Clippens Oil Co v Edinburgh and District Water Trustees: HL 1907

A wrongdoer must take his victim as he finds him, and be answerable for the consequences which actually flow from his wrongful act.
Lord Collins said: ‘In my opinion the wrongdoer must take his victim talem qualem, and if the position of the latter is aggravated because he is without the means of mitigating it, so much the worse for the wrongdoer, who has got to be answerable for the consequences flowing from his tortious act.’
and ‘I think the wrong-doer is not entitled to criticise the course honestly taken by the injured person on the advice of his experts, even though it should appear by the light of after-events that another course might have saved loss. The loss he has to pay for is that which has actually followed under such circumstances upon his wrong’


Lord Collins


[1907] AC 291


England and Wales

Cited by:

DistinguishedLiesbosch Dredger (Owners of) v Owners of SS Edison, The Liesbosch HL 28-Feb-1933
The ship Edison fouled the moorings of the Liesbosch resulting in the total loss of the dredger when it sank. It had been engaged on work in the harbour under contract with the harbour board. All the owners’ liquid resources were engaged in the . .
CitedLagden v O’Connor HL 4-Dec-2003
The parties had been involved in a road traffic accident. The defendant drove into the claimant’s parked car. The claimant was unable to afford to hire a car pending repairs being completed, and arranged to hire a car on credit. He now sought . .
CitedMiliangos v George Frank (Textiles) Ltd HL 1975
The issue was whether an English court was able to award damages in Sterling only.
Held: The House distinguished clearly between the substance of the debtor’s obligations and the effect of English procedural law when a debt in a foreign . .
Lists of cited by and citing cases may be incomplete.


Updated: 29 April 2022; Ref: scu.188645