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Storck v OHMI (Emballage D’Un Bonbon): ECFI 10 Nov 2004

ECFI Community trade mark – Figurative mark representing the form of a twisted wrapper (shape of a sweet wrapper) – Subject-matter of the application – Absolute ground for refusal – Article 7(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Distinctive character in consequence of use – Article 7(3) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Right to … Continue reading Storck v OHMI (Emballage D’Un Bonbon): ECFI 10 Nov 2004

Neurim Pharmaceuticals (1991) v OHMI – Eurim-Pharm Arzneimittel (Neurim Pharmaceuticals): ECFI 17 Sep 2008

ECJ Community trade mark Opposition proceedings Application for a Community figurative mark Neurim PHARMACEUTICALS Earlier Community and national word marks EURIM’PHARM Language of appeal proceedings Time’limits Admissibility of an appeal to the Board of Appeal Principle of proportionality Continuation of proceedings Restitutio in integrum Articles 59, 78 and 78a of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Rule … Continue reading Neurim Pharmaceuticals (1991) v OHMI – Eurim-Pharm Arzneimittel (Neurim Pharmaceuticals): ECFI 17 Sep 2008

Chalk v OHMI – Reformed Spirits Company Holdings (CRAIC): ECFI 9 Sep 2011

ECFI Community trade mark – Community word mark CRAIC – Assignments – Registration of the transfer of the mark – Revocation – Articles 16, 17, 23 and 77a of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 (now Articles 16, 17, 23 and 80 of Regulation (EC) No 207/2009) and Rule 31 of Regulation (EC) No 2868/95 Citations: T-83/09, … Continue reading Chalk v OHMI – Reformed Spirits Company Holdings (CRAIC): ECFI 9 Sep 2011

Kik v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM): ECJ 9 Sep 2003

ECJ Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Article 115 – Rules in force governing languages at the Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM) – Plea of illegality – Principle of non-discrimination. Citations: C-361/01, [2003] EUECJ C-361/01P Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: European Intellectual Property Updated: 08 June 2022; Ref: scu.186325

Bayern Innovativ v OHMI: ECFI 11 Feb 2009

Europa Community trade mark Opposition proceedings ‘ Application for the figurative Community trade mark LifeScience ‘ Earlier Community trade mark Life Sciences Partners ‘ Relative ground for refusal ‘ Likelihood of confusion ‘ Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94. Citations: T-413/07, [2009] EUECJ T-413/07 Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: European Intellectual Property Updated: 28 May 2022; … Continue reading Bayern Innovativ v OHMI: ECFI 11 Feb 2009

Freixenet v OHMI (Forme D’Une Bouteille Emerisee Noire Mate): ECFI 4 Oct 2006

ECJ Community trade mark – Shape of a frosted matt black bottle – Absolute grounds for refusal – Article 7, paragraph 1 b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Lack of distinctive character – Infringement of the rights of defense – Article 73 of Regulation No 40/94 Citations: T-188/04, [2006] EUECJ T-188/04 Links: Bailii Statutes: … Continue reading Freixenet v OHMI (Forme D’Une Bouteille Emerisee Noire Mate): ECFI 4 Oct 2006

The Smiley Company v OHMI (Representation De La Moitie D’Un Sourire De Smiley) (Intellectual Property): ECFI 29 Sep 2009

Europa Community trade mark – ‘ International registration designating the European Community Figurative mark representing half a smiley smile Absolute ground for refusal Lack of distinctive character Article 146(1) and Article 7(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 (now Article 151(1) and Article 7(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 207/2009. Citations: T-139/08, [2009] EUECJ T-139/08 Links: Bailii … Continue reading The Smiley Company v OHMI (Representation De La Moitie D’Un Sourire De Smiley) (Intellectual Property): ECFI 29 Sep 2009

Osotspa v OHMI: ECFI 9 Mar 2005

(Judgment) Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Earlier national and Community figurative SHARK marks – Application for Community word mark Hai – Absolute ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94. Citations: T-33/03 Jurisdiction: European Intellectual Property Updated: 16 April 2022; Ref: scu.224025

Mengozzi v EUIPO – Consorzio Per La Tutela Dell’Olio Extravergine Di Oliva Toscano (Toscoro): ECFI 2 Feb 2017

