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Toprak Mansulleri Ofisi v Finagrain Compagnie Commerciale Agricole et Financiere S A: ChD 1979

As at the date of their failure to nominate loading places and silos, the sellers were in default of fulfilment of a contract and it was at that date that they failed to carry out the contract. Thereafter, the buyers were not obliged immediately to treat the sellers as being in default. They had the … Continue reading Toprak Mansulleri Ofisi v Finagrain Compagnie Commerciale Agricole et Financiere S A: ChD 1979

B J Aviation Ltd v Pool Aviation Ltd: CA 18 Jan 2002

The parties disputed the effect of a clause in an option agreement, and as to whether it contained an agreement to negotiate and was therefore not binding. Held: Chadwick LJ said: ‘First, each case must be decided on its own facts and on the construction of the words used in the particular agreement. Decisions on … Continue reading B J Aviation Ltd v Pool Aviation Ltd: CA 18 Jan 2002

Gascoyne v Customs and Excise and Another: CA 28 Jul 2004

The Commissioners had found what they considered to be an excess of dutiable goods brought into the country by the tax payer, and had forfeited the car. The court considered the effect of the Gora case. Held: The difficult statements in Gora were obiter. In a case where the deeming provisions under paragraph 5 are … Continue reading Gascoyne v Customs and Excise and Another: CA 28 Jul 2004

Liesbosch Dredger (Owners of) v Owners of SS Edison, The Liesbosch: HL 28 Feb 1933

The ship Edison fouled the moorings of the Liesbosch resulting in the total loss of the dredger when it sank. It had been engaged on work in the harbour under contract with the harbour board. All the owners’ liquid resources were engaged in the contract, and their deposit under the contract was forfeit if the … Continue reading Liesbosch Dredger (Owners of) v Owners of SS Edison, The Liesbosch: HL 28 Feb 1933

Commissioners of Customs and Excise v Newbury: Admn 3 Mar 2003

The commissioner appealed a finding that a car and other goods they had forfeited should be returned. The owner said that matters had been imported for personal use under the directive. Held: The directive had direct effect and precedence over English Law. The appellant had to behave in a proportionate manner (Louloudakis). The tribunal had … Continue reading Commissioners of Customs and Excise v Newbury: Admn 3 Mar 2003

PLG Research Ltd and Another v Ardon International Ltd and Others: ChD 25 Nov 1994

A patent infingement claim was met by the assertion that the material covered had been disclosed before the patent had been obtained. The court was asked as to the test of whether the information in a claim had been disclosed. Aldous J said: ‘Mr. Thorley submitted that if a product had been made available to … Continue reading PLG Research Ltd and Another v Ardon International Ltd and Others: ChD 25 Nov 1994

Agnew and Kevin James Bearsley v The Commissioner of Inland Revenue, and Official Assignee for the Estate In Bankruptcy of Bruce William Birtwhistle and Mark Leslie Birtwhistle: PC 5 Jun 2001

(New Zealand) A charge had been given by a company over its book debts. The charge was expressed to create a fixed charge over debts uncollected when a receiver was appointed, so that on collection they became payable to the bank. Until the receiver was appointed, the charge claimed to be a floating charge, and … Continue reading Agnew and Kevin James Bearsley v The Commissioner of Inland Revenue, and Official Assignee for the Estate In Bankruptcy of Bruce William Birtwhistle and Mark Leslie Birtwhistle: PC 5 Jun 2001

Mamidoil-Jetoil Greek Petroleum Company SA v Okta Crude Oil Refinery Ad Cross: CA 22 Mar 2001

The court always leans against a conclusion which will leave parties who clearly intended to contract without a legally binding contract, and that this is the more so where they have acted as though they were bound. The court strains to supply mechanisms which will make agreements work in circumstances where the parties’ own attempts … Continue reading Mamidoil-Jetoil Greek Petroleum Company SA v Okta Crude Oil Refinery Ad Cross: CA 22 Mar 2001

Michael Gerson (Leasing) Limited v Michael Wilkinson and State Securities Limited: CA 31 Jul 2000

Where goods were subject to a financing arrangement involving a sale and leaseback with a finance company, the goods were to be treated as constructively delivered to the finance company on the sale. Delivery required a voluntary act by the person in actual possession, but that could be satisfied by an acknowledgement of the rights … Continue reading Michael Gerson (Leasing) Limited v Michael Wilkinson and State Securities Limited: CA 31 Jul 2000

