ECJ 1. As regards the division of jurisdiction between national courts and the court of justice under article 177 of the treaty the national court, which is alone in having a direct knowledge of the facts of the case and of the arguments put forward by the parties, and which has to give judgment in … Continue reading Pigs Marketing Board v Raymond Redmond: ECJ 29 Nov 1978
ECJ 1. The Convention of 27 September 1968 must be interpreted having regard both to its principles and objectives and to its relationship with the treaty. The question whether the words and concepts used in the convention must be regarded as having their own independent meaning and as being thus common to all the contracting … Continue reading Somafer Sa v Saar-Ferngas Ag: ECJ 22 Nov 1978
ECJ The direct application of a community regulation means that its entry into force and its application in favour of or against those subject to it are independent of any measure adopting it into national law. By reason of the obligations imposed on them by the treaty member states must not impede the direct effect … Continue reading Fratelli Zerbone Snc v Amministrazione Delle Finanze Dello Stato: ECJ 31 Jan 1978
The House gave guidance on the interpretation of Tax statutes. Held: The consideration at issue had been paid both for shares and for something else, the waiver of a loan the seller had made to the company. Lord Wilberforce emphasised the need to consider each asset disposed of separately in the light of the rules … Continue reading Aberdeen Construction Group Ltd v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 1978
The court was asked to interpret the 1976 Act to see whether its protection extended to cohabitees as well as to wives. In doing so it had to look at practice in the Court of Appeal in having to follow precedent. Held: The operation of the doctrine of precedent in the Court of Appeal so … Continue reading Davis v Johnson: HL 2 Jan 1978
(Admissibility) The Secretary of State had, after preliminary procedures, served notices on an insurance company disallowing it from writing any new business, because its managing director the applicant, had been found not to be a fit and proper person to be a controller of the company. He had misstated the value of the company’s assets. … Continue reading Kaplan v United Kingdom: ECHR 14 Dec 1978
The purposive approach to the interpretation of statutes will ‘promote the general legislative purpose underlying the provisions’ Judges: Lord Denning MR Citations:  1 All ER 1243 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – Nothman v Barnet London Borough County Council HL 1978 The normal retiring age for an employee is to be … Continue reading Notham v London Borough of Barnet: CA 1978
The employer announced the closure of two factories and the redundancy of the workforce, at one factory in 15 days’ time and, at the other, in 63 days’ time. There was no consultation. The employer appealed a 60 day protective award. Held: (Majority) Appeal allowed in part. The ET were misled into thinking that the … Continue reading Talke Fashions Ltd v Society of Textile Workers: EAT 1978
Where the words of a statute are clear, it is not open to the court to limit, change or disregard that meaning on the ground that the result of the legislation as drafted would be anomalous or absurd. Lord Simon of Glaisdale said as to an argument based on the anomaly of the result of … Continue reading Stock v Frank Jones (Tipton) Ltd: HL 1978
Europa Since the concept of a contract of sale on instalment credit terms varies from one member state to another, in accordance with the objectives pursued by their respective laws, it is necessary, in the context of the convention, to consider that concept as being independent and therefore to give it a uniform substantive content … Continue reading Bertrand v Paul Ott KG: ECJ 21 Jun 1978
The curtilage of a house is narrowly confined to the area surrounding it and did not extend to a paddock. Buckley LJ said: ‘In my judgment, for one corporeal hereditament to fall within the curtilage of another, the former must be so intimately associated with the latter as to lead to the conclusion that the … Continue reading Methuen-Campbell v Walters: CA 1978
The Master of the Rolls considered the use of an exemption clause, saying that the Court was to consider first whether the breach was ‘fundamental’. If so, he said, the court itself deprives the party of the benefit of an exemption or limitation . .
A consignment of whisky was stolen whilst on consignemt from a bonded warehouse under CMR terms for Teheran. In bond, it was worth 7,000 pounds, and on export no excise duty was to be paid. Being stolen in the course of transit, excise duty of . .
The court considered the finality of decision of a county court judge regarding the interpretation of the phrase ‘structural alteration’ in the 1974 Act. Paragraph 2 (2) of Schedule 8 provided that the determination of the county court judge ‘shall . .
The principles set out in Canada Steamship apply to ‘clauses which purport to exempt one party to a contract from liability’. The principles should be applied without ‘mechanistic construction’. Lord Keith of Kinkel: The tests were guidelines, but . .