ECJ (Judgment) EU trade mark – Invalidity proceedings – EU word mark TOSCORO – Earlier protected geographical indication ‘Toscano’ – Absolute ground for refusal – Article 142 of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Articles 13 and 14 of Regulation (EEC) No 2081/92 – Declaration of partial invalidity Citations: ECLI:EU:T:2017:54, [2017] EUECJ T-510/15 Links: Bailii Statutes: … Continue reading Mengozzi v EUIPO – Consorzio Per La Tutela Dell’Olio Extravergine Di Oliva Toscano (Toscoro): ECFI 2 Feb 2017

Sky and Others (Community Trade Mark – Judgment): ECJ 29 Jan 2020

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Approximation of laws – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Articles 7 and 51 – First Directive 89/104/EEC – Articles 3 and 13 – Identification of the goods or services covered by the registration – Failure to comply with the requirements of clarity and precision – … Continue reading Sky and Others (Community Trade Mark – Judgment): ECJ 29 Jan 2020

BSH v EUIPO: ECJ 8 Nov 2016

ECJ (Judgment) Appeal – EU trade mark – Application for registration of a figurative mark including the word elements ‘compressor technology’ – Opposition of the proprietor of the word marks KOMPRESSOR PLUS and KOMPRESSOR – Partial refusal of registration – Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 – Article 60 -Regulation (EC) No 216/96 – Article 8(3) – … Continue reading BSH v EUIPO: ECJ 8 Nov 2016

Cabrera Sanchez v OHIM. El Charcutero Artesano: ECFI 13 Dec 2007

ECJ Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Application for the Community figurative mark el charcutero artesano – Earlier national figurative mark El Charcutero – Relative ground for refusal – No likelihood of confusion – Absence of similarity between the signs – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Community trade mark – Definition and … Continue reading Cabrera Sanchez v OHIM. El Charcutero Artesano: ECFI 13 Dec 2007

Antartica Srl v OHIM (Trade Mark): ECJ 12 Mar 2009

Europa Appeal Community trade mark Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Article 8(5) Refusal to register Earlier trade mark of repute NASDAQ Figurative sign ‘nasdaq’ Use of the earlier mark for goods and services allegedly offered free of charge Taking unfair advantage of the distinctive character or the repute of the earlier mark Relevant public. C-320/07, [2008] … Continue reading Antartica Srl v OHIM (Trade Mark): ECJ 12 Mar 2009

Lego Juris v OHMI – Mega Brands (Brique De Lego): ECFI 12 Nov 2008

ECJ Community trade mark Application for a three-dimensional Community trade mark – Red Lego brick – Absolute ground for refusal – Sign which consists exclusively of the shape of goods which is necessary to obtain a technical result – Article 7(1)(e)(ii) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Offers of evidence. T-270/06, [2008] EUECJ T-270/06 Bailii European … Continue reading Lego Juris v OHMI – Mega Brands (Brique De Lego): ECFI 12 Nov 2008

Simba Toys v Ohmi – Seven Towns (Forme D’Un Cube Avec Des Faces Ayant Une Structure En Grille): ECFI 25 Nov 2014

ECJ Judgment – Community trade mark – Invalidity proceedings – Three-dimensional Community trade mark – Cube with surfaces having a grid structure – Absolute grounds for refusal – First sentence of Article 76(1) of Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 – Absence of sign consisting exclusively of the shape of goods which is necessary to obtain a … Continue reading Simba Toys v Ohmi – Seven Towns (Forme D’Un Cube Avec Des Faces Ayant Une Structure En Grille): ECFI 25 Nov 2014

Intra-Presse v OHIM: ECJ 20 Nov 2014

ECJ Judgment – Appeal – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Article 8(1)(b) – Article 8(5) – Word mark GOLDEN BALLS – Opposition by the proprietor of the earlier Community word mark BALLON D’OR – Relevant public – Similarity of the signs – Likelihood of confusion C. Toader, Acting P C-581/13, [2014] … Continue reading Intra-Presse v OHIM: ECJ 20 Nov 2014

VF International v EUIPO – National Geographic Society (National Geographic) (EU Trade Mark – Judgment) T-518/20: ECFI 10 Nov 2021

