In re Standard Manufacturing Co: CA 1891

Company debentures were expressly excepted from the operation of the Bills of Sales Act (1878) Amendment Act 1882 by section 17 of that Act because they were debentures ‘issued by any mortgage, loan, or other incorporated company’. Nor were debentures bills of sale to which the Act of 1878 applied and company debentures themselves were not within the 1878 Act. The avowed design of the legislature had been to strike at frauds perpetrated upon creditors by secret bills of sale as the preamble to the Bills of Sale Act 1854 made plain: ‘Whereas frauds are frequently committed upon creditors by secret bills of sale of personal chattels, whereby persons are enabled to keep up the appearance of being in good circumstances and possessed of property, and the grantees or holders of such bills of sale have the power of taking possession of the property of such persons, to the exclusion of the rest of their creditors.’
The 1862 Act provided for the registration by companies of the mortgages and charges specifically affecting their property and accordingly company debentures could hardly be described as ‘secret documents’.
The court concluded: ‘mortgages or charges of any incorporated company for the registration of which a statutory provision had already been made by the Companies Clauses Act 1845 or the Companies Act 1862 are not bills of sale within the Bills of Sale Act 1878.’


[1891] 1 Ch 627


Bills of Sales Act (1878) Amendment Act 1882, Bills of Sales Act 1878, Bills of Sale Act 1854, Companies Act 1862, Companies Clauses Act 1845


AppliedRead v Joannon 1890
The court considered the application of the 1878 Act.
Held: Where there are a series of Acts dealing with a topic and with similar names, the words ‘this Act’ in expressions such as ‘in this Act’ or ‘under this Act’ must be construed to mean . .

Cited by:

CitedClark v Balm, Hill and Co 1908
A company registered in Guernsey issued debentures creating floating charges over real and personal property in England. The court was asked whether the debentures ought to be deemed to be within the Bills of Sales Acts and so ought to have been . .
CitedOnline Catering Ltd v Acton and Another CA 10-Feb-2010
The claimant agreed for the defendant to repair its fleet of vehicles. The defendant, having fees outstanding, entered the claimants’ premises and removed vehicles saying falsely that they were to be repaired, and then refused to return them. The . .
DistinguishedGreat Northern Railway Co v Cole Co-Operative Society 1896
A business created under the Industrial and Provident Societies Acts is not a company in any standard legal sense. Vaughan Williams J distinguished Standard Manufacturing on the basis that the Court of Appeal was not excluding companies generally . .
CitedN V Slavenburg’s Bank v Intercontinental Natural Resources Ltd ChD 1980
The Bermudan company defendant had assigned stocks as a security. The security was not registered, and nor did the company have any registration within the UK. It was not the practice of the Registrar of Companies to accept particulars of charges . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Company, Contract

Updated: 18 May 2022; Ref: scu.414890