Click the case name for better results:

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Wicks v Firth (Inspector of Taxes); Johnson v Firth: CA 1981

ICI set up a trust fund to make discretionary payments to its employees to assist meeting the costs of further education. Payments made to children were treated as scholarship income and exempt under the 1970 Act. The revenue claimed it to be an employment benefit. Held: The benefit was paid to the taxpayer’s son ‘by … Continue reading Wicks v Firth (Inspector of Taxes); Johnson v Firth: CA 1981

Countess Fitzwilliam v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 1 Jul 1993

HL Tax avoidance – Capital transfer tax – Whether composite transaction within the Ramsay principle – Whether series of transactions preordained – Whether reverter to settlor exemption applies – Settlor becoming absolutely entitled to property comprised in settlement – Whether property comprised in settlement originated from testator’s estate – Whether testator a settlor of settlement … Continue reading Countess Fitzwilliam v Inland Revenue Commissioners: HL 1 Jul 1993

Stocznia Gdanska S A v Latvian Shipping Co and Others: HL 22 Jan 1998

The parties had contracted to design, build, complete and deliver ships. The contract was rescinded after a part performance. Held: It remained appropriate for payment to be made for the work already done in the design and construction stages: ‘In both actions the yard should now be allowed to amend its pleadings to set out … Continue reading Stocznia Gdanska S A v Latvian Shipping Co and Others: HL 22 Jan 1998

Bradley v Eagle Star Insurance Co Ltd: HL 1989

Mrs Bradley was employed by Dart Mill several times from 1933 and 1970 and acquired byssinosis from inhaling cotton dust. The company was wound up in 1975 and dissolved in 1976. In 1984 she applied to the court for pre-action disclosure under section 33(2) of the Supreme Court Act 1981 and RSC Ord. 24 rule … Continue reading Bradley v Eagle Star Insurance Co Ltd: HL 1989

Wood v Capita Insurance Services Ltd: SC 29 Mar 2017

Construction of term of contract for the sale and purchase of the entire issued share capital of a company. Held: The appeal was dismissed: ‘the SPA may have become a poor bargain, as it appears that it did not notify the sellers of a warranty claim within two years of Completion. But it is not … Continue reading Wood v Capita Insurance Services Ltd: SC 29 Mar 2017

Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart: HL 26 Nov 1992

Reference to Parliamentary Papers behind Statute The inspector sought to tax the benefits in kind received by teachers at a private school in having their children educated at the school for free. Having agreed this was a taxable emolument, it was argued as to whether the taxable benefit was the cost to the employer, or … Continue reading Pepper (Inspector of Taxes) v Hart: HL 26 Nov 1992

DA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 May 2019

Several lone parents challenged the benefits cap, saying that it was discriminatory. Held: (Hale, Kerr LL dissenting) The parents’ appeals failed. The legislation had a clear impact on lone parents and their children. The intention was to encourage claimants back into work. It was said that thus contradicted the other policy of providing no free … Continue reading DA and Others, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions: SC 15 May 2019

Gaines-Cooper v HM Revenue and Customs: ChD 13 Nov 2007

The parties disputed the domicile of the tax-payer. He had a domicile of origin in the UK, but asserted that he had acquired a domicile of choice in the Seychelles. The Special Commissioners had allowed, in assessing the domicile at any time, of evidence of later events. Held: The taxpayer’s appeal failed. The Commissioners could … Continue reading Gaines-Cooper v HM Revenue and Customs: ChD 13 Nov 2007

Wicks v Firth (Inspector of Taxes): HL 16 Dec 1982

Income tax – Schedule E – Benefits – Higher paid employees – Educational awards to children – Whether assessable as benefits to employees – Whether Benefits exempt as scholarship income – Finance Act 1976, 5 61, Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1970, s 75. [1983] 1 All ER 151, [1982] UKHL TC – 56 – … Continue reading Wicks v Firth (Inspector of Taxes): HL 16 Dec 1982

UKI (Kingsway) Ltd v Westminster City Council: SC 17 Dec 2018

Short issue as to the requirements for valid ‘service’ of a completion notice so as to bring a newly completed building within liability for non-domestic rates. The notice had been served by email where no statutory authority existed for this. Held: The LA’s appeal succeeded. ‘Against the background of the detailed scheme established by or … Continue reading UKI (Kingsway) Ltd v Westminster City Council: SC 17 Dec 2018

Braganza v BP Shipping Ltd: SC 18 Mar 2015

The claimant’s husband had been lost from the defendant’s ship at sea. The defendant had contracted to pay compensation unless the loss was by suicide. They so determined. The court was now asked whether that was a permissible conclusion in the circumstances: ‘This case raises two inter-linked questions of principle, one general and one particular. … Continue reading Braganza v BP Shipping Ltd: SC 18 Mar 2015

Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

Fairness on Division of Family Capital The House faced the question of how to achieve fairness in the division of property following a divorce. In the one case there were substantial assets but a short marriage, and in the other a high income, but low capital. Held: The 1973 Act gives only limited guidance on … Continue reading Miller v Miller; McFarlane v McFarlane: HL 24 May 2006

Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Account taken of circumstances wihout ambiguity The respondent gave advice on home income plans. The individual claimants had assigned their initial claims to the scheme, but later sought also to have their mortgages in favour of the respondent set aside. Held: Investors having once assigned their causes of action to the ICS, could not later … Continue reading Investors Compensation Scheme Ltd v West Bromwich Building Society: HL 19 Jun 1997

Barclays Bank Plc v Weeks Legg and Dean (a Firm); Barclays Bank Plc v Lougher and Others; Barclays Bank Plc v Hopkin John and Co: CA 21 May 1998

The defendant solicitors had each acted for banks in completing charges over property. They had given the standard agreed form of undertaking to secure a good and marketable title, and the banks now alleged that they were in breach because undisclosed covenants variously restricted future development of the land. Held: The standard solicitor’s undertaking to … Continue reading Barclays Bank Plc v Weeks Legg and Dean (a Firm); Barclays Bank Plc v Lougher and Others; Barclays Bank Plc v Hopkin John and Co: CA 21 May 1998