1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts
Application for permission to make a late appeal – ss 83F, 83G and 98 VAT Act 1994 – s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 – no deemed receipt of letter sent to HMRC – Appellant’s belief amounted to a reasonable excuse for failure to appeal in time but not . .
VAT – procedure- whether FTT made errors of law in permitting an appeal to proceed out of time – ss 83F, 83G and 98 VATA 1994- s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 . .
Penalties for late filing of P35 for three consecutive years- whether returns for first two years were delivered to HMRC – Interpretation Act 1978 – appeal for those two years allowed and penalties set aside – whether penalty of pounds 400 for not . .
The defendants sought to have struck out a claim under the 1992 Regulations to support a claim under s15(2) of the 1974 Act. They said that the 1992 Regulations had been made only under s2(2) and not under s15(1). Held: The implementing regulations were made under specific sections, ‘and of all other powers enabling her … Continue reading Polestar Jowetts Ltd v Komori Ltd UK and Another: QBD 26 Jul 2005
The landlord had served a notice under the 1954 Act. The tenant served a counter notice, but the question was whether he was late, or out of time. Held: The combination of the various provisions meant that the landlord’s notice had irrevocably been deemed to have been served and on the day it was posted. … Continue reading Beanby Estates Ltd v Egg Stores (Stamford Hill) Ltd: ChD 9 May 2003
The claimant had been ordered to pay a deposit as a condition of being allowed to proceed with the claim which the tribunal had judged to have no reasonable prospect of success. The claim was struck out after the tribunal had been wrongly told that the deposits had not been paid. The strike out was … Continue reading Immigration Advisory Services v Oommen: EAT 19 Mar 1997
The tribunal was asked as to the date from which time started to run for the purposes of calculating the 42-day period within which an appeal should have been brought from a decision of an Employment Tribunal, if it was to be brought at all. Held: Morison J said that Section 7 of the Interpretation … Continue reading London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham v Ladejobi: EAT 1 Nov 1998
In the context of the time for appealing to the EAT under Rule 3(3) EAT Rules 1993, as amended, ‘sent’ referred to the date appearing on the ET ‘decision’.Morison P said: ‘Industrial Tribunal chairmen are required to produce reasons. When reduced to writing, it is the responsibility of the clerk to transmit those reasons to … Continue reading Mock v Inland Revenue: EAT 1 Mar 1999
(reversed) The local authority sought to acquire the plaintiff’s bungalow by compulsory powers which allowed it to purchase land required to construct a new sewer. Held: By the 1978 Act, the word land was to be read to include buildings upon the land, and this was a correct purchase. Citations:  2 All ER 1123 … Continue reading Hutton v Esher Urban District Council: CA 1973
A claimant who had satisfied the conditions required to become eligible for special hardship allowance but who had yet made no claim, retained his right to the allowance after the Act under which the claim might be brought was repealed. ‘A mere hope or expectation of acquiring a right is insufficient. An entitlement, however, even … Continue reading Chief Adjudication Officer and Another v Maguire: CA 23 Mar 1999
The curtilage of a building is a small area around it. An assessment of whether a separate structure was within the curtilage which did not consider the distance between the various buildings must be incorrect in that it had omitted an essential consideration. A stable block lying some distance from a listed building should only … Continue reading Skerritts of Nottingham Limited v Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and Regions, Harrow London Borough Council: Admn 22 Mar 1999
The Respondent employers had not attended a hearing before the Industrial Tribunal. The hearing went ahead. The Respondents applied for a review of the decision (that the employee had been unfairly dismissed and should be compensated) on the ground that they had not received notice of the proceedings leading to the decision. The Tribunal, having … Continue reading T and D Transport (Portsmouth) Limited v Limburn: EAT 1987
A notice was served in 1983 under section 58 of the Control of Pollution Act 1974 requiring the abatement of a noise nuisance. That section was repealed by the Environmental Protection Act 1990, with effect from 1st January 1991, and a new procedure for statutory nuisance was substituted. On 25th January 1992, an information was … Continue reading Aitken v South Hams District Council: HL 8 Jul 1994
