Click the case name for better results:

Midtown Ltd v City of London Real Property Company Ltd: ChD 20 Jan 2005

Tenants occupied land next to land which was to be developed after compulsory acquisition. The tenants and the landlords asserted a right of light over the land, and sought an injunction to prevent the development. The developer denied that any right of light had been acquired. The sky contour diagrams projected that the reductions in … Continue reading Midtown Ltd v City of London Real Property Company Ltd: ChD 20 Jan 2005

Blythe Corporation’s Application: 1962

A covenant required the purchasers to erect and maintain a chain link fence. Held: The covenant was a positive personal covenant between the original vendor and the original purchaser and was not a restrictive covenant. The Lands Tribunal declined jurisdiction to vary it under the section. Citations: (1962) 14 PLCR 56 Statutes: Law of Property … Continue reading Blythe Corporation’s Application: 1962

James Hall and Company (Property) Ltd v Maughan and Others: UTLC 14 Nov 2016

UTLC RESTRICTIVE COVENANT – Law of Property Act 1925 section 84 — whether persons appearing entitled to benefit of restrictive covenant so as to be admitted to oppose application to discharge it – section 84(3A) [2016] UKUT 513 (LC) Bailii Law of Property Act 1925 84 England and Wales Land Updated: 26 January 2022; Ref: … Continue reading James Hall and Company (Property) Ltd v Maughan and Others: UTLC 14 Nov 2016

St Marylebone Property Co Ltd v Fairweather: HL 16 Apr 1962

To defeat a defence of adverse possession, the plaintiff must succeed in an action which itself had been commenced within the twelve year period. A squatter does not succeed to the title that he has disturbed: by sufficiently long adverse possession he obtains a title of his own, but ‘his possession only defeats the rights … Continue reading St Marylebone Property Co Ltd v Fairweather: HL 16 Apr 1962

In Re Pilkington’s Will Trusts; Pilkington v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 8 Oct 1962

The trustees proposed establishing a new trust in respect of the share of an estate to which an infant beneficiary had a contingent entitlement. A portion of the trust fund would be allocated to the new trust. Held: This was a lawful exercise of the statutory power of advancement. The new trusts must be read … Continue reading In Re Pilkington’s Will Trusts; Pilkington v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 8 Oct 1962

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Hillman and Hillman v Rogers and Rogers: CA 30 Apr 1998

A court order can properly be recalled to correct an error before it had been perfected. This appeal was rejected also as attempt to re-litigate the interpretation of a section in the appeal judgement. Citations: Gazette 07-May-1998, [1998] EWCA Civ 746 Statutes: Law of Property Act 1925 62 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: See Also … Continue reading Hillman and Hillman v Rogers and Rogers: CA 30 Apr 1998

Pretoria Warehousing Co Ltd v Shelton: 1993

In a shopping centre, a tenant and its customers had acquired the right under s62 of the 1925 Act to use the concourse. The tenant was therefore entitled to an injunction to prevent the landlord further developing the concourse in such a way as to infringe those rights. Citations: [1993] EGCS 120 Statutes: Landlord and … Continue reading Pretoria Warehousing Co Ltd v Shelton: 1993

Rysaffe Trustee Company (CI) Ltd and Another v Ataghan Ltd and others: ChD 8 Aug 2006

Complex family trusts had been created over many years. Various documents were now disputed, and particularly the extent of land demised by a lease, and whether a surender of a lease had occurred. Landslides had disturbed the boundaries of the land. An arbitrator had decided the new rent on the basis of his own findings … Continue reading Rysaffe Trustee Company (CI) Ltd and Another v Ataghan Ltd and others: ChD 8 Aug 2006

Port of London Authority v David Frank Devere and 7 Others – 0755: LRA 27 Feb 2013

LRA Rivers, Waterways and Foreshore : Construction of Relevant Legislation – Trial of a preliminary issue as to whether the Applicant can establish documentary title to part of the bed and foreshore of the River Thames; the ‘ad medium filum’ rule; true construction of the words ‘in front of or immediately adjacent to’ [2013] EWLandRA … Continue reading Port of London Authority v David Frank Devere and 7 Others – 0755: LRA 27 Feb 2013

