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Regina v Parole Board, Ex Parte Watson: QBD 22 Nov 1995

The test for whether or not to recall a lifer who was free on licence is the same test as was used for his release, namely whether his detention was required for the protection of the public. Citations: Independent 22-Nov-1995 Statutes: Criminal Justice Act 1991 34(4)(b) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Appeal from – … Continue reading Regina v Parole Board, Ex Parte Watson: QBD 22 Nov 1995

Farnell, Regina (on Application By) v Criminal Cases Review Commission: Admn 15 Apr 2003

The appellant sought judicial review of the respondents refusal to refer his case back to the Court of Appeal. Held: The Commission had misunderstood the way in which the Court of Appeal worked, by anticipating that it would reconsider the evidence. In this case, the defendant and the court had not allowed as a serious … Continue reading Farnell, Regina (on Application By) v Criminal Cases Review Commission: Admn 15 Apr 2003

Davenport v Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 17 Mar 1995

The court was concerned with the refusal of the magistrates to make a compensation order after a plea of guilty to a statutory nuisance. The magistrates had also refused to award costs of the adjourned hearing at which compensation had been sought. Held: The court declined to interfere with the refusal of the compensation, but … Continue reading Davenport v Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council: CA 17 Mar 1995

The Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission for an Order etc: SCS 29 Aug 2000

The court drew attention to the difference between the situation where the court itself makes inquiries as to events in the jury retiring room with the aim of bringing the court in question into contempt and that where it makes inquiries with the aim of trying to ensure that justice does not miscarry: ‘we have … Continue reading The Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission for an Order etc: SCS 29 Aug 2000

Bryan v The United Kingdom: ECHR 22 Nov 1995

Bryan was a farmer at Warrington in Cheshire. He built two brick buildings on land in a conservation area without planning permission and the planning authority served an enforcement notice for their demolition. He appealed on grounds (a) (that planning permission should be granted), (b) (that there had been no breach of planning control) and … Continue reading Bryan v The United Kingdom: ECHR 22 Nov 1995

Regina – v- Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel, ex parte August; Similar: CA 18 Dec 2000

For the purposes of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, a juvenile but willing participant in an act of buggery, is not deemed to be a victim of a crime of violence. The purpose of the section is to disapprove of such activity in general, and therefore neither participants is to be seen as a victim. … Continue reading Regina – v- Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel, ex parte August; Similar: CA 18 Dec 2000

Regina v Thompson and others: CACD 1995

The court considered the circumstances under which an accused could call in aid the convictions of a co-defendant: Held: It was fundamental that it is not normally relevant to enquire into a defendant’s previous character or to ask questions which tend to show that he has previously committed some criminal offence. A defendant is always … Continue reading Regina v Thompson and others: CACD 1995

Regina v Clegg: HL 25 Jan 1995

The defendant was a soldier on patrol in Northern Ireland. He was convicted of the murder of the passenger and attempted murder of the driver of a stolen car. He said he had fired in self defence. The Court of Appeal had rejected his appeal saying that on the facts it had been a grossly … Continue reading Regina v Clegg: HL 25 Jan 1995

Regina v Brent London Borough Council Ex Parte Awua: HL 6 Jul 1995

The term ‘Accommodation’ in the Act was to be read to include short term lettings, and was not to be restricted to secure accommodation, and the loss of such accommodation can be counted as intentional homelessness. If a person who had been provided with accommodation in accordance with section 65(2) of the 1985 Act was … Continue reading Regina v Brent London Borough Council Ex Parte Awua: HL 6 Jul 1995

Elliott (Angus Gordon) v HM Advocate: HCJ 24 Mar 1995

New evidence on an appeal was admissible only in accordance with the Act. Judges: Lord Justice Clerk Ross Citations: Times 16-May-1995, 1995 JC 95, [1995] ScotHC HCJ – 2, 1995 SLT 612, 1995 SCCR 280 Links: Bailii Statutes: Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 228(2) Cited by: Cited – Fraser v Her Majesty’s Advocate SC 25-May-2011 The … Continue reading Elliott (Angus Gordon) v HM Advocate: HCJ 24 Mar 1995

Rupert Crosdale v The Queen: PC 6 Apr 1995

(Jamaica) A court’s insistence that a submission of no case to answer must be made in the presence of jury was unfair. When considering submissions of no case to answer, the judge should invite the jury to retire and, if he decided to reject the plea, he should say nothing to the jury about it. … Continue reading Rupert Crosdale v The Queen: PC 6 Apr 1995

