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Wainwright and another v Home Office: HL 16 Oct 2003

The claimant and her son sought to visit her other son in Leeds Prison. He was suspected of involvement in drugs, and therefore she was subjected to strip searches. There was no statutory support for the search. The son’s penis had been touched which was a battery. Held: The policy considerations which limit the heads … Continue reading Wainwright and another v Home Office: HL 16 Oct 2003

Roberts v Bank of Scotland Plc: CA 11 Jun 2013

The bank appealed against a finding that it had harassed the claimant customer by its repeated telephone calls. Held: The appeal failed as to liability and quantum.Harassment can occur even if the conduct in question is, at first sight, commonplace or unremarkable. Judges: Arden, Jackson, McCombe LJJ Citations: [2013] EWCA Civ 882 Links: Bailii Statutes: … Continue reading Roberts v Bank of Scotland Plc: CA 11 Jun 2013

Director of Public Prosecutions v Seivanayagam; Director of Public Prosecutions v Moseley; Director of Public Prosecutions v Woodling: QBD 23 Jun 1999

Where a defendant had acted in breach of a court injunction, that conduct, almost necessarily, could not be considered as potentially reasonable for the purposes of the defence available under Protection from Harassment Act 1997. Citations: Times 23-Jun-1999 Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 1(3)(c) Crime Updated: 19 May 2022; Ref: scu.80047

Zeran v America Online: 1997

(United States of America) Wilkinson CJ discussed the statutory protection given to Internet Service providers in the US: ‘Section 230 creates a federal immunity to any cause of action that would make service providers liable for information originating with a third-party user of the service. Specifically, Section 230 precludes courts from entertaining claims that would … Continue reading Zeran v America Online: 1997

Tesco Supermarkets Ltd v Nattrass: HL 31 Mar 1971

Identification of Company’s Directing Mind In a prosecution under the 1968 Act, the court discussed how to identify the directing mind and will of a company, and whether employees remained liable when proper instructions had been given to those in charge of a local store. Held: ‘In the expression ‘act or default’ in section 23 … Continue reading Tesco Supermarkets Ltd v Nattrass: HL 31 Mar 1971

Sharma v Wells and Medico-Legal Investigations Ltd: QBD 2003

The court struck out a claim for damages against an employer for harassment under the 1997 Act. Judges: Gray J Citations: [2003] EWHC 1230 Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1977 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust CA 16-Mar-2005 The claimant had sought damages against his … Continue reading Sharma v Wells and Medico-Legal Investigations Ltd: QBD 2003

Daiichi UK Ltd and others v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty and Others; Asahi Glass UK ltd and others v Same; Eisaai Ltd v Same; Yam,anouchi Pharma UK Ltd and others v Same; Sankyo Pharma UK Ltd and others v Same: QBD 13 Oct 2003

The claimants sought injunctions and orders under the act against the respondent in respect of acts of harrassment intended variously to dissuade the companies form engaging in activities disapproved by the respondents. Held: The Act was not available to protect companies. Orders were granted for the individuals employed by them who had been affected, but … Continue reading Daiichi UK Ltd and others v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty and Others; Asahi Glass UK ltd and others v Same; Eisaai Ltd v Same; Yam,anouchi Pharma UK Ltd and others v Same; Sankyo Pharma UK Ltd and others v Same: QBD 13 Oct 2003

Saha v Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine: QBD 7 Aug 2013

The claimant a former PhD student sought substantial damages alleging harassment by her supervisor, employed by the defendant. Held: The claim failed. The claimant had become fixated, and those working alongside both partes, whilst recognising the supervisor’s sometimes abrupt manner, did not support the allegations. Hamblen J [2013] EWHC 2438 (QB) Bailii Protection of Harassment … Continue reading Saha v Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine: QBD 7 Aug 2013

Strathclyde Regional Council v Zafar; Zafar v Glasgow City Council: HL 16 Oct 1997

