The tenant complained that the landlord had unreasonably delayed approval of a proposed underletting. Held: The court had to bear in mind that the consent was to an underlease, and that therefore there was no privity between the landlord and the proposed sub-tenant. The tenant would remain liable for rent and repairs as before. The … Continue reading NCR Ltd v Riverland Portfolio No.1 Ltd: ChD 16 Jul 2004
The lease granted the defendants rights of access over the grounds and forecourts of a block of flats, but reserving to the lessor the right to develop ‘notwithstanding that the access of light or air or any other easement appertaining to the flat may be obstructed or interfered with’. Held: Vinelott J said: ‘Looking at … Continue reading Overcom Properties v Stockleigh Hall Residents Management Ltd: ChD 1988
The court was asked: ‘whether a notice that the respondents, who own the relevant premises, served on the appellants, who are assured shorthold tenants, satisfied the requirements of section 21(1)(b) of the 1988 Act. The respondents maintain that it did. The appellants dispute that on the basis that the respondents were not at the date … Continue reading Barrow and Amey v Kazim and Others: CA 31 Oct 2018
A lease of various buildings including a public house required the rent review to be carried out on the premise that the demise consisted of a bare site. The issue was whether the terms of the hypothetical letting and the valuation formula were to be the same as in the lease itself or whether they … Continue reading Basingstoke and Deane Borough Council v Host Group Limited: CA 1988
Mummery LJ said: ‘In my judgment, the principal submissions are based on a misreading of the statutory provisions. There is nothing in the provisions establishing or supporting a statutory principle of ‘once an assured tenancy, always an assured tenancy’. The provisions of Schedule 10 relied upon do not set a ceiling of andpound;25,000 on the … Continue reading Regina (on the Application of Morris) v The London Rent Assessment Committee and Another: CA 7 Mar 2002
The claimant sought to oblige the respondent to repair his flat under the 1988 Act. The respondent replied that the arrangement was a licence only, and not protected under the Act. Held: The housing association had a temporary licence to occupy a house and to re-let it, but under conditions which were more consistent with … Continue reading Bruton v London and Quadrant Housing Trust: HL 24 Jun 1999
The plaintiff acquired land on which 27 chalets were erected. They served notice to quit so that the site could be developed. The defendants argued that they had residential tenancies with protection under the Rent Act 1977. Held: The tenants’ appeals succeeded. A built structure becomes part of the land and itself real property, according … Continue reading Elitestone Ltd v Morris and Another: HL 1 May 1997
The claimant tenant sought damages from the landlord and neighbour and fellow tenant for nuisance caused by the neighbour’s aberrant behaviour.Sir Christopher Staughton said: ‘there is a strong trend in the cases in favour of the landlord who is not an occupier.’ Judges: Lord Justice Peter Gibson, Sir Christopher Staughton Citations:  EWCA Civ 357, … Continue reading Mowan v London Borough of Wandsworth and Another: CA 21 Dec 2000
Trustees who managed a group of apartments argued that they did not themselves provide staff services to the tenants, but rather arranged for the staff to provide services to them. Held: The contract providing cleaning and other services, by a maintenance fund for a block of flats, was a VATable supply by the Trustees who … Continue reading Nell Gwynn House Maintenance Fund v Commissioners of Customs and Excise: HL 15 Dec 1998
LT LANDLORD AND TENANT- Service Charges – Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 as amended ss 18 and 19 – Housing Act 1988 ss 13 and 14 – Assured non-shorthold periodic tenancy -whether the landlord’s ability (subject to any reference to a Rent Assessment Committee) to serve a yearly notice of increase of rent (which included … Continue reading Chand v Calmore Area Housing Association Ltd: LT 25 Jul 2008
Europa An action by the Commission pursuant to Article 169 of the Treaty against a Member State for failure to fulfil its obligations, the bringing of which is a matter for the Commission in its entire discretion, is objective in nature. In the context of the balance of powers between the institutions laid down in … Continue reading Commission v United Kingdom: ECJ 21 Jun 1988
A tenant’s failure of disclosure did not validate the Landlord’s unreasonable refusal of a licence to assign if it should have been given. Citations: Times 03-Apr-1998 Statutes: Landlord and Tenant Act 1988 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Landlord and Tenant Updated: 20 May 2022; Ref: scu.89574