Benham v United Kingdom: ECHR 8 Feb 1995

Legal Aid was wrongfully refused where a tax or fine defaulter was liable to imprisonment, and the lack of a proper means enquiry, made imprisonment of poll tax defaulter unlawful. A poll tax defaulter had been wrongly committed to prison by magistrates. The question was whether or not they had acted in excess of jurisdiction. … Continue reading Benham v United Kingdom: ECHR 8 Feb 1995

Regina v H (Evidence: Corroboration): HL 25 May 1995

The fact that there may have been a possibility of collusion is not sufficient to stop the admission of similar fact evidence by way of corroboration. ‘ . . the function of the trial judge is not to decide as an intellectual process whether the evidence satisfies prescribed conditions, but to strike as a matter … Continue reading Regina v H (Evidence: Corroboration): HL 25 May 1995

Regina v Aziz; Regina v Tosun; Regina v Yorganci: HL 16 Jun 1995

The defendant (one of three) relied upon his part exculpatory statement made in interview and did not give evidence. The judge said that his good character was relevant as to his own propensity, and the character of the others was relevant to their credibility. The appeals were upheld, and the crown in turn appealed. Held: … Continue reading Regina v Aziz; Regina v Tosun; Regina v Yorganci: HL 16 Jun 1995

Melluish (Inspector of Taxes) v BMI (No 3) Ltd and Related Appeals: HL 16 Oct 1995

Chattels which became affixed to a lessee’s land became fixtures, and were not available for tax allowances calculations. Lord Browne-Wilkinson said: ‘The terms expressly or implicitly agreed between the fixer of the chattel and the owner of the land cannot affect the determination of the question whether, in law, the chattel has become a fixture … Continue reading Melluish (Inspector of Taxes) v BMI (No 3) Ltd and Related Appeals: HL 16 Oct 1995

West Yorkshire Trading Standards Service v Lex Vehicle Leasing Ltd: QBD 9 Feb 1995

It was alleged that the maximum permitted front axle weight of the vehicle in question was exceeded. The court was asked what were the circimstances defing a ‘user’ of a motor vehicle in prosecutions for use of the vehicle. Held: ‘The so-called narrow approach to the meaning of the word ‘use’ or ‘uses’ where it … Continue reading West Yorkshire Trading Standards Service v Lex Vehicle Leasing Ltd: QBD 9 Feb 1995

Regina v Criminal Injuries Compensation Board Ex Parte Dickson: QBD 20 Dec 1995

A disputed refusal of a claim by the board on the ground of the applicant’s character gave the right to an oral hearing. Citations: Times 20-Dec-1995 Statutes: Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 1990 24 Cited by: Appeal from – Regina v Criminal Injuries Compensation Board Ex Parte Dickson CA 19-Jul-1996 Criminal Injuries Compensation Board need not … Continue reading Regina v Criminal Injuries Compensation Board Ex Parte Dickson: QBD 20 Dec 1995

Regina v Central Criminal Court Ex Parte Propend Finance Pty Ltd and Others: QBD 17 Mar 1994

A Home Secretary requesting warrants must be specific on the type he required. It was his duty, and not that of the police to state the method of seizure of documents for use in a foreign jurisdiction. A judge making an order should give reasons for the order. Judges: Laws J Citations: Independent 29-Mar-1994, Times … Continue reading Regina v Central Criminal Court Ex Parte Propend Finance Pty Ltd and Others: QBD 17 Mar 1994

Regina v Jennings and Miles: CACD 1995

When an application is made to have evidence admitted under the 1988 Act, the evidence in support of that application must be given under oath. Citations: [1995] Crim LR 810 Statutes: Criminal Justice Act 1988 23(3) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Cited by: Cited – Lobban, Regina v CACD 7-May-2004 The defendant appealed his conviction. A … Continue reading Regina v Jennings and Miles: CACD 1995

Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick: 1 Apr 1995

The issue was whether a presumed dedication of a road as a public highway could result from twenty years or more of uninterrupted public use in breach of section 34(1) of the 1988 Act. The court was considering whether a footpath, alleged to have become a public highway for vehicles by presumed dedication, had been … Continue reading Hereford and Worcester County Council v Pick: 1 Apr 1995

