Where a local authority raised the care charges for facilities and services provided to disabled people charging different rates according to the benefits received, and where some benefits were received according to the level of disability, that differentiation did not amount to disability discrimination. The differences arose form the different levels of benefits paid to … Continue reading Regina v Powys County Council, Ex Parte Hambidge (No 2): CA 16 Mar 2000
Criminality of Assisting Suicide not Infringing The court was asked: ‘whether the present state of the law of England and Wales relating to assisting suicide infringes the European Convention on Human Rights, and whether the code published by the Director of Public Prosecutions relating to prosecutions of those who are alleged to have assisted a … Continue reading Nicklinson and Another, Regina (on The Application of): SC 25 Jun 2014
Judges: Garnham QC J Citations:  EWHC 2786 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: National Health Services and Community Care Act 1990 47, National Assistance Act 1948 21 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Local Government, Human Rights Updated: 30 July 2022; Ref: scu.278258
The local authority regarded lack of resources or facilities as an insuperable obstacle to any further attempt to make provision under the 1970 Act. Held: A Local Authority should allow for non-statutory guidance in assessing a disabled person’s education needs. Local authorities may only depart from the Secretary of State’s guidance for good reason. Sedley … Continue reading Regina v Islington Borough Council Ex Parte Rixon: QBD 17 Apr 1996
The tenant held a secure tenancy of a first floor flat of the Council. She was severely disabled and argued that the danger of injury meant that she should be allowed to occupy the empty ground floor flat. She complained at the way the authority had relied on reports she had not seen. The authority … Continue reading Lambeth London Borough Council v Ireneschild: CA 16 Mar 2007
An assessment for community care need not to be set according to the services available. Citations: Times 15-Aug-1996,  EWHC Admin 25, (1998) 1 CCL Rep 141,  COD 64, (1997) 33 BMLR 71, (1997-98) 1 CCL Rep 141 Links: Bailii Statutes: National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 47(1) Jurisdiction: England and Wales … Continue reading Regina v Royal County of Berkshire ex parte P: Admn 9 Jul 1996
The claimant, a very elderly lady had lived in a residential home for some time. She fell and was admitted to hospital. The respondent said she could only leave the hospital to go to a nursing home. She and her family sought her return to the residential home she knew. Held: The Authority’s decision making … Continue reading Regina on the Application of Goldsmith v The London Borough of Wandsworth: CA 27 Aug 2004
Placement of a young adult with autism Judges: Crane J Citations:  EWHC 2108 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Local Government Updated: 10 June 2022; Ref: scu.214215
Citations:  EWHC 7 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 47 Local Government Updated: 08 June 2022; Ref: scu.192140
The local authority considered providing residential care to the applicant. She had given away her former home, and they sought to take into account notional capital attributed to her as if the house had not been given away. Having done so, it declined to assist. Held: The obligation to provide care was a separate duty … Continue reading Robertson v Fife Council: HL 25 Jul 2002
The applicant was an elderly Iraqi lady with poor sight and mental illness. The local authority decided that she needed care in a residential home. She applied for a two bed-roomed ground floor flat, which would allow her to live with her extended family and among others who spoke her language. The court held that … Continue reading Rahma Khana (By Her Litigation Friend, the Official Solicitor) v Mayor and Burgesses of London Borough of Southwark: CA 28 Jun 2001
Having provided accommodation after assessing the applicant as being in urgent need of housing, the authority’s duties to the applicant were discharged, either by the refusal of reasonable offers of accommodation, or having been accommodated, if the applicant was then evicted for violent refusal to comply with reasonable requirements for the occupation of that accommodation. … Continue reading Regina v Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea ex parte Muriqi Kujtim (2): CA 9 Jul 1999
The claimant challenged the defendant’s policies on caring for elderly people within the community saying that it provided insufficient funds, and the procedures for review were inadequate and infringed her human rights. Citations:  EWHC 414 (Admin), (2010) 13 CCL Rep 227 Links: Bailii Statutes: Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 2(1), National Health … Continue reading Savva, Regina (on The Application of) v Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea: Admn 11 Mar 2010
‘Employment’ in context of a sex discrimination claim referred to a current employment contract even in context of there having been a series of repeated contracts of employment. The question was referred to the European Court of Justice. Judges: Lord Slynn of Hadley, Lord Goff of Chieveley Lord Nolan Lord Hope of Craighead Lord Clyde … Continue reading Preston and Others v Wolverhampton Healthcare NHS and Others; Fletcher and Others v Midland Bank Plc: HL 26 Feb 1998
Continuous employment may be lost by transfer to hospital trust. Citations: Times 11-May-1993,  UKEAT 1 – 93 – 3003 Links: Bailii Statutes: National Health Services & Community Care Act 1990 Employment Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.84357