Anheuser-Busch Inc v Budejovicky Bodvar Narodni Podnik; Budejovicky Bodvar Narodni Podnik v Anheuser-Busch: CA 7 Feb 2000

The registration of two trade marks (‘Budweiser’) with the identical names was against the Act since it would appear to encourage the very confusion the Act sought to avoid. Nevertheless, where there was genuine honest concurrent use, that use might justify registration. Clause 12 of the Act clearly envisaged honest concurrent use. Here the name … Continue reading Anheuser-Busch Inc v Budejovicky Bodvar Narodni Podnik; Budejovicky Bodvar Narodni Podnik v Anheuser-Busch: CA 7 Feb 2000

Mercuria Energy Trading Pte Ltd and Another v Citibank Na and Another: ComC 22 May 2015

The court was asked whether bankers have complied with the re-delivery requirements of repo transactions in relation to cargoes of metal by delivering endorsed warehouse receipts to their counterparty, notwithstanding that (i) there is uncertainty as to the existence of the metal and (if it exists) the bankers’ title to it, and (ii) the warehouse … Continue reading Mercuria Energy Trading Pte Ltd and Another v Citibank Na and Another: ComC 22 May 2015

Borden (UK) Ltd v Scottish Timber Products Ltd: CA 1979

The plaintiff sold a quantity of resin to the defendant for use in the manufacture of chipboard. The contract contained a reservation of title clause, but both parties contemplated that the resin would be used in the process of production before it had been paid for, as indeed occurred. All those involved in that case … Continue reading Borden (UK) Ltd v Scottish Timber Products Ltd: CA 1979

Gamer’s Motor Centre (Newcastle) Proprietary Limited v Natwest Wholesale Australia Proprietary Limited: 24 Jul 1987

Austlii (High Court of Australia) Sale of Goods – Sale by buyer obtaining possession with sellers consent – Delivery under sale, pledge or other disposition to third party receiving goods or documents of title in good faith – Delivery – Whether physical delivery required – Sale of Goods Act 1923 (NSW), ss. 5(1) ‘delivery’,28 – … Continue reading Gamer’s Motor Centre (Newcastle) Proprietary Limited v Natwest Wholesale Australia Proprietary Limited: 24 Jul 1987

Close Asset Finance Ltd v Care Graphics Machinery Ltd: QBD 21 Mar 2000

A hire agreement provided that after the payment of substantial sums over the period of hire, the hirers could exercise an option to purchase the equipment for fifty pounds. They purported to sell the equipment before the end of the lease, but the question arose of whether they could give good title. Held: However likely … Continue reading Close Asset Finance Ltd v Care Graphics Machinery Ltd: QBD 21 Mar 2000

Christopher Hill Ltd v Ashington Piggeries Ltd: HL 1972

Mink farmers had asked a compounder of animal foods to make up mink food to a supplied formula. Held: There was reliance as to the suitability of the ingredients only.Lord Diplock said: ‘Unless the Sale of Goods Act 1893 is to be allowed to fossilise the law and to restrict the freedom of choice of … Continue reading Christopher Hill Ltd v Ashington Piggeries Ltd: HL 1972

Golden Strait Corporation v Nippon Yusen Kubishka Kaisha (‘The Golden Victory’): HL 28 Mar 2007

The claimant sought damages for repudiation of a charterparty. The charterpary had been intended to continue until 2005. The charterer repudiated the contract and that repudiation was accepted, but before the arbitrator could set his award, the Iraq war broke out, under which the charterer could have terminated the charter as of right. The defendant … Continue reading Golden Strait Corporation v Nippon Yusen Kubishka Kaisha (‘The Golden Victory’): HL 28 Mar 2007

Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 2 of 1982): CACD 1984

Two men were charged with theft from a company which they wholly owned and controlled. The court considered the actions of company directors in dishonestly appropriating the property of the company, and whether since the title to the goods was transferred, the goods had remained the property of the company. Held: The actions of the … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No. 2 of 1982): CACD 1984

Jetivia Sa and Another v Bilta (UK) Ltd and Others: SC 22 Apr 2015

The liquidators of Bilta had brought proceedings against former directors and the appellant alleging that they were party to an unlawful means conspiracy which had damaged the company by engaging in a carousel fraud with carbon credits. On the pleaded facts, Mr Chopra and Mr Nazir were the directing organ of Bilta under its constitution. … Continue reading Jetivia Sa and Another v Bilta (UK) Ltd and Others: SC 22 Apr 2015

Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd: CA 1979

The company directors operated an elaborate scheme to extract value from Belmont by causing it to buy the shares of a company called Maximum at a considerable overvalue. This was a breach of the fiduciary duties of the directors. They sought to recycle the profit on the sale of Maximum so that it could be … Continue reading Belmont Finance Corporation Ltd v Williams Furniture Ltd: CA 1979

Collins Stewart Ltd and Another v The Financial Times Ltd: QBD 20 Oct 2004

The claimants sought damages for defamation. The claimed that the article had caused very substantial losses (andpound;230 million) to them by affecting their market capitalisation value. The defendant sought to strike out that part of the claim. Held: The possible market capitalisation of the claimants was far too uncertain a basis for calculating damages. The … Continue reading Collins Stewart Ltd and Another v The Financial Times Ltd: QBD 20 Oct 2004

Jewson Limited v Boyhan as Personal Representative of the Estate of Thomas Michael Kelly: CA 28 Jul 2003

The company appealed a finding that it was in breach of the 1979 Act. The deceased had bought boilers from the appellant. They were said not to be satisfactory, in that they were not as energy efficient as they had been described to be. Held: The purchaser himself had skills to assess what he bought … Continue reading Jewson Limited v Boyhan as Personal Representative of the Estate of Thomas Michael Kelly: CA 28 Jul 2003

Owners of Cargo On K H Enterprise v Owners of Pioneer Container: PC 29 Mar 1994

Owners who were claiming under a bailment must accept the terms of a sub-bailment to which it had agreed. This result is both principled and just. A sub-bailee can only be said for these purposes to have voluntarily taken into his possession the goods of another if he has sufficient notice that a person other … Continue reading Owners of Cargo On K H Enterprise v Owners of Pioneer Container: PC 29 Mar 1994

ABC Ltd and Another v HM Revenue and Customs: CA 7 Jul 2017

Temporary approval pending appeal was preferred The company challenged refusal of fit and proper approval for registration as wholesaler of duty paid alcohol. Held: The appeals were allowed in part. HMRC, having once concluded that the applicant was not fit and proper was not free to approve them pending their appeal. Better was a temporary … Continue reading ABC Ltd and Another v HM Revenue and Customs: CA 7 Jul 2017

OWD Ltd (T/A Birmingham Cash and Carry) and Another v Revenue and Customs: SC 19 Jun 2019

The wholesalers sought approval from the respondent for the wholesale supply of duty-paid alcohol. Approval was refused, but the parties sought a means of allowing a temporary approval pending determination by the FTT. The two questions considered were: (1) What power does HMRC have to permit a person to carry on trading pending the determination … Continue reading OWD Ltd (T/A Birmingham Cash and Carry) and Another v Revenue and Customs: SC 19 Jun 2019

Donoghue (or M’Alister) v Stevenson: HL 26 May 1932

Decomposed Snail in Ginger Beer Bottle – Liability The appellant drank from a bottle of ginger beer manufactured by the defendant. She suffered injury when she found a half decomposed snail in the liquid. The glass was opaque and the snail could not be seen. The drink had been bought for her by a friend, … Continue reading Donoghue (or M’Alister) v Stevenson: HL 26 May 1932

VTB Capital Plc v Nutritek International Corp and Others: SC 6 Feb 2013

The claimant bank said that it had been induced to create very substantial lending facilities by fraudulent misrepresentation by the defendants. They now appealed against findings that England was not clearly or distinctly the appropriate forum for resolution of VTB’s tort claims, and nor that there was a proper basis for piercing the corporate veil. … Continue reading VTB Capital Plc v Nutritek International Corp and Others: SC 6 Feb 2013

Prudential Assurance Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 25 Jul 2018

PAC sought to recover excess advance corporation tax paid under a UK system contrary to EU law. It was now agreed that some was repayable but now the quantum. Five issues separated the parties. Issue I: does EU law require the tax credit to be set by reference to the overseas tax actually paid, as … Continue reading Prudential Assurance Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: SC 25 Jul 2018

