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Kapur v Comptroller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks: PatC 10 Apr 2008

The applicant sought patents for systems of document management. The applications had been rejected as being for computer programs as such. Held: The exclusion from protection created by the section was to be construed narrowly. In the absence of non-mental limitations, the product should not be excluded. Judges: Floyd J Citations: [2008] EWHC 649 (Pat), … Continue reading Kapur v Comptroller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks: PatC 10 Apr 2008

Autonomy Corporation Ltd v The Comptroller General of Patents, Trade Marks and Designs: PatC 6 Feb 2008

The company appealed against the rejection of its claim for a patent. Held: Lewison J said: ‘The manipulation of data stored on a computer (whether on the computer in use or on a remote computer) is unlikely to give rise to a contribution that exists independently of whether it is implemented by a computer’ Judges: … Continue reading Autonomy Corporation Ltd v The Comptroller General of Patents, Trade Marks and Designs: PatC 6 Feb 2008

Lantana Ltd v The Comptroller General of Patents, Design and Trade Marks: CA 13 Nov 2014

The inventor company appealed against rejection of its application for a patent for a computer program. Held: The appeal failed: ‘on the facts found by the Hearing Officer, the invention is no more than the computerisation of a process which could already be done without a computer. It has no relevant technical effect. Accordingly, the … Continue reading Lantana Ltd v The Comptroller General of Patents, Design and Trade Marks: CA 13 Nov 2014

Symbian Ltd v Comptroller General of Patents: CA 8 Oct 2008

No Pattern Established to Patent Computer Systems The Comptroller appealed against the decision in Chancery to grant a patent to the clamant for an invention which the comptroller said should have been excluded from protection under section 1(2) as a computer program. It was argued that the UK was taking a different approach to the … Continue reading Symbian Ltd v Comptroller General of Patents: CA 8 Oct 2008

Genentech’s (Human Growth Hormone) Patent: CA 1989

A patent claim for an important protein called Tissue Plasminogen Activator was objected to on the basis of the obviousness of the gene sequence. Held: The court considered the categories of exclusion in the context of what was said to be a discovery – namely the gene sequence which caused TPA to be expressed. A … Continue reading Genentech’s (Human Growth Hormone) Patent: CA 1989

Wang Laboratories Inc’s Application: ChD 1990

The applicant sought to patent an expert system embodied in a computer program for storing information in a way which allowed particular access. Held: ‘Before turning to the claims, I must deal with a submission of Mr Burkill, who appeared for the applicant. He submitted that the words ‘a scheme, rule or method for performing … Continue reading Wang Laboratories Inc’s Application: ChD 1990

Halliburton Energy Services, Inc v Smith International (North Sea) Ltd and others: PatC 21 Jul 2005

A claim was made for a method of design in which certain calculations were to be carried out recursively, modifying the results each time until a particular criterion was satisfied. Though the method was susceptible of solution by computer, but the claim was not limited in this way. Nor was the claim limited to the … Continue reading Halliburton Energy Services, Inc v Smith International (North Sea) Ltd and others: PatC 21 Jul 2005

In Re A Patent Application No 9204959 2 by Fujitsu Ltd; Merrill Lynch, Gale, and Fujitsu Limited’s Application: ChD 18 Jun 1996

The applicant appealed rejection of its application for a patent for a method and apparatus for modelling synthetic crystalline structures. The apparatus would involve (indeed consist of) a computer programmed for the task. Held: A pure software application or method did not become registrable merely because it took control of a computer screen; it was … Continue reading In Re A Patent Application No 9204959 2 by Fujitsu Ltd; Merrill Lynch, Gale, and Fujitsu Limited’s Application: ChD 18 Jun 1996

Apple Inc (Patent): IPO 15 Mar 2016

IPO The invention related to linking a software application that is pre-installed on a client device with a user account, thereby enabling certain acts to be carried out in relation to that application such as updating or reinstalling the application, or installing the application on another client device associated with the user account. A check … Continue reading Apple Inc (Patent): IPO 15 Mar 2016