Sir Nicholas Browne-Wilkinson V-C spoke of section 7 of the 1978 Act: ‘If actual receipt is necessary to enable the addressee to take some necessary step, then the word ‘sent’ in the principal Act will be construed to mean ‘received” Judges: Sir Nicholas Browne-Wilkinson V-C Citations:  1 WLR 1586 Statutes: Interpretation Act 1978 7 … Continue reading Regina v Home Secretary, Ex parte Yeboah: CA 1987
The rules required a notice to be sent not less than 14 days before a date fixed for a hearing. Held: The word ‘send’ in Rule 5 refers to the date when the notice is received or deemed to have been received under the Interpretation Act. In so concluding, it relied upon section 7 of … Continue reading Derrybaa Ltd v Castro Blanco: EAT 1986
A partnership or an unincorporated association could be registered as a fine defaulter if it failed to pay a fixed penalty arising from its ownership of a motor vehicle; that was because the statutory definition of defaulter depended on the use of the words ‘any person’, and thus the Interpretation Act applied to it. Paragraph … Continue reading Regina v Clerk to Croydon Justices ex parte Chief Constable of Kent: QBD 1989
Excise Duty Hydrocarbon Oil – (See Also Excise Restoration of Vehicle) : Civil Penalty – Return under regulation 9 of SI 2002/2057 – whether submitted after due date – whether penalty validly imposed – whether failure to submit return on time – whether s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 applies -whether reasonable excuse – appeal upheld. … Continue reading Holsworthy Ltd v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 12 Dec 2018
The court discussed what was meant by the curtilage of the appellant’s house: ‘Thus the sole issue is whether Mr Dyer’s house is or is not within the curtilage of another building or, by the application of section 6 of the Interpretation Act 1978, of more than one other building. This is a question of … Continue reading Dyer v Dorset County Council: CA 1988
Contracts were entered into to design, engineer and supply equipment for installation on oil and gas rigs. The contractor sought to assert that these were contracts governed by the Act, and the provisions for dispute resolution applied. The court held that the act suggested that the construction was to take place on ‘the Land’ and … Continue reading Staveley Industries Plc (T/A Ei Whs) v Odebrecht Oil and Gas Services Ltd: TCC 8 Mar 2001
Judges: Arden, Briggs, Bean LJJ Citations:  EWCA Civ 846 Links: Bailii Statutes: Leasehold Reform Act 1967 9, Interpretation Act 1978 Jurisdiction: England and Wales Landlord and Tenant Updated: 27 March 2022; Ref: scu.588336
LANDLORD AND TENANT – SERVICE CHARGES – s196 Law of Property Act 1925 – s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 – service of notices – waiver of invalidity of notices – s20B Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, contents of notices – appeal allowed. Citations:  UKUT 150 (LC) Links: Bailii Statutes: Law of Property Act 1925 … Continue reading London Borough of Southwark v Akhtar Re: 11 and 54 John Kennedy House: UTLC 20 Apr 2017
Income tax – application by Appellant for closure notice – tax avoidance scheme – whether HMRC had validly issued and served a Notice of Enquiry – HMRC unable to produce a copy of the notice providing evidence of issue and postage -section 115 TMA 1970 and section 78 Interpretation Act 1978 – whether evidence of … Continue reading James v Revenue and Customs (Income Tax/Corporation Tax : Application By Appellant for Closure Notice): FTTTx 26 Nov 2018
Club, not members, prosecutable for breach The Environment Agency appealed against dismissal of charges against the defendants who were officers in an unincorporated members’ golf club on whose land there had been pollution. The judge had ruled that the unincorporated association could have been prosecuted under the 1978 Act, and that a prosecution would not … Continue reading Regina v RL and JF: CACD 28 Aug 2008
FTTTx VAT – default surcharge -surcharge liability notice -was it received by appellant – no -s7 Interpretation Act 1978 – appeal allowed Aleksander TJ  UKFTT 348 TC Bailii England and Wales VAT Updated: 17 January 2022; Ref: scu.564827
EAT Transfer of Undertakings : Service Provision Change – Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (‘TUPE’) Regulation 3(1)(b) – service provision change (‘SPC’) – ‘the client’ The appeal raised a novel point: whether ‘a’ or ‘the’ client, for the purpose of a SPC transfer under Regulation 3(1)(b) was to be understood solely in … Continue reading Ottimo Property Services Ltd v Duncan and Another: EAT 9 Jan 2015
FTTTx INCOME TAX – Construction Industry Scheme – monthly returns – penalties – whether returns submitted on time – whether HMRC records conclusive – no – s 7 Interpretation Act 1978 – evidence as to arrangements for posting – on balance of evidence, held returns posted in sufficient time to be received by due dates … Continue reading Oddy (T/A CMO Bird Proofing Specialists) v Revenue and Customs: FTTTx 9 Jul 2014
