members. Liability was asserted against the chief … Continue reading Chief Constable of Bedfordshire Police v Liversidge: EAT 21 Sep 2001

Crofton v Yeboah: EAT 16 May 2001

After a very long hearing, the appellant had been found guilty of race discrimination in his making of allegations about the behaviour of the respondent in failing to investigate corruption within Hackney London Borough Council. Held: The first instance tribunal had failed to take account of evidence offered by the appellant to a degree which … Continue reading Crofton v Yeboah: EAT 16 May 2001

Scott v London Borough of Hillingdon: CA 18 Dec 2001

The claimant’s claim for race discrimination had been dismissed on appeal by the EAT. He now appealed to restore the judgement of the employment tribunal. He had begun an action against his employer, and then unsuccessfully applied for employment with the respondent. He later discovered that there had been conversations between the two employers. Held: … Continue reading Scott v London Borough of Hillingdon: CA 18 Dec 2001

Coker and Osamor v The Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chancellor’s Department: CA 22 Nov 2001

The Lord Chancellor’s action in appointing to a special adviser’s post someone he already knew and trusted, without first advertising the post openly, was not an act of sex or race discrimination. Had they applied, they would not have been appointed because they were not personally known to the Lord Chancellor. In practice a post … Continue reading Coker and Osamor v The Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chancellor’s Department: CA 22 Nov 2001

Dr (Mrs) U A Uruakpa v Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons: EAT 18 Jun 2001

The applicant appealed an order striking out her complaint of race discrimination as hopeless. She sought recognition as a veterinary surgeon. Her claim had been dismissed because, under the section the College exercised a statutory power. She asserted that the regulations gave a wide discretion to the College to exempt individuals from all or part … Continue reading Dr (Mrs) U A Uruakpa v Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons: EAT 18 Jun 2001

Ashraf v Francis W Birkett and Sons Ltd: EAT 20 Jul 2001

The employee had been selected for redundancy. He claimed both race and disability discrimination. He appealed a rejection of race discrimination claim. He said that the Meek case required the decision to deal with any significant of conflict of evidence, and this the tribunal had not done. The respondent said this need not be fatal … Continue reading Ashraf v Francis W Birkett and Sons Ltd: EAT 20 Jul 2001

Donald D’Souza v London Borough of Lambeth: CA 25 May 2001

Persons seeking to be restored to former employment after dismissal are not compensatable victims either seeking employment or in employment – discrimination against them is not a matter for which the Race Relations Act 1976 section 4 made provision Judges: Lord Justice Robert Walker, Lord Justice Schiemann, Mr Justice Lloyd Citations: [2001] EWCA Civ 794 … Continue reading Donald D’Souza v London Borough of Lambeth: CA 25 May 2001

Jasbeer Rooproy v M Rollins-Elliott, Manor House Hospitals Ltd: EAT 7 Aug 2001

The Applicant had worked for the respondents. The respondents were closing down the nursing home, and all staff were being made redundant and were to be given open references. The applicant’s claim for race discrimination had been heard but no decision given. The first respondent gave a reference but referred to the outstanding proceedings. The … Continue reading Jasbeer Rooproy v M Rollins-Elliott, Manor House Hospitals Ltd: EAT 7 Aug 2001

Allen v Oliver Group Plc and Another: CA 24 May 2001

The appellant appealed a finding against her by the ET and EAT on her claim of race discrimination. The tribunal found that the applicant had been treated less favourably, but had been unable to find any evidence that this had its origins in her race. However two paragraphs of the judgment were inconsistent. The judgement … Continue reading Allen v Oliver Group Plc and Another: CA 24 May 2001

Rowlands v City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council: CA 26 Mar 1999

The defendant appealed a finding of the EAT that the claimant had standing to claim discrimination under the Act in the way her application to be a foster mother had been treated. Held: After the EAT decision in W v Essex, it was clear that the relation ship between the council and a foster parent … Continue reading Rowlands v City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council: CA 26 Mar 1999

