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Walker v Wilsher: CA 1889

Letters or conversations which were written or declared to be ‘without prejudice’ may not be taken into consideration in determining whether there is good cause for depriving a successful litigant of his costs.Lord Esher MR said: ‘The letters and the interview were without prejudice, and the question is whether under such circumstances they could be … Continue reading Walker v Wilsher: CA 1889

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Migwain Limited (In Liquidation) v Transport and General Workers Union: 1979

Section 26 of the Interpretation Act 1889 applied to the receipt of notice of the proceedings leading to a decision of the Industrial Tribunal. The presumption as to receipt only arose where it was first established that the correspondence in question had been properly addressed. Judges: Slynn J Citations: [1979] ICR 597 Statutes: Interpretation Act … Continue reading Migwain Limited (In Liquidation) v Transport and General Workers Union: 1979

Stevens v General Steam Navigation Co Ltd: CA 1903

A re-enacting provision modified the original provision so as to include the words ‘all machinery or plant used in the process of loading or unloading of any ship in any dock, harbour or canal.’ The provision introduced the word ‘harbour’. This was a very substantial change for those affected by it. Held: The proper approach … Continue reading Stevens v General Steam Navigation Co Ltd: CA 1903

Horford Investments Ltd v Lambert: CA 1976

The landlord had let two houses to the same tenant. Each had been converted into flats. The tenant lived in neither house but argued from the 1889 Act, that the singular includes the plural, and that he was a protected tenant within the meaning of section 1(1) of the 1968 Act. Held: The court dismissed … Continue reading Horford Investments Ltd v Lambert: CA 1976

Scotford v Smithkline Beecham: EAT 25 Oct 2001

Mr Recorder Langstaff QC [2001] UKEAT 1371 – 00 – 2510, EAT/1371/00, [2002] ICR 264 Bailii, EATn England and Wales Citing: See Also – Scotford v Smithkline Beecham EAT 5-Dec-2000 EAT Procedural Issues – Employment Tribunal . . Cited – Mock v Inland Revenue EAT 1-Mar-1999 In the context of the time for appealing to … Continue reading Scotford v Smithkline Beecham: EAT 25 Oct 2001

Davey v Shawcroft: 1948

The court was asked whether an agent of the committee of an unincorporated association, who was personally responsible for a breach of the licence terms, was properly convicted.
Held: Lord Goddard CJ said that section 19 meant that an . .

Oceanbulk Shipping and Trading Sa v TMT Asia Ltd: CA 15 Feb 2010

The parties had settled their disagreement, but now disputed the interpretation of the settlement. The defendant sought to be allowed to give in evidence correspondence leading up to the settlement which had been conducted on a without prejudice basis. Held: The evidence was not admissible. There was no additional class of situation where without prejudice … Continue reading Oceanbulk Shipping and Trading Sa v TMT Asia Ltd: CA 15 Feb 2010

Blackburn Rovers Football and Athletic Club Plc v Avon Insurance Plc, Eagle Star Insurance Company Ltd, AGF Insurance Ltd IC Insurance Ltd: ComC 15 Nov 2004

The claimant football club insured its players through the defendants. A footballer injured himself in training and his career was finished. The insurers rejected the claim, and relied upon exception clauses, saying that the true cause was a degenerative condition. Held: The contract was unfortunately worded, and could best be understood in its commercial sense … Continue reading Blackburn Rovers Football and Athletic Club Plc v Avon Insurance Plc, Eagle Star Insurance Company Ltd, AGF Insurance Ltd IC Insurance Ltd: ComC 15 Nov 2004

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs v ASDA Stores Limited and another: HL 18 Dec 2003

The company was prosecuted for offences under the Regulations, relating to the designation of horticultural produce for sale. The original Act had been relied upon to implement the European regulations after entry to the EU. Held: The offences were properly charged. The scope for the subsequent regulations were, to the extent they were not excluded … Continue reading Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs v ASDA Stores Limited and another: HL 18 Dec 2003