EU trade mark – Invalidity proceedings – EU figurative mark NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC – Earlier non-registered mark GEOGRAPHIC – Relative ground for refusal – Use in the course of trade of a sign of more than mere local significance – Article 8(4) and Article 52(1)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 (now Article 8(4) and Article 60(1)(c) … Continue reading VF International v EUIPO – National Geographic Society (National Geographic) (EU Trade Mark – Judgment) T-518/20: ECFI 10 Nov 2021

Levi Strauss and Co and Another v Tesco Stores Ltd and others: ChD 31 Jul 2002

The trade mark owners sought to restrain the defendants from selling within the EU, articles bearing their mark which had been imported other than through their own channels. The defendants resisted summary judgement after reference to the European Court of Justice, on the grounds that the Regulation was invalid as infringing a basic tenet of … Continue reading Levi Strauss and Co and Another v Tesco Stores Ltd and others: ChD 31 Jul 2002

Cadila Healthcare v OHMI – Novartis (Zydus): ECFI 15 Mar 2012

ECFI Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Application for the Community word mark ZYDUS – Earlier Community word mark ZIMBUS – Relative ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Similarity of the goods – Similarity of the signs – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 (now Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No … Continue reading Cadila Healthcare v OHMI – Novartis (Zydus): ECFI 15 Mar 2012

L’Oreal SA, Lancome parfums et beaute and Cie, Laboratoire Garnier and Cie, L’Oreal (UK) Limited v eBay International AG, eBay Europe SARL, eBay (UK) Limited: ECJ 9 Dec 2010

ECJ Opinion – Information society – Search engine – Keyword advertising – Operator of electronic marketplace – Keywords corresponding to trade marks – Directive 89/104/EEC (‘Trade Mark directive’) – Articles 5 . .

Ampafrance v OHMI-Johnson and Johnson (Monbebe): ECFI 21 Apr 2005

ECJ Community trade mark – d-proceedings – Application for Community figurative mark containing the word element – monBeBe – Earlier word marks bebe – Relative ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Article 8, paragraph 1, b) and paragraph 5 of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Judges: MM Jaeger P Citations: T-164/03, [2005] EUECJ T-164/03 … Continue reading Ampafrance v OHMI-Johnson and Johnson (Monbebe): ECFI 21 Apr 2005

ATOMIC Austria v OHMI (Judgment): ECFI 20 Apr 2005

ECJ Community trade mark – Word mark ATOMIC BLITZ – Opposition of the proprietor of national word marks ATOMIC – Evidence of renewal of registration of the earlier mark – Scope of the examination conducted by OHIM – Rejection of opposition – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Citations: T-318/03, [2005] EUECJ T-318/03 Links: … Continue reading ATOMIC Austria v OHMI (Judgment): ECFI 20 Apr 2005

Gillette v OHM I- Wilkinson Sword (Right Guard Xtreme Sport): ECFI 13 Apr 2005

ECFI Community trade mark – d-proceedings – Application for Community figurative mark RIGHT GUARD XTREME SPORT – Earlier national figurative mark WILKINSON SWORD XTREME III – Likelihood of confusion – Refusal-registration – Article 8, paragraph 1 b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Citations: T-286/03, [2005] EUECJ T-286/03 Links: Bailii European, Intellectual Property Updated: 29 June … Continue reading Gillette v OHM I- Wilkinson Sword (Right Guard Xtreme Sport): ECFI 13 Apr 2005

Duarte Y Beltran v OHMI – Mirato (Intea): ECFI 13 Apr 2005

ECJ Community trade mark –opposition – Community word mark INTEA – Earlier national word marks INTESA – d-Refusal to register – Relative ground for refusal – Article 8 paragraph 1 b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Citations: T-353/02, [2005] EUECJ T-353/02 Links: Bailii Statutes: Regulation (EC) No 40/94 European, Intellectual Property Updated: 29 June 2022; … Continue reading Duarte Y Beltran v OHMI – Mirato (Intea): ECFI 13 Apr 2005

L’Oreal v OHMI-Revlon (Flexi Air): ECFI 16 Mar 2005

Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Application for word mark FLEXI AIR – Earlier word mark FLEX – Relative ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Request for proof of genuine use – Article 8(1)(b), Article 8(2)(a)(ii) and Article 43(2) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 Citations: T-112/03, [2005] EUECJ T-112/03 Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: … Continue reading L’Oreal v OHMI-Revlon (Flexi Air): ECFI 16 Mar 2005

