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Falmouth and Truro Port Health Authority v South West Water Limited: CA 30 Mar 2000

The term ‘watercourse’ did not include an estuary or a river. The history of such legislation required that restricted interpretation. Accordingly, a notice requiring abatement of a nuisance served by a Health authority on a water undertaker, was not validly served, where it depended upon the estuary being a watercourse. There had been no obligation … Continue reading Falmouth and Truro Port Health Authority v South West Water Limited: CA 30 Mar 2000

HE Green and Sons v Minister of Health (No 2): 1948

On an application under the 1936 Ac, provided that the field benefited council tenants (which it clearly did) it did not matter that it also benefited other people within the local community. Denning J said: ‘The next question is whether the order [that was the compulsory purchase order] is invalid because, in addition to houses … Continue reading HE Green and Sons v Minister of Health (No 2): 1948

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Regina v Newham Justices, ex parte Hunt etc: CA 1976

The court asked whether proceedings under s99 were civil or criminal. Held: ‘the proper interpretation of this section [section 99] leads to the conclusion that the individual can by information invoke section 94′ The offence was under s94 initiated by complaint under s99. Section 99 enabled an individual to bring proceedings by information in a … Continue reading Regina v Newham Justices, ex parte Hunt etc: CA 1976

Clayton v Sale Urban District Council: 1926

Action was brought by the Council in respect of an alleged statutory nuisance caused by flooding. Under section 94 of the 1875 Act they could serve an abatement notice on the person by whose ‘act default or sufferance’ the nuisance had arisen. The authority argued that the nuisance had arisen by the ‘default’ of the … Continue reading Clayton v Sale Urban District Council: 1926

Leonidis v Thames Water Authority: 1979

Access to the plaintiff’s motor repair business was interfered with by work to reconstruct a sewer. Whilst access was still possible it required a long detour and there was no physical interference with the entrance to the premises. Held: If a private individual had interfered with access as the statutory authority had done then there … Continue reading Leonidis v Thames Water Authority: 1979

Neath Rural District Council v Williams: QBD 1951

A watercourse became silted by natural causes and the local authority served an abatement notice on the landowner, who failed to respond, and when prosecuted relied on a proviso which excluded from liability ‘any person other than the person by whose act or default the nuisance arises or continues.’ Held: Absent any relevant legal duty … Continue reading Neath Rural District Council v Williams: QBD 1951

Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council v United Utilities Water Ltd: CA 31 Jul 2001

Maghull Brook passed under a densely populated part of Merseyside, in an enclosed culvert constructed in about 1958. The question was whether this part had become a sewer before 1 April 1974, because of the culverting work. The parties discussed which was responsible for its maintenance, being successors to the authorities who had orginally constructed … Continue reading Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council v United Utilities Water Ltd: CA 31 Jul 2001

Vella v London Borough of Lambeth: Admn 14 Nov 2005

The claimant sought judicial review of the decision to serve an abatement notice in respect of premises where the normal noise incidents of living were heard in neighbouring flats, which notices were to be abated by noise insulation. Held: The contention that a lack of adequate sound insulation can cause premises to be in such … Continue reading Vella v London Borough of Lambeth: Admn 14 Nov 2005

Cunningham v Birmingham City Council: Admn 6 May 1997

The council appealed against the finding that the complainant’s premises occupied under a tenancy of the council, constituted a statutory nuisance which they had a duty to abate. The claimant’s son was disabled and his condition involved behavioural problems. She said that the kitchen was, in view of his condition too small and dangerous in … Continue reading Cunningham v Birmingham City Council: Admn 6 May 1997

Carr v Hackney London Borough Council: QBD 9 Mar 1995

The council tenant plaintiff alleged a statutory nuisance against the council in the form of condensation, damp and mould in his flat. When it came to the hearing the damp had abated. The magistrates asked whether it was likely to recur. The council replied that they had offered to install heaters in the property which … Continue reading Carr v Hackney London Borough Council: QBD 9 Mar 1995