UTLC HOUSING – ENFORCEMENT ACTION – improvement notice – request for extension of time to appeal – criteria to be applied – para. 14(3), Sch. 1, Housing Act 2004 – proof of service by post – s. 233, Local Government Act 1972 – s. 7, Interpretation Act 1978 – appeal allowed Martin Rodger QC, DP … Continue reading Nottingham City Council v Tyas: UTLC 3 Oct 2013
The claimant challenged a decision taken by the Department of Justice not to re-open or reconsider an earlier decision of the Secretary of State taken in 2002 to refuse him compensation under section 133 of the 1988 Act for the compensation of people who spent time in custody following a wrongful conviction. The Department of … Continue reading Magee, Re Judicial Review: QBNI 28 May 2013
Delivery by post. S7 Interpretation Act 1978. Delivery in due course of post – meaning of. Foresight Financial Services [TC/2011/04204] considered. Conscionable conduct. Penalties – P35  UKFTT 472 (TC) Bailii England and Wales Taxes Management Updated: 17 November 2021; Ref: scu.466056
Grounds for non-disclosure treated cumulatively An applicant had requested disclosure of information regarding the environmental impact of electro-magnetic radiation from mobile phones. The court considered the balance between the need to disclose information and the maintaining of exceptions to disclosure in the public interest, in the context of third party intellectual property rights. The tribunal … Continue reading Office of Communications v The Information Commissioner: CA 20 Feb 2009
The court was asked: ‘whether a sewerage undertaker under the Water Industry Act 1991 has a statutory right to discharge surface water and treated effluent into private watercourses such as the Respondents’ canals without the consent of their owners.’ Held: The appeals of the sewerage company succeeded. Such discharges were in their nature a trespass, … Continue reading The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd and Another v United Utilities Water Plc: SC 2 Jul 2014
The company sought the rectification of the register of village greens to remove an entry relating to its land, saying that the Council had not properly considered the need properly to identify the locality which was said to have enjoyed the rights claimed. Held: Rectification was ordered. The Green ought not to have been registered … Continue reading Paddico (267) Ltd v Kirklees Metropolitan Council and Others: ChD 23 Jun 2011
The claimant appealed against an order which had rejected his claim against the defendant under the 1997 Act on the basis that a company could not commit the offence. Held: The appeal was allowed. Under the 1978 Act, a ‘person’ included a body corporate unless the contrary was shown. The restriction created by section 7(5) … Continue reading Kosar v Bank of Scotland Plc (T/A Halifax): Admn 18 Jan 2011
The claimants sought to register a right of way over the common by virtue of use over forty years. The defendants denied that they were able to grant an easement inder the 1871 Act, and that therefore no claim could be laid under prescription. Held: Though the 1871 Act contained a wide provision against alienation, … Continue reading Housden and Another v The Conservators of Wimbledon and Putney Commons: CA 18 Mar 2008
The pursuer was held in a secure mental hospital. When moved to a highersecurity section, he challenged the move. He lost but then was unable to make an apeal as allowed iunder the 2003 Act because the Scottish Parliament had not created the appropriate Regulations. Held: The appeal succeeded: ‘the Ministers’ failure to exercise their … Continue reading RM v The Scottish Ministers: SC 28 Nov 2012
FTTTx VAT – INTEREST – application for interest under section 84(8) VAT Act 1994 – whether right to interest acquired before 1 April 2009 – whether repeal of section 84(8) from 1 April 2009 removed right to . .
A house occupied by the medical superintendent of an asylum fronted on to a public road and had access from the back to the asylum itself, although it was very much closer than to the asylum than are the lecturers’ cottages to any other college . .
A party to an arbitration under the 1996 Act disputed whether the award had been served so as to leave that party out of time to appeal.
Rix LJ spoke of the common law as requiring proof of receipt, whereas the Interpretation Act deemed receipt . .
The section in the earlier Act was modified to give effect to the 1978 Act. . .
Provisions against discrimination on religious grounds in Northern Ireland, could apply to appointment of a firm to a panel of experts, where one person was designated to carry out that work. ‘it is essential, for there to be ’employment,’ that the . .