Regina v Smith (Wallace Duncan) (No 1): CACD 13 Nov 1995

In the offence of fraudulent trading, ‘creditors’ are those to whom money was owed, including future creditors, not just those who can presently sue. Deceptions practised in UK, but having their effect abroad are prosecutable here. The only feature of the circumstances which had occurred outside England was the transfer of funds to the bank’s … Continue reading Regina v Smith (Wallace Duncan) (No 1): CACD 13 Nov 1995

Meridian Global Funds Management Asia Ltd v Securities Commission: PC 26 Jun 1995

(New Zealand) The New Zealand statute required a holder of specified investments to give notice of its holding to a regulator as soon as it became aware of its holding. Unbeknown to any others in the company apart from one colleague, its chief investment officer improperly acquired such investments on the company’s behalf. The former … Continue reading Meridian Global Funds Management Asia Ltd v Securities Commission: PC 26 Jun 1995

Meridian Global Funds Management Asia Ltd v The Securities Commission Co: PC 26 Jun 1995

(New Zealand) Lord Hofmann said: ‘There is in fact no such thing as the company as such, no ‘ding an sich’, only the applicable rules. To say that a company cannot do something means only that there is no one whose doing of that act would, under the applicable rules of attribution, count as an … Continue reading Meridian Global Funds Management Asia Ltd v The Securities Commission Co: PC 26 Jun 1995

Regina v Wicks: CACD 19 Apr 1995

A defendant facing a charge of not complying with an enforcement notice may not challenge the validity of the notice upon which the enforcement proceedings are based by asserting it to be unreasonable. Citations: Gazette 07-Jun-1995, Independent 11-May-1995, Times 19-Apr-1995 Statutes: Town and Country Planning Act 1990 179 (1) Jurisdiction: England and Wales Citing: Appealed … Continue reading Regina v Wicks: CACD 19 Apr 1995

Regina v Pydar Justices Ex Parte Foster: QBD 23 May 1995

There was a case to answer on an OPL charge despite the computer readout not being handed to Justices. It was in evidence. Evidence referred to but not challenged by the defendant can be relied upon by Justices in making their decision. The court commented on a suggestion that a defending advocate was entitled to … Continue reading Regina v Pydar Justices Ex Parte Foster: QBD 23 May 1995

Regina v Reading Justices ex parte Berkshire County Council: QBD 5 May 1995

Disclosure by third parties in criminal proceedings was not affected by other new rule. Simon Brown LJ summarised the tests for materiality for requiring production of dicuments from third parties by magistrates: ‘The central principles . . . are as follows: (i) to be material evidence documents must be not only relevant to the issues … Continue reading Regina v Reading Justices ex parte Berkshire County Council: QBD 5 May 1995

Regina v Bow Street Magistrates Ex Parte McDonald: QBD 30 Jan 1995

A Local Authority may seize an unlicensed entertainer’s equipment; Leicester Square is ‘premises’. Citations: Ind Summary 30-Jan-1995 Statutes: Local Government Act 1963 12 Citing: Appealed to – Regina v Bow Street Magistrates Court and Another, Ex Parte McDonald CA 27-Mar-1996 An entertainment licence was not needed for public entertainment given by a busker, a public … Continue reading Regina v Bow Street Magistrates Ex Parte McDonald: QBD 30 Jan 1995

Mills and Others v The Queen: PC 1 Mar 1995

A judge’s identification direction need not always warn on the need for witnesses to be convincing. An unsworn statement from a defendant is significantly inferior to oral evidence. Citations: Times 01-Mar-1995, [1995] 1 WLR 511 Cited by: Cited – Alexander Von Starck v The Queen PC 28-Feb-2000 (Jamaica) The defendant had fatally stabbed a woman. … Continue reading Mills and Others v The Queen: PC 1 Mar 1995

Hellewell v Chief Constable of Derbyshire: QBD 13 Jan 1995

The police were asked by shopkeepers concerned about shoplifting, for photographs of thieves so that the staff would recognise them. The police provided photographs including one of the claimant taken in custody. The traders were told only to show them to staff. Held: A duty of confidence could arise when the police photographed a suspect … Continue reading Hellewell v Chief Constable of Derbyshire: QBD 13 Jan 1995

Regina v W (Reference Under Section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1972): CACD 8 May 2003

The allegation was of a serious assault on the defendant’s wife. The prosecution considered she would not be a reliable witness, and did not call her. Other evidence being inadmissible, the defendant was acquitted. The AG appealed. Held: There is no rider in law to the res gestae exception disapplying the exception if better (or … Continue reading Regina v W (Reference Under Section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1972): CACD 8 May 2003