West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson: HL 30 Jun 2005

The Society had taken possession of a property in 1989. It located the defendants many years later and sought payment of the excess after deduction of the proceeds of sale, and for interest. The borrowers claimed the debt was expired by limitation under s20. The Society said that the debt was a judgment debt which … Continue reading West Bromwich Building Society v Wilkinson: HL 30 Jun 2005

Dymocks Franchise Systems (NSW) Pty Limited v Todd and Todd, Bilgola Enterprises Ltd and Lambton Quay Books Ltd: PC 7 Oct 2002

PC (New Zealand) The claimants asserted that the respondents had wrongly terminated their franchise licence. The agreement was subject to the New South Wales law requiring good faith, but the court had not had expert assistance for interpretation. Held: Whatever the underlying law, the agreement depended upon the parties acting in good faith and working … Continue reading Dymocks Franchise Systems (NSW) Pty Limited v Todd and Todd, Bilgola Enterprises Ltd and Lambton Quay Books Ltd: PC 7 Oct 2002

Income Tax Commissioners for City of London v Gibbs: HL 1942

Lord Macmillan considered the construction of the word ‘person’ in the context of a partnership under Scots law: ‘The word ‘person’ is in the singular, but it includes the plural and also any body of persons corporate or unincorporate: Interpretation Act, 1889, s.1, sub-s.1(b), and s,19. In considering whether a partnership or a group of … Continue reading Income Tax Commissioners for City of London v Gibbs: HL 1942

Attorney General of Belize and others v Belize Telecom Ltd and Another: PC 18 Mar 2009

(Belize) A company had been formed to manage telecommunications in Belize. The parties disputed the interpretation of its articles. Shares had been sold, but the company was structured so as to leave a degree of control with the government. It was argued that a term was to be implied requiring resignation of a director when … Continue reading Attorney General of Belize and others v Belize Telecom Ltd and Another: PC 18 Mar 2009

Marks and Spencer Plc v BNP Paribas Securities Services Trust Company (Jersey) Ltd and Another: SC 2 Dec 2015

The Court considered whether, on exercising a break clause in a lease, the tenant was entitled to recover rent paid in advance. Held: The appeal failed. The Court of Appeal had imposed what was established law. The test for whether a clause might be implied in a contract is: ‘that it is necessary for business … Continue reading Marks and Spencer Plc v BNP Paribas Securities Services Trust Company (Jersey) Ltd and Another: SC 2 Dec 2015

B (A Minor) v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 23 Feb 2000

Prosecution to prove absence of genuine belief To convict a defendant under the 1960 Act, the prosecution had the burden of proving the absence of a genuine belief in the defendant’s mind that the victim was 14 or over. The Act itself said nothing about any mental element, so the assumption must be that mens … Continue reading B (A Minor) v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 23 Feb 2000

Mannai Investment Co Ltd v Eagle Star Assurance: HL 21 May 1997

Minor Irregularity in Break Notice Not Fatal Leases contained clauses allowing the tenant to break the lease by serving not less than six months notice to expire on the third anniversary of the commencement date of the term of the lease. The tenant gave notice to determine the leases on 12th January 1995, although the … Continue reading Mannai Investment Co Ltd v Eagle Star Assurance: HL 21 May 1997

Cutts v Head and Another: CA 7 Dec 1983

There had been a trial of 35 days regarding rights of way over land, which had proved fruitless, and where some orders had been made without jurisdiction. The result had been inconclusive. The costs order was now appealed, the plaintiff complaining that the judge had failed to take into account an offer of settlement made … Continue reading Cutts v Head and Another: CA 7 Dec 1983