The Defendant relied on Section 7 of the 1978 Act to support of its contention that it had served on the Claimant a counter-notice under Section 45 Leasehold Reform (Housing and Urban Development) Act 1993 (‘the 1993 Act’). The Claimant contended . .
The trust was created in 1948, and provided gifts over, which had now failed. The court considered the construction of the term ‘stautory next of kin’. The possible beneficiaries claimed through being adopted, arguing that at the date of the last . .
The claimants sought damages for damage to property alleging breach of statutory duty. The defendant said that the regulations were made under European not English law, and that the Secretary of State did not have power to make regulations under the . .
The time limits for lodging appeals against Employment tribunal rulings are strict. The date of promulgation is the operative date from which the date sent is to be calculated. The rules set aside the normal rules on interpretation as to when a . .
The CPS appealed aganst a decision on a charge under the railway byelaws, that the charge be dismissed, the prosecution not having formally proved in accordance with any applicable statutory provision. The byelaws had in fact been properly . .
The tenant had a lease of business premises. The premises were damaged in a terrorist attack, and the landlord served a notice terminating the lease. The lease gave the right to the landlord to determine the lease if the property was incapable of . .
The defendant was an animal rights protester who had been convicted under section 2(2) of the 1997 Act of engaging in a course of conduct amounting to harassment of the employees of a company. The District Judge hearing the case made a restraining . .
GlaxoSmithKline sought an injunction to restrain unlawful conduct by way of trespass and harassment by animal rights activists done with the aim of preventing the use of animals in medical research.
Held: The court discussed whether an order . .
EAT TRANSFER OF UNDERTAKINGS
The principles and approach which a Tribunal should take where there has been a transfer of one service provider’s activities to two or more transferees, and there is . .
The applicant built a shed on land behind his bungalow, but without planning consent. The planning authority issued enforcement proceedings. He appealed, contending that it fell within the Order. The inspector visited the property, and decided that . .
The landowner appealed against an enforcement notice issued with respect to a chain link fence erected along the driveway of his grade II listed building. He said the drive was not part of the curtilage of the building.
Held: The inspector had . .
Sanction had been sought for a scheme of arrangement on the winding up of an insurance company. There were objections. The original scheme had been proposed under English law, and it would be inappropriate for a Scottish court to try to sanction . .
The defendants were said to have been found in possession of false passports. They successfully argued that the offence charged under the 1981 Act had been repealed by the 2006 Act. The prosecutor argued that a Schedule only came into effect when . .
A company complained that it had been refused a tender for work because of discrimination on the ground of religious belief or political opinion since the unions on the site refused to work with the company’s employees, the unions believing the . .
The reason adduced by the union for the dismissal of the climant was found by the Tribunal on the facts not to be the true reason for dismissal, the true reason being the union executive committee’s political antipathy to Mr Brady. Held: It was highly arguable that a finding that disciplinary proceedings had been commenced … Continue reading Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen v Brady: EAT 31 Mar 2006
The 2004 Act had been passed without the approval of the House of Lords and under the provisions of the 1911 Act as amended by the 1949 Act. The 1949 Act had used the provisions of the 1911 Act to amend the 1911 Act. The claimant said this meant that the 1949 Act was void, … Continue reading Jackson and Others, Regina (on the Application of) v Her Majesty’s Attorney General: Admn 28 Jan 2005
The applicant had been employed to provide services to RAF in the Ascension Islands. He alleged constructive dismissal. There was an issue as to whether somebody working in the Ascension Islands was protected by the 1996 Act. The restriction on jurisdiction in s196 had been removed. The question now was as to what test applied … Continue reading Serco Ltd v Lawson and Foreign and Commonwealth Office: CA 23 Jan 2004
(Victoria) The Board set out the necessary conditions for a clause to be implied into a contract. Held: Lord Simon of Glaisdale said: ‘Their Lordships do not think it necessary to review exhaustively the authorities on the implication of a term in a contract which the parties have not thought fit to express. In their … Continue reading BP Refinery (Westernport) Pty Ltd v The Shire of Hastings: PC 1977
