Beatty v Gilbanks: CA 1882

A lawful Salvation Army march attracted disorderly opposition and was therefore the occasion of a breach of the peace.
Held: It could not be found a case of unlawful assembly against the leaders of the Salvation Army. Accepting that a person is liable for the natural consequences of what he does, the court nevertheless held that the natural consequences of the lawful activity of the Salvation Army did not include the unlawful activities of others, even if the accused knew that others would react unlawfully.
References: (1882) 9 QBD 308
Judges: Field J, Cave J
This case is cited by:

  • Cited – Redmond-Bate v Director of Public Prosecutions Admn 23-Jul-1999
    The police had arrested three peaceful but vociferous preachers when some members of a crowd gathered round them threatened hostility.
    Held: Freedom of speech means nothing unless it includes the freedom to be irritating, contentious, . .
    (Times 28-Jul-99, , , [2000] HRLR 249, [1999] EWHC Admin 733, [1999] Crim LR 998, (1999) 7 BHRC 375, (1999) 163 JP 789, CO/188/99)

These lists may be incomplete.
Last Update: 27 November 2020; Ref: scu.221597