Barry v Davies (T/A Heathcote Ball and Co) and Others: CA 27 Jul 2000

The claimant sought damages from an auctioneer who had failed to accept his bid, and withdrawn the items from the sale. Held: In an auction without reserve the auctioneer was not entitled to withdraw an item on the basis that the highest or only bid was too low. To do so was to put himself … Continue reading Barry v Davies (T/A Heathcote Ball and Co) and Others: CA 27 Jul 2000

Messer UK Ltd and Another v Britvic Soft Drinks Ltd and others: CA 30 Apr 2002

The parties contracted for the supply of material to be used in the manufacture of drinks. The material was to be supplied according to a recognised British Standard. Held: The use of the British Standard of itself was not sufficient to imply any warranty of satisfactory quality or fitness for purpose upon which a purchaser … Continue reading Messer UK Ltd and Another v Britvic Soft Drinks Ltd and others: CA 30 Apr 2002

PST Energy 7 Shipping Llc Product Shipping and Trading SA v OW Bunker Malta Ltd and Others: CA 22 Oct 2015

The oil owners had contracted for its transport with OWBM aboard Res Cogitans under standard terms which would allow the captain to use the oil for navigation before transfer of the title in the oil. The court was now asked whether the agreement amounted to a sale governed by 1979 Act allowing for a claim … Continue reading PST Energy 7 Shipping Llc Product Shipping and Trading SA v OW Bunker Malta Ltd and Others: CA 22 Oct 2015

Transco plc v Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council: HL 19 Nov 2003

Rylands does not apply to Statutory Works The claimant laid a large gas main through an embankment. A large water supply pipe nearby broke, and very substantial volumes of water escaped, causing the embankment to slip, and the gas main to fracture. Held: The rule in Rylands v Fletcher continues to exist as a remedy … Continue reading Transco plc v Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council: HL 19 Nov 2003

Bank Mellat v Her Majesty’s Treasury (No 2): SC 19 Jun 2013

The bank challenged measures taken by HM Treasury to restrict access to the United Kingdom’s financial markets by a major Iranian commercial bank, Bank Mellat, on the account of its alleged connection with Iran’s nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes. The bank sought to have the direction given under section 7 of the 2008 Act. … Continue reading Bank Mellat v Her Majesty’s Treasury (No 2): SC 19 Jun 2013

Scottish and Newcastle International Limited v Othon Ghalanos Ltd: HL 20 Feb 2008

The defendant challenged a decision that the English court had jurisdiction to hear a claim in contract saying that the appropriate court was in Cyprus. The cargo was taken by ship from Liverpool to Limassol. An English court would only have jurisdiction of the cargo was ‘delivered’ in England. Held: The cargo was delivered on … Continue reading Scottish and Newcastle International Limited v Othon Ghalanos Ltd: HL 20 Feb 2008

Clegg v Olle Andersson (T/A Nordic Marine): CA 11 Mar 2003

Right oReject Survived Attempted Repair The claimant agreed to purchase a yacht from the defendants with a keel to the manufacturer’s standard specifications. The keel actually installed was rather heavier. After correspondence, the claimant rejected the yacht and required the return of the the purchase price. The respondent said the exercise of a right of … Continue reading Clegg v Olle Andersson (T/A Nordic Marine): CA 11 Mar 2003

Kahn and Another v Commissioners of Inland Revenue; In re Toshoku Finance plc: HL 20 Feb 2002

A company went into liquidation, being owed substantial sums by another company in the same group, but itself insolvent. A settlement did not include accrued interest, but was claimed to be taxed as if it had, and on an accruals basis. If so, was this an expense properly arising in the insolvency, and payable as … Continue reading Kahn and Another v Commissioners of Inland Revenue; In re Toshoku Finance plc: HL 20 Feb 2002

National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

Former HL decision in Siebe Gorman overruled The company had become insolvent. The bank had a debenture and claimed that its charge over the book debts had become a fixed charge. The preferential creditors said that the charge was a floating charge and that they took priority. Held: The appeal was allowed. The debenture, although … Continue reading National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005

First Stop Wholesale Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: Admn 16 Jul 2012

The applicant challenged the court’s refusal to pay its costs after a finding that the seizure of goods by the respondent had been unlawful. The defendant argued that section 144 of the 1979 Act protected it against such an order. Held: Section 144(2) did not protect the Commissioners against an award of costs, on the … Continue reading First Stop Wholesale Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: Admn 16 Jul 2012

First Stop Wholesale Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: Admn 27 Mar 2012