W 1-6 v Essex County Council and Another: CA 2 Apr 1998

A Local Authority had a duty of care to a fostering family when allocating children. A child was known to have a history of sexual abuse and was fostered with a family with other children, and no warning had been given.Foster parents sued the council for breach of contract and for alleged negligence for breach … Continue reading W 1-6 v Essex County Council and Another: CA 2 Apr 1998

Wheeler v Leicester City Council; In re Wheeler and others: HL 25 Jul 1985

The Council opposed sporting links with South Africa. The local rugby club failed to denounce apartheid and did not seek to dissuade three of its players touring with the national side. The Court of Appeal had refused judicial review of the council’s decision to ban the club from playing at the ground which it owned. … Continue reading Wheeler v Leicester City Council; In re Wheeler and others: HL 25 Jul 1985

British Telecommunications plc v Reid: CA 6 Oct 2003

The respondent appealed an award of pounds 10.000 for damages for an act of direct race discrimination. The claimant, of Afro-Caribbean origin, had been subjected to a racist comment. Held: Translating hurt feelings into hard currency will always be an artificial exercise (Vento). The reasons for the award of aggravated damages were apparent from the … Continue reading British Telecommunications plc v Reid: CA 6 Oct 2003

Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police and Others v Khan: CA 24 Feb 2000

A police sergeant had made a complaint of race discrimination against his force. He applied for a post elsewhere, but his chief constable refused a reference claiming that he wished not to prejudice the force’s defence of the action. This was held not to be discrimination itself, but it was victimisation arising from the pursuit … Continue reading Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police and Others v Khan: CA 24 Feb 2000

Khan v General Medical Council: EAT 24 Mar 1993

An Asian Doctor had repeatedly been refused full registration by the council. It was held that he could not bring a claim of indirect discrimination, because he had not exhausted his rights of appeal. An application for review under the Act gave sufficient opportunity of redress being by way of an independent hearing capable of … Continue reading Khan v General Medical Council: EAT 24 Mar 1993

Hallam and Another v Cheltenham Borough Council and Others: HL 27 Mar 2001

‘Aid’ under the section meant something more than mere helpfulness. The complainants arranged a wedding in premises owned by a defendant. The police respondents advised the owner that the wedding was for gypsies, whereupon the defendants unlawfully discriminated against the applicants. Nevertheless, the acts of the police did not go beyond an attempt to be … Continue reading Hallam and Another v Cheltenham Borough Council and Others: HL 27 Mar 2001

D Lowery and Chelsea Village Management Ltd v Omar M Said Ali: EAT 24 Nov 2000

The applicant had been dismissed with another. He claimed race discrimination. The employer appealed, saying that the tribunal’s award had been described in such a way as not to allow them to identify the various elements in the findings. Held: The Tribunal had failed properly to apply the test. They should, first have identified a … Continue reading D Lowery and Chelsea Village Management Ltd v Omar M Said Ali: EAT 24 Nov 2000

TNT Express Worldwide (UK) Ltd v Brown: CA 18 Apr 2000

An employee pursuing a claim of racial discrimination against his employers requested time off to see his adviser on the claim. The company refused, he took the time off, and was later dismissed. Since the company normally allowed on short notice short periods of absence for domestic reasons, to refuse because he was pursuing a … Continue reading TNT Express Worldwide (UK) Ltd v Brown: CA 18 Apr 2000

Sawyer v Ahsam: CA 21 Sep 1999

A local councillor deselected for a forthcoming election by his political party had the capacity to claim racial discrimination in respect of the deselection, since the holding of office as a councillor could amount to engagement in a profession, and the political party had the power to confer the qualification by selection to go forward … Continue reading Sawyer v Ahsam: CA 21 Sep 1999

Regina v Race Relations Board, Ex parte Selvarajan: CA 1975

Lord Denning MR said: ‘In recent years we have had to consider the procedure of many bodies who are required to make an investigation and form an opinion . . In all these cases it has been held that the investigating body is under a duty to act fairly: but that which fairness requires depends … Continue reading Regina v Race Relations Board, Ex parte Selvarajan: CA 1975