The absence of any other explanation for the unfair dismissal of a black worker, does not of itself and inescapably lead to finding of race bias, or racial discrimination. He had been dismissed following complaints of sexual harassment, later found to be unsupported. The tribunal reasoned that the dismissal was to be presumed to be … Continue reading Strathclyde Regional Council v Zafar; Zafar v Glasgow City Council: HL 16 Oct 1997

Langley v Preston Crown Court and others: CACD 30 Oct 2008

The defendant sought to appeal against a ‘stand-alone’ anti-social behaviour order. The parties disputed whether an appeal lay. The act created an appeal against the making of an order but in this case it was a renewed order. Held: In the county court there is a right of appeal against an ASBO and its variation … Continue reading Langley v Preston Crown Court and others: CACD 30 Oct 2008

CM (Em Country Guidance; Disclosure) Zimbabwe CG: UTIAC 31 Jan 2013

UTIAC (1) There is no general duty of disclosure on the Secretary of State in asylum appeals generally or Country Guidance cases in particular. The extent of the Secretary of State’s obligation is set out in R v SSHD ex p Kerrouche No 1 [1997] Imm AR 610, as explained in R (ota Cindo) v … Continue reading CM (Em Country Guidance; Disclosure) Zimbabwe CG: UTIAC 31 Jan 2013

Hayes v Willoughby: CA 13 Dec 2011

Harassment Occurs on the Result, not the Intention The claimant said that over several years, the respondent had pursued him in many ways challenging his management of a company’s affairs. Complaints had been investigated by the insolvency service and by the police who had discovered nothing to support futher action. The respondent said that his … Continue reading Hayes v Willoughby: CA 13 Dec 2011

Hayes v Willoughby: SC 20 Mar 2013

The claimant and appellant had been employer and employee who had fallen out, with a settlement in 2005. The appellant then began an unpleasant and obsessive personal vendetta against Mr Hayes, complaining to public bodies with allegations of tax evasion, fraud and similar. Several investigations all concluded against the appellant, and indeed disproved in 2007. … Continue reading Hayes v Willoughby: SC 20 Mar 2013

Hunter and Others v Canary Wharf Ltd: HL 25 Apr 1997

The claimant, in a representative action complained that the works involved in the erection of the Canary Wharf tower constituted a nuisance in that the works created substantial clouds of dust and the building blocked her TV signals, so as to limit her enjoyment of her land. Held: The interference with TV reception by an … Continue reading Hunter and Others v Canary Wharf Ltd: HL 25 Apr 1997

Dowson and Others v Northumbria Police: QBD 30 Apr 2009

Nine police officers claimed damages for alleged harassment under the 1997 Act by a senior officer in having bullied them and ordered them to carry out unlawful procedures. Amendments were sought which were alleged to be out of time and to have arisen from different facts. Held: Amendments were allowed where they arose from the … Continue reading Dowson and Others v Northumbria Police: QBD 30 Apr 2009

Calland v Financial Conduct Authority: CA 13 Mar 2015

The claimant appealed against the striking out of his claim of harassment against the Authority who had contacted him in an intended review of pensions mis-selling. They had contacted him once by letter, once by telephone and once by e-mail. Held: The judge had failed properly to make an assessment of the case, but even … Continue reading Calland v Financial Conduct Authority: CA 13 Mar 2015

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd and Others v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty and Others: QBD 27 Oct 2014

The claimant sought permanent worldwide injunctions against the defendants to restrain them from harrassing their staff. The companies were involved in medical research involving animal experiments. Held: On the written evidence put before the court the test for summary judgment in CPR 24.2 was satisfied. McGowan J [2014] EWHC 3429 (QB) Bailii Protection from Harassment … Continue reading Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd and Others v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty and Others: QBD 27 Oct 2014

Huntingdon Life Sciences Group Plc and Another v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC): QBD 15 Mar 2007