The claimant sought judicial review of the defendant’s decisions to seize and detain alcoholic drinks from his business premises. Held: Goods could not lawfully be detained under section 139(1) for the purpose of ascertaining whether the power to detain them had been conferred by that provision. Singh J [2012] EWHC 1106 (Admin) Bailii Customs and … Continue reading First Stop Wholesale Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: Admn 27 Mar 2012

Mackle, Regina v: SC 29 Jan 2014

Several defendants appealed against confiscation orders made against them on convictions for avoiding customs and excise duty by re-importing cigarettes originally intended for export. They had accepted the orders being made by consent, but now appealed saying that the consent had been given following inaccurate legal advice. Held: The appeals were allowed. The fact that … Continue reading Mackle, Regina v: SC 29 Jan 2014

Fulton Shipping Inc of Panama v Globalia Business Travel SAU (Formerly Travelplan SAU) of Spain: ComC 21 May 2014

The former owners of the ‘New Flameno’ appealed from an arbitration award. A charter of the vessel had been repudiated with two years left to run. The owners chose to sell. They made a substantial profit over the price they would have received after the full term of the charter. The arbitrator set off that … Continue reading Fulton Shipping Inc of Panama v Globalia Business Travel SAU (Formerly Travelplan SAU) of Spain: ComC 21 May 2014

Eastenders Cash And Carry Plc And Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 27 Nov 2013

Statement of Facts – The company’s goods had been detained by Customs and Excise. A court later ordered their return, but found the detention to have been with reasonable cause. The Revenue had successfully argued that costs could not be awarded against them under a statutory immunity. 16788/13 – Communicated Case, [2013] ECHR 1284, [2014] … Continue reading Eastenders Cash And Carry Plc And Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 27 Nov 2013

Rochdale Borough Council v Dixon: CA 20 Oct 2011

The defendant tenant had disputed payment of water service charges and stopped paying them. The Council obtained a possession order which was suspended on payment or arrears by the defendant at andpound;5.00. The tenant said that when varying the terms of the tenancy to add collection of water rates, the council had failed to comply … Continue reading Rochdale Borough Council v Dixon: CA 20 Oct 2011

Gora and others v Commissioners of Customs and Excise and others: CA 11 Apr 2003

The appellants challenged decisions of the VAT and Duties Tribunal after seizure of their goods, and in particular whether the cases had been criminal or civil cases and following Roth, whether the respondent’s policy had been lawful and proportionate. Held: The present procedure does not involve the criminal courts and the absence of any criminal … Continue reading Gora and others v Commissioners of Customs and Excise and others: CA 11 Apr 2003

Office of Fair Trading v Abbey National Plc and seven Others: ComC 24 Apr 2008

The Office sought a declaration that the respondent and other banks were subject to the provisions of the Regulations in their imposition of bank charges to customer accounts, and in particular as to the imposition of penalties or charges for the breach of the overdraft limits. Held: The relevant terms were not exempt from assessment … Continue reading Office of Fair Trading v Abbey National Plc and seven Others: ComC 24 Apr 2008

Love v Halfords Ltd: QBD 8 Apr 2014

The claimant had purchased a new bicycle from the defendants who also maintained it. Several months later, the steerer tube broke causing an accident and severe injury. The cycle had been finally assembled by the defendant after importation, but that element was already put together. Held: The claim failed. The expert evidence had been difficult, … Continue reading Love v Halfords Ltd: QBD 8 Apr 2014

Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

In the course of ancillary relief proceedings in a divorce, questions arose regarding company assets owned by the husband. The court was asked as to the power of the court to order the transfer of assets owned entirely in the company’s names. The judge had made such an order, finding evidence that the companies had … Continue reading Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd and Others: SC 12 Jun 2013

Geldof Metaalconstructie Nv v Simon Carves Ltd: CA 11 Jun 2010

The parties contracted for the supply and installation of pressure vessels by Geldof (G) for a building constructed by Simon Carves (SC). The contract contained a clause denying the remedy of set-off. G sued for the sale price, and SC now sought an equitable set off of damages for repudiation. The judge had put the … Continue reading Geldof Metaalconstructie Nv v Simon Carves Ltd: CA 11 Jun 2010

Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

Fairness on Division of Family Capital The House faced the question of how to achieve fairness in the division of property following a divorce. In the one case there were substantial assets but a short marriage, and in the other a high income, but low capital. Held: The 1973 Act gives only limited guidance on … Continue reading Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