Nabadda and Others v Westminster City Council; Gomilsek v Haringey London Borough Council: CA 24 Feb 2000

Swedish students on vocational courses in the UK had received loans from their home country, but were denied the grants towards their course fees which were made to English students. They claimed race discrimination. Although the withholding of grants was an indirect discrimination, it fell outside the Act and was not actionable because the acts … Continue reading Nabadda and Others v Westminster City Council; Gomilsek v Haringey London Borough Council: CA 24 Feb 2000

Lewisham and Guys Mental Health NHS Trust v Andrews (Deceased): CA 28 Mar 2000

An action for damages for race discrimination survived the death of the complainant, and could be prosecuted by the complainant’s personal representatives. The statutes which applied were different from those in other discrimination cases. However the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1934 provided that any cause of action except defamation should survive the death of … Continue reading Lewisham and Guys Mental Health NHS Trust v Andrews (Deceased): CA 28 Mar 2000

Hallam and Another v Avery and Another: CA 7 Jan 2000

A Romany family booked a council hall for a wedding. Police later approached the council and made misleading assertions about the character of the family resulting in the imposition of additional conditions on the contract. There was however no evidence that the officers had acted in any overtly racist motive, but rather from a concern … Continue reading Hallam and Another v Avery and Another: CA 7 Jan 2000

ADT Fire and Security Plc v Speyer: EAT 15 Sep 2006

EAT Unfair dismissal and Race Relations Act 1976 Unfair dismissal – Exclusions including worker/jurisdiction Three cases were stayed pending the judgment of the House of Lords in Lawson v Serco [2006] ICR 250. The appeal in the British Council case was dismissed on withdrawal after the hearing and before the judgment. In ADT, the Employment … Continue reading ADT Fire and Security Plc v Speyer: EAT 15 Sep 2006

Lisk-Carew v Birmingham City Council Dr S Sharp: CA 25 Apr 2004

The claimant’s complaints of unfair dismissal and race discrimination had been dismissed, but a claim of victimisation had succeeded. Held: There was no inconsistency in the findings. In such a case, damages should be limited to the sum for injured feelings (in this case andpound;5,000). Judges: Kennedy, May, Hooper LJJ Citations: Times 07-Jun-2004, Gazette 20-May-2004 … Continue reading Lisk-Carew v Birmingham City Council Dr S Sharp: CA 25 Apr 2004

Lewisham and Guys Mental Health NHS Trust v Andrews: EAT 21 Apr 1999

A claim of damages for race discrimination did not survive the claimant’s death, and the estate cannot continue the claim. There is no statutory basis for such a survival, and it had not been intended by Parliament. This differs explicitly from other types of claims under general employment law, but is similar for sex discrimination. … Continue reading Lewisham and Guys Mental Health NHS Trust v Andrews: EAT 21 Apr 1999

Perera v Civil Service Commission (No 2): EAT 1982

The tribunal considered the method of selection of the pool on a claim for indirect discrimination. In this case the claimant alleged that an age test applied on his application would effectively limit the proportion of coloured who would meet the tests. Held: The Commission’s appeal was allowed in part. The proportion of late immigrants … Continue reading Perera v Civil Service Commission (No 2): EAT 1982

Sougrin v Haringey Health Authority: CA 1992

The claimant alleged race discrimination arising out of a disputed grading and because it affected her pay she said it was a continuing act. Held: The court drew the distinction between a ‘one-off’ act of alleged racial discrimination and its continuing consequences for the appellant on the one hand, and the policy of such discrimination, … Continue reading Sougrin v Haringey Health Authority: CA 1992

Hounga v Allen and Another: SC 30 Jul 2014

The appellant, of Nigerian origin had been brought here at the age of 14 with false identity papers, and was put to work caring for the respondent’s children. In 2008 she was dismissed and ejected from the house. She brought proceedings alleging racial discrimination, but the only element of her claim which succeeded was of … Continue reading Hounga v Allen and Another: SC 30 Jul 2014

