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In re Inland Revenue Commissioners v Placentini (Defendant) Dayman (receiver), In re Criminal Justice Act 1988, and Taxes Management Act 1970: QBD 4 Feb 2003

The receiver had been appointed under the 1968 Act, to manage the affairs of the defendant on his prosecution for tax fraud. She now sought a declaration as to her personal liability for tax which fell due. She had paid over some andpound;2 million to the court which she had realised. Held: A receiver was … Continue reading In re Inland Revenue Commissioners v Placentini (Defendant) Dayman (receiver), In re Criminal Justice Act 1988, and Taxes Management Act 1970: QBD 4 Feb 2003

DTE Financial Services Ltd v Wilson (Inspector of Taxes): CA 24 May 2001

A scheme by which an employer paid bonuses to senior staff by purchasing contingent reversionary interests in an overseas trust, and then assigning them to the staff without admitting liability for income tax or national insurance contributions when the interests fell into possession. The scheme failed under anti-avoidance provisions under Ramsay principles. The cash payment … Continue reading DTE Financial Services Ltd v Wilson (Inspector of Taxes): CA 24 May 2001

Carstairs (Inspector of Taxes) v Sykes: ChD 20 Dec 2000

The taxpayer had claimed tax relief for certain periods (approximately six years) when he was living abroad. The Crown appealed a decision of the commissioners discharging their assessment to tax. Held: There is a distinction in law between the residence abroad and absence for the purposes of tax relief. The taxpayer can be resident, but … Continue reading Carstairs (Inspector of Taxes) v Sykes: ChD 20 Dec 2000

Arnold (Inspector of Taxes) v G Con Ltd: ChD 4 Mar 2005

The revenue appealed against an order by the general commissioners to grant to the taxpayer, a construction industry subcontractor, a fresh exemption certficate where he had been consistently late in submitting tax and NI payments of several thousand pounds. Held: The determination was incorrect as a matter of law. The breaches could not be described … Continue reading Arnold (Inspector of Taxes) v G Con Ltd: ChD 4 Mar 2005

McNiven (Inspector of Taxes) v Westmoreland Investments Ltd: ChD 19 Aug 1997

Loans made between associated companies for the sole purpose of creating a charge to tax were ineffective as avoidance scheme. Citations: Times 19-Aug-1997 Statutes: Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 338 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: At ChD – McNiven (Inspector of Taxes) v Westmoreland Investments Ltd CA 26-Oct-1998 Cross loans were made between … Continue reading McNiven (Inspector of Taxes) v Westmoreland Investments Ltd: ChD 19 Aug 1997

Piggott (Inspector of Taxes) v Staines Investment Ltd: ChD 1 Mar 1995

An arrangement which had the effect of mitigating tax by a pre-ordained series of steps was nevertheless upheld as valid. Transactions were not caught by anti-avoidance provisions, where they were not in fact one composite whole. Citations: Gazette 01-Mar-1995, Times 07-Feb-1995 Statutes: Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 239 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Corporation Tax, … Continue reading Piggott (Inspector of Taxes) v Staines Investment Ltd: ChD 1 Mar 1995

Chinn v Hochstrasser (Inspector of Taxes): HL 11 Dec 1980

The House considered the meaning of the word ‘bounty’ in an income tax context, where it had been used by the courts: ‘My Lords, I would venture to point out that the word ‘bounty’ appears nowhere in the statute. It is a judicial gloss upon the statute descriptive of those classes of cases which are … Continue reading Chinn v Hochstrasser (Inspector of Taxes): HL 11 Dec 1980

Masri v Consolidated Contractors International Co Sal and Others: HL 30 Jul 2009

The claimant sought to enforce a judgment debt against a foreign resident company, and for this purpose to examine or have examined a director who lived abroad. The defendant said that the rules gave no such power and they did, the power was outside the rule-maker’s power. Held: Even though the rule-making power is wide … Continue reading Masri v Consolidated Contractors International Co Sal and Others: HL 30 Jul 2009

Aberdeen Asset Management Plc v HMRC; UTTC 9 Dec 2011

References: [2012] UKUT 43 (TCC) Links: Bailii UTTC Income Tax; emoluments; tax avoidance scheme; transfer of shares; whether a payment -No; whether shares a readily convertible asset – Yes; Income & Corporation Taxes Act 1988 sections 1, 19, 131, 202A&B, 203, 203A, 203F, The Income Tax (Employments) Regulations 1993 Regulation 2- appeal dismissed Statutes: Income … Continue reading Aberdeen Asset Management Plc v HMRC; UTTC 9 Dec 2011

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Prudential Plc and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Special Commissioner of Income Tax and Another: SC 23 Jan 2013