Commission for New Towns and Another v JJ Gallagher Ltd: ChD 16 Dec 2002

Where a conveyance did not expressly include an adjoining road, there was no statutory presumption which would lead to its inclusion. Held: The section referred to incorporeal rights, easements and similar, and not to land itself. The Act did not operate so as to include the roadway. The Berridge case referred to cases where the … Continue reading Commission for New Towns and Another v JJ Gallagher Ltd: ChD 16 Dec 2002

Campbell and Another v Banks and Others: CA 1 Feb 2011

The court considered the creation by section 62 of the 1925 Act automatically of easements when land was divided. The claimants owned land bounded on either side by properties beloinging to the respondents. The properties had once been in common ownership. They asserted the existence of a bridleway easement along a track to the public … Continue reading Campbell and Another v Banks and Others: CA 1 Feb 2011

Silkstone and Another v Tatnall: ChD 2 Jul 2010

The court was asked whether a Land Registry Adjudicator could refuse to accept a party’s withdrawal from the adjudication. The parties had disputed a right of way. The claimant wanted to add a claim under the 1925 Act, but after this was refused, he had sought to withdraw leaving open a right to pursue a … Continue reading Silkstone and Another v Tatnall: ChD 2 Jul 2010

Graham v Philcox: CA 1984

A right of way, originally granted in connection with a five year tenancy of a part of a house, was converted by section 62 into a permanent right of way on the conveyance of the freehold.
Lord Justice Purchas disagreed with the judge who had . .

Payne v Inwood: CA 1996

A claim for an easement based upon section 62 of the 1925 Act failed. There had not been regular use of the path in question with the putative dominant tenement to gain access to it. Roch LJ said: ‘Section 62 of the 1925 Act cannot create new rights . .

Blumenthal v The Church Commissioners for England: CA 13 Dec 2004

The respondent argued that the power given to the Lands Tribunal by the section, did not extend to a power to vary a positive covenant. Held: It could not be right to construe the obligation in the lease as a positive obligation rendering the tenant liable to finding himself in breach of covenant in circumstances … Continue reading Blumenthal v The Church Commissioners for England: CA 13 Dec 2004

Wellington Properties Ltd v Second Duke of Westminster, Trustees of The Will of and Another: ChD 13 Nov 2018

Appeal by the Defendants against an order declaring that the flank wall of 39HP which adjoins the Garden is a party wall within the meaning of section 38(1) of the 1925 Act and of section 20 of the 1996 Act. The issue on the appeal is whether the judge was right to make those declarations … Continue reading Wellington Properties Ltd v Second Duke of Westminster, Trustees of The Will of and Another: ChD 13 Nov 2018

Smith v Muscat: CA 10 Jul 2003

The tenant was sued by his landlord for arrears of rent, but sought an equitable set-off for damages for disrepair accruing under the previous landlord. Held: If the entitlement to recover arrears of rent passes from assignor to assignee, and if the amount of that entitlement is reduced or extinguished at common law by money … Continue reading Smith v Muscat: CA 10 Jul 2003

Elitestone Ltd v Morris and Another: HL 1 May 1997

The plaintiff acquired land on which 27 chalets were erected. They served notice to quit so that the site could be developed. The defendants argued that they had residential tenancies with protection under the Rent Act 1977. Held: The tenants’ appeals succeeded. A built structure becomes part of the land and itself real property, according … Continue reading Elitestone Ltd v Morris and Another: HL 1 May 1997

Lee, Re Courtenay Gate: UTLC 6 Jun 2012

RESTRICTIVE COVENANT – discharge or modification – leasehold flat in block of 31 flats – covenants against subletting and restricting user to lessee and his family – application refused – Law of Property Act 1925 s 84(1)(aa) Citations: [2012] UKUT 125 (LC) Links: Bailii Jurisdiction: England and Wales Land Updated: 28 May 2022; Ref: scu.462567

Coombes, Re: Brainshaugh House: UTLC 12 Jun 2012

RESTRICTIVE COVENANT – discharge – modification – covenants restricting residential redevelopment of dwellings and outbuildings forming part of grounds of listed house – benefit personal to covenantee and his family – sale of majority of benefited land to third party – whether covenants obsolete in respect of retained land under ground (a) – grounds (aa) … Continue reading Coombes, Re: Brainshaugh House: UTLC 12 Jun 2012