Post Office v Adekeye: EAT 23 Feb 1995

An Industrial Tribunal may not look at a claim of race discrimination which had taken place in the context of a disciplinary appeal following a dismissal. The act of discrimination had not been in the course of the employment. Citations: Times 23-Feb-1995 Statutes: Race Relations Act 1976 4(2) Citing: See also – Adekeye v Post … Continue reading Post Office v Adekeye: EAT 23 Feb 1995

Regina (Ellas) v Secretary of State for Defence: QBD 7 Jul 2005

The claimant was registered as a British subject, but lived in Hong Kong. During the second world war she was interned by the Japanese. She sought a payment now under the ex-gratia prisoner of war scheme. She appealed refusal of benefit, saying the scheme was discriminatory. Held: The appeal succeeded. The scheme distinguished between members … Continue reading Regina (Ellas) v Secretary of State for Defence: QBD 7 Jul 2005

South East Essex College and others v Abegaze: EAT 3 Nov 2005

EAT Race Discrimination – Post Employment. Employment Tribunal erred in law in (i) not taking account of prejudice to the ex employer when considering it was just and equitable to extend time in a discrimination claim, (ii) in misinterpreting the application of section 27(A)(2) of the Race Relations Act 1976 and (iii) in misapplying Rhys-Harper … Continue reading South East Essex College and others v Abegaze: EAT 3 Nov 2005

Gravell v London Borough of Bexley: EAT 2 Mar 2007

EAT Race Discrimination Racial harassment (s3A). Effect of House of Lords Judgment in Pearce v The Governing Body of Mayfield School re. Burton v de Vere Hotels Ltd on s3A claim. Employment Tribunal strike-out. Need for fact-finding. Appeal allowed.The Tribunal had struck out a claim brought under section 3A of the Race Relations Act. The … Continue reading Gravell v London Borough of Bexley: EAT 2 Mar 2007

Partnership In Care Ltd (T/A the Spinney) v Laing and Another: EAT 1 Feb 2007

EAT Race Discrimination – Contract Workers The Claimant was employed by A to provide patient advocacy services at B’s mental hospital. He was barred by B from access to a ward, allegedly after an incident with a patient. A then suspended him. He claimed that both A and B were guilty of race discrimination. On … Continue reading Partnership In Care Ltd (T/A the Spinney) v Laing and Another: EAT 1 Feb 2007

Meer v London Borough of Tower Hamlets: CA 26 May 1988

The Court discussed the nature of ‘a requirement or condition’ for the purposes of the 1976 Act. Held: Dillon LJ said: ‘The case of Perera decided that there can only be a requirement or condition within s.1(1)(b) of the Race Relations Act 1976 if the requirement or condition, or whatever other word may be used … Continue reading Meer v London Borough of Tower Hamlets: CA 26 May 1988

The Law Society v Kamlesh Bahl: EAT 7 Jul 2003

EAT Sex Discrimination – DirectThe complainant had been suspended from her position as Vice President of the Law Society. The Society and its officers appealed findings of sex and race discrimination against her. The complainant appealed findings that she had lied to the tribunal on oath, and that the discrimination had been only indirect. Held: … Continue reading The Law Society v Kamlesh Bahl: EAT 7 Jul 2003

Balamoody v Manchester Health Authority: EAT 2 Mar 1999

The claimant appealed against orders striking out his complaint of unlawful racial discrimination. He had owned a nursing home regulated by the respondent authority. A senior white employee had broken regulations regarding safekeeping of drugs, but he as owner had been prosecuted and struck off. She had not. The home registration was then cancelled. He … Continue reading Balamoody v Manchester Health Authority: EAT 2 Mar 1999

Appiah and Another v Bishop Douglas Roman Catholic High School: CA 26 Jan 2007

Black students of African origin, had been excluded from school after an incident. They appealed rejection of their claims for race discrimination and victimisation, saying that they had been at first excluded wrongfully. Held: ‘Consideration of motive is rarely an attractive or useful forensic exercise . . . In discrimination cases, the better course is … Continue reading Appiah and Another v Bishop Douglas Roman Catholic High School: CA 26 Jan 2007

Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

In each case the local authority sought to recover possession of its own land. In the Lambeth case, they asserted this right as against an overstaying former tenant, and in the Leeds case as against gypsies. In each case the occupiers said that the recovery of possession interfered with their right respect for their family … Continue reading Kay and Another v London Borough of Lambeth and others; Leeds City Council v Price and others and others: HL 8 Mar 2006

Miller v The College of Policing: CA 20 Dec 2021

Hate-Incident Guidance Inflexible and Unlawful The central issue raised in the appeal is the lawfulness of certain parts of a document entitled the Hate Crime Operational Guidance (the Guidance). The Guidance, issued in 2014 by the College of Policing (the College), the respondent to this appeal, sets out the national policy in relation to the … Continue reading Miller v The College of Policing: CA 20 Dec 2021

Mingeley v Pennock and Ivory T/A Amber Cars: EAT 1 May 2003

EAT Race Discrimination – Prospective employees His Hon Judge Clark EAT/1170/02, [2003] EAT 1170 – 02 – 0906, [2003] UKEAT 1170 – 02 – 0906 Bailii, Bailii, EAT Race Relations Act 1976 78(1) England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – Mingeley v Pennock and Another (T/A Amber Cars) CA 9-Feb-2004 The claimant taxi driver … Continue reading Mingeley v Pennock and Ivory T/A Amber Cars: EAT 1 May 2003

Chohan v Derby Law Centre: EAT 2 Mar 2004

EAT Employment Tribunal claim brought out of time because of Solicitor’s negligent advice. Application of British Coal Corporation -v- Keeble [1999] IRLR 337. His Hon Judge Mcmullen QC UKEAT/0851/03, [2004] UKEAT 0851 – 03 – 0704 Bailii, EATn England and Wales Citing: Cited – British Coal Corporation v Keeble and others EAT 26-Mar-1997 The employer … Continue reading Chohan v Derby Law Centre: EAT 2 Mar 2004

Tariq v The Home Office: EAT 16 Oct 2009

EAT PRACTICE AND PROCEDUREDisclosureHUMAN RIGHTS(1) The procedure sanctioned by rule 54 of the Employment Tribunals Rules of Procedure, and by the Employment Tribunals (National Security) Rules of Procedure, is not incompatible with a claimant’s right under Art. 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights to a fair hearing of his claim for discrimination, or … Continue reading Tariq v The Home Office: EAT 16 Oct 2009

Mangalore v London School of Economics and Political Science: EAT 1 Nov 2013

EAT Victimisation Discrimination – Although allegations of victimisation were made under section 27 of the Equality Act 2010 the Employment Tribunal had directed itself in terms of a comparator as if the case had been brought pursuant to section 2 of the Race Relations Act 1976. Whilst this was an apparently erroneous approach in fact … Continue reading Mangalore v London School of Economics and Political Science: EAT 1 Nov 2013

Cam v Matrix Service Development and Training Ltd (Race Discrimination): EAT 28 Aug 2013

EAT RACE DISCRIMINATION Racial harassment – Tribunal did not make a finding on the question of whether a fellow employee used the expression ‘white trash’ in his hearing, did not make findings on certain relevant aspects of section 3A of the Race Relations Act 1976 and did not deal with one aspect of the Claimant’s … Continue reading Cam v Matrix Service Development and Training Ltd (Race Discrimination): EAT 28 Aug 2013

British Airways Plc v Mak and Others: CA 24 Feb 2011

The court was asked whether the Employment Tribunal had jurisdiction to hear claims of age discrimination brought by the appellant’s employees, based in Hong Kong, but working as crew on flights between there and London. Held: The appeal failed: ‘There was no error of law in the ET’s ruling that Ms Mak did ‘her work … Continue reading British Airways Plc v Mak and Others: CA 24 Feb 2011