The appellants resisted disclosure to the revenue of advice it had received. It claimed legal advice privilege (LAP), though the advice was from its accountants. Held: (Lords Sumption and Clarke dissenting) LAP applies to all communications passing between a client and its lawyers, acting in their professional capacity, in connection with the provision of legal … Continue reading Prudential Plc and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Special Commissioner of Income Tax and Another: SC 23 Jan 2013

Regina v Frank Adam Moran (Attorney General’s Reference No 25 of 2001): CACD 27 Jul 2001

The defendant pleaded guilty to making false statements, and cheating the public revenue by understating his profits as a market trader over a protracted period. The judge made a confiscation order equal to the amount of undeclared profit. On appeal, that element was set aside. The section referred to the pecuniary advantage obtained by the … Continue reading Regina v Frank Adam Moran (Attorney General’s Reference No 25 of 2001): CACD 27 Jul 2001

Inland Revenue Commissioners v Sema Group Pension Scheme Trustees: ChD 7 Feb 2002

The Trustees of an exempt approved pension scheme bought shares, and sold them at a lower price to the company. Under the 1988 Act, this operated to create a tax credit. The revenue issued a notice and assessment under Schedule F to defeat that tax credit. The trustees successfully appealed that to the Commissioners, and … Continue reading Inland Revenue Commissioners v Sema Group Pension Scheme Trustees: ChD 7 Feb 2002

Perks and Others v Clark and Others: CA 27 Jul 2001

Workers on North Sea drilling rigs which were capable of being moved, claimed relief as seafarers, since they were employed on a ship. The first instance court said the rigs were not ships. They appealed. Held: The word ‘ship’ is an ordinary English word, and its meaning is one of fact not law. Accordingly the … Continue reading Perks and Others v Clark and Others: CA 27 Jul 2001

Regina v Inland Revenue Commissioners Ex Parte Banque Internationale a Luxembourg Sa: Admn 23 Jun 2000

The commissioners obtained court orders directing the applicant bank to disclose confidential information in their possession. The bank resisted on the ground that the demand breached their rights to confidentiality and to privacy. Although the orders did infringe the Bank’s article 8 rights, the notices were valid because the interference was justified under article 8(2). … Continue reading Regina v Inland Revenue Commissioners Ex Parte Banque Internationale a Luxembourg Sa: Admn 23 Jun 2000

Regina v Inland Revenue Commissioners Ex Parte Banque Internationale A Luxembourg Sa: QBD 27 Jul 2000

The commissioners obtained court orders directing the applicant bank to disclose confidential information in their possession. The bank resisted on the ground that the demand breached their rights to confidentiality and to privacy. Although the orders did infringe the Bank’s article 8 rights, the notices were valid because the interference was justified under article 8(2). … Continue reading Regina v Inland Revenue Commissioners Ex Parte Banque Internationale A Luxembourg Sa: QBD 27 Jul 2000

Moodie v Inland Revenue Commissioners and Another and similar: HL 7 Apr 1993

A scheme was devised to sell annuities to charities. They then used the capital sum paid to purchase promissory notes from the charity, which were in turn used to secure annuity payments. Held: The scheme was entirely self cancelling and void. Payments made in pursuance of the scheme fell outside the ambit of the section.There … Continue reading Moodie v Inland Revenue Commissioners and Another and similar: HL 7 Apr 1993

Inland Revenue Commissioners v Laird Group Plc: ChD 13 Mar 2001

It was difficult to reconcile different decisions of the higher courts. Nevertheless, the declaration and payment of a dividend which did not involve any transaction in securities, or alteration of rights attaching to securities, was not itself a dealing in securities. The arrangement involved the declaration of abnormally large dividends in purchasing another company so … Continue reading Inland Revenue Commissioners v Laird Group Plc: ChD 13 Mar 2001

Wilkinson, Regina (on the Application Of) v Inland Revenue: HL 5 May 2005

The claimant said that the widows’ bereavement tax allowance available to a wife surviving her husband should be available to a man also if it was not to be discriminatory. Held: Similar claims had been taken before the Human Rights Act to the ECHR, and been settled. The 1998 Act made it unlawful to act … Continue reading Wilkinson, Regina (on the Application Of) v Inland Revenue: HL 5 May 2005

W T Ramsay Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 12 Mar 1981

The taxpayers used schemes to create allowable losses, and now appealed assessment to tax. The schemes involved a series of transactions none of which were a sham, but which had the effect of cancelling each other out. Held: If the true nature of the transactions could be seen by looking at them all together, then … Continue reading W T Ramsay Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 12 Mar 1981

Plummer v Inland Revenue Commissioners: ChD 1987

The taxpayer had a domicile of origin in England but her family had moved to Guernsey. She remained in England principally for the purpose of completing her education. She intended when she had finished her training and had some experience working in this country to return to Guernsey, where she spent part of her time. … Continue reading Plummer v Inland Revenue Commissioners: ChD 1987