The claimant company was licensed to carry out scientific research, including research on live animals. The defendant association and its members opposed such work as cruel. The claimant had obtained an injunction to restrain the defendants harrassing protests. They now sought additional orders to protect staff members. Held: The order had provided a structure within … Continue reading Huntingdon Life Sciences Group Plc and Another v Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC): QBD 15 Mar 2007

McClaren v News Group Newspapers Ltd: QBD 5 Sep 2012

The claimant had obtained an interim injunction to restrain the defendant publishing what he said was private information about a sexual encounter. He also sought an injunction under the 1997 Act. Held: The claim succeeded: ‘there have been threats by the defendant to disclose private information concerning the claimants and harassment of them. As to … Continue reading McClaren v News Group Newspapers Ltd: QBD 5 Sep 2012

Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust: HL 12 Jul 2006

Employer can be liable for Managers Harassment The claimant employee sought damages, saying that he had been bullied by his manager and that bullying amounting to harassment under the 1997 Act. The employer now appealed a finding that it was responsible for a tort committed by a manager, saying that the intention of the Act … Continue reading Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust: HL 12 Jul 2006

Jones and Another v Ruth and Another: CA 12 Jul 2011

The parties were neighbours. The claimants succeeded in their assertion of trespass and nuisance in building works carried out by the defendant. The claimant appealed against the judge’s failure to award damages for harassment, saying that though the judge had found harassment, he had made no award saying that the damage was not reasonably forseeable. … Continue reading Jones and Another v Ruth and Another: CA 12 Jul 2011

Slade v Slade: CA 17 Jul 2009

Contempt sentence to reflect existing punishment The wife appealed against a sentence of imprisonment imposed for a second contempt of court. She said that the behaviour complained of had already been dealt with in criminal proceedings. Held: The sentence was reduced. The second court should be fully informed of the factors and circumstances reflected in … Continue reading Slade v Slade: CA 17 Jul 2009

McNally v Saunders: QBD 16 Jul 2021

The claimant a senior local authority official alleged harassment by the defendant a semi-retired solicitor publishing an online blog claiming to reveal local government actions he disproved of. The defendant now sought to strike out the claim.

EDO Technology Ltd (‘EDO’) and Another v Campaign To Smash EDO and Others: QBD 4 Nov 2005

The claimants, arms manufacturers, sought order to prevent the various defendant campaigners from actions amounting to harassment of the company’s staff. Judges: Walker J Citations: [2005] EWHC 2490 (QB) Links: Bailii Statutes: Protection From Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Torts – Other Updated: 29 June 2022; Ref: scu.431741

Banks v Ablex Ltd: CA 24 Feb 2005

The claimant appealed denial of her claim for damages for psychological injury. She complained that her employer had failed to prevent her and other female employees being bullied by a co-worker, and they committed a breach of statutory duty in failing to prevent harassment under the 1997 Act. Held: There was insufficient evidence to say … Continue reading Banks v Ablex Ltd: CA 24 Feb 2005

Evans Dorothy, Regina v: CACD 6 Dec 2004

The defendant appealed her conviction for having breached a restraining order under the 1997 Act. The order required her not to be ‘abusive by words or actions’ towards her neighbour. She had regularly parked her car so as to block her neighbour’s visitors. She appealed saying there had been no case to answer. Held: ‘the … Continue reading Evans Dorothy, Regina v: CACD 6 Dec 2004

Barber v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 25 Oct 2004

The defendant appealed by case stated against his conviction for harassment. He was said to have played loud music late at night in contravention of a restraining order. He said that the prosecution had failed to prove the existence of the order. The magistrates argued that since that court had made the order, no certified … Continue reading Barber v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 25 Oct 2004

Wong v Parkside Health NHS Trust and Another: CA 16 Nov 2001

The claimant had sued her former employer for post-traumatic stress resulting from alleged harassment at her place of work. The claimant appealed against an order refusing damages. The court had held that outside the 1997 Act which was not in force at the time, there was no tort of harassment. The question was the extent … Continue reading Wong v Parkside Health NHS Trust and Another: CA 16 Nov 2001