Dr Anya v University of Oxford and Another: CA 22 Mar 2001

Discrimination – History of interactions relevant When a tribunal considered whether the motive for an act was discriminatory, it should look not just at the act, but should make allowance for earlier acts which might throw more light on the act in question. The Tribunal should assess the totality of the evidence on any material … Continue reading Dr Anya v University of Oxford and Another: CA 22 Mar 2001

Amnesty International v Ahmed: EAT 13 Aug 2009

amnesty_ahmedEAT2009 EAT RACE DISCRIMINATION – Direct discriminationRACE DISCRIMINATION – Indirect discriminationRACE DISCRIMINATION – Protected by s. 41UNFAIR DISMISSAL – Constructive dismissalClaimant, of (northern) Sudanese ethnic origin, applied for promotion to role of ‘Sudan researcher’ for Amnesty International – Not appointed because Amnesty believed that the appointment of a person of her ethnic origin would compromise … Continue reading Amnesty International v Ahmed: EAT 13 Aug 2009

Relaxion Group plc v Rhys-Harper; D’Souza v London Borough of Lambeth; Jones v 3M Healthcare Limited and three other actions: HL 19 Jun 2003

The court considered whether discriminatory acts after the termination of employment were caught by the respective anti-discrimination Acts. The acts included a failure to give proper references. They pursued claims on the basis of victimisation after their primary discrimination claims. Held: The 1975 and 1976 Acts were similarly phrased and the wording in the 1995 … Continue reading Relaxion Group plc v Rhys-Harper; D’Souza v London Borough of Lambeth; Jones v 3M Healthcare Limited and three other actions: HL 19 Jun 2003

Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza: HL 21 Jun 2004

Same Sex Partner Entitled to tenancy Succession The protected tenant had died. His same-sex partner sought a statutory inheritance of the tenancy. Held: His appeal succeeded. The Fitzpatrick case referred to the position before the 1998 Act: ‘Discriminatory law undermines the rule of law because it is the antithesis of fairness. It brings the law … Continue reading Ghaidan v Godin-Mendoza: HL 21 Jun 2004

Igen Ltd v Wong: CA 18 Feb 2005

Proving Discrimination – Two Stage Process Each appeal raised procedural issues in discrimination cases, asking where, under the new regulations, the burden of proof had shifted. Held: The new situation required a two stage process before a complaint could be upheld. First the claimant had to establish facts allowing the tribunal to conclude, in the … Continue reading Igen Ltd v Wong: CA 18 Feb 2005

Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police v Khan: HL 11 Oct 2001

The claimant was a police sergeant. After many years he had not been promoted. He began proceedings for race discrimination. Whilst those were in course, he applied for a post elsewhere. That force wrote to his own requesting a reference. In the light of the discrimination claim, they were advised not to reply for fear … Continue reading Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police v Khan: HL 11 Oct 2001

Ministry of Defence v Fletcher: EAT 9 Oct 2009

mod_fletcherEAT2009 EAT SEX DISCRIMINATIONInjury to feelingsSEXUAL ORIENTATION DISCRIMINATIONWhere there is overlap between the basis of aggravated damages and compensation for injury to feelings, double counting should be avoided but a reasonable sum may be awarded for uncompensated aggravating elements of the conduct which forms the basis of the awards – Vento v Chief Constable of … Continue reading Ministry of Defence v Fletcher: EAT 9 Oct 2009

Regina v Rimmington; Regina v Goldstein: HL 21 Jul 2005

Common Law – Public Nuisance – Extent The House considered the elements of the common law offence of public nuisance. One defendant faced accusations of having sent racially offensive materials to individuals. The second was accused of sending an envelope including salt to a friend as a joke. The envelope had leaked causing a terrorist … Continue reading Regina v Rimmington; Regina v Goldstein: HL 21 Jul 2005