X (Minors) v Bedfordshire County Council; M (A Minor) and Another v Newham London Borough Council; Etc: HL 29 Jun 1995

Liability in Damages on Statute Breach to be Clear Damages were to be awarded against a Local Authority for breach of statutory duty in a care case only if the statute was clear that damages were capable of being awarded. in the ordinary case a breach of statutory duty does not, by itself, give rise … Continue reading X (Minors) v Bedfordshire County Council; M (A Minor) and Another v Newham London Borough Council; Etc: HL 29 Jun 1995

McCann and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 6 Oct 1995

Wrong assumptions made by police officers in the killing of terrorists amounted to a human rights breach, despite the existence of danger to the public of an imminent attack. Article 2(1) is ‘one of the most fundamental provisions in the Convention’. It would have been incumbent on the state to conduct a ‘thorough, impartial and … Continue reading McCann and Others v The United Kingdom: ECHR 6 Oct 1995

Regina v Gilfoyle: CACD 6 Nov 1995

The Court of Appeal has power to receive and call for additional evidence in interests of justice, and even though it had been ruled inadmissible at the trial if was relevant. Gazette 29-Nov-1995, Ind Summary 06-Nov-1995 Criminal Appeal Act 1991 23(1), Criminal Appeal Act 1968 23(1) England and Wales Criminal Evidence, Criminal Practice Updated: 08 … Continue reading Regina v Gilfoyle: CACD 6 Nov 1995

In re S-C (Mental Patient: Habeas Corpus): CA 22 Nov 1995

The Court of Appeal issued habeas corpus because the applicant was committed to a mental institution pursuant to an application which was made by somebody who lacked the statutory authority to make it. The right of personal freedom is fundamental. In the mental health context, if someone is to be taken out of the community … Continue reading In re S-C (Mental Patient: Habeas Corpus): CA 22 Nov 1995

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Pierson: CA 8 Dec 1995

The courts’ control over the exercise by the Home Secretary of his discretion on lifers was limited to procedural fairness. It was not irrational to refuse any reduction of a lifer’s minimum sentence after aggravation involving the prisoner. Independent 12-Dec-1995, Times 08-Dec-1995 Criminal Justice Act 1991 35 England and Wales Citing: Appeal from – Regina … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex Parte Pierson: CA 8 Dec 1995

Shand v The Queen: PC 27 Nov 1995

(Jamaica) The case for the defence was that the identification witnesses were deliberately lying and it was not suggested that they were mistaken, so that the sole line of defence was fabrication. The identification evidence was exceptionally good and the court applied the test in Domican v R, that the jury acting reasonably and properly … Continue reading Shand v The Queen: PC 27 Nov 1995

Regina v Parole Board ex parte Smith, Regina v Parole Board ex parte West (Conjoined Appeals): HL 27 Jan 2005

Each defendant challenged the way he had been treated on revocation of his parole licence, saying he should have been given the opportunity to make oral representations. Held: The prisoners’ appeals were allowed. Lord Bingham stated: ‘While an oral hearing is most obviously necessary to achieve a just decision in a case where facts are … Continue reading Regina v Parole Board ex parte Smith, Regina v Parole Board ex parte West (Conjoined Appeals): HL 27 Jan 2005

Barclays Bank Plc v Eustice: CA 6 Jul 1995

No Professional Privilege in Iniquity There was an allegation that the legal advice for which privilege was sought and resisted had been obtained in order to frustrate the mortgagee’s rights to the property at issue, because the mortgagors regarded the mortgagee bank as interfering with family assets. Held: No professional legal privilege existed for a … Continue reading Barclays Bank Plc v Eustice: CA 6 Jul 1995

Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Fire Brigades Union: HL 5 Apr 1995

Parliament had passed the 1988 Act which provided for a new Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme. Instead of implementing the Act, the Home Secretary drew up a non-statutory scheme for a tarriff based system by using prerogative powers. The claimants, whose members would have recourse to the scheme, sought an order that the Act should be … Continue reading Regina v Secretary of State for the Home Department ex parte Fire Brigades Union: HL 5 Apr 1995

Martin v Watson: HL 13 Jul 1995

The plaintiff had been falsely reported to the police by the defendant, a neighbour, for indecent exposure whilst standing on a ladder in his garden. He had been arrested and charged, but at a hearing before the Magistrates’ Court, the Crown Prosecution Service offered no evidence, and the charge was dismissed. He appealed against the … Continue reading Martin v Watson: HL 13 Jul 1995

