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British Waterways Board v Severn Trent Water Ltd: ChD 26 Oct 1999

A water company may have the implied power to discharge surface run-off water from sewers into canals. The powers and duties of water companies and sewerage undertakers were different both under statute and in general. The power to lay a run-off pipe might be held to imply a power to discharge what was run off … Continue reading British Waterways Board v Severn Trent Water Ltd: ChD 26 Oct 1999

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

Barratt Homes Ltd v Dwr Cymru Cyfyngedig (Welsh Water): QBD 1 Aug 2008

The parties disputed whether the water company had the right to refuse a connection with the public sewer at a point chosen by the developer. Held: It would be objectionable to construe the statute in such a way as to preclude an undertaker from refusing a connection that would have potentially deleterious environmental consequences. Judges: … Continue reading Barratt Homes Ltd v Dwr Cymru Cyfyngedig (Welsh Water): QBD 1 Aug 2008

Regina v Northumbrian Water Limited, Ex Parte Newcastle and North Tyneside Health Authority: QBD 3 Feb 1999

A water company’s duty as regards fluoridation of water supplies, is to have regard to the interests of its shareholders, not the general public good. Having considered this with the Health authority, it had the choice as a private company to choose. Citations: Gazette 03-Feb-1999, [1998] All ER (D) 733 Statutes: Water Industry Act 1991 … Continue reading Regina v Northumbrian Water Limited, Ex Parte Newcastle and North Tyneside Health Authority: QBD 3 Feb 1999

Surtees and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: UTLC 9 Jul 2015

UTLC COMPENSATION – water – laying of underground water main on private land – compensation under Schedule 12 to Water Industry Act 1991 – crop loss – consequential losses – reinstatement – fees on Ryde’s Scale – inconvenience – compensation determined at andpound;5,886.16 [2015] UKUT 384 (LC) Bailii Water Industry Act 1991 England and Wales … Continue reading Surtees and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: UTLC 9 Jul 2015

City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council v Yorkshire Water Services Ltd: Admn 19 Sep 2001

The Council issued a nuisance notice in respect of sewage being deposited on a property within its area. The statutory nuisance was accepted. The issue was as to whether the sewage system was a public sewer. The judge had found that the original system had, in 1937, served only one property, and therefore had remained … Continue reading City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council v Yorkshire Water Services Ltd: Admn 19 Sep 2001

Regina v Yorkshire Water Services Ltd: CACD 16 Nov 2001

The defendant company was sentenced for supplying water which was below standard. The fine imposed was calculated according to the number of consumers affected. Held: When considering the level of fine, the court should look to, the degree of culpability; damage caused; the previous record; the need for balance between censure and any counter-productive effect, … Continue reading Regina v Yorkshire Water Services Ltd: CACD 16 Nov 2001

Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Limited: HL 4 Dec 2003

The claimant’s house was regularly flooded by waters including also foul sewage from the respondent’s neighbouring premises. He sought damages and an injunction. The defendants sought to restrict the claimant to his statutory rights. Held: The damages were restricted to the statutory ones. The defendant was regulated under the 1991 Act by the Director-General, who … Continue reading Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Limited: HL 4 Dec 2003

The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: SC 2 Jul 2014

The court was asked: ‘whether a sewerage undertaker under the Water Industry Act 1991 has a statutory right to discharge surface water and treated effluent into private watercourses such as the Respondents’ canals without the consent of their owners.’ Held: The appeals of the sewerage company succeeded. Such discharges were in their nature a trespass, … Continue reading The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: SC 2 Jul 2014

Dobson and others v Thames Water Utilities Ltd and Another: CA 29 Jan 2009

The claimants complained of odours and mosquitoes affecting their properties from the activities of the defendants in the conduct of their adjoining Sewage Treatment plant. The issue was as to the rights of non title holders to damages in nuisance and related causes. Held: Damages in nuisance are for injury to the property and not … Continue reading Dobson and others v Thames Water Utilities Ltd and Another: CA 29 Jan 2009

Regina v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (No 2): HL 11 Oct 1990

The validity of certain United Kingdom legislation was challenged on the basis that it contravened provisions of the EEC Treaty by depriving the applicants of their Community rights to fish in European waters, and an interlocutory injunction was sought against the Secretary of State to restrain enforcement of that law pending a reference. The House … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (No 2): HL 11 Oct 1990

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Durrant v Branksome Urban District Council: 1897

The right of discharge was implicit in the express terms of section 17 of the 1875 Act, which by restricting the right to discharge foul water into any watercourse impliedly recognised the existence of a right to discharge treated effluent and surface water. Judges: North J Citations: [1897] 2 Ch 291 Statutes: Public Health Act … Continue reading Durrant v Branksome Urban District Council: 1897

Durrant v Branksome Urban District Council: CA 1897

A right to discharge surface water and treated effluent into private watercourses was impliedly conferred on local authorities by the Public Health Act 1875. Section 15 of that Act imposed on local authorities a duty to cause such sewers to be made as might be necessary for effectually draining their district. The extent of that … Continue reading Durrant v Branksome Urban District Council: CA 1897

Regina v Secretary of State Environment, ex parte Friends of the Earth Ltd and Another: QBD 4 Apr 1994

The Secretary of State may accept undertakings from water companies to provide a wholesome water supply, rather than requiring a court to order them to achieve the same thing. Citations: Times 04-Apr-1994, Independent 12-Apr-1994 Statutes: Water Industry Act 1991 68(1)(a) Environment, European, Utilities Updated: 10 April 2022; Ref: scu.87695