British Telecommunications Plc; Virgin Enterprises Ltd; J Sainsbury Plc; Marks and Spencer Plc and Ladbroke Group Plc v One In a Million Ltd and others: CA 23 Jul 1998

Registration of a distinctive Internet domain name using registered trade marks and company names could be an infringement of a registered Trade Mark, and also passing off. It was proper to grant quia timet injunctions where necessary to stop registration: ‘a jurisdiction to grant injunctive relief where a defendant is equipped with or is intending … Continue reading British Telecommunications Plc; Virgin Enterprises Ltd; J Sainsbury Plc; Marks and Spencer Plc and Ladbroke Group Plc v One In a Million Ltd and others: CA 23 Jul 1998

Bloomsbury International Ltd v Sea Fish Industry Authority and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: SC 15 Jun 2011

The 1995 Regulations imposed a levy on fish both caught and first landed in the UK and also on imported fish products. The claimants, importers challenged the validity of the latter charges, saying that they went beyond the power given by the 1981 Act, and also were contrary to EU law. Held: The appeal succeeded. … Continue reading Bloomsbury International Ltd v Sea Fish Industry Authority and Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: SC 15 Jun 2011

Commodore Royal Bahamas Defence Force and Others v Laramore: PC 8 May 2017

Soldier’s right not to attend religious service (The Bahamas) Parties challenged the removal of the right of service members to be excused attendance of the religious elements of force parades. Held: The Muslim petty officer had been hindered in the exercise of his constitutional right to freedom of conscience when he was obliged, on pain … Continue reading Commodore Royal Bahamas Defence Force and Others v Laramore: PC 8 May 2017

CBS Songs Ltd v Amstrad Consumer Electronics Plc: HL 12 May 1988

The plaintiffs as representatives sought to restrain Amstrad selling equipment with two cassette decks without taking precautions which would reasonably ensure that their copyrights would not be infringed by its users. Held: Amstrad could only be liable as a joint tortfeasor. If they were not a joint tortfeasor they would be under no tortious liability. … Continue reading CBS Songs Ltd v Amstrad Consumer Electronics Plc: HL 12 May 1988

Star Industrial Company Limited v Yap Kwee Kor trading as New Star Industrial Company: PC 26 Jan 1976

(Singapore) The plaintiff Hong Kong company had manufactured toothbrushes and exported them to Singapore, for re-export to Malaysia and Indonesia, but with some local sales as well. Their characteristic get-up included the words ‘ACE BRAND’ and a letter device. They stopped when the Singapore government imposed import duty on toothbrushes. Since then the plaintiff had … Continue reading Star Industrial Company Limited v Yap Kwee Kor trading as New Star Industrial Company: PC 26 Jan 1976

Starbucks (HK) Ltd and Another v British Sky Broadcasting Group Plc and Others: SC 13 May 2015

The court was asked whether, as the appellants contended, a claimant who is seeking to maintain an action in passing off need only establish a reputation among a significant section of the public within the jurisdiction, or whether, as the courts below held, such a claimant must also establish a business with customers within the … Continue reading Starbucks (HK) Ltd and Another v British Sky Broadcasting Group Plc and Others: SC 13 May 2015

Gold Group Properties Ltd v BDW Trading Ltd: TCC 3 Mar 2010

The parties had contracted for the construction of an estate of houses and flats to be followed by the interim purchase by the defendants. The defendants argued that the slump in land prices frustrated the contract and that they should not be called on to purchase the properrties at the price stated because they would … Continue reading Gold Group Properties Ltd v BDW Trading Ltd: TCC 3 Mar 2010

PST Energy 7 Shipping Llc and Another v OW Bunker Malta Ltd and Another: SC 11 May 2016

Parties had entered into a bunker supply contract which contained a retention of title clause in favour of the supplier. It purported to allow the buyer to use the goods before title came to be passed. Held: The owner’s appeal failed. It did not fall within the scope of the 1979 Act, and therefore the … Continue reading PST Energy 7 Shipping Llc and Another v OW Bunker Malta Ltd and Another: SC 11 May 2016

Barnes (As Former Court Appointed Receiver) v The Eastenders Group and Another: SC 8 May 2014