The defendant resisted accelerated possession proceedings brought for rent arrears under his assured shorthold tenancy, by a private housing association who was a successor to a public authority. Held: Once the human rights issue was raised, the judge had an obligation to deal with it. He did not have an obligation to examine housing policy … Continue reading Poplar Housing and Regeneration Community Association Ltd v Donoghue: CA 27 Apr 2001
The tenant sought to assert that he occupied a houseboat, the Dinty Moore, under a tenancy of a dwellinghouse under the 1988 Act. The claimant appealed a decision that it was. Held: A house-boat, even though used as a dwelling, did not have the character of a house sufficiently to allow an assured tenancy of … Continue reading Chelsea Yacht and Boat Club Ltd v Pope: CA 6 Apr 2000
There was no right of reimbursement under the 1870 Act of rent paid in advance even where the reddendum also included the words ‘proportionately for any part of a year’. Citations: (1988) 58 P and CR 346,  1 EGLR 90 Statutes: Apportionment Act 1870 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Marks and … Continue reading Capital and City Holdings Ltd v Dean Warburg Ltd: CA 1988
The tenant appealed against a refusal of what he said was his right to buy the flat he occupied. The Housing Association respondent and arbitrator had said that the tenancy had been assured, not secure and that therefore no right to buy had existed. After the grant of the tenancy, the Association had changed in … Continue reading Ali Bhai and Another v Black Roof Community Housing Association Ltd: CA 2 Nov 2000
Two ladies applied to take two-roomed flat with kitchen and bathroom. Each signed an agreement to pay pounds 260 per month to share the use of the flat with one other person. They moved into the flat and enjoyed exclusive occupation. In terms, if the agreement of one lady was terminated, the owner could require … Continue reading Hadjiloucas v Crean: CA 1988
Under the Act, it would be ultra vires the Crown’s powers to grant a tenancy of property it had requisitioned. Citations:  1 KB 148 Statutes: Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Bruton v London and Quadrant Housing Trust HL 24-Jun-1999 The claimant sought to oblige the respondent … Continue reading Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries v Matthews: 1950
The Rent Act 1977 had provided that a tenancy was not to be taken to be a protected tenancy of a dwelling house: ‘bona fide let at a rent which includes payments in respect of board or attendance’ Held: Where a landlord provided a continental beakfast to each of his tenants to be eaten in … Continue reading Otter v Norman: HL 1988
The time limit on the recovery of possession of property subject to a tenancy to within one year of the landlord becoming aware of the death of the tenant required proceedings to have been issued within the year. The service of the notice requiring possession did not satisfy the requirement which was strictly for proceedings. … Continue reading Shepping and another v Osada: CA 23 Mar 2000
21 people protested peacefully on the verge of the A344, next to the perimeter fence at Stonehenge. Some carried banners saying ‘Never Again,’ ‘Stonehenge Campaign 10 years of Criminal Injustice’ and ‘Free Stonehenge.’ The officer in charge concluded that they constituted a ‘trespassory assembly’ and told them so. When asked to move off, many did, … Continue reading Director of Public Prosecutions v Jones and Lloyd: HL 4 Mar 1999
The parties had contracted for the letting of land and transfer as in personam of a chalet erected upon it. The parties having completed the deals could not then agree what was to have been paid. Held: The first agreement was void for common mistake and that the second should be set aside or rescinded … Continue reading Nutt and Another v Read and Another: CA 3 Nov 1999
The landlord owned two adjoining commercial properties. The tenant of one proposed to assign the lease to the tenant of the adjoining property. The landlord refused consent on the ground that if the assignment went ahead, it was likely that the assignee would terminate its tenancy of the adjoining property, which the landlord would have … Continue reading Houlder Brothers and Co Ltd v Gibbs: CA 1925
Under the section, the benefit of improvements would only be obtained by the tenant if carried out during the current tenancy. Viscount Simonds said: ‘If there is any ambiguity about the extent of (the) derogation (by a statute from common law rights), the principle is clear that it is to be resolved in favour of … Continue reading East Coast Amusement v British Transport Board; Re “Wonderland” Cleethorps: HL 1965
The tenant having left the property, the landlord relet them. Held: The act of the landlord meant it would be inequitable to hold the lease to continue. Citations:  20 HLR 576 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Zionmor v Mayor and Burgesses of London Borough of Islington CA 10-Oct-1997 The council appealed … Continue reading Regina v London Borough Croydon ex parte Toff: 1988