The examination of care plans prepared by a local authority for the care of a disabled person was not generally a matter for the courts. They required great detail and processes of consultation. Applications to review such plans should therefore only be made as a last resort. The proper course, if the authority had failed … Continue reading Regina (L) v Dagenham London Borough Council: CA 11 Jun 2001
The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003
A Local Authority may allow for its finances in deciding on care provision, but must look to individual case. Citations: Independent 20-Jun-1995, Times 21-Jun-1995 Statutes: National Health Service & Community Care Act 1990 47-1, Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970 2(1) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Local Government Updated: 28 April 2022; Ref: scu.86702
Limitation of Loss from Negligent Mis-statement The plaintiffs sought damages from accountants for negligence. They had acquired shares in a target company and, relying upon the published and audited accounts which overstated the company’s earnings, they purchased further shares. Held: The duties of an auditor are founded in contract and the extent of the duties … Continue reading Caparo Industries Plc v Dickman and others: HL 8 Feb 1990
The prisoner challenged the decision to place him in segregation under Prison Rule 43. Under rule 43(1) the initial power to segregate was given to ‘the governor’. The case arose from the fact that the governor of one prison had purported to authorise the segregation of a prisoner on his arrival at another prison to … Continue reading Regina v Deputy Governor of Parkhurst Prison, Ex parte Hague, Weldon v Home Office: HL 24 Jul 1991
The claimant’s son had been stabbed to death. She challenged the refusal of the coroner to continue with the inquest with a view to examining the responsibility of any of the police in having failed to protect him. Held: The question amounted to asking whether the coroner’s decision on the resumption should have been affected … Continue reading Hurst, Regina (on the Application of) v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis v London Northern District Coroner: HL 28 Mar 2007
The claimant, aged 69 suffered from cerebral palsy. The council had provided his care but he said they had represented to him that care would be provided in a new facility, and claimed a legitimate expectation. The defendant said that its changed assessment of his needs meant that no representation could be expected to continue. … Continue reading Lindley, Regina (on the Application of) v Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council: Admn 21 Sep 2006
The applicants sought to oblige the local authority, in compliance with its duties under the 1989 Act, to provide a home for children, and where necessary an accompanying adult. Held: There were four hurdles for the applicants to cross. They must show that their children are children in need within the meaning of section 17(10). … Continue reading Regina v London Borough of Barnet ex parte G; Regina v London Borough of Lambeth ex parte W; Regina v London Borough of Lambeth ex parte A: HL 23 Oct 2003
In Smith, the lender instructed a valuer who knew that the buyer and mortgagee were likely to rely on his valuation alone. The valuer said his terms excluded responsibility. The mortgagor had paid an inspection fee to the building society and received a copy of the report, and relying on it, had bought the house. … Continue reading Smith v Eric S Bush, a firm etc: HL 20 Apr 1989
Parents of children had falsely and negligently been accused of abusing their children. The children sought damages for negligence against the doctors or social workers who had made the statements supporting the actions taken. The House was asked if the suffering of psychiatric injury by the parent was a foreseeable result of making it and … Continue reading JD v East Berkshire Community Health NHS Trust and others: HL 21 Apr 2005
Judges: Munby J Citations:  EWHC 2771 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970, National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 47, National Assistance Act 1948 29 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Health, Local Government Updated: 30 January 2022; Ref: scu.189103
Mrs Z suffered a terminal disease, and sought to travel to Switzerland supported and assisted by her husband, so that she could terminate her life. She appealed an injunction obtained by the authority to prevent her leaving. Held: The authority had been supporting her. When circumstances came to their attention suggesting she had made a … Continue reading In Re Z (Local Authority: Duty): FD 3 Dec 2004
The bank challenged measures taken by HM Treasury to restrict access to the United Kingdom’s financial markets by a major Iranian commercial bank, Bank Mellat, on the account of its alleged connection with Iran’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes. The bank sought to have the direction given under section 7 of the 2008 Act. … Continue reading Bank Mellat v Her Majesty’s Treasury (No 2): SC 19 Jun 2013
Former HL decision in Siebe Gorman overruled The company had become insolvent. The bank had a debenture and claimed that its charge over the book debts had become a fixed charge. The preferential creditors said that the charge was a floating charge and that they took priority. Held: The appeal was allowed. The debenture, although … Continue reading National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005
The defendant executor appealed from summary judgment in favour of the claimant in respect of outstanding care home fees. Andrews DBE J  EWHC 77 (QB),  PTSR 888,  WLR(D) 42 Bailii, WLRD Mental Capacity Act 2005, National Assistance Act 1948, National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 England and Wales Contract, Health, … Continue reading Aster Healthcare Ltd v Shafi (Estate of): QBD 24 Jan 2014