Pricewaterhouse Coopers Llp v Popa: EAT 12 Oct 2010

pwc_popaEAT10 EAT RACE DISCRIMINATIONPost employmentBurden of ProofIn determining a claim of post termination victimisation under the Race Relations Act 1976 the Employment Tribunal did not fail to consider the reason why the employer gave a different form of reference to the Claimant than they would have given to a comparator. They did not fail to … Continue reading Pricewaterhouse Coopers Llp v Popa: EAT 12 Oct 2010

Richmond Pharmacology v Dhaliwal: EAT 12 Feb 2009

EAT HARASSMENT: Purpose Tribunal was entitled to find that a remark made by an employer to a female employee of Indian ethnic origin referring to the possibility of her being ‘married off in India’ had the effect of violating her dignity and constituted harassment within the meaning of s. 3A of the Race Relations Act … Continue reading Richmond Pharmacology v Dhaliwal: EAT 12 Feb 2009

Okoro and Another v Taylor Woodrow Construction Ltd and Others: EAT 6 Dec 2010

EAT PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Postponement or stay Appellate jurisdiction/reasons/Burns-Barke Where an application is made to an Employment Tribunal for a postponement in writing and at the relevant hearing, the Employment Judge should make and record his decision in refusing the application and give reasons. Time for appealing did not begin to run until that happened. … Continue reading Okoro and Another v Taylor Woodrow Construction Ltd and Others: EAT 6 Dec 2010

E, Regina (on The Application of) v Governing Body of JFS and Another: SC 16 Dec 2009

E complained that his exclusion from admission to the school had been racially discriminatory. The school applied an Orthodox Jewish religious test which did not count him as Jewish because of his family history. Held: The school’s appeal failed. English law may be at fault because it made no allowance for any justification of direct … Continue reading E, Regina (on The Application of) v Governing Body of JFS and Another: SC 16 Dec 2009

Molaudi v Ministry of Defence: EAT 15 Apr 2011

molaudi_modEAT11 EAT JURISDICTIONAL POINTS The Claimant sought to bring a claim for racial discrimination against the defendant relating to events which occurred while the Claimant was a serving soldier. He had previously made a complaint about the same matters to the military authorities, which was not brought in time and which was rejected. The Employment … Continue reading Molaudi v Ministry of Defence: EAT 15 Apr 2011

Malik v Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI); Mahmud v Bank of Credit and Commerce International: HL 12 Jun 1997

Allowance of Stigma Damages The employees claimed damages, saying that the way in which their employer had behaved during their employment had led to continuing losses, ‘stigma damages’ after the termination. Held: It is an implied term of any contract of employment that the employer shall not without reasonable and proper cause conduct itself in … Continue reading Malik v Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI); Mahmud v Bank of Credit and Commerce International: HL 12 Jun 1997

Depner v General Medical Council: EAT 14 Feb 2013

depner_gmcEAT2013 EAT Race Discrimination : Discrimination By Other Bodies – The Employment Judge did not err in holding that the Employment Tribunal did not have jurisdiction to hear a doctor’s claims of discrimination and victimisation made under the Race Relations Act 1976. The claims were of her suspension from registration and imposition of immediate suspension … Continue reading Depner v General Medical Council: EAT 14 Feb 2013

Chagger v Abbey National Plc and Another: CA 13 Nov 2009

The claimant appealed against the limitation of 2% placed on the uplift of his award of damages for having failed to comply with relevant dispute procedures. The tribunal had found exceptional reasons for reducing the uplift given the size of the award, and that the claim arise from a procedural failure. Held: The EAT had … Continue reading Chagger v Abbey National Plc and Another: CA 13 Nov 2009

Regina v Immigration Officer at Prague Airport and another, ex parte European Roma Rights Centre and others: HL 9 Dec 2004

Extension oh Human Rights Beyond Borders The appellants complained that the system set up by the respondent where Home Office officers were placed in Prague airport to pre-vet applicants for asylum from Romania were dsicriminatory in that substantially more gypsies were refused entry than others, and that it was contrary to the obligations of the … Continue reading Regina v Immigration Officer at Prague Airport and another, ex parte European Roma Rights Centre and others: HL 9 Dec 2004

