In Re L (A Minor) (Police Investigation: Privilege): HL 22 Mar 1996

A report obtained for Children Act proceedings has no privilege against use in evidence. Such proceedings are in the nature of inquisitorial proceedings. Litigation privilege was not applicable in care proceedings and a report prepared may be given to the police. Litigation privilege is essentially a creature of adversarial proceedings and thus cannot exist in the context of non-adversarial proceedings. (Lord Mustill and Lord Nicholls of Birkenhead dissenting).


Lord Jauncey of Tullichettle, Lord Lloyd of Berwick, Lord Steyn


Times 22-Mar-1996, Gazette 24-Apr-1996, [1997] 1 AC 16


Children Act 1989 Part IV


England and Wales


Appeal fromIn Re L (Minors)(Police Investigation) (Privilege) CA 25-Apr-1995
A report voluntarily given to a court hearing care proceedings, may be released to the police. . .

Cited by:

CitedThree Rivers District Council and others v The Governor and Co of the Bank of England (No 5) CA 3-Apr-2003
Documents had been prepared by the respondent to support a request for legal advice in anticipation of the Bingham enquiry into the collapse of BCCI.
Held: Legal advice privilege attached to the communications between a client and the . .
CitedUnited States of America v Philip Morris Inc and others QBD 10-Dec-2003
Witness orders were sought in respect of professionals resident in England to support litigation in the US. They objected on the ground that the terms of the order sought suggested improper behaviour, and that an order would anticipate breach of . .
CitedUnited States of America v Philip Morris Inc and Others and British American Tobacco (Investments) Ltd CA 23-Mar-2004
The defendants appealed orders requiring them to produce evidence for use in the courts in the US.
Held: It was the pleasure and duty of British courts to respond positively to a letter of request. Public interest required that a court should . .
CitedThree Rivers District Council and others v Governor and Company of the Bank of England (No 6) HL 11-Nov-2004
The Bank anticipated criticism in an ad hoc enquiry which was called to investigate its handling of a matter involving the claimant. The claimant sought disclosure of the documents created when the solicitors advised employees of the Bank in . .
CitedRe D (a child) CA 14-Jun-2011
In the course of care proceedings, the mother had revised her version of events, and then explained why. The father sought disclosure of the attendance notes of her solicitor, saying that she had waived any privilege in the advice given. She now . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.

Legal Professions, Children

Updated: 28 April 2022; Ref: scu.81984