Rush and Tompkins Ltd v Greater London Council and Another: HL 1988

Use of ‘Without Prejudice Save as to Costs” A sub-contractor sought payment from the appellants under a construction contract for additional expenses incurred through disruption and delay. The appellants said they were liable to pay the costs, and were entitled to re-imbursement from the client, the respondent. The claim was compromised but without disclosing the … Continue reading Rush and Tompkins Ltd v Greater London Council and Another: HL 1988

British Railways Board v Herrington: HL 16 Feb 1972

Land-owner’s Possible Duty to Trespassers The plaintiff, a child had gone through a fence onto the railway line, and been badly injured. The Board knew of the broken fence, but argued that they owed no duty to a trespasser. Held: Whilst a land-owner owes no general duty of care to a trespasser, the creation by … Continue reading British Railways Board v Herrington: HL 16 Feb 1972

Woodar Investment Development Ltd v Wimpey Construction UK Ltd: HL 14 Feb 1980

Wimpey agreed to buy land from Woodar for a sum of andpound;850,000 of which andpound;150,000 was to be paid to Transworld. A month later Wimpey sent a letter purporting to rescind the contract and Woodar sued for damages including the andpound;150,000 payable to Transworld. The parties, or at any rate one of them, honestly but … Continue reading Woodar Investment Development Ltd v Wimpey Construction UK Ltd: HL 14 Feb 1980

Belmont Park Investments Pty Ltd v BNY Corporate Trustee Services Ltd and Another: SC 27 Jul 2011

Complex financial instruments insured the indebtedness of Lehman Brothers. On that company’s insolvency a claim was made. It was said that provisions in the documents offended the rule against the anti-deprivation rule. The courts below had upheld the agreements. Held: The appeal failed. The agreement was valid and enforceable. The anti-deprivation rule as such was … Continue reading Belmont Park Investments Pty Ltd v BNY Corporate Trustee Services Ltd and Another: SC 27 Jul 2011

Oceanbulk Shipping and Trading Sa v TMT Asia Ltd and Others: SC 27 Oct 2010

The court was asked whether facts which (a) are communicated between the parties in the course of without prejudice negotiations and (b) would, but for the without prejudice rule, be admissible as part of the factual matrix or surrounding circumstances as an aid to construction of an agreement which results from the negotiations, should be … Continue reading Oceanbulk Shipping and Trading Sa v TMT Asia Ltd and Others: SC 27 Oct 2010

Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Taxpayer companies challenged the way that the revenue restricted claims for group Corporation Tax relief for subsidiary companies in Europe. The issue was awaiting a decision of the European Court. The Revenue said that the claims now being made by other companies should proceed through the Commissioners who could implement European law directly. The taxpayers … Continue reading Autologic Holdings Plc and others v Commissioners of Inland Revenue: HL 28 Jul 2005

Heilbut Symons and Co v Buckleton: HL 11 Nov 1912

In an action of damages for fraudulent misrepresentation and breach of warranty, the plaintiff founded on a conversation between himself and the defendants’ representative. In this conversation the plaintiff said-‘I understand that you are bringing out a rubber company.’ The reply was-‘We are.’ The plaintiff then asked ‘if it was all right,’ and received the … Continue reading Heilbut Symons and Co v Buckleton: HL 11 Nov 1912

Anson v Revenue and Customs: SC 1 Jul 2015

Interpretation of Double Taxation Agreements This appeal is concerned with the interpretation and application of a double taxation agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States of America. A had been a member of an LLP in Delaware, and he was resident within the UK, but not domiciled here. He was liable to UK … Continue reading Anson v Revenue and Customs: SC 1 Jul 2015

RM v The Scottish Ministers: SC 28 Nov 2012

The pursuer was held in a secure mental hospital. When moved to a highersecurity section, he challenged the move. He lost but then was unable to make an apeal as allowed iunder the 2003 Act because the Scottish Parliament had not created the appropriate Regulations. Held: The appeal succeeded: ‘the Ministers’ failure to exercise their … Continue reading RM v The Scottish Ministers: SC 28 Nov 2012