EAT Disability Discrimination – Less favourable treatment. The appellant brought proceedings against the Respondents alleging that they had failed to make adjustments to her workplace and conditions so as to accommodate her disability, that they had treated her less favourably for reasons relating to her disability; and in the second case presented in 2000 that … Continue reading Meikle v Nottinghamshire County Council: EAT 19 Aug 2003
The claimant sought to appeal an order striking out its claim against the defendant under a performance bond. The defendant denied that the demand was valid, saying it did not allege a current breach of the contract. Held: The point upon which the strike out action succeeded was flawed. The breach continued, and the obligations … Continue reading Manx Electricity Authority v J P Morgan Chase Bank: CA 3 Oct 2003
The claimants sought damages against the defendants for their late delivery of a building. The contractors sought to share the damages with the architects who had certified the delays, defeating their own claims. Held: The Act sought to extend the circumstances under which contributions could be sought, but their claim against the architects were of … Continue reading Royal Brompton Hospital National Health Service Trust v Hammond and others: HL 25 Apr 2002
The applicant claimed unfair dismissal. The employer replied that the employee had resigned. Held: The employer’s appeal was dismissed. The resignation had taken place in a heated moment, and it was not conclusive. An employer may not be able to rely upon a resignation made by an employee which had obviously been made in the … Continue reading Kwik-Fit (GB) Ltd v Lineham: EAT 5 Feb 1992
For possession of an indecent image of a child to be proved, it was necessary to establish some knowledge of its existence. Images stored without the defendant’s knowledge by browser software in a hidden cache, of which he was also unaware, were not such, and a conviction was quashed. The situation was akin to a … Continue reading Atkins v Director of Public Prosecutions; Goodland v Director of Public Prosecutions: Admn 8 Mar 2000
The court discussed whether a terrace of cottages was within the curtilage of an old factory which was a listed building. At first instance, Skinner J had held that they were, and that permission could not be granted for their demolition. The Council appealed. Held: The appeal failed. Stephenson LJ said: ‘The terrace has not … Continue reading Attorney-General ex relater Sutcliffe and Others v Calderdale Borough Council: CA 1982
The tenant took a lease for under 7 years, accepting repairing and other obligations. The question was how those obligations fitted the landlord’s implied obligations under section 32, and the effect of the section on decorating covenants. The landlord argued that the decoration was not repair, that the statutory implied obligations were to be subtracted … Continue reading Irvine v Moran: 1991
Friends Provident had participated in a development project on terms which required it to pay its share of the development costs as it proceeded. It employed Hillier Parker, a firm of surveyors, to check demands made from time to time for payment of its share of development costs. Friends Provident paid the developer its share … Continue reading Friends’ Provident Life Office v Hillier, Parker May and Rowden: CA 1997
The defendants sought to enter into evidence one part of a document, but the plaintiffs sought to have the remainder protected through legal professional privilege. Held: The entirety of the document was privileged, but by disclosing part, the plaintiffs had waived privilege in relation to the whole document. Templeman LJ said: ‘In Minter v Priest … Continue reading Great Atlantic Insurance v Home Insurance: CA 1981
An application to extradite a former head of state for an offence which was not at the time an offence under English law would fail, but could proceed in respect of allegations of acts after that time. No immunity was intended for heads of state. International law prohibiting torture has the character of jus cogens … Continue reading Regina v Bartle and Commissioner of Police for the Metropolis and Others, ex parte Pinochet Ugarte; Regina v Evans and Similar (No 3): HL 24 Mar 1999
The claimants said that they had been tortured by Saudi police when arrested on false charges. They sought damages, and appealed against an order denying jurisdiction over the defendants. They said that the allegation of torture allowed an exception to state immunity. Held: The Kingdom’s appeal succeeded. The protection of state immunity was essentially a … Continue reading Jones v Ministry of Interior for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and others: HL 14 Jun 2006
DONALDSON LJ: Mr. Phillips appeals by case stated against his conviction and a fine of andpound;5 imposed by Mr Loy, the Leeds Stipendiary Magistrates, in September 1978 for failure to comply with a School Attendance Order. It is not the conviction or the fine which irks Mr. Phillips. His irritation, and perhaps even anger, is … Continue reading Phillips v Brown: QBD 20 Jun 1980
The parties entered into three related contracts to grant long leases of three flats in the same block (Nos 37, 32 and 31), and deposits paid. The vendor served notices to complete and when the purchaser did not comply, he rescinded each agreement and forfeited the deposits. The purchaser sought repayment of the deposits under … Continue reading Tennaro Ltd v Majorarch: 2003