Sustainable Energy and Heating Systems Ltd (Patent): IPO 19 Aug 2014

IPO The application relates to a metering system to measure usage of renewable energy produced by a privately owned micro-generating unit. The micro-generating unit is part of a larger commercial installation which operates on the basis of ‘sharecropping’, where private users are allocated amounts of renewable energy based upon their investment into the scheme. The … Continue reading Sustainable Energy and Heating Systems Ltd (Patent): IPO 19 Aug 2014

Recipero Ltd (Patent): IPO 23 Dec 2014

IPO Excluded fields (refused) – The invention relates to a system for generating electronic security documents on a computing system. The invention provides a new method for generating and storing a security document in a multi-node network in which the document is assigned a unique document identifier including amongst other things a process identifier, and … Continue reading Recipero Ltd (Patent): IPO 23 Dec 2014

Senergy Holdings Limited (Patent): IPO 4 Feb 2015

IPO The application relates to a method of computationally modelling production from a subterranean region with reference to a wellbore and surrounding formation, such as may be encountered in oil and gas exploration and production. The modelling typically provides simulations which predict the flow of oil, water and/or gas flow from a formation, using a … Continue reading Senergy Holdings Limited (Patent): IPO 4 Feb 2015

I2 Technologies US, Inc (Patent) O-417-10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

IPO The methods, systems and computer programs described in the application are concerned with the management of a supply chain and particularly with controlling access of trading partners in the supply chain to particular stages or ‘states’ of the supply chain, in particular the trading partner can view the transaction in a given state, the … Continue reading I2 Technologies US, Inc (Patent) O-417-10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

I2 Technologies Us, Inc (Patent) O/416/10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

The application relates to a custom application builder for supply chain management. In particular a user wanting access to supply chain related data may build a ‘custom’ application using data in one or more particular ‘modules’, respective modules relating to subsets of data in the supply chain such as purchase order data, inventory data, forecasting … Continue reading I2 Technologies Us, Inc (Patent) O/416/10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

I2 Technologies Us, Inc (Patent) O/415/10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

IPO The application relates generally to a program based supply chain management. Here the word ‘program’ is not used directly in relation to a computer program but the program is in this sense is rather a definition of a relationship between trading partners, e.g. such as a manufacturer and a vendor. The invention essentially restricts … Continue reading I2 Technologies Us, Inc (Patent) O/415/10: IPO 1 Dec 2010

Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd (Patent): IPO 16 Apr 2014

The alleged invention relates to a computer system and method for executing a point of sale transaction. In particular, the invention provides a point of sale terminal which is capable of receiving first price data from at least one item purchased by a customer and a server which receives both transaction data from the point … Continue reading Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd (Patent): IPO 16 Apr 2014

WMS Gaming Inc (Patent): IPO 24 Jun 2013

IPO PCT application WO 2009/128847 entitled ‘Apparatus for playing wagering games’ entered the UK national phase as patent application GB1018115.4. This invention allows a player to play a wagering game at a machine in the casino using funds in a remote account. Specifically, it allows one or more players to use syndicate funds or, alternatively, … Continue reading WMS Gaming Inc (Patent): IPO 24 Jun 2013

Apple Inc (Patent): IPO 6 Jun 2013

IPO The invention relates to a data synchronization protocol, in which synchronization messages to be exchanged between a client and server comprise separate sync modes (e.g. fast, slow, reset) associated with different dataclasses of data to be synchronized. The sync modes may be provided in parallel and the data may be updated in parallel. This … Continue reading Apple Inc (Patent): IPO 6 Jun 2013

Language Line Services, Inc (Patent): IPO 14 May 2013

IPO The application relates to a method and apparatus for determining the competency of human language interpreters. More specifically the invention, which is computer based, evaluates the proficiency of language interpreters, including in terms of determining if they have knowledge of specific technical terms in a certain field, for example medicine. The invention seeks to … Continue reading Language Line Services, Inc (Patent): IPO 14 May 2013

Afilias Technologies Limited (Patent): IPO 30 May 2013

IPO The application relates to transcoding a web site by storing information that is found on one page of the site, inserting it into the transcoded version of another page, and providing the result to a mobile communication device. The ‘stored information’ may be a street address, a map, a telephone number or a brand … Continue reading Afilias Technologies Limited (Patent): IPO 30 May 2013