The land-owner held an agricultural holding. He wanted to let it but, in doing so, to deprive the tenant of the benefit of the statutory regime giving security of tenure. So he let the property to his wife, and his wife granted a sub-tenancy to the defendant. The freeholder subsequently died and his personal representatives … Continue reading Gisborne v Burton: CA 1988
Section 136 by its terms preserves the equitable rule that the debtor can rely on any rights of set-off which arose before he had notice of assignment . Citations:  1WLR 150 Statutes: Law of Property Act 1925 136 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Edlington Properties Limited v J H Fenner and … Continue reading Pfeiffer GmbH v Arbuthnot Factors Limited: 1988
The section required a notice to relate to all the property comprised in the lease. One part of the freehold had been sold off. Held: In this case the lease had in effect let two properties, and could be construed as two separate lease, and the landlord was able to serve a s25 notice in … Continue reading Moss v Mobil Oil Co Ltd: 1988
The court was concerned with the implied statutory obligations of repair on the landlord: ‘It is common ground that the door and frame of the flat were part of the structure and exterior of the flat within the meaning of the implied statutory covenant. It is also common ground that the effect of this implied … Continue reading Morris v Liverpool City Council: CA 1988
A landlord gave notice to quit to a tenant subject to an assured shorthold tenancy. Held: The notice did not include the instructions and advice required by the Regulations, and so could not be said to be substantially in the same form. The notice was accordingly invalid. It had been quite wrong of the judge … Continue reading Manel and Others v Memon: CA 20 Apr 2000
A Landlord’s liability to carry out a repair to the tenanted property under the 1985 Act does not arise unless the tenant puts the landlord on notice of the disrepair. The tenant in such cases is under a duty to mitigate his losses. Citations: (1988) 20 HLR 393 Statutes: Landlord and Tenant Act 1987 11 … Continue reading Minchburn v Peck: 1988
The claimant was a statutory tenant occupying a flat at a registered fair rent of andpound;8 per week. He withheld the rent and was sued for possession. He counterclaimed for damages for breach of the implied covenant on the part of the landlord to repair. The judge awarded damages under three heads including for inconvenience … Continue reading C Chiodi v De Marney: CA 1988
The authority resisted an application by the tenant to buy the property let as a council dwelling saying that the tenant was using it for mixed residential and business purposes. The tenant said that the business use had finished, and that the tenancy had become secure. Held: The court noted the change in definitions of … Continue reading Webb and Barrett v London Borough of Barnet: CA 1988
The court discussed the nature and purpose of rent review clauses: ‘There is no doubt that the general object of a rent review clause, which provides that the rent cannot be reduced on a review, is to provide the landlord with some measure of relief where, by increases in property values or falls in the … Continue reading Equity and Law Life Assurance Society plc v Bodfield Ltd: CA 1987
Vinelott J said: ‘decisions on the Act of 1883 and on the Act of 1914 are . . of direct authority on the construction’ of the equivalent provisions for disclaimer by the liquidators of companies. Judges: Vinelott J Citations:  1 WLR 200 Statutes: Bankruptcy Act 1883 Cited by: Cited – Park Air Services Plc; … Continue reading Re A E Realisations Ltd: 1988
The court was able to imply from a provision in a lease obliging the tenant to pay to the landlords ‘the cost . . of painting in a workmanlike manner every third year of the term all outside wood and metal work and other external parts of the demised premises’ a matching obligation on the … Continue reading Edmonton Corporation v Knowles (WM) and Son Ltd: 1962
A landlord’s estate management agent was not jointly liable with the Landlord for damages for acts of harassment of the tenant committed by the landlord. Citations: Times 19-Apr-1995 Statutes: Housing Act 1988 27 28 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Abbott v Bayley CA 20-Jan-1999 Appeal against award of damages for breach by … Continue reading Sampson and Others v Wilson and Others: CA 19 Apr 1995
A landlord was found to have unreasonably refused his consent to an assignment even though the purpose of assignment was to frustrate the landlord’s development intentions. Three grounds for withholding consent were advanced. Two of these were held to have been reasonable. The third was bad for two reasons, first, because it was not in … Continue reading BRS Northern Ltd v Templeheights Ltd and Another: ChD 8 Jan 1998
The taxpayers used schemes to create allowable losses, and now appealed assessment to tax. The schemes involved a series of transactions none of which were a sham, but which had the effect of cancelling each other out. Held: If the true nature of the transactions could be seen by looking at them all together, then … Continue reading W T Ramsay Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 12 Mar 1981
