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Criminal Proceedings Against Zwartveld and Others: ECJ 13 Jul 1990

Europa European Communities – Institutions – Obligations – Duty to cooperate with national authorities acting to ensure respect for Community law – Implementation – Disclosure of documents and authorization of officials to give evidence – Legitimate grounds of refusal – Review by the Court The Community institutions’ duty of sincere cooperation with the judicial authorities … Continue reading Criminal Proceedings Against Zwartveld and Others: ECJ 13 Jul 1990

Environment Agency v Armstrong Environmental Services Ltd: Admn 22 Mar 2005

Judges: Rose LJ, Holland J Citations: [2005] EWHC 633 (Admin) Links: Bailii Statutes: Environmental Protection Act 1990 33(1)(a) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Skipaway Ltd v The Environment Agency Admn 5-May-2006 The defendant appealed convictions for breaches of its waste management licence, in that waste had been stored outside the edges of … Continue reading Environment Agency v Armstrong Environmental Services Ltd: Admn 22 Mar 2005

Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors ltd and Another: QBD 18 Jan 2002

The defendant company did not accept that it had accepted special waste at its disposal plant. Instead they claimed to have the appropriate licence or exemption. Held: The burden of establishing acceptance of special waste was not on the defendant ,on a balance of probabilities, but lay on the prosecution. In effect he was claiming … Continue reading Environment Agency v M E Foley Contractors ltd and Another: QBD 18 Jan 2002

Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Sympathetic construction of national legislation LMA OVIEDO sought a declaration that the contracts setting up Commercial International were void (a nullity) since they had been drawn up in order to defraud creditors. Commercial International relied on an EC Directive designed to protect companies and third parties from the adverse effects of the doctrine of nullity. … Continue reading Marleasing SA v La Comercial Internacional de Alimentacion SA: ECJ 13 Nov 1990

Regina v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (No 2): HL 11 Oct 1990

The validity of certain United Kingdom legislation was challenged on the basis that it contravened provisions of the EEC Treaty by depriving the applicants of their Community rights to fish in European waters, and an interlocutory injunction was sought against the Secretary of State to restrain enforcement of that law pending a reference. The House … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte Factortame (No 2): HL 11 Oct 1990

Acts

1267 – 1278 – 1285 – 1297 – 1361 – 1449 – 1491 – 1533 – 1677 – 1688 – 1689 – 1700 – 1706 – 1710 – 1730 – 1737 – 1738 – 1751 – 1774 – 1792 – 1793 – 1804 – 1814 – 1819 – 1824 – 1828 – 1831 – 1832 … Continue reading Acts

Environment Agency v Stanford: Admn 30 Jun 1998

The prosecutor appealed against the decision of magistrates to stay a prosecution as an abuse. Held: The decision of a prosecutor to prosecute remains his alone. Where no clear representations had been made that if certain works were carried out a prosecution would not follow, and the works were not carried out, the prosecution was … Continue reading Environment Agency v Stanford: Admn 30 Jun 1998

Thames Water Utilities Ltd, Regina (on the Application Of) v Water Services Regulation Authority: QBD 28 Jul 2008

Whether escapes of waste water from a public sewerage system are ‘Directive waste’ within the scope of the Waste Framework Directive, and thus subject to the enforcement authority of the Environment Agency under section 33 of the 1990 Act. Held: Sewage which escaped from a public sewer was controlled waste. Judges: Lord Justice Carnwarth and … Continue reading Thames Water Utilities Ltd, Regina (on the Application Of) v Water Services Regulation Authority: QBD 28 Jul 2008

Attorney-General’s Reference (No 5 of 2000): CACD 6 Jun 2001

Waste products could become ‘controlled waste’ and subject to licensing procedures without there being a recovery or disposal operation being involved. A rendering process produced a condensate which the company wished to spread on farm land without a licence. The company had argued that no recovery process was involved, and therefore it was not waste … Continue reading Attorney-General’s Reference (No 5 of 2000): CACD 6 Jun 2001