British Waterways Board v Severn Trent Water Ltd: CA 23 Mar 2001

The parties disputed discharges from a sewer outfall into the Stourbridge canal which had been constructed by a regional water authority in about 1976, under the previous statutory regime. The relevant outfall was therefore already in use at the transfer date pursuant to a right enjoyed by the regional water authorities under the Public Health … Continue reading British Waterways Board v Severn Trent Water Ltd: CA 23 Mar 2001

Saddleworth Urban District Council v Aggregate and Sand Ltd: 1970

Citations: (1970) 69 LGR 103 Statutes: Public Health Act 1936, Noise Abatement Act 1960 Cited by: Cited – Manley and Another v New Forest District Council Admn 6-Nov-2007 The defendants appealed by way of case stated against their convictions for noise nuisance for their husky kennels – ‘Howling Dog Kennels’. They said that it was … Continue reading Saddleworth Urban District Council v Aggregate and Sand Ltd: 1970

Walters v Babergh District Council: 1983

An action was brought for for negligence and/or breach of statutory duty under the 1936 Act. The plaintiff alleged that Melford Rural District Council (‘Melford’: the Defendant Council’s predecessor) had failed to inspect with reasonable care the foundations of the house that he was building. However, by the time the plaintiff noticed the defects, Melford … Continue reading Walters v Babergh District Council: 1983

Regina v Inner London Crown Court ex parte Bentham: QBD 1989

The defendant sought legal aid to defend an action to abate a statutory nuisance under the 1936 Act. Held: Such an action was criminal in nature. The action had been brought under section 99, but the imposition of a penalty under s94 was a criminal sentence. ‘On analysis, the position seem to be that proceedings … Continue reading Regina v Inner London Crown Court ex parte Bentham: QBD 1989

Northern Ireland Trailers Ltd v Preston County Borough: 1972

It was argued that proceedings brought under s94 by information not complaint were a nullity. Held: The argument failed. A failure to comply with an abatement notice was a criminal offence, but proceedings could also be brought by complaint under s99 Citations: [1972] 1 All ER 260, [1972] 1 WLR 203 Statutes: Public Health Act … Continue reading Northern Ireland Trailers Ltd v Preston County Borough: 1972

City of London v Samede and Others: QBD 18 Jan 2012

The claimant sought an order for possession of land outside St Paul’s cathedral occupied by the protestor defendants, consisting of ‘a large number of tents, between 150 and 200 at the time of the hearing, many of them used by protestors, either regularly or from time to time, as overnight accommodation, and several larger tents … Continue reading City of London v Samede and Others: QBD 18 Jan 2012

British Railways Board v Tonbridge and Malling District Council: CA 1981

The court was asked whether a culvert under a railway carried a sewer or a watercourse. It appeared that the construction of the railway had interrupted natural watercourses which drained a large catchment area, and the culvert was to carry the water away despite the obstacle created by the railway embankment. If it was a … Continue reading British Railways Board v Tonbridge and Malling District Council: CA 1981

Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council v Bujok: HL 1990

An offence arose under the 1936 Act when a complaint was brought by an aggrieved person. A person was entitled to make a complaint under section 94 without first serving an abatement notice. Judges: Lord Griffiths Citations: [1990] 3 All ER 385, [1990] 1 WLR 1350 Statutes: Public Health Act 1936 94 Jurisdiction: England and … Continue reading Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council v Bujok: HL 1990

Coventry City Council v Doyle: QBD 1981

On the wording of section 94(2), the relevant date for determining whether the alleged nuisance exists is the date of the hearing before the magistrates. Accordingly, if it has by that time been abated, no offence is committed. Citations: [1981] 1 WLR 1325 Statutes: Public Health Act 1936 94(2) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: … Continue reading Coventry City Council v Doyle: QBD 1981

Salford City Council v McNally: QBD 19 Dec 1974

cw Public Health – Nuisance – Complaint by tenant – Local authority’s compulsory acquisition of house in clearance area – Local authority postponing demolition as house capable of providing accommodation of standard adequate for time being – House statutory nuisance – whether nuisance order appropriateThe local authority compulsorily acquired a house in a clearance area … Continue reading Salford City Council v McNally: QBD 19 Dec 1974