The court was asked: ‘Does a commercial building which is in the course of redevelopment have to be valued for the purposes of rating as if it were still a useable office? ‘ Held: Appeal from decision of CA granted. On the facts found by the UT, the premises were undergoing reconstruction on the material … Continue reading Newbigin (Valuation Officer) v SJ and J Monk (A Firm): SC 1 Mar 2017
UTLC LANDLORD AND TENANT – covenants — Commonhold and Leasehold Reform Act 2002 s.168(4) — alleged breach of covenant against parting with possession without consent — completion of sale of flat by execution of transfer of registered underlease and payment of price — assignee not yet registered as proprietor at Land Registry — whether a … Continue reading Reiner and Another v Triplark Ltd: UTLC 6 Jan 2017
The leaving of furniture in a flat or having a key to the flat or making occasional use of it was not enough to constitute actual occupation. Where A permits B to occupy land on B’s own behalf by way of gratuitous licence, A’s capacity as licensor will not by itself entitle him to claim … Continue reading Strand Securities Ltd v Caswell: CA 2 Feb 1965
Shareholder May Sue for Additional Personal Losses A company brought a claim of negligence against its solicitors, and, after that claim was settled, the company’s owner brought a separate claim in respect of the same subject-matter. Held: It need not be an abuse of the court for a shareholder to seek damages against advisers to … Continue reading Johnson v Gore Wood and Co: HL 14 Dec 2000
Section 89 does not apply to an order for possession made by the High Court, and an application for an adjournment of a possession order must be refused. The word ‘Court’ must be construed to refer to the County Court only: ‘possession of a dwelling house under a rental purchase agreement is a matter which … Continue reading Bain and Co v Church Commissioners for England: ChD 1989
An agreement was made for the assignment of the copyright in a music track, but it remained ‘subject to contract’. The assignor later sought to resile from the assignment. Held: It is standard practice in the music licensing business for a licensee and a licensor to enter into a deal memo followed by a long … Continue reading Confetti Records (A Firm), Fundamental Records, Andrew Alcee v Warner Music UK Ltd (Trading As East West Records): ChD 23 May 2003
The Court considered whether, on exercising a break clause in a lease, the tenant was entitled to recover rent paid in advance. Held: The appeal failed. The Court of Appeal had imposed what was established law. The test for whether a clause might be implied in a contract is: ‘that it is necessary for business … Continue reading Marks and Spencer Plc v BNP Paribas Securities Services Trust Company (Jersey) Ltd and Another: SC 2 Dec 2015
A landlord’s notice under section 4 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 had been served on the tenant’s solicitors, who had confirmed that they had authority to accept service. Later the tenant challenged the validity of the service. Held: Service of a notice under the Act on the tenant’s solicitors was valid and effective. … Continue reading Galinski v McHugh: 5 Oct 1988
In Antoniades, the two tenants occupied an attic, living together. Each had at the same time signed identical agreements purporting to create licences. The landlord had reserved to himself the right to occupy the property and to allow others to occupy it so as to create no more than a licence. Held: Behaviour by the … Continue reading A G Securities v Vaughan; Antoniades v Villiers and Bridger: HL 10 Nov 1988
A grant of an assured tenancy included a clause under which the rent would be increased from pounds 4,680, to pounds 25,000 per year. It was expected that the tenant would be reliant upon Housing Benefit to pay the rent, and that Housing Benefit would be insufficient. Held: The agreement to increase the rent was … Continue reading Bankway Properties Ltd v Penfold-Dunsford and Another: CA 24 Apr 2001
A company went into liquidation, being owed substantial sums by another company in the same group, but itself insolvent. A settlement did not include accrued interest, but was claimed to be taxed as if it had, and on an accruals basis. If so, was this an expense properly arising in the insolvency, and payable as … Continue reading Kahn and Another v Commissioners of Inland Revenue; In re Toshoku Finance plc: HL 20 Feb 2002
Former HL decision in Siebe Gorman overruled The company had become insolvent. The bank had a debenture and claimed that its charge over the book debts had become a fixed charge. The preferential creditors said that the charge was a floating charge and that they took priority. Held: The appeal was allowed. The debenture, although … Continue reading National Westminster Bank plc v Spectrum Plus Limited and others: HL 30 Jun 2005