Regina v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 20 Feb 2001

Where a person was put in fear of violence but the violence was directed elsewhere, that could still found an allegation, but the complainant would have to give direct evidence that she had been put in fear, and it would still have to be shown that the defendant could have expected to cause fear. The … Continue reading Regina v Director of Public Prosecutions: QBD 20 Feb 2001

Waters v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis: HL 27 Jul 2000

A policewoman, having made a complaint of serious sexual assault against a fellow officer complained again that the Commissioner had failed to protect her against retaliatory assaults. Her claim was struck out, but restored on appeal. Held: Her claim was arguable. It was possible that the Commissioner owed to her a similar duty as would … Continue reading Waters v Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis: HL 27 Jul 2000

North British Housing Association Ltd v Sheridan: CA 29 Jul 1999

The respondent appealed against an order for possession made on the grounds that he had been convicted of breach of an order under the 1997 Act in harassing his daughter who lived nearby the premises. The tenant argued that the agreement had incorporated a version of the Housing Act before its amendment to allow possession … Continue reading North British Housing Association Ltd v Sheridan: CA 29 Jul 1999

P (A Minor), Regina (on the Application of) v Barking Youth Court: Admn 17 Apr 2002

Application for judicial review of decision that a child, P, was fit to stand trial on accusations of offences under the 1971 and 1997 Acts. Judges: Wright J Citations: [2002] EWHC 734 (Admin), [2002] MHLR 304, [2002] 2 Cr App R 19, [2002] Crim LR 657, (2002) 166 JP 641 Links: Bailii Statutes: Protection from … Continue reading P (A Minor), Regina (on the Application of) v Barking Youth Court: Admn 17 Apr 2002

Gerrard and Another v Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation Ltd and Another: QBD 27 Nov 2020

The claimants, a solicitor and his wife, sought damages in harassment and data protection, against a party to proceedings in which he was acting professionally, and against the investigative firm instructed by them. The defendants now requested the claims to be struck out. Held: The claim of harassment could not be struck out merely because … Continue reading Gerrard and Another v Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation Ltd and Another: QBD 27 Nov 2020

Kellett v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

The appellant appealed by case stated against the dismissal of his appeal against his conviction by the magistrates’ court of harassment contrary to section 2 of the PHA. The appellant and the victim were neighbours, and there was a history of civil litigation between them which included boundary disputes. The victim was an employee of … Continue reading Kellett v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

Plavelil v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2014

Moses LJ said: ‘The Crown Court was undoubtedly correct to follow the guidance of the Court of Appeal in R v Haque. The three requirements identified include as a second requirement the conduct must be calculated to produce the consequences described in section 7 and thus the defendant must have intended to alarm the complainant … Continue reading Plavelil v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2014

Howlett v Holding: QBD 25 Jan 2006

The claimant sought an injunction against the defendant who had taken to flying airplanes above her house trailing banners making allegations against her, and also to making surveillance of her. Held: The defence under the 1997 Act excusing steps taken to prevent the commission of criminal offences was designed to protect officials charged with responsibility … Continue reading Howlett v Holding: QBD 25 Jan 2006

Levi and Another v Bates and Others: CA 12 Mar 2015

The second claimant was wife to a businessman involved in football. It was said that the defendant, manager of Leeds United, together with the club and a radio station had harassed the first claimant. She was affected but not the intended victim. She appealed dismissal of her claim. Held: The 1997 Act did not require … Continue reading Levi and Another v Bates and Others: CA 12 Mar 2015

Dowson and Others v Chief Constable of Northumbria Police: QBD 20 Oct 2010

Six officers sought damages under the 1997 Act alleging harassment by a senior officer of the defendant. Held: Simon J set out what a claimant must prove in an harassment claim: ‘(1) There must be conduct which occurs on at least two occasions, (2) which is targeted at the claimant, (3) which is calculated in … Continue reading Dowson and Others v Chief Constable of Northumbria Police: QBD 20 Oct 2010

Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust: CA 16 Mar 2005

The claimant had sought damages against his employer, saying that they had failed in their duty to him under the 1997 Act in failing to prevent harassment by a manager. He appealed a strike out of his claim. Held: The appeal succeeded. The issue is whether an employer may be vicariously liable under section 3 … Continue reading Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust: CA 16 Mar 2005

Regina v West London Magistrates’ Court ex parte Waite: Admn 7 Jul 1999

On the first day of the trial, the complainant was allowed to lead on matters prior to the date of the first allegation. At the adjourned hearing, with a different court clerk, the defendant was not allowed to cross examine the complainant on the same matters. The justices failed to state a case, and so … Continue reading Regina v West London Magistrates’ Court ex parte Waite: Admn 7 Jul 1999

Iqbal v Dean Manson Solicitors: CA 15 Feb 2011

The claimant sought protection under the Act from his former employers’ behaviour in making repeated allegations against him. He appealed against the striking out of his claim. Held: The appeal suceeded. The matter should go to trial. The defendants had written three letters and ‘these three letters, particularly when viewed in the light of each … Continue reading Iqbal v Dean Manson Solicitors: CA 15 Feb 2011

Thomas v News Group Newspapers Ltd: CA 18 Jul 2001

The publication of articles in a newspaper describing how a ‘black clerk’ had complained about the allegedly racist comments of two policemen was said to have caused the claimant to receive racist hate mail. Held: The court considered the type of conduct which had to be proved to bring the case within the statute. Publication … Continue reading Thomas v News Group Newspapers Ltd: CA 18 Jul 2001

Thomas v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Simon Hughes: CA 18 Jul 2001

A civilian police worker had reported officers for racist remarks. The newspaper repeatedly printed articles and encouraged correspondence which was racially motivated, to the acute distress of the complainant. Held: Repeated newspaper stories which were known to create distress, could amount to harassment under the Act. The freedom of the press could be set aside … Continue reading Thomas v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Simon Hughes: CA 18 Jul 2001

Regina v Colohan: CACD 17 May 2001

The defendant appealed against his convictions for harassment. He said that since he suffered from schizophrenia, the test for whether his actions had been reasonable should be relaxed. Held: The test of whether actions constituted harassment under the Act was an objective one – would a reasonable person think it amounted to harassment? Accordingly the … Continue reading Regina v Colohan: CACD 17 May 2001

McGuire v Kidston: ScSf 2002

Citations: 2002 SLT (Sh Ct) 66 Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: Scotland Cited by: Cited – Majrowski v Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Trust HL 12-Jul-2006 Employer can be liable for Managers Harassment The claimant employee sought damages, saying that he had been bullied by his manager and that bullying amounting to harassment … Continue reading McGuire v Kidston: ScSf 2002

Pratt v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

Citations: [2001] EWHC Admin 483 Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Regina v Haque CACD 26-Jul-2011 The defendant appealed against conviction under section 4(1) of the 1997 Act. It was not disputed that the prosecution had to prove (1) that there had been a course of conduct … Continue reading Pratt v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

Kelly v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

The appellant had been convicted by the magistrates of an offence under section 2 of the Act. He had made three abusive telephone calls within a few minutes of one another to the victim’s mobile, in the middle of the night. The victim did not receive the calls at that time and they were recorded … Continue reading Kelly v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 2001

Jones v Ministry of Interior for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others: HL 14 Jun 2006

The claimants said that they had been tortured by Saudi police when arrested on false charges. They sought damages, and appealed against an order denying jurisdiction over the defendants. They said that the allegation of torture allowed an exception to state immunity. Held: The Kingdom’s appeal succeeded. The protection of state immunity was essentially a … Continue reading Jones v Ministry of Interior for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others: HL 14 Jun 2006