Prudential Assurance Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 25 Jul 2018

PAC sought to recover excess advance corporation tax paid under a UK system contrary to EU law. It was now agreed that some was repayable but now the quantum. Five issues separated the parties. Issue I: does EU law require the tax credit to be set by reference to the overseas tax actually paid, as … Continue reading Prudential Assurance Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 25 Jul 2018

John Mander Pension Trustees Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 29 Jul 2015

The pension scheme had been approved, but that approval later withdraw. HMRC issued assessment for the years in which it had been approved. The taxpayer argued that such assessments applied to the date with effect from which the approval is withdraw, HMRC contended that it was in the year in which withdrawal was notified. The … Continue reading John Mander Pension Trustees Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 29 Jul 2015

Regina v Special Commissioner And Another, ex parte Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd: HL 16 May 2002

The inspector issued a notice requiring production of certain documents. The respondents refused to produce them, saying that they were protected by legal professional privilege. Held: Legal professional privilege is a fundamental part of ensuring human rights as a right of privacy, and is recognised in European law (A M and S Europe Ltd). A … Continue reading Regina v Special Commissioner And Another, ex parte Morgan Grenfell and Co Ltd: HL 16 May 2002

Samson Publishing Ltd and Others v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 14 Oct 2010

Income tax – Benefits in kind – Employees contributed 4% and 5% respectively to purchase price of cars jointly owned with employer – Whether car ‘made available (without any transfer of the property in it’ – Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 ss.1564, 156, 157 and Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions Act 2003 ss.120-140 – … Continue reading Samson Publishing Ltd and Others v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 14 Oct 2010

BT Pension Scheme Trustees v HM Revenue and Customs: CA 17 Jan 2014

The court was asked whether section 43 of the 1970 Act which imposes time limits on claims, applied to a claim for payments made by the Trustees of the BT Pension Scheme under section 231 of ICTA. If so, subject to questions of community law which remain to be decided, many of these claims were … Continue reading BT Pension Scheme Trustees v HM Revenue and Customs: CA 17 Jan 2014

Prudential Plc and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Special Commissioner of Income Tax and Others: CA 13 Oct 2010

The court was asked whether advice given by an accountant could be protected against disclosure by legal professional privilege. The company had taken advice from its accountants, and objected to disclosure of that advice to the tax authorities under a notice issued under section 20 of the 1970 Act. Held: Legal professional privilege was not … Continue reading Prudential Plc and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Special Commissioner of Income Tax and Others: CA 13 Oct 2010

Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Taxpayer companies challenged the way that the revenue restricted claims for group Corporation Tax relief for subsidiary companies in Europe. The issue was awaiting a decision of the European Court. The Revenue said that the claims now being made by other companies should proceed through the Commissioners who could implement European law directly. The taxpayers … Continue reading Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Lamb v Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office: CA 18 Mar 2010

The appellant challenged the appointment of a receiver in respect of property registered in his name, but said to be the realisable property of a man convicted of cheating the revenue. He said that he had funded the property, and that he had not been given appropriate opportunity to become involved in the earlier proceedings. … Continue reading Lamb v Revenue and Customs Prosecutions Office: CA 18 Mar 2010

Aerotel Ltd v Telco Holdings Ltd and others, In re Patent Application GB 0314464.9 in the name of Neal Macrossan Rev 1: CA 27 Oct 2006

In each case it was said that the requested patent concerned an invention consisting of a computer program, and was not therefore an invention and was unpatentable. In one case a patent had been revoked on being challenged, and in the other, the appeal was against refusal. Held: Jacob LJ said: ‘the court must approach … Continue reading Aerotel Ltd v Telco Holdings Ltd and others, In re Patent Application GB 0314464.9 in the name of Neal Macrossan Rev 1: CA 27 Oct 2006

Robin Ray v Classic FM Plc: PatC 18 Mar 1998

Contractor and Client Copyrights The plaintiff had contributed a design for a system of classifying and selecting tracks to be played on a radio station. He did so under a consultancy contract. Held: A Joint authorship claim required that the contributor had made some direct contribution to the words appearing in the eventual published item. … Continue reading Robin Ray v Classic FM Plc: PatC 18 Mar 1998

HM Revenue and Customs v Trustees of the Peter Clay Discretionary Trust: CA 19 Dec 2008

The court was asked whether the Commissioners had been correct to disallow in a closure notice, the attribution in part to income in the year 2000-01 of expenses incurred by the trustees of a United Kingdom resident discretionary trust. The expenses claimed were (i) trustees’ fees, (ii) investment management fees, (iii) bank charges, (iv) custodian … Continue reading HM Revenue and Customs v Trustees of the Peter Clay Discretionary Trust: CA 19 Dec 2008