The defendant with the benefit of an option to take a lease was allowed into the premises pursuant to what was described as, and purported to be, a licence. He then claimed a tenancy. Held: The agreement was indeed a licence. Referring to Street v Mountford, Hoffmann J said: ‘Earlier in his speech Lord Templeman … Continue reading Essex Plan Ltd v Broadminster: ChD 1988
The scale of the dampness which had to be endured by a tenant led to constant colds and minor ailments being suffered by the plaintiff and her children who had to live in those unhealthy conditions. Held: The legislature had ‘conspicuously refrained’ from updating the statutory rent limit and it was therefore not for the … Continue reading McNerny v London Borough of Lambeth: CA 1988
The landlord had assigned the reversion of the lease. There was an outstanding dispute with the tenant defendant who owed arrears of rent, but sought to set these off against a claim for damages for the landlord’s failure to construct the factory in the first place. Held: The new landlord was not liable for the … Continue reading Edlington Properties Limited v J H Fenner and Co Limited: CA 22 Mar 2006
The landlord served notice under section 25 of the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954 terminating the business tenancy of a shop, which was used as a cafe and was one of three contained in a single building owned by the Landlord, and stating that he would oppose the Grant of a new tenancy on the … Continue reading Blackburn v Hussain: CA 1988
The court was asked whether when contracts have been induced by bribery and have been rescinded on discovery of the bribery, that constitutes a dispute which can be determined by arbitration in the context of a common form of arbitration clause. Held: a dispute whether the contract can be set aside or rescinded for alleged … Continue reading Fiona Trust and Holding Corporation and others v Privalov and others: CA 24 Jan 2007
The tenant was a secure tenant who surrendered his tenancy anticipating buying the freehold. The surrender went through but not the purchase. The tenant stayed in occupation. Held: A statutory tenancy had come into being and proceedings were required to recover possession. A person who had contracted to buy the freehold reversion of a property … Continue reading Appleton v Aspin and Plane: CA 1987
The court explained the nature of an estoppel by convention. Lord Denning MR said: ‘The doctrine of estoppel is one of the most flexible and useful in the armoury of the law. But it has become overloaded with cases. That is why I have not gone through them all in this judgment. It has evolved … Continue reading Amalgamated Investment and Property Co Ltd (in Liq) v Texas Commerce International Bank Ltd: CA 1982
The court was asked, whether asked to grant possession against a disabled tenant where the grounds for possession were mandatory. The defendant was a secure tenant with a history of psychiatric disability. He had set out to buy his flat, but the council sought possession when it discovered that he had sublet. Held: Section 23(3)(c) … Continue reading London Borough of Lewisham v Malcolm and Disability Rights Commission: CA 25 Jul 2007
UTLC LANDLORD AND TENANT – assured tenancy – rent determination by rent assessment committee – deduction for repairing liability – whether reasons given for deduction – appeal on error of law – requirement for valuation tribunals to give adequate reasons – appeal allowed – remitted to first-tier tribunal (property chamber) – s14 Housing Act 1988 … Continue reading John Jackson Charitable Trust v Hornblower and Others: UTLC 4 Feb 2014
Guarantee beyond term was unreasonable The tenant objected that the landlord’s conditional consent to an assignment was unreasonable. The purchaser was a dormant company which had never traded. The clause referred to ‘a respectable and responsible assignee or sub-tenant’. The tenant had itself offered a conditional guarantee. Held: A lessor cannot normally reasonably require a … Continue reading Landlord Protect Ltd v St Anselm Development Company Ltd: CA 20 Feb 2009
The court was asked whether the 1977 Act required a local authorty to obtain a court order before taking possession of interim accommodation it provided to an apparently homeless person while it investigated whether it owed him or her a duty under Part VII of the 1996 Act, and (ii) whether a public authority, which … Continue reading ZH and CN, Regina (on The Applications of) v London Boroughs of Newham and Lewisham: SC 12 Nov 2014
Deleayed Rates Claims Service made them Defective The council claimed that the defendants were liable for business rates. The defendants said that the notices were defective in not having been served ‘as soon as practicable’, and further that they should not be enforced since the delay had created substantial prejudice. The Council challenged the correctness … Continue reading North Somerset District Council v Honda Motor Europe Ltd and Others: QBD 2 Jul 2010