Regina v Preddy; Regina v Slade; Regina v Dhillon (Conjoined Appeals): HL 10 Jul 1996

The appellants were said to have made false mortgage applications. They appealed convictions for dishonestly obtaining property by deception. Held: A chose in action created by an electronic bank transfer was not property which was capable of being ‘obtained’ by deception under the Theft Act. The transfer of funds was carried out by the debiting … Continue reading Regina v Preddy; Regina v Slade; Regina v Dhillon (Conjoined Appeals): HL 10 Jul 1996

Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

The House gave guidance how it would treat an invitation to depart from a previous decision of the House. Such a course was possible, but the direction was not an ‘open sesame’ for a differently constituted committee to prefer their views to those of the committee which determined the decision unanimously or by a majority. … Continue reading Practice Statement (Judicial Precedent): HL 1966

SW v The United Kingdom; CR v United Kingdom: ECHR 22 Nov 1995

Criminal Law Change not retrospective The law that marital rape was an offence, was not to be treated as retrospective despite being a common law change. The Court rejected complaints by two applicants who had been found guilty of raping their wives which was an undoubted extension of the concept of rape as had been … Continue reading SW v The United Kingdom; CR v United Kingdom: ECHR 22 Nov 1995

In re Housing of the Working Classes Act 1890, Ex parte Stevenson: CA 1892

A party had applied to a judge for what in effect amounted to leave to appeal and had been refused. Held: Wherever power is given to a legal authority to grant or refuse leave to appeal, the decision of that authority is, from the very nature of the thing, final and conclusive and without appeal, … Continue reading In re Housing of the Working Classes Act 1890, Ex parte Stevenson: CA 1892

C (A Minor) v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 17 Mar 1995

The House considered whether the long established rule of the criminal law presuming that a child did not have a guilty mind should be set aside. Held: Doli incapax, the presumption of a child’s lack of mens rea, is still effective and good law, but a child is not capable at law without the requisite … Continue reading C (A Minor) v Director of Public Prosecutions: HL 17 Mar 1995

Charleston and Another v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Another: HL 31 Mar 1995

The plaintiffs were actors playing Harold and Madge Bishop in the Australian soap series ‘Neighbours’. They sued on a tabloid newspaper article which showed their faces superimposed on the near-naked bodies of models apparently engaged in sexual intercourse, with a headline ‘Strewth! What’s Harold up to with our Madge?’. The body of the article made … Continue reading Charleston and Another v News Group Newspapers Ltd and Another: HL 31 Mar 1995

Regina v Derby Magistrates Court Ex Parte B: HL 19 Oct 1995

No Breach of Solicitor Client Confidence Allowed B was charged with the murder of a young girl. He made a confession to the police, but later changed his story, saying his stepfather had killed the girl. He was acquitted. The stepfather was then charged with the murder. At his committal for trial, B was called … Continue reading Regina v Derby Magistrates Court Ex Parte B: HL 19 Oct 1995

BAPIO Action Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: HL 30 Apr 2008

The House considered whether the Secretary of State for Health acted lawfully in issuing guidance as to the employment of foreign doctors to employing bodies within the National Health Service in April 2006. Held: The secretary of state’s appeal failed. The fact that the guidance differentiated between NHS service and private medical care indicated that … Continue reading BAPIO Action Ltd and Another, Regina (on the Application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department and Another: HL 30 Apr 2008

In re H and R (Minors) (Child Sexual Abuse: Standard of Proof): HL 14 Dec 1995

Evidence allowed – Care Application after Abuse Children had made allegations of serious sexual abuse against their step-father. He was acquitted at trial, but the local authority went ahead with care proceedings. The parents appealed against a finding that a likely risk to the children had still been been found. Held: A care order could … Continue reading In re H and R (Minors) (Child Sexual Abuse: Standard of Proof): HL 14 Dec 1995

Ex parte Crook: CA 1995

A criminal court trying parents for the manslaughter of one child and cruelty to three others had made an order under section 39 prohibiting the identification of the surviving children. The judge expressed the view that identifying the parents or . .

Regina v Cox: CACD 12 Apr 1995

The proviso may be applied by the Court of Appeal despite the Judge’s failure to leave the issue of provocation with the jury. As a matter of law, the court in an appropriate case might apply the proviso to section 2(1) of the Criminal Appeal Act . .