AGF Belgium SA v European Economic Community, Institut National d’Assurance Maladie-Invalidite (INAMI) (Judgment): ECJ 28 Mar 1996

Article 3 of the Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the Communities, which provides for the Communities to be exempt from all direct taxes and for the remission or refund by the Member States of indirect taxes or sales taxes included in the price of substantial purchases made by the Communities for their official use, must be interpreted as covering compulsory charges, such as additional motor insurance premiums, intended to contribute to the financing of public interest institutions, in so far as those additional premiums are payable by all those who take out motor insurance, including those who are not covered in any respect by the recipient institutions, and are thus payable regardless of whether the person concerned is subject to or a member of, those bodies. The immunity granted to the Communities by Article 28 of the Merger Treaty, to which the Protocol is annexed, is defined in very broad terms and relates to all types of taxation, whether direct or indirect; it therefore extends to contributions or taxes of any type which constitute internal taxation under Community law, including the charges in question. The second paragraph of that article must be interpreted as meaning that the remission or refund for which it provides applies to all types of purchase, including obtaining a supply of services, which are necessary for the accomplishment of the Communities’ task, and the amount of which exceeds the threshold laid down by the legislation in question.
The third paragraph of that article, which provides that no exemption is to be granted in respect of taxes and dues which amount merely to charges for public utility services, must be interpreted as not applicable to the abovementioned charges, inasmuch as they do not constitute consideration for a specific service.


C-191/94, [1996] EUECJ C-191/94




Updated: 03 June 2022; Ref: scu.161384