Costs of Wrongly Appointed Receiver ‘The contest in this case is about who should bear the costs and expenses of a receiver appointed under an order which ought not to have been made. The appellant, who is a former partner in a well known firm of accountants, was appointed to act as management receiver of … Continue reading Barnes (As Former Court Appointed Receiver) v The Eastenders Group and Another: SC 8 May 2014

OBG Ltd OBG (Plant and Transport Hire) Ltd v Raymond International Ltd; OBG Ltd v Allen: CA 9 Feb 2005

The defendants had wrongfully appointed receivers of the claimant, who then came into the business and terminated contracts undertaken by the business. The claimant asserted that their actions amounted to a wrongful interference in their contracts and otherwise. The receivers having done the acts normally associated with a receivership. Held: The tort of unlawful interference … Continue reading OBG Ltd OBG (Plant and Transport Hire) Ltd v Raymond International Ltd; OBG Ltd v Allen: CA 9 Feb 2005

Eastenders Cash and Carry Plc and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: SC 11 Jun 2014

Alcoholic drinks had been seized by the respondents pending further enquiries with a view to a possible forfeiture, then held and returned but only under court order. The company had complained that the detention of the goods was unlawful. The Revenue appealed against an order upholding that complaint. Held: The appeal succeeded. Section 139 allowed … Continue reading Eastenders Cash and Carry Plc and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Revenue and Customs: SC 11 Jun 2014

Gamer’s Motor Centre (Newcastle) Proprietary Limited v Natwest Wholesale Australia Proprietary Limited; 24 Jul 1987

References: (1987) 163 CLR 236, [1987] HCA 30 Links: Austlii Coram: Mason CJ Ratio: Austlii (High Court of Australia) Sale of Goods – Sale by buyer obtaining possession with sellers consent – Delivery under sale, pledge or other disposition to third party receiving goods or documents of title in good faith – Delivery – Whether … Continue reading Gamer’s Motor Centre (Newcastle) Proprietary Limited v Natwest Wholesale Australia Proprietary Limited; 24 Jul 1987

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Forsythe International (UK) Limited v Silver Shipping Co Limited and Others: 1993

Delivery under section 24 requires a voluntary act by the person in possession because by section 61(1) of the 1979 Act, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires, `delivery’ means `voluntary transfer from one person to another’. Judges: Clarke J Citations: [1994] 1 WLR 1334, [1993] 2 Lloyds Rep 268, [1994] 1 All ER … Continue reading Forsythe International (UK) Limited v Silver Shipping Co Limited and Others: 1993

Feuer Leather Corporation v Frank Jonstone and Sons: 1981

The court considered the requirements for notice in section 28(1). Neill J said: ‘2. the Court is concerned with actual notice and not with constructive notice.3. In deciding whether a person . . had actual notice: (a) the Court will apply an objective test and look at all the circumstances; (b) if by an objective … Continue reading Feuer Leather Corporation v Frank Jonstone and Sons: 1981

Tekem Sea Abyss Ltd v Brandston Ltd; ‘The Ocean Enterprise’: AdCt 9 Jan 1997

ComC Shipping – registration of ships – – no statutory power to expunge the register – inherent – sale of ship to company in which seller held interest – fiduciary duty – breach – voidable contract – classification as ‘goods’ – Sale of Goods Act 1979 – goods – passing of voidable title – good … Continue reading Tekem Sea Abyss Ltd v Brandston Ltd; ‘The Ocean Enterprise’: AdCt 9 Jan 1997

Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners; re Herbert BerrySP, Regina (on The Application of) v The Lord Chancellor: HL 1977

The principle to the effect that the court should exercise its discretion to restrain a distress levied by a landlord before the commencement of a winding-up only where there were special circumstances rendering it inequitable that he should be permitted to do so, applies also to a distress levied by the Crown under a statutory … Continue reading Herbert Berry Associates Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners; re Herbert BerrySP, Regina (on The Application of) v The Lord Chancellor: HL 1977

Unifert Handels GmbH, Warendorf v Hauptzollamt Munster: ECJ 6 Jun 1990

ECJ Common Customs Tariff – Customs value – Transaction value – Determination – Parties to the contract of sale established in the Community – Not material – Successive sales at different prices – Choices open to importer – Demurrage charges – Included in the cost of transport – ‘Buying commission’ paid by the buyer to … Continue reading Unifert Handels GmbH, Warendorf v Hauptzollamt Munster: ECJ 6 Jun 1990