Herbert v Lambeth London Borough Council: QBD 27 Nov 1991

An abatement order had been made against the council under the 1936 Act. The tenant appealed a finding that the magistrates had had no jurisdiction to award compensation under the 1973 Act. Held: An order under the 1973 Act required a criminal conviction. Section 94 of the 1936 Act created an offence of which the … Continue reading Herbert v Lambeth London Borough Council: QBD 27 Nov 1991

London Borough of Southwark v Ince: QBD 1989

Savile J: ‘I am not persuaded that because there is now the Control of Pollution Act and there was previously the Noise Abatement Act that therefore lends any support to the construction [that the Public Health Act 1936 did not apply to premises whose standard of noise insulation was such as make the premises prejudicial … Continue reading London Borough of Southwark v Ince: QBD 1989

Anns and Others v Merton London Borough Council: HL 12 May 1977

The plaintiff bought her apartment, but discovered later that the foundations were defective. The local authority had supervised the compliance with Building Regulations whilst it was being built, but had failed to spot the fault. The authority appealed a finding that it was liable, arguing that the claims were time barred and that it had … Continue reading Anns and Others v Merton London Borough Council: HL 12 May 1977

Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council v Bujok: CA 1989

It was not necessary first to serve an abatement notice before commencing proceedings for statutory nuisance under s99. ‘. . . It is surely repugnant to common sense that in the area of legal activity a local authority should be prosecuted by one of its tenants without first being given opportunity to remedy the consequences … Continue reading Sandwell Metropolitan Borough Council v Bujok: CA 1989

Smeaton v Ilford Corporation: ChD 1954

Overloading caused the corporation’s foul sewer to erupt through a manhole and discharge ‘deleterious and malodorous matter’ into Mr Smeaton’s garden. Held: The authority were not liable for the connections with the sewer and discharge of their sewage into it. The court denied the possibility of pursuing a claim for damages in nuisance where there … Continue reading Smeaton v Ilford Corporation: ChD 1954

Merton London Borough Council (Decision Notice): ICO 16 Jul 2013

The complainant made a series of requests to the London Borough of Merton (the Council) for information relating to visits by an Environmental Health Officer to a property which was under the complainant’s control and management and which had been the subject of a series of prosecutions under the Housing Act 2004, the Prevention of … Continue reading Merton London Borough Council (Decision Notice): ICO 16 Jul 2013

The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: SC 2 Jul 2014

The court was asked: ‘whether a sewerage undertaker under the Water Industry Act 1991 has a statutory right to discharge surface water and treated effluent into private watercourses such as the Respondents’ canals without the consent of their owners.’ Held: The appeals of the sewerage company succeeded. Such discharges were in their nature a trespass, … Continue reading The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: SC 2 Jul 2014

Imperial Tobacco Ltd v The Lord Advocate: SC 12 Dec 2012

The claimant company said that the 2010 Act was outside the competence of the Scottish Parliament insofar as it severely restricted the capacity of those selling cigarettes to display them for sale. They suggested two faults. First, that the subject matters were reserved to the UK Parliament under the 1998 Act. Second that the Act … Continue reading Imperial Tobacco Ltd v The Lord Advocate: SC 12 Dec 2012

Birmingham City Council v Oakley: HL 29 Nov 2000

When considering if premises fell within the section, and were ‘in such a state as to be prejudicial to health’, the court must consider some feature of the premises which was in itself prejudicial. An arrangement of rooms which was unsatisfactory and might be considered insanitary did not fall within the provision. The risk of … Continue reading Birmingham City Council v Oakley: HL 29 Nov 2000

Barkas, Regina (on The Application of ) v North Yorkshire County Council and Another: SC 6 Mar 2014

The Court was asked as to the registration of a playing field as a ‘town or village green’. Local residents asserted that their use of the land, having been ‘as of right’ required the registration. They now appealed against rejection of that argument. Held: The basic issues was ‘where land is provided and maintained by … Continue reading Barkas, Regina (on The Application of ) v North Yorkshire County Council and Another: SC 6 Mar 2014