Chattopadhyay v Headmaster of Holloway School: EAT 1981

The appellant, an Indian teacher had applied unsuccessfully for the post of head of history at Holloway School. He complained of race discrimination. Held: Browne-Wilkinson P said: ‘As has been pointed out many times, a person complaining that he has been unlawfully discriminated against faces great difficulties. There is normally not available to him any … Continue reading Chattopadhyay v Headmaster of Holloway School: EAT 1981

Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd v Shatwell: HL 6 Jul 1964

The respondent was employed as a shot firer in a quarry, and was to test the electric wiring connecting explosive charges. Contrary to instructions that testing must be done from a shelter, the respondent and another shot firer carried out a test in the open and they were both injured. Held: The employer’s appeal succeeded. … Continue reading Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd v Shatwell: HL 6 Jul 1964

Worthington and Another v Metropolitan Housing Trust Ltd: CA 17 May 2018

Appeal by the defendant housing association against a judgment holding that the Association had unlawfully harassed two of its tenants contrary to s1 of the 1997 At. Judges: Kitchin LJ, Rose J Citations: [2018] EWCA Civ 1125 Links: Bailii Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 1 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Housing, Torts – Other Updated: … Continue reading Worthington and Another v Metropolitan Housing Trust Ltd: CA 17 May 2018

Gyh v Persons Unknown: QBD 1 Feb 2018

Application by the Claimant, GYH, for the final determination of her claim for an injunction and for damages under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Judges: Justice Julian Knowles Citations: [2018] EWHC 121 (QB) Links: Bailii Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Torts – Other Updated: 13 April 2022; Ref: scu.604806

Loake v Crown Prosecution Service: Admn 16 Nov 2017

Whether defence of insanity is available for a charge under section 2(1) which required no mens rea. Held: Yes. Judges: Irwin LJ, Julian Knowles J Citations: [2017] EWHC 2855 (Admin), [2017] WLR(D) 763 Links: Bailii, WLRD Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Crime Updated: 13 April 2022; Ref: scu.599704

Cunningham v Glasgow City Council: SCS 8 Aug 2008

The pursuer, a teacher, claimed under health and safety laws of the injury suffered working for the defenders. He said that he had also suffered harassment for which his employers were vicariously responsible. The defenders said that the action was not strictly a personal injury claim within chapter 43, since injuries under the 1997 Act … Continue reading Cunningham v Glasgow City Council: SCS 8 Aug 2008

Regina v Kapotra: CACD 26 Jul 2011

The defendant having been found not guilty of two charges of harassment appealed against an order nevertheless preventing him from contacting the complainant, his estranged wife. Judges: Levesaon LJ, Williams, Davies JJ Citations: [2011] EWCA Crim 1843, (2011) 175 JP 378, [2011] Crim LR 890 Links: Bailii Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 5A Jurisdiction: … Continue reading Regina v Kapotra: CACD 26 Jul 2011

Merelie v Newcastle Primary Care Trust: QBD 11 Nov 2004

An harassment claim was being considered. It was suggested that a defendant sought revenge against the claimant. Judges: Eady J Citations: [2004] EWHC 2554 (QB). Statutes: Protection from Harassment Act 1997 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: See Also – Merelie v Newcastle Primary Care Trust QBD 21-Feb-2006 . .See Also – Merelie v Newcastle … Continue reading Merelie v Newcastle Primary Care Trust: QBD 11 Nov 2004

GYH v Persons Unknown (Responsible for The Publication of Webpages): QBD 19 Dec 2017

Application without notice to the defendant for an interim non-disclosure order to restrain what she alleges is a campaign of harassment. The campaign consists mainly of the publication of various items or categories of personal information or purported information about the claimant. These include allegations that the claimant has HIV/AIDS, and other information or purported … Continue reading GYH v Persons Unknown (Responsible for The Publication of Webpages): QBD 19 Dec 2017