The claimants’ nursing home business had been effectively destroyed by the actions of the Authority which had applied to revoke their licence without them being given notice and opportunity to reply. They succeeded on appeal, but the business was by then ruined. The authority was criticised scathingly. The Authority replied that no allegation of bad … Continue reading Trent Strategic Health Authority v Jain and Another: HL 21 Jan 2009
The court was asked whether capital derived from a personal injury settlement which is managed by a deputy appointed by the Court of Protection must be disregarded by a local authority when deciding whether the injured person can be required to contribute to the cost of care services which he or she receives. Held: It … Continue reading Zyn, Regina (on The Application of) v Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council: Admn 12 Jun 2014
The claimant, a former prima ballerina, had suffered injury as she grew old. She came to suffer a condition requiring her to urinate at several points during each night. The respondent had been providing a carer to stay with her each night to provide the assistance neceesary to access the commode. The claimant now appealed … Continue reading McDonald, Regina (on The Application of) v Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea: SC 6 Jul 2011
The 1995 Regulations imposed a levy on fish both caught and first landed in the UK and also on imported fish products. The claimants, importers challenged the validity of the latter charges, saying that they went beyond the power given by the 1981 Act, and also were contrary to EU law. Held: The appeal succeeded. … Continue reading Bloomsbury International Ltd v Sea Fish Industry Authority and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: SC 15 Jun 2011
The plaintiff was the mother of a child who died in an horrific accident, in which her husband and two other children were also injured. She was at home at the time of the accident, but went to the hospital immediately when she had heard what had happened. She saw and comforted her injured husband … Continue reading McLoughlin v O’Brian: HL 6 May 1982
The pursuer sought damages after her husband’s death from lung cancer. She said that the defenders were negligent in having continued to sell him cigarettes knowing that they would cause this. Held: The action failed. The plaintiff had not proved that the smoking of cigarettes was the cause of the lung cancer, and it was … Continue reading McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd: OHCS 31 May 2005
The defendant appealed against the disapplication of section 11 of the 1980 Act under section 33. Held: The appeal succeeded. The defendant had not contributed significantly to the delay: ‘the defendant received claims quite different in magnitude from anything notified to them before, almost seven years to the day after the accident, and where there … Continue reading McDonnell and Another v Walker: CA 24 Nov 2009
The validity of certain United Kingdom legislation was challenged on the basis that it contravened provisions of the EEC Treaty by depriving the applicants of their Community rights to fish in European waters, and an interlocutory injunction was sought against the Secretary of State to restrain enforcement of that law pending a reference. The House … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (No 2): HL 11 Oct 1990
The Court was asked whether the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (‘the Commissioner’) owes a duty to her officers, in the conduct of proceedings against her based on their alleged misconduct, to take reasonable care to protect them from . .
Where a patient lacks capacity, there is the power to provide him with whatever treatment or care is necessary in his own best interests. Medical treatment can be undertaken in an emergency even if, through a lack of capacity, no consent had been . .
A person had been assessed by the local authority under section 47 as being a person in urgent need of care and attention which was not otherwise available to him, so that he satisfied the criteria laid down in section 21(1)(a). He claimed that, . .
The physical and psychological integrity which the state may in principle be under an obligation to take positive steps to protect under Article 8 included two particularly important concepts. The first was human dignity, the second was the right of . .
The claimant which ran various residential care and nursing homes challenged the decisions by the respondent as to the rates it would pay to support the care of other patients. . .
Application for judicial review to quash a number of decisions of the defendant that the claimant does not have a need for care and attention pursuant to section 1 of the 1948 Act and section 47 of the 1990 Act. . .
The claimant sought judicial review of the refusal of the respondent to conduct a review of his needs for care on his anticipated release from prison. . .
Europa The benefits paid by an employer to a worker on the latter’s redundancy constitute a form of pay to which the worker is entitled in respect of his employment, which is paid to him upon termination of the . .
The court was asked: ‘Was it unlawful for the Secretary of State for Health, the respondent, who had power to make provisions for the functioning of the National Health Service in England, to have failed to make a provision which would have enabled . .
References:  1 AC 410,  2 All ER 298,  UKHL 3,  2 WLR 982 Links: Bailii Coram: Lord Wilberforce, Lord Bridge, Lord Scarman Ratio: The plaintiff was the mother of a child who died in an horrific accident, in which her husband and two other children were also injured. She was at … Continue reading McLoughlin v OBrian: HL 6 May 1982
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