Alcon v OHMI (Order): ECJ 5 Oct 2004

ECJ Appeal – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Invalidity of Community trade mark – Article 51 of Regulation No 40/94 – Absolute ground for refusal to register – Article 7(1)(d) of Regulation No 40/94 – Distinctive character acquired through use – Article 7(3) of Regulation No 40/94 – Term -BSS Citations: … Continue reading Alcon v OHMI (Order): ECJ 5 Oct 2004

El Corte Ingles v OHMI Gonzalez Cabello (Mundicor) (Intellectual Property): ECJ 17 Mar 2004

ECJ Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Earlier word marks MUNDICOLOR – Application for Community word mark MUNDICOR – Relative ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94, Citations: T-184/02, [2004] EUECJ T-184/02 Links: Bailii European, Intellectual Property Updated: 21 June 2022; Ref: scu.213792

Sunrider Corporation v OHMI Vitakraft-Werke Wuehrmann (Vitataste): ECJ 28 Apr 2004

ECJ Community trade mark – Regulations (EC) Nos 2868/95 and 40/94 – Costs of opposition proceedings – Partial withdrawal of the trade mark application – Withdrawal of opposition – Tax Refund of Appeal – Obligation to state reasons. Citations: T-156/02, [2004] EUECJ T-156/02 Links: Bailii European, Intellectual Property Updated: 21 June 2022; Ref: scu.213805

Castel Freres v OHIM: ECJ 30 Apr 2015

ECJ Order – Appeal – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Article 7(1)(c) and (j) – Word mark CASTEL – Indication of geographical origin – Application for a declaration of invalidity brought by the proprietor of the indication of geographical origin ‘Castell’ – Article 181 of the Rules of Procedure of the … Continue reading Castel Freres v OHIM: ECJ 30 Apr 2015

New Look Ltd v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM): ECFI 6 Oct 2004

Europa Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Earlier Community figurative mark comprising the letter combination ‘NL’ – Applications for Community figurative marks comprising the terms ‘NLSPORT’, ‘NLJEANS’, ‘NLACTIVE’ and ‘NLCollection’ – Relative ground for refusal – Likelihood of confusion – Similarity of the signs – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94. Citations: T-117/03 … Continue reading New Look Ltd v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM): ECFI 6 Oct 2004

Vitakraft-Werke Wuhrmann and Sohn GmbH and Co. KG v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM): ECFI 6 Oct 2004

Europa Community trade mark – Opposition proceedings – Earlier figurative mark including the verbal element ‘Krafft’ – Application for Community word mark VITAKRAFT – Relative ground for refusal – Genuine use of the earlier mark – Similarity of the signs – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Rule 22(2) of Regulation (EC) No … Continue reading Vitakraft-Werke Wuhrmann and Sohn GmbH and Co. KG v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM): ECFI 6 Oct 2004

Audi v OHMI: ECFI 3 Dec 2003

ECJ Judgment – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Absolute grounds for refusal – Descriptive mark – Distinctive character acquired through use – Word mark TDI – Right to be heard – Scope of the duty to state reasons – Consequences of a breach of the duty to state reasons. Citations: T-16/02, … Continue reading Audi v OHMI: ECFI 3 Dec 2003

Matratzen Concord v OHMI: ECFI 23 Oct 2002

ECJ Community trade mark – Opposition – Relative grounds for refusal – Similarity between two trade marks – Likelihood of confusion – Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Application for a figurative Community trade mark containing the word ‘Matratzen’ – Earlier word trade mark MATRATZEN. Case T-6/01.‘In this context, the Court of Justice … Continue reading Matratzen Concord v OHMI: ECFI 23 Oct 2002

Procter and Gamble Co v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM) (‘Baby-Dry’): ECJ 20 Sep 2001

ECJ Appeal – Admissibility – Community trade mark – Regulation (EC) No 40/94 – Absolute ground for refusal to register – Distinctive character – Marks consisting exclusively of descriptive signs or indications – ‘BABY-DRY’.The purpose of the prohibition of registration of purely descriptive signs as trade marks is to prevent registration as trade marks of … Continue reading Procter and Gamble Co v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM) (‘Baby-Dry’): ECJ 20 Sep 2001