Merrill Lynch’s Application: CA 1989

The invention in this case was an improved ‘data processing system for making a trading market in at least one security in which the system proprietor is acting as principal.’ Held: More than one exclusion can be in play in relation to the same application. Inventive excluded matter cannot count as a technical advance. Fox … Continue reading Merrill Lynch’s Application: CA 1989

In Re Patent Application No 9204959 by Fujitsu Ltd: CA 14 Mar 1997

A computer program modelling a crystal structure is not patentable; it was not a hardware function, and software is not capable of protection under Patents law. Aldous LJ repeated his concern at the so called ‘technical contribution test’ for patentability: ‘I, like Nicholls LJ [in Gale], have difficulty in identifying clearly the boundary line between … Continue reading In Re Patent Application No 9204959 by Fujitsu Ltd: CA 14 Mar 1997

Fujitsu Ltd, Re Patent Application No. 920495 2: PatC 24 May 1996

Appeal from a decision rejecting a Patent Application in the name of Fujitsu Ltd. His grounds for rejection were that the subject matter of the application was not an invention for the purposes of the 1977 Act in that it was excluded as a result of the provisions of s. 1(1)(d) and 1(2)(d) as being … Continue reading Fujitsu Ltd, Re Patent Application No. 920495 2: PatC 24 May 1996

Pozzoli Spa v BDMO Sa and Another: CA 22 Jun 2007

The patentee had invented a method for storing CDs. The patentee sought leave to appeal a finding that its patent was invalid, and if successful, to appeal a finding that the defendant’s apparatus was not infringing. Held: The application for leave to appeal did involve a judicial finding sufficient to satisfy the obligation under TRIPS. … Continue reading Pozzoli Spa v BDMO Sa and Another: CA 22 Jun 2007

Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc and Another v H N Norton and Co Ltd; Same v Penn Etc: HL 26 Oct 1995

A patent for a substance which had been produced naturally before the application of the process was invalid. The patent was invalidated after the discovery that the effect was produced naturally from an acid metabolite. Patent infringement does not require that one should be aware that one is infringing: ‘whether or not a person is … Continue reading Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc and Another v H N Norton and Co Ltd; Same v Penn Etc: HL 26 Oct 1995

Conor Medsystems Inc v Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Inc and others: HL 9 Jul 2008

The respondents had applied for and obtained an order to revoke the appellant’s patent of a stent for obvousness. Though the parties had settled, the public law element required the intervention of the Comptroller General. The House was asked about how to identify the concept embodied in the invention which may constitute the ‘inventive step’ … Continue reading Conor Medsystems Inc v Angiotech Pharmaceuticals Inc and others: HL 9 Jul 2008

Samsung Electronics Co Ltd (Patent): IPO 17 Dec 2014

Excluded fields (refused) – The invention related to providing a personalized advertising service through portable terminals such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs). In the invention, if a particular user wishes a personalized advertisement to be delivered to other users or group members an advertising server can provide the personalized advertisement based on … Continue reading Samsung Electronics Co Ltd (Patent): IPO 17 Dec 2014

The Rocket Science Group, Llc (Patent): IPO 7 Jun 2013

IPO The application relates to a method of generating a list of cancer drug treatment options based on the status of molecular markers derived from a sample of a tumor in a patient. It is claimed as a method of diagnosing cancer which comprises the steps of interrogating a computer-implemented database and producing a list … Continue reading The Rocket Science Group, Llc (Patent): IPO 7 Jun 2013

Aerotel Ltd v Telco Holdings Ltd and others, In re Patent Application GB 0314464.9 in the name of Neal Macrossan Rev 1: CA 27 Oct 2006

In each case it was said that the requested patent concerned an invention consisting of a computer program, and was not therefore an invention and was unpatentable. In one case a patent had been revoked on being challenged, and in the other, the appeal was against refusal. Held: Jacob LJ said: ‘the court must approach … Continue reading Aerotel Ltd v Telco Holdings Ltd and others, In re Patent Application GB 0314464.9 in the name of Neal Macrossan Rev 1: CA 27 Oct 2006