Kotegaonkar v Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Another: Admn 19 Jul 2012

The court was asked: ‘can a way which is not connected to another public highway, or to some other point to which the public have a right of access, itself be a public highway?’ A path had been registered over part of te claimant’s land, but with no connection to any route back to the … Continue reading Kotegaonkar v Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Another: Admn 19 Jul 2012

Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Wolverhampton City Council and Another: SC 12 May 2010

The appellant’s land was to be taken under compulsory purchase by the Council who wished to use it to assist Tesco in the construction of a new supermarket. Tesco promised to help fund restoration of a local listed building. Sainsbury objected an now appealed against the Court of Appeal’s overturning of the orer in its … Continue reading Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Ltd, Regina (on The Application of) v Wolverhampton City Council and Another: SC 12 May 2010

MacDonald and Another v Carnbroe Estates Ltd: SC 4 Dec 2019

‘This appeal concerns the Scots law of gratuitous alienations on insolvency. It raises three principal questions. First, there is a question as to the interpretation of the term ‘adequate consideration’ in section 242(4)(b) of the Insolvency Act 1986. Secondly, there is the question whether the Inner House was entitled to interfere with the Lord Ordinary’s … Continue reading MacDonald and Another v Carnbroe Estates Ltd: SC 4 Dec 2019

Les Laboratoires Servier and Another v Apotex Inc and Others: SC 29 Oct 2014

Ex turpi causa explained The parties had disputed the validity a patent and the production of infringing preparations. The english patent had failed and damages were to be awarded, but a Canadian patent remained the defendant now challenged the calculation of damages for what it said would have been an infringing trade, and pleaded ex … Continue reading Les Laboratoires Servier and Another v Apotex Inc and Others: SC 29 Oct 2014

Bakewell Management Limited v Brandwood and others: HL 1 Apr 2004

Houses were built next to a common. Over many years the owners had driven over the common. The landowners appealed a decision that they could not acquire a right of way by prescription over the common because such use had been unlawful as a criminal offence under section 193 of the Law of Property Act … Continue reading Bakewell Management Limited v Brandwood and others: HL 1 Apr 2004

Creebray Ltd v Deninson and Another: UTLC 11 Sep 2020

Restrictive Covenants : Discharge and Modification – practical benefits of substantial value or advantage – building line – effect of proposed house upon outlook, overlooking, privacy, security and overshadowing – effect and significance of screening beech hedge – application refused – Law of Property Act 1925 section 84(1)(aa) and (c) Citations: [2020] UKUT 262 (LC) … Continue reading Creebray Ltd v Deninson and Another: UTLC 11 Sep 2020

Davie and Another, Re: 15 Arun Vale: UTLC 18 Oct 2016

UTLC RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS – discharge – modification – proposed erection of low brick wall – covenant prohibiting erection of wall or fence – whether covenants secure practical benefits of substantial value or advantage – whether injury caused to persons entitled to benefit of restrictions – application dismissed – Law of Property Act 1925 s.84(1)(aa), (c) … Continue reading Davie and Another, Re: 15 Arun Vale: UTLC 18 Oct 2016

City of London Building Society v Flegg And Another: CA 1986

Where money was raised on mortgage of registered land to discharge an existing incumbrance (and so in exercise of the power conferred by s.28(1) Law of Property Act 1925 by reference to s.71(1)(i) Settled Land Act 1925) and paid to two trustees for sale, the rights of occupying beneficiaries were overreached. [1986] Ch 605 England … Continue reading City of London Building Society v Flegg And Another: CA 1986

Snook and Another Re: 71 Cherry Tree Road: UTLC 20 Nov 2015

UTLC RESTRICTIVE COVENANT – discharge – modification – restriction to one single dwellinghouse – proposed development of second house in garden – lack of planning permission – grounds (a), (aa), (b) and (c) of s84(1) of Law of Property Act 1925 – application refused [2015] UKUT 623 (LC) Bailii England and Wales Land Updated: 06 … Continue reading Snook and Another Re: 71 Cherry Tree Road: UTLC 20 Nov 2015