Regina v Disciplinary Committee of the Jockey Club, ex parte Aga Khan: CA 4 Dec 1992

No Judicial Review of Decisions of Private Body Despite the wide range of its powers, the disciplinary committee of the Jockey Club remains a domestic tribunal. Judicial review is not available to a member. Tne relationship is in contract between the club and its member. Sir Thomas Bingham MR: ‘No serious racecourse management, owner, trainer … Continue reading Regina v Disciplinary Committee of the Jockey Club, ex parte Aga Khan: CA 4 Dec 1992

Korashi v Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Local Health Board: EAT 12 Sep 2011

korashi_lhbEAT2011 EAT VICTIMISATION DISCRIMINATION – WhistleblowingRACE DISCRIMINATION – DirectJURISDICTIONAL POINTS – Claim in time and effective date of terminationPRACTICE AND PROCEDURENew evidence on appealAppellate jurisdiction/reasons/Burns-BarkeThe Employment Tribunal correctly dismissed PIDA claims as having failed to meet one or other of the conditions in Employment Rights Act 1996 s 47B 47C 47G and 47H, and further … Continue reading Korashi v Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Local Health Board: EAT 12 Sep 2011

Gentle, Regina (on the Application of) and Another v The Prime Minister and Another: HL 9 Apr 2008

The appellants were mothers of two servicemen who had died whilst on active service in Iraq. They appealed refusal to grant a public inquiry. There had already been coroners inquests. They said that Article 2 had been infringed. Held: The appeal was dismissed. The right to an inquiry was procedural and depended first on the … Continue reading Gentle, Regina (on the Application of) and Another v The Prime Minister and Another: HL 9 Apr 2008

Hewage v Grampian Health Board: SC 25 Jul 2012

The claimant had been employed as a consultant orthodontist. She resigned claiming constructive dismissal and sex and race discrimination. The EAT reversed the findings on discrimination saying that they had not been sufficiently pleaded. The Court of Session re-instated the discrimination findings and the Board now appealed. Held: The Board’s appeal failed. Although the positions … Continue reading Hewage v Grampian Health Board: SC 25 Jul 2012

Stevenson v Atos Origin IT Services UK Ltd: EAT 4 Apr 2012

EAT Jurisdictional Points : Working Outside The JurisdictionRACE DISCRIMINATION – Inferring discriminationA, who is British, was employed by R and in 2007 he was appointed as Chief Operating Officer for the UK. From September 2008 he was assigned to manage a programme in support of ‘small countries’ in the Group, of which R is part, … Continue reading Stevenson v Atos Origin IT Services UK Ltd: EAT 4 Apr 2012

E v The Governing Body of JFS and Another: Admn 3 Jul 2008

The court considered the impact of secular discrimination policy on admissions policies of religious schools. Held: A school admissions policy which gave priority to children of their designated faith did not discriminate unlawfully either directly or indirectly on racial grounds. Munby J [2008] EWHC 1535 (Admin), Times 18-Jul-2008, [2008] ACD 87, [2008] ELR 445 Bailii … Continue reading E v The Governing Body of JFS and Another: Admn 3 Jul 2008

Anyanwu and Another v South Bank Student Union and Another: HL 24 May 2001

The university had imposed a new constitution on its students union, which resulted in the dismissal of the claimant. He sought to assert racial discrimination. Held: The concept of ‘aiding’ somebody in committing discriminatory behaviour under the section, connoted assistance beyond the negligible, but did not need to be substantial or productive. The word should … Continue reading Anyanwu and Another v South Bank Student Union and Another: HL 24 May 2001

Conteh v Parking Partners Ltd: EAT 17 Dec 2010

EAT HARASSMENT – Conduct Where an employee worked in an environment in which her dignity was violated, or which became intimidatory, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive as a result of actions of others whom her employer did not control, in what circumstances is that employer liable to her for damages for discrimination or harassment on … Continue reading Conteh v Parking Partners Ltd: EAT 17 Dec 2010