ECJ Common foreign and security policy (CFSP) – Restrictive measures taken against persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaeda network and the Taliban – United Nations Security Council Resolutions adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations Implementation in the Community Common Position 2002/402/CFSP Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 ‘ – Measures against persons and entities included in a list drawn up by a body of the United Nations Freezing of funds and economic resources – Committee of the Security Council created by paragraph 6 of Resolution 1267 (1999) of the Security Council (Sanctions Committee) Inclusion of those persons and entities in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 Actions for annulment Competence of the Community Joint legal basis of Articles 60 EC, 301 EC and 308 EC – Fundamental rights Right to respect for property, right to be heard and right to effective judicial review.
The Court considered the relationship between a European sanctions measure and the obligations imposed on member states under the United Nations Charter and general international law to give effect to UN Security Council asset freezing orders under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
Held: ‘What is more, such immunity from jurisdiction for a Community measure like the contested regulation, as a corollary of the principle of the primacy at the level of international law of obligations under the Charter of the United Nations, especially those relating to the implementation of resolutions of the Security Council adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter, cannot find a basis in the EC Treaty.
Admittedly, the court has previously recognised that article 234 of the EC Treaty (now, after amendment, article 307EC) could, if the conditions for application have been satisfied, allow derogations even from primary law, for example from article 113 of the EC Treaty on the common commercial policy: see, to that effect, the Centro-Com case  QB 683, paras 56-61).
It is true also that article 297EC implicitly permits obstacles to the operation of the common market when they are caused by measures taken by a member state to carry out the international obligations it has accepted for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security.
Those provisions cannot, however, be understood to authorise any derogation from the principles of liberty, democracy and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in article 6(1) EU as a foundation of the Union.
Article 307EC may in no circumstances permit any challenge to the principles that form part of the very foundations of the Community legal order, one of which is the protection of fundamental rights, including the review by the Community judicature of the lawfulness of Community measures as regards their consistency with those fundamental rights.’
C-402/05,  EUECJ C-402/05,  Lloyds Rep FC 9,  ECR I-6351,  3 CMLR 41,  AC 1225,  3 WLR 872
Council Regulation 881/2002
See Also – Kadi v Council and Commission ECFI 21-Sep-2005
ECJ (Common Foreign and Security Policy) Common foreign and security policy – Restrictive measures taken against persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaeda network and the Taliban – . .
Cited – HM Treasury v Ahmed and Others SC 27-Jan-2010
The claimants objected to orders made freezing their assets under the 2006 Order, after being included in the Consolidated List of suspected members of terrorist organisations.
Held: The orders could not stand. Such orders were made by the . .
Cited – Bank Mellat v Her Majesty’s Treasury CA 4-May-2010
The claimants sought damages after being made subject of orders under the 2009 Order. Both parties appealed against an order (partly closed) allowing some but restricting other disclosure and use against the claimants in court of evidence which they . .
Cited – Home Office v Tariq SC 13-Jul-2011
(JUSTICE intervening) The claimant pursued Employment Tribunal proceedings against the Immigration Service when his security clearance was withdrawn. The Tribunal allowed the respondent to use a closed material procedure under which it was provided . .
Cited – EM (Eritrea), Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for The Home Department SC 19-Feb-2014
SSHD must examine safety of country for return
The Court was asked: ‘Is an asylum seeker or refugee who resists his or her return from the United Kingdom to Italy (the country in which she or he first sought or was granted asylum) required to establish that there are in Italy ‘systemic . .
Cited – British American Tobacco Denmark A/S v Kazemier Bv SC 28-Oct-2015
One container loaded with cigarettes was allegedly hi-jacked in Belgium en route between Switzerland and The Netherlands in September 2011, while another allegedly lost 756 of its original 1386 cartons while parked overnight contrary to express . .
See Also – Kadi v Council and Commission ECJ 3-Sep-2008
(Common foreign and security policy) Grand Chamber – Common foreign and security policy (CFSP) Restrictive measures taken against persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaeda network and the Taliban United Nations Security . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.
European, Constitutional, Human Rights, International
Updated: 09 November 2021; Ref: scu.263962