Police’s Complete Immunity was Too Wide (Grand Chamber) A male teacher developed an obsession with a male pupil. He changed his name by deed poll to the pupil’s surname. He was required to teach at another school. The pupil’s family’s property was subjected to numerous acts of vandalism, which the police investigated and in respect … Continue reading Osman v The United Kingdom: ECHR 28 Oct 1998
The taxpayer defendant (C) had been both resident and ordinarily resident in the UK. He moved to Los Angeles in 1978 making his home and business there until May 1979, when, not having set foot in the UK in the interim, he returned to reside in the UK. The Commissioners ruled that he had not … Continue reading Reed v Clark: ChD 1986
The 1987 Regulations provided additional benefits for disabled persons, but excluded from benefit those who had nowhere to sleep. The claimant said this was irrational. He had been receiving the disability premium to his benefits, but this was cancelled when he lost his home. Held: The appeal was dismissed. The disabilty premium, as part of … Continue reading RJM, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: HL 22 Oct 2008
Mr Nelson was employed as a producer but had in fact been engaged in the Caribbean Service of the BBC in terms of the work which he had actually been doing. The contract of employment expressly provided that he should serve wherever and however he might be required. Held: The closure of the BBC service … Continue reading Nelson v British Broadcasting Corporation: CA 1977
A notice served under s25 of the 1954 Act, being sent by recorded delivery to the tenant at its place of abode, was irrebuttably deemed to have been served on the day it was posted. Section 23 of the 1927 Act operated to disapply section 7 of the 1978 Act. Such an implication did not … Continue reading C A Webber (Transport) Ltd v Railtrack plc: CA 15 Jul 2003
Power to call in is administrative in nature The powers of the Secretary of State to call in a planning application for his decision, and certain other planning powers, were essentially an administrative power, and not a judicial one, and therefore it was not a breach of the applicants’ rights to a fair hearing before … Continue reading Regina (Holding and Barnes plc) v Secretary of State for Environment Transport and the Regions; Regina (Alconbury Developments Ltd and Others) v Same and Others: HL 9 May 2001
A school board employed staff to manage a residential school for vulnerable children. The staff committed sexual abuse of the children. The school denied vicarious liability for the acts of the teachers. Held: ‘Vicarious liability is legal responsibility imposed on an employer, although he is himself free from blame, for a tort committed by his … Continue reading Lister and Others v Hesley Hall Ltd: HL 3 May 2001
The court was asked as to the extent of an exclusive prescriptive right (ie an exclusive right obtained through a long period of use) to take cockles and mussels from a stretch of the foreshore on the east side of the Wash, on the west coast of Norfolk. Over time the various water marks had … Continue reading Lynn Shellfish Ltd and Others v Loose and Another: SC 13 Apr 2016
The claimant sought return of recordings and of money paid to the defendant through an alleged fraud or threats. She was the former wife of the Sultan of Brunei and head of state, who now sought an order requiring the court to protect his identity in the proceedings, saying that the Acts required the UK … Continue reading Aziz v Aziz and others: CA 11 Jul 2007
The company appealed against the upholding of the union’s claim that the company was in breach of the regulations. The company was to close its factory and decided at first to begin consultations for redundancy, but then looked for a buyer for the business. The union complained that inadequate information had been provided to allow … Continue reading Cable Realisations Ltd v GMB Northern: EAT 29 Oct 2009
Minor Irregularity in Break Notice Not Fatal Leases contained clauses allowing the tenant to break the lease by serving not less than six months notice to expire on the third anniversary of the commencement date of the term of the lease. The tenant gave notice to determine the leases on 12th January 1995, although the … Continue reading Mannai Investment Co Ltd v Eagle Star Assurance: HL 21 May 1997
There had been a trial of 35 days regarding rights of way over land, which had proved fruitless, and where some orders had been made without jurisdiction. The result had been inconclusive. The costs order was now appealed, the plaintiff complaining that the judge had failed to take into account an offer of settlement made … Continue reading Cutts v Head and Another: CA 7 Dec 1983
Land had been registered in part as a common. The council appealed. Held: The rights pre-existing the Act had not been lost. The presumption against retrospectively disapplying vested rights applied, and the application had properly been made. The claimant was entitled to register part only of the area of land original included. An application was … Continue reading Oxfordshire County Council v Oxford City Council, Catherine Mary Robinson: ChD 22 Jan 2004