The landlord’s agent did not place the tenant’s deposit with an authorised scheme or provide the appropriate notice within the 14 days required by the 2004 Act. T sought a penalty after it had been deposited. L said that the deposit penalty could no longer be ordered, and now appealed against on order that it … Continue reading Draycott and Another v Hannells Letting Ltd (T/A Hannells Letting Agents): QBD 12 Feb 2010
The appellant sought to recover overpayments of benefits and Social Fund Loans, after the respondent had had a Debt relief order. Held: The Secretary of State’s appeal failed. The ‘net entitlement principle’ argued for did not exist. The entitlement is a statutory one, and any liability to repay is separate and independent, being only a … Continue reading Secretary of State for Work and Pensions v Payne and Another: SC 14 Dec 2011
Reservation Derogation construed normally Construction of tenancy agreement – correct approach to reservations made in favour of the landlord. The landlord required access to the tenanted farm to allow survey work anticipating development of his adjoining land. The tenant now appealed saying that a reservation requiring to a derogation from the grant should be applied … Continue reading Rees and Another v Windsor-Clive and Others: CA 1 Jul 2020
The appellant challenged a sale and rent back transaction. He said that the proposed purchaser had misrepresented the transaction to them. The Court was asked s whether the home owners had interests whose priority was protected by virtue of section 29(2)(a)(ii) of, and Schedule 3, paragraph 2, to the Land Registration Act 2002. Held: The … Continue reading Scott v Southern Pacific Mortgages Ltd and Others: SC 22 Oct 2014
Occupiers claimed that they had secure tenancies. The owner said that they were mere lodgers. In Murphy (1), the landlord said that the occupier must share possession with other occupiers if required. He now said that he had retained a key and that this contradicted any grant of exclusive posssession. Held: Lord Donaldson MR said: … Continue reading Aslan v Murphy (No 1 and 2); Duke v Wynne: CA 27 Jun 1989
Sham requires common intent to create other result The court considered a claim by a hire-purchase company for the return of a vehicle. The bailee said the agreement was a sham. Held: The word ‘sham’ should only be used to describe an act or document where the parties have a common intention that the act … Continue reading Snook v London and West Riding Investments Ltd: CA 1967
The claimants sought damages after delays by the bank in processing transfer requests. The bank said that the delays were made pending reports of suspected criminal activity. The bank’s delay had stigmatised the claimant causing further losses. The bank requested that the claims be struck out. The claimants sought permission to amend their claims. Held: … Continue reading Shah and Another v HSBC Private Bank (UK) Ltd: QBD 26 Jan 2009
When taking a car in part exchange, the company would initially offer the correct market value. If the customer wanted, the company would agree a higher price. When cars were returned, the company at first reclaimed the VAT on the re-purchase price, but then submitted a rebate claim based upon the market value, the ‘non-monetary … Continue reading Lex Services plc v Her Majestys Commissioners of Customs and Excise: HL 4 Dec 2003
The landlord and the ‘tenant’ specifically agreed that the tenancy should be granted to a limited company formed by the tenant, which it was legitimate for them to do so as to avoid the Rent Acts, and the tenant had taken legal advice. Held: In these circumstances the individual who had formed the company could … Continue reading Hilton v Plustitle Ltd: CA 1988
Short term visitor sublets were breach of lease Landlord and Tenant – Breach of Covenant – covenant against use of flat other than as a private dwelling house and prohibiting use for trade or business – whether breached by use of flat as serviced apartment advertised on internet booking sites – section 168(4), Commonhold and … Continue reading Triplerose Ltd v Beattie and Another: UTLC 4 Jun 2020
The landlord should be deemed to have been in possession of the land when calculating damages for unlawful eviction. The measure of damages ‘represents the financial advantage which the landlord has gained . . . and of which it is the purpose of . .
If a lease is determined or treated as determined in a winding up or in a bankruptcy, the landlord is entitled to prove in principle for all the rent and other payments which he would have been entitled to recover from the tenant for the residue of . .
The court considered the effect of section 62 of the 1925 Act.
Sir Nicholas Browne-Wilkinson V-C said: ‘The main intention of Section 62 was to provide a form of statutory shorthand rendering it unnecessary to include such words expressly in . .
Various leases of properties had been granted. Legal and General occupied the property under an arrangement under which they paid no rent. The landlord sought possession, saying that the agreements were licences not tenancies because of the absence . .