Official Receiver v Environment Agency: CA 5 Aug 1999

A waste management licence could constitute both property and onerous property for the purposes of the Insolvency Act. It could also be an interest incidental to the land to which it related. Because of this the liquidator of a waste management company could disclaim the licence without committing an offence under the Act. Citations: Times … Continue reading Official Receiver v Environment Agency: CA 5 Aug 1999

Regina v O’Brien; Regina v Enkel: CACD 19 Apr 2000

A sentence of imprisonment was unnecessarily severe for a first offence of dumping tyres. The case did not involve any hazardous substances, and the offences were at the lower end of the scale, despite the results being unsightly, the risk (at worst) of rats and fire, the absence of any long term effect, the absence … Continue reading Regina v O’Brien; Regina v Enkel: CACD 19 Apr 2000

Gateway Professional Services (Management) Ltd v Kingston Upon Hull City Council: Admn 8 Mar 2004

An employee of the appellant had deposited a number of black bags containing commercial office waste on the land adjoining the appellant’s own premises. The prosecutor said that the deposit of the bags of waste in those circumstances amounted to an ‘escape’ within the meaning of section 34(1)(b). Held: The company’s appeal succeeded. The issue … Continue reading Gateway Professional Services (Management) Ltd v Kingston Upon Hull City Council: Admn 8 Mar 2004

Shanks and Mcewan (Southern Waste Services) Ltd v Environment Agency: Admn 14 Oct 1997

Mance J explained the need to construe the statute so as to identify the rule of attribution appropriate to the relevant statutory offence: ‘The rule of attribution appropriate to a particular situation (e.g., the nature and level of conduct or knowledge which will be regarded as satisfying a requirement in a statute that a company … Continue reading Shanks and Mcewan (Southern Waste Services) Ltd v Environment Agency: Admn 14 Oct 1997

Environment Agency v Thorn International UK Ltd: Admn 2 Jul 2008

The Agency appealed by case stated against the Magistrates’ decision to acquit Thorn of keeping controlled waste contrary to section 33 of the 1990 Act. For that section ‘waste’ had the same meaning as that provided in Art 1(1)(a) of the WFD. The justices found that Wincanton retrieved unwanted electrical goods from retailers who received … Continue reading Environment Agency v Thorn International UK Ltd: Admn 2 Jul 2008

Evan Jones and Another, Regina v: CACD 2011

Surplus soil and subsoil from a pipeline excavation was hauled by the appellants to other land where it was tipped. The hauliers were convicted of depositing controlled waste contrary to section 33(1) of the 1990 Act. The complaint was that the judge had misdirected the jury by saying: ‘In law, an intention to pass on … Continue reading Evan Jones and Another, Regina v: CACD 2011

Environment Agency v Inglenorth Ltd: Admn 17 Mar 2009

Mr Evans, had demolished a greenhouse at his garden centre. He engaged a haulier, the respondent, to carry the rubble to his other garden centre site to form the base of a car park. The haulier was charged with the unlawful deposit of controlled waste contrary to section 33 of the 1990 Act. The justices … Continue reading Environment Agency v Inglenorth Ltd: Admn 17 Mar 2009

Miller and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting The European Union: SC 24 Jan 2017

Parliament’s Approval if statute rights affected In a referendum, the people had voted to leave the European Union. That would require a notice to the Union under Article 50 TEU. The Secretary of State appealed against an order requiring Parliamentary approval before issuing the notice, he saying that the notice could be given under the … Continue reading Miller and Another, Regina (on The Application of) v Secretary of State for Exiting The European Union: SC 24 Jan 2017

Jones, Regina (on the Application of) v Mansfield District Council and Another: CA 16 Oct 2003

