Regina (Jet Services Ltd) v Civil Aviation Authority: CA 1 May 2001

An operator who negotiated deals between bonded agents, but did not itself conclude a contract, did not require an Air Travel Operator’s Licence. It transmitted the purchase price through a separate account used only for this purpose. The regulations however only caught those who made accommodation available, and no extent of purposive construction could extend that phrase to catch the operator’s service. At its highest, the company could be described as assisting the principal, or facilitating the acquisition of flight accommodation. The fact that the company’s intervention led to a break in the chain of security protecting the consumer was not enough.


Lord Phillips MR, Peter Gibson and Latham LJJ


Times 15-May-2001, Gazette 14-Jun-2001, [2001] EWCA Civ 610, [2001] 2 All ER (Comm) 769, [2001] All ER (D) 08




Civil Aviation (Air Travel Organisers’ Licensing) Regulations 1995 (1995 No 1054)


England and Wales

Transport, Licensing

Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.85980