JSC BTA Bank v Ablyazov: SC 21 Oct 2015

The court was asked as to the interpretation and application of the standard form freezing order. In the course of long-running litigation between JSC BTA Bank and Mr Ablyazov the Bank had obtained a number of judgments against the respondent amounting in all to US$4.4 billion, none of which had been satisfied. The bank appealed … Continue reading JSC BTA Bank v Ablyazov: SC 21 Oct 2015

Port of London Authority v Devere and 7 Others – 0733-0755: LRA 27 Feb 2013

LRA Rivers, Waterways and Foreshore – Trial of a preliminary issue as to whether the Applicant can establish documentary title to part of the bed and foreshore of the River Thames; the ‘ad medium filum’ rule; true construction of the words ‘in front of or immediately adjacent to’; Port of London Act 1908, sections 1, … Continue reading Port of London Authority v Devere and 7 Others – 0733-0755: LRA 27 Feb 2013

Willens v Influential Consultants Ltd: UTLC 7 May 2015

UTLC LANDLORD AND TENANT – Administration Charges – whether legal expenses incurred in contemplation of proceedings under section 146, Law of Property Act 1925 – whether appeal compromised on payment of service charge arrears by third party mortgagee – appeal dismissed [2015] UKUT 362 (LC) Bailii Property Act 1925 146 England and Wales Landlord and … Continue reading Willens v Influential Consultants Ltd: UTLC 7 May 2015

Roberts and Others v Keegan (Rentcharges : Nature and Extent): LRA 1 Oct 2014

LRA A lease created by the owner of a rentcharge pursuant to section 121 of the Law of Property Act 1925 is not registrable as a lease at HM Land Registry but is a mortgage which can only be protected on the register by a notice at least where the rentcharge is to end in … Continue reading Roberts and Others v Keegan (Rentcharges : Nature and Extent): LRA 1 Oct 2014

Bath Rugby Ltd v Greenwood and Others (PRE-1926 Restrictive Covenants Affecting Land): ChD 13 Oct 2020

The Court was asked whether a covenant had been attached to the land. Held: the effect of a 1922 conveyance was to annex the benefit of the covenant to land of the vendor and his tenants adjoining or near the Rec. That meant that Mr White and 77 GPS were each entitled to the benefit … Continue reading Bath Rugby Ltd v Greenwood and Others (PRE-1926 Restrictive Covenants Affecting Land): ChD 13 Oct 2020

Mannai Investment Co Ltd v Eagle Star Assurance: HL 21 May 1997

Minor Irregularity in Break Notice Not Fatal Leases contained clauses allowing the tenant to break the lease by serving not less than six months notice to expire on the third anniversary of the commencement date of the term of the lease. The tenant gave notice to determine the leases on 12th January 1995, although the … Continue reading Mannai Investment Co Ltd v Eagle Star Assurance: HL 21 May 1997

Bank of Scotland Plc v Waugh and Others: ChD 21 Jul 2014

The defendants had charged a property to the claimant bank to secure a guarantee of borrowings. The signatures were not witnessed as required under section 1(3) of the 1989 Act, and there were other misdescriptions. The bank sought a declaration as to the validity of the charge, and now applied for summary judgment. Held: Applying … Continue reading Bank of Scotland Plc v Waugh and Others: ChD 21 Jul 2014

Vision Engineering Ltd v Romilt Ltd: LRA 21 Feb 2014

LRA Easements and Profits A Prendre : Interruption – shooting rights – profit a prendre in gross – grant of leasehold interest of profit for 80 years- application on a first registration to register profit – substantive registration of overriding interest – whether discontinuous lease for less than 7 years – right to buy back … Continue reading Vision Engineering Ltd v Romilt Ltd: LRA 21 Feb 2014

Harbour Estates Limited v HSBC Bank Plc: ChD 15 Jul 2004

The lease contained a break clause. The parties disputed whether the benefit of the clause was personal to the orginal lessee, or whether it touched and concerned the land, and therefore the benefit of it passed with the land. Held: The defendant was entitled to exercise and did validly exercise the break clause. The purpose … Continue reading Harbour Estates Limited v HSBC Bank Plc: ChD 15 Jul 2004