The claimant’s product was made from drawings. The drawings were protected as copyright artistic works. They were reproduced in a three dimensional form by the claimant’s own products. Someone who copied the claimant’s products indirectly copied the . .
The issue on this appeal is whether a notice served by the Respondent Landlords on the Appellant under section 21 of the Housing Act 1988 was invalid because no energy performance certificate had been served by the Landlords on the Tenant prior to . .
The parties had engaged in a bitter 95 day trial in which allegations of forgery, theft, false accounting, blackmail and arson. A company owning patents and other rights had become insolvent, and the real concern was the destination and ownership of . .
The court was asked as to the nature and effect of tenancies for life granted by fully mutual housing co-operatives and in particular how they can lawfully be brought to an end and a possession order obtained. The tenants sought a declaration of . .
The rent assessment committee had rejected market rent comparables as an indicator of market rent for the subject premises, because, inter alia, they were not satisfied of the actual absence of scarcity, and thus found that the landlord had not . .
The defendants were tenants of the claimant. They vacated the premises and stopped paying the rent. The claimant sought payment of the arrears of rent. The defendants said that the claimants should have taken steps to reduce their damages by seeking . .
The tenants of a building of which the defendants were landlords sought damages after a rainwater gutter became stopped up and the defendants failed to clear it out for a few days after receiving notice of the stoppage.
Held: The landlords . .
A property comprised a large building let on fully repairing leases of 22 units. The many rain outlets were allowed to become blocked, and water accumulated above one unit before that part of the roof collapsed. The landlord appealed a finding that . .
The defendant travellers occupied land belonging to the claimants. A possession order had been obtained, and the defendants now sought a reasonable time to be allowed to leave.
Held: The law had not changed, and section 89 could not be used to . .
The tenant had a partner whom she could not control, and who had terrorised her to the nuisance also of her neighbours. The landlord sought possession, and until that was granted an anti-social behaviour order (ASBO) against the partner. Before the . .
Where one joint tenant had given notice and the landlord mistakenly excluded the other tenant, the husband, from possession, the landlord could not rely on the defence of ‘reasonable cause’. The tenant has the choice of possession or statutory . .
(Romford County Court) ‘A judge who adjourns the hearing of a ground 8 possession claim solely in order to allow a defendant an opportunity to defeat that claim, whether by extracting payment from the housing benefit authority or from any other . .
A tenancy of a flat was granted to Miss Vyas. She occupied it with Mr Sharma. They later married. She moved out and was given the tenancy of a council house elsewhere. She then wrote to Brent, the landlords, to say she was no longer sharing with Mr . .
The plaintiffs let property to the respondents. The notice of shorthold tenancy issued prior to the tenancy commencing had obvious errors in the dates. The issue was as to its validity.
Held: The error was evident, the termination date . .
The tenant had created a sub tenancy, the result of which was that he no longer had any right to enter upon the property unless the sub-tenant surrendered his lease.
Held: The tenant could not be said properly to be in occupation of the . .
The council appealed a finding that the claimant, a secure tenant, had not surrendered his tenancy. He had sought to exercise his right to buy the property, but was said to have left the premises before the lease was completed. The property was . .
When considering whether to consent to an assignment of a lease, a landlord need consider only his own interests. . .
UTLC LANDLORD AND TENANT – administration charges – charges for consent to underletting – whether precluded if no provision for it in lease – held that it was not – reasonableness – jurisdiction to determine . .
Tenants challenged an order for possession, saying the form of notice was defective. The date specified in the notice was clearly a clerical error. It provided that the tenancy would commence on 29 May 1993 and end on 28 May 1993, on the face of it, . .
Parties to litigation had made without prejudice disclosures. One party sought to give evidence contradicting the dsclosure, and the other now applied for leave to amend based upon the without prejudice statements to be admitted to demonstrate the . .
The tenant was no longer in occupation of the demised premises when he served a s27 notice.
Held: A business tenancy ceases at end of the lease, if the premises are not actually occupied by the tenant despite any notices given. The occupation . .
A Local Authority found guilty of a statutory nuisance is not thereby liable for a civil damages suit. . .
In considering a refusal of consent to a sub-letting, two considerations in addition to those already esatblished in law applied: ‘(1) It will normally be reasonable for a landlord to refuse consent or impose a condition if this is necessary to . .