Plannning permission was sought. Objectors said that it would have such an impact that an environmental impact assessment was required. They now sought judicial review of the decision to proceed without one. Held: The judge had explained the approach correctly, and the role of the court is to conduct a Wednesbury review of the decision … Continue reading Jones, Regina (on the Application of) v Mansfield District Council and Another: CA 16 Oct 2003

Regina v Epping Forest District Council, ex parte Philcox (2): Admn 13 Apr 2000

Application for judicial review of the respondent’s decision to grant a certificate of lawful established use. The applicant submits that the respondent acted unlawfully because the person who made the successful application had been committing criminal offences under section 33(1)(a), (b) and (c) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990. Judges: Hooper J Citations: [2000] EWHC … Continue reading Regina v Epping Forest District Council, ex parte Philcox (2): Admn 13 Apr 2000

Berkeley v Secretary of State For The Environment and Others: HL 11 May 2000

The claimant challenged the grant of planning permission for a new football ground for Fulham Football club, saying that an Environmental Impact Assessment had not been obtained, but was required. Held: Where a planning application if completed would have a substantial effect on the environment, and an environmental impact assessment should have been first obtained, … Continue reading Berkeley v Secretary of State For The Environment and Others: HL 11 May 2000

Mountpace Ltd v London Borough of Haringey: Admn 28 Mar 2012

The case concerns the criminal liability under the ‘duty of care’ provisions of section 34 of the 1990 Act, of a commercial freeholder of property who verbally contracted out renovations works on the property, including the removal and disposal of any waste, to an independent contractor who on two successive days in December 2009 disposed … Continue reading Mountpace Ltd v London Borough of Haringey: Admn 28 Mar 2012

Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

The respondent appealed against a finding that the provision which made a loan agreement completely invalid for lack of compliance with the 1974 Act was itself invalid under the Human Rights Act since it deprived the respondent lender of its property rights. It was also argued that it was not possible to make a declaration … Continue reading Wilson v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2): HL 10 Jul 2003

Regina v Dudley Magistrates Court ex parte Hollis; Robert v Same: Admn 25 Nov 1997

An award of costs is inevitable after a finding of statutory nuisance and such costs include cost of establishing the nuisance. ‘The wide discretion as to whether to grant an adjournment conferred by section 10 and section 54 of the Magistrates’ Court Act 1980 cannot, usually, be impugned. But it is a power which must … Continue reading Regina v Dudley Magistrates Court ex parte Hollis; Robert v Same: Admn 25 Nov 1997

Beghal v Director of Public Prosecutions: SC 22 Jul 2015

Questions on Entry must be answered B was questioned at an airport under Schedule 7 to the 2000 Act, and required to answer questions asked by appropriate officers for the purpose set out. She refused to answer and was convicted of that refusal , contrary to paragraph 18 of that Schedule. She appealed, saying that … Continue reading Beghal v Director of Public Prosecutions: SC 22 Jul 2015

Regina v H; Regina v C: HL 5 Feb 2004

Use of Special Counsel as Last Resort Only The accused faced charges of conspiring to supply Class A drugs. The prosecution had sought public interest immunity certificates. Special counsel had been appointed by the court to represent the defendants’ interests at the applications. Held: It was permissible to use special counsel, but this must genuinely … Continue reading Regina v H; Regina v C: HL 5 Feb 2004

W, C and C, Regina v: CACD 11 May 2010

The prosecutor appealed against a finding of no case to answer. The defendants were accused in relation to the deposit on farm land of soil and sub-soil excavated during construction works on other land. The defendants included the works manager and the farm owners. The prosecutor said the materials were controlled waste requiring a license … Continue reading W, C and C, Regina v: CACD 11 May 2010

law index

Our law-index is a substantial selection from our database. Cases here are restricted in number by date and lack the additional facilities formerly available within lawindexpro. Please do enjoy this free version of the lawindex. Case law does not ‘belong’ to lawyers. Judgments are made up of words which can be read and understood (if … Continue reading law index