Tinsley v Milligan: CA 1992

The court considered the defence of illegal user to a claim to have established an easement by prescription: ‘These authorities seem to me to establish that when applying the ‘ex turpi causa’ maxim in a case in which a defence of illegality has been raised, the court should keep in mind that the underlying principle … Continue reading Tinsley v Milligan: CA 1992

Simmons v British Steel plc: HL 29 Apr 2004

The claimant was injured at work as a consequence of the defender’s negligence. His injuries became more severe, and he came to suffer a disabling depression. Held: the Inner House had been wrong to characterise the Outer House decision as incorrect. Since the pursuer suffered physical injuries the starting point is that he was a … Continue reading Simmons v British Steel plc: HL 29 Apr 2004

Total Network Sl v Revenue and Customs: HL 12 Mar 2008

The House was asked whether an action for unlawful means conspiracy was available against a participant in a missing trader intra-community, or carousel, fraud. The company appealed a finding of liability saying that the VAT Act and Regulations contained the entire regime. Held: Criminal conduct at common law or by statute can constitute unlawful means … Continue reading Total Network Sl v Revenue and Customs: HL 12 Mar 2008

ZH and CN, Regina (on The Applications of) v London Boroughs of Newham and Lewisham: SC 12 Nov 2014

The court was asked whether the 1977 Act required a local authorty to obtain a court order before taking possession of interim accommodation it provided to an apparently homeless person while it investigated whether it owed him or her a duty under Part VII of the 1996 Act, and (ii) whether a public authority, which … Continue reading ZH and CN, Regina (on The Applications of) v London Boroughs of Newham and Lewisham: SC 12 Nov 2014

Thomas Re: 18 The Brake: UTLC 4 May 2012

UTLC RESTRICTIVE COVENANT – modification – application to permit construction of single storey extension – reasonableness – practical benefits – effects upon visual amenity – injury – Law of Property Act 1925 section 84, grounds (aa) and (c) – application granted and modification ordered P R Francis FRICS [2012] UKUT 128 (LC) Bailii Law of … Continue reading Thomas Re: 18 The Brake: UTLC 4 May 2012

Ropaigealach v Barclays Bank plc: CA 6 Jan 1999

The applicant’s property was charged to the defendant. At the time it was not occupied. The mortgage fell into arrears, and after serving notice at the property, the bank took posssession and sold the property at auction. The claimants said the bank should have taken possession only after court proceedings. Held: A lender taking possession … Continue reading Ropaigealach v Barclays Bank plc: CA 6 Jan 1999

Barclays Bank Trust Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: CA 14 Jul 2011

Parents had each left a share of their estate to the bank on trusts for their disabled son. The revenue said that the gifts were caught by and taxable by virtue of sections 5, 49 and 89 of the 1984 Act, the residuary estates of both parents forming part of the son’s estate because section … Continue reading Barclays Bank Trust Company Ltd v Revenue and Customs: CA 14 Jul 2011

Re Hastings-Bass; Hastings v Inland Revenue: CA 14 Mar 1974

Trustees of a settlement had exercised their power of advancement under the section, in order to save estate duty by transferring investments to be held on the trusts of a later settlement. However the actual effect of the advancement was that the trusts in remainder were void for perpetuity. Held: A trustee when exercising a … Continue reading Re Hastings-Bass; Hastings v Inland Revenue: CA 14 Mar 1974

Vandervell v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 24 Nov 1966

The taxpayer made a gift of shares to a trust set up to fund a medical professorship. The shares were in a private company, and an option was given for their repurchase once a certain level of dividends had been attributed to them. He was assessed to substantial surcharges on them on the basis that … Continue reading Vandervell v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 24 Nov 1966

Port of London Authority v David Frank Devere and 7 Others (Rivers, Waterways and Foreshore): LRA 27 Feb 2013

LRA Rivers, Waterways and Foreshore – Trial of a preliminary issue as to whether the Applicant can establish documentary title to part of the bed and foreshore of the River Thames; the ‘ad medium filum’ rule; true construction of the words ‘in front of or immediately adjacent to’; Port of London Act 1908, sections 1, … Continue reading Port of London Authority v David Frank Devere and 7 Others (Rivers, Waterways and Foreshore): LRA 27 Feb 2013