Cabinet Office (Central Government): ICO 17 Mar 2015

ICO The complainant has requested correspondence and other information connected with the drafting of legislation whereby the Duchy of Cornwall is not criminally liable under the provisions of the Water Industry Act 1991. The Cabinet Office refused to provide this citing section 35 (government policy exemption) and section 42 (legal professional privilege exemption) as its … Continue reading Cabinet Office (Central Government): ICO 17 Mar 2015

Milner, Regina (on The Application of) v South Central Strategic Health Authority: Admn 11 Feb 2011

The claimant sought to challenge the way the defendant had reached its decision to add flouride to the water supply, in having failed to comply with the requirements for consultation. Held: The claim failed. The Regulations as enacted differed from the draft, and did not require the Authroitys to act only on approval by a … Continue reading Milner, Regina (on The Application of) v South Central Strategic Health Authority: Admn 11 Feb 2011

Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Transport and the Regions and another, ex parte Spath Holme Limited: HL 7 Dec 2000

The section in the 1985 Act created a power to prevent rent increases for tenancies of dwelling-houses for purposes including the alleviation of perceived hardship. Accordingly the Secretary of State could issue regulations whose effect was to limit the maximum amount of rent in the proper exercise of that discretionary power. The Act as a … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Environment Transport and the Regions and another, ex parte Spath Holme Limited: HL 7 Dec 2000

Hurst, Regina (on the Application of) v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis v London Northern District Coroner: HL 28 Mar 2007

The claimant’s son had been stabbed to death. She challenged the refusal of the coroner to continue with the inquest with a view to examining the responsibility of any of the police in having failed to protect him. Held: The question amounted to asking whether the coroner’s decision on the resumption should have been affected … Continue reading Hurst, Regina (on the Application of) v Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis v London Northern District Coroner: HL 28 Mar 2007

The National and Provincial Building Society, The Leeds Permanent Building Society And The Yorkshire Building Society v The United Kingdom: ECHR 23 Oct 1997

ECHR United Kingdom – applicants’ legal claims to restitution of monies paid under invalidated tax provisions extinguished under the effects of retrospective legislation (section 53 of Finance Act 1991 and section 64 of Finance (No. 2) Act 1992) Citations: 21449/93, 21319/93, [1997] ECHR 87, 21675/93, [1997] STC 1466, 69 TC 540, [1997] BTC 624, (1998) … Continue reading The National and Provincial Building Society, The Leeds Permanent Building Society And The Yorkshire Building Society v The United Kingdom: ECHR 23 Oct 1997

Jackson and others v Attorney General: HL 13 Oct 2005

The applicant sought to challenge the 2004 Hunting Act, saying that it had been passed under the provisions of the 1949 Parliament Act which was itself an unlawful extension of the powers given by the 1911 Parliament Act to allow the House of Commons to bring into law an Act which had not been approved … Continue reading Jackson and others v Attorney General: HL 13 Oct 2005

A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No 2): HL 8 Dec 2005

Evidence from 3rd Party Torture Inadmissible The applicants had been detained following the issue of certificates issued by the respondent that they posed a terrorist threat. They challenged the decisions of the Special Immigration Appeals Commission saying that evidence underlying the decisions had probably been obtained by torture committed by foreign powers, and should not … Continue reading A and others v Secretary of State for the Home Department (No 2): HL 8 Dec 2005

Occidental Exploration and Production Company vRepublic of Ecuador: CA 9 Sep 2005

The parties had arbitrated their dispute in London under a bilateral investment treaty between the US and Ecuador. The republic sought to appeal the arbitration. The applicant now appealed an order that the English High Court had jurisdiction to hear the appeal. Held: The appeal was dismissed. The treaty was intended to encourage bilateral trading … Continue reading Occidental Exploration and Production Company vRepublic of Ecuador: CA 9 Sep 2005

Maclaine Watson and Co Ltd v International Tin Council: HL 2 Jan 1989

The International Tin Council was a body constituted by an international treaty not incorporated into law in the United Kingdom. The ITC was also created a legal person in the United Kingdom by article 5 1972 Order. Held: As a legal person in the United Kingdom – rather than the states who were its members … Continue reading Maclaine Watson and Co Ltd v International Tin Council: HL 2 Jan 1989

MSF v Refuge Assurance Plc, United Friendly Insurance: EAT 15 Feb 2002

EAT The EAT considered the employer’s duties to consult on making redundancies. The ET had found that company had satisfied the requirements. The Union argued that the duty to consult arose as soon as redundancies were contemplated. Held: The Union’s appeal failed. There was no error of law. What counted as ‘good time’: ‘is not … Continue reading MSF v Refuge Assurance Plc, United Friendly Insurance: EAT 15 Feb 2002

Transfield Shipping Inc v Mercator Shipping Inc (The Achilleas): HL 9 Jul 2008

The parties contracted to charter the Achileas. The charterer gave notice to terminate the hire, and the owner found a new charterer. Until the termination the charterers sub-chartered. That charter was not completed, delaying the ship for the owners’ new charter which was cancelled. In the meantime hire rates had fallen. The owners claimed damages. … Continue reading Transfield Shipping Inc v Mercator Shipping Inc (The Achilleas): HL 9 Jul 2008

Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

Right of Recovery of Money Paid under Mistake Kleinwort Benson had made payments to a local authority under swap agreements which were thought to be legally enforceable when made. Subsequently, a decision of the House of Lords, (Hazell v. Hammersmith and Fulham) established that such swap agreements were unlawful. Kleinwort Benson then sought restitution of … Continue reading Kleinwort Benson Ltd v Lincoln City Council etc: HL 29 Jul 1998

law index

Our law-index is a substantial selection from our database. Cases here are restricted in number by date and lack the additional facilities formerly available within lawindexpro. Please do enjoy this free version of the lawindex. Case law does not ‘belong’ to lawyers. Judgments are made up of words which can be read and understood (if … Continue reading law index