Moore Stephens (A Firm) v Stone Rolls Ltd (in liquidation): HL 30 Jul 2009

The appellants had audited the books of the respondent company, but had failed to identify substantial frauds by an employee of the respondent. The auditors appealed a finding of professional negligence, relying on the maxim ex turpi causa non oritur actio. Held: (Mance and Scott LL dissenting) The appeal succeeded. The company could not bring … Continue reading Moore Stephens (A Firm) v Stone Rolls Ltd (in liquidation): HL 30 Jul 2009

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council and others: HL 31 Jul 2003

The claimant dived into a lake, severely injuring himself. The council appealed liability, arguing that it owed him no duty of care under the Act since he was a trespasser. It had placed warning signs to deter swimmers. Held: The council’s appeal succeeded. The risk of injury arose, not from any danger due to the … Continue reading Tomlinson v Congleton Borough Council and others: HL 31 Jul 2003

Revenue and Customs v Joint Administrators of Lehman Brothers International (Europe): SC 13 Mar 2019

The Court was asked whether interest payable under rule 14.23(7) of the Insolvency Rules 2016 is ‘yearly interest’ within the meaning of section 874 of the Income Tax Act 2007. If so, the administrators must deduct income tax before paying interest to creditors. Lehmann Brothers had become insolvent, but in the administration a substantial surplus … Continue reading Revenue and Customs v Joint Administrators of Lehman Brothers International (Europe): SC 13 Mar 2019

Larionovs And Tess v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 25 Nov 2014

Article 35-1 Exhaustion of domestic remedies Effective domestic remedy Constitutional complaint on retroactivity of criminal provision on genocide: inadmissible Facts – The applicants were former officials of the then Soviet Socialist Republic of Latvia. In 2003, pursuant to a provision inserted into the Latvian Criminal Code in 1993, they were convicted of crimes contrary to … Continue reading Larionovs And Tess v Latvia (Dec): ECHR 25 Nov 2014

British Railways Board v Herrington: HL 16 Feb 1972

Land-owner’s Possible Duty to Trespassers The plaintiff, a child had gone through a fence onto the railway line, and been badly injured. The Board knew of the broken fence, but argued that they owed no duty to a trespasser. Held: Whilst a land-owner owes no general duty of care to a trespasser, the creation by … Continue reading British Railways Board v Herrington: HL 16 Feb 1972

Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others; similar: HL 2 May 2007

In Douglas, the claimants said that the defendants had interfered with their contract to provide exclusive photographs of their wedding to a competing magazine, by arranging for a third party to infiltrate and take and sell unauthorised photographs. In OBG, the defendants acted as receivers under an invalid charge, and were accused of unlawful interference … Continue reading Douglas and others v Hello! Ltd and others; similar: HL 2 May 2007

Jones and Others v The Commissioner of Police for The Metropolis: Admn 6 Nov 2019

Distributed Demonstration not within 1986 Act The claimants, seeking to demonstrate support for the extinction rebellion movement by demonstrating in London, now challenged an order made under the 1986 Act restricting their right to demonstrate. Held: The XRAU was not a public assembly at the scene of which Superintendent McMillan was present on the day … Continue reading Jones and Others v The Commissioner of Police for The Metropolis: Admn 6 Nov 2019

Hunter and Others v Canary Wharf Ltd: HL 25 Apr 1997

The claimant, in a representative action complained that the works involved in the erection of the Canary Wharf tower constituted a nuisance in that the works created substantial clouds of dust and the building blocked her TV signals, so as to limit her enjoyment of her land. Held: The interference with TV reception by an … Continue reading Hunter and Others v Canary Wharf Ltd: HL 25 Apr 1997

Adamson, Regina (on The Application of) v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 18 Feb 2020

Appropriation was not in sufficient form The claimants had challenged an order supporting the decision of the Council to use their allotments for a new primary school, saying that the land had be appropriated as allotment land, and that therefore the consent of the minister was needed. Held: The appeal failed. The use of the … Continue reading Adamson, Regina